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Encyclopedia > Saigon
Name
Name: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh (almost always referred to as Saigon by residents)
Former Name: Saigon (Vietnamese: Sài Gòn)
Meaning: Named after Hồ Chí Minh
Geography
Region: Southeast
Area: 2,095km²
People
Population: 6,117,251 (As of October, 2004)
Ethnicities: Kinh, Hoa
Calling code: +848
Administration Type: Municipality
CPV HCMC Committee Secretary: Nguyễn Minh Triết
People's Council Chairman: Phạm Phương Thảo
People's Committee Chairman: Lê Thanh Hải
Location
image:LocationVietnamHoChiMinh.png

Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. Under the name Prey Nokor (Khmer: ), it was the main port of Cambodia, