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Encyclopedia > Saint Agnes
Saint Agnes

Born 291,
Died 304
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Churches, Anglican Church, Oriental Orthodox Churches, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Major shrine Rome
Feast January 21
Attributes lamb
Patronage betrothed couples; chastity; Children of Mary; Colegio Capranica of Rome; crops; engaged couples; gardeners; Girl Scouts; girls; rape victims; virgins; the diocese of Rockville Centre, New York
Saints Portal

Saint Agnes (291304; feast day: January 21) is a virgin martyr and saint of the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Catholic Churches. She is also acknowledged in the Church of England and the Anglican Communion as well as in Eastern Orthodoxy. She is one of seven women, excluding the Blessed Virgin, commemorated by name in the Canon of the Mass. She is the patron saint of chastity, gardeners, girls, engaged couples, rape victims and virgins. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 393 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (944 × 1,440 pixels, file size: 328 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... The Anglican Communion is a world-wide organisation of Anglican Churches. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ... Shrine is also used as a conventional translation of the Japanese Jinja. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as that saints day. ... Saint symbology was important to people who couldnt read because they can figure out what symbols mean. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Rockville Centre is a village located in New Yorks Nassau County in the United States. ... Image File history File links Gloriole. ... There are several saints called Agnes: Saint Agnes Saint Agnes of Assisi Saint Agnes of Bohemia Saint Agnes of Montepulciano St Agnes, Isles of Scilly St Agnes, Cornwall St Agnes, South Australia Saint Agnes Academy, in Houston, Texas St Agnes Place Category: ... Events The War of the Eight Princes begins in China. ... For other uses, see 304 (disambiguation). ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... In Roman times, Vestal Virgins were strictly celibate or they were punished by death. ... For other uses, see Martyr (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Saint (disambiguation). ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Eastern Catholic Churches are autonomous particular Churches in full communion with the Pope of Rome. ... The Church of England logo since 1998 The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... Main article: Anglicanism The Anglican Communion is a world-wide affiliation of Anglican Churches. ... ... Our Lady redirects here. ... This article incorporates text from the public domain Catholic Encyclopedia Canon of the Mass (Canon Missæ, Canon Actionis) is the name used in the Roman Missal of the Tridentine period for the part of the Mass that began after the Sanctus with the words Te igitur. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Allegory of chastity by Hans Memling. ... A gardener Gardening is the practice of growing flowering plants, vegetables, and fruits. ... Nuptial is the adjective of wedding. It is used for example in zoology to denote plumage, coloration, behavior, etc related to or occurring in the mating season. ...


She is also known as Saint Agnes of Rome and Saint Ines (or Santa Ynez). Her feast day is January 21. She formerly had a second feast on January 28, which was suppressed in the reform of the Church's calendar following the Second Vatican Council. Hundreds of churches are named in honour of Saint Agnes, including two major well-known churches and one Anglican cathedral in Kyoto, Japan. She is depicted in art with a lamb as her name resembles the Latin word agnus, which means "lamb." The name "Agnes" is actually derived from the feminine Greek adjective hagnē (ἁγνή) meaning "chaste, pure, sacred." Hrosvit of Gandersheim wrote a play about Saint Agnes in the 10th century. is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II, was the twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... Kyoto )   is a city in the central part of the island of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... It has been suggested that Lambing be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Hrosvit Hrosvit, also known as Hroswitha, Hrotsvit, and Hroswitha of Gandersheim, (c. ...

Contents

Biography

According to her legend, Saint Agnes was a member of the Roman nobility born c. 291 and raised in a Christian family. She suffered martyrdom at the age of thirteen during the reign of the Eastern Roman Emperor Diocletian, on January 21, 304. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      The... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (c. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 304 (disambiguation). ...


The prefect Sempronius wished Agnes to marry his son, and on Agnes' refusal he condemned her to death. Roman law did not permit the execution of virgins, Sempronius had a naked Agnes dragged through the streets to a brothel. As she prayed, her hair grew and covered her body. It was also said that all of the men who attempted to rape her were immediately struck blind. When led out to die she was tied to a stake, but the bundle of wood would not burn, whereupon the officer in charge of the troops drew his sword and struck off her head, or, in some other texts, stabbed her in the throat. A prefect (from the Latin praefectus, perfect participle of praeficere: make in front, i. ... Using the term Roman law in a broader sense, one may say that Roman law is not only the legal system of ancient Rome but the law that was applied throughout most of Europe until the end of the 18th century. ... Virgin redirects here. ... Burning of two sodomites at the stake (execution of individuals by fire. ... Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century Look up Sword in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Decapitation (from Latin, caput, capitis, meaning head), or beheading, is the removal of a living organisms head. ...


A few days after Agnes' death, a girl named Emerentiana was found praying by her tomb; she claimed to be the daughter of Agnes' wet nurse, and was stoned to death after refusing to leave the place and reprimanding the pagans for killing her foster sister. Emerentiana was also later canonized. Saint Emerentiana was a Roman martyr, who lived in the 3rd century. ... A wet nurse is a woman who nurses a baby not her own. ... This article discusses the process of declaring saints. ...


Agnes' bones are conserved in the church of Sant'Agnese fuori le mura in Rome, built over the catacomb that housed Agnes' tomb. Her skull is preserved in a side chapel in the church of Sant'Agnese in Agone in Rome's Piazza Navona. She was canonized in 1950. The basilica of SantAgnese fuori le mura is a church in Rome, in which Saint Agness bones are reputed to rest. ... The word catacomb comes from Greek kata kumbas (L. ad catacumbas), near the low place and originally it meant a certain burial district in Rome. ... The facade of SantAgnese from piazza Navona. ... Fountain of the four Rivers with Egyptian obelisk, in the middle of Piazza Navona Piazza Navona is a square in Rome. ...


Saint Agnes in popular culture

An interesting custom is observed on her feast day. Two lambs are brought from the Trappist abbey of Tre Fontane in Rome to the pope to be blessed. On Holy Thursday they are shorn, and from the wool is woven the pallium which the pope gives to a newly consecrated archbishop as a sign of his jurisdiction and his union with the pope. Trappist can refer to: a religious order - see Trappists some of the products, made by the order - see Trappist beer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). ... In the Christian calendar, Holy Thursday (also called Maundy Thursday) is the Thursday before Easter, the day on which the Last Supper is said to have occurred. ... now. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ...


Saint Agnes is the patron saint of young girls; folk custom called for them to practice rituals on Saint Agnes' Eve (2021 January) with a view to discovering their future husbands. This superstition has been immortalised in John Keats' poem, "The Eve of Saint Agnes". is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Superstition (disambiguation). ... Keats redirects here. ... Poetry (ancient Greek: poieo = create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... This article is about the poem by John Keats. ...


She is represented in art as a blonde young girl in robes, holding a palm branch in her hand and a lamb at her feet or in her arms. Palm fronds Palm branches, or palm fronds, usually refer to the leaves of the Arecaceae (sometimes known by the names Palmae). ...


In the historical novel Fabiola or, the Church of the Catacombs written by Cardinal Nicholas Wiseman in 1854, Agnes is the soft-spoken teenage cousin and confidant of the protagonist, the beautiful noblewoman Fabiola. This article is about the novel Fabiola. ... Nicholas Patrick Stephen Cardinal Wiseman (August 2, 1802 - 1865) was an English Cardinal and the first Archbishop of Westminster. ...


She is sometimes misconstrued to be the St. Agnes referred to in the Christmas carol Good King Wenceslas; as the peasant who Wenceslas sees lives, "Right against the forest fence, by Saint Agnes' fountain." The Saint being referred to is actually Agnes of Bohemia. For the short novel by Charles Dickens, see A Christmas Carol. ... Good King Wenceslas is a popular Christmas carol about a king who goes out to give alms to a poor peasant on St. ... Agnes of Bohemia Saint Agnes of Bohemia (Czech ) (or Agnes of Prague) was the first saint from a Central European country to be canonized by Pope John Paul II before the 1989 Velvet Revolution. ...


See also

Saints Portal

The facade of SantAgnese from piazza Navona. ... The basilica of SantAgnese fuori le mura is a church in Rome, in which Saint Agness bones are reputed to rest. ... Image File history File links Gloriole. ...

References

  • Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-140-51312-4.
  • Woodeene Koenig-Bricker "Praying with the Saints: Making Their Prayers Your Own" Loyola Press, 2001
  • Michele Rooney "Literary Lives of the Saints"
  • Barbara Calamari and Sandra DiPasqua "Novena: The Power of Prayer" (Penguin Studio, 1999)

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
The Eve of St. Agnes
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Agnes, Saint.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Saint Agnes

  Results from FactBites:
 
Domestic-Church.Com: Saint Profile: Saint Agnes (1223 words)
Saint Agnes was brought before a judge, who at first treated her gently and kindly, because of her young age.
Saint Austin observes that Saint Agnes' name means chaste or pure in Greek and lamb or victim in Latin.
Agnes replied that Jesus Christ was too jealous and protective a spouse to allow her purity to be violated.
Saint Agnes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (519 words)
According to her legend, Saint Agnes was a member of the Roman nobility born c.
Few days after Agnes' death, a girl named Emerentiana was found by her tomb, praying; she claimed to be the daughter of Agnes' wet nurse, and was stoned to death after refusing to leave the place and reprehending the pagans for killing her foster sister.
Agnes is interrogated by a prefect, refuses a last-minute accord that could have saved her life, and then is beheaded.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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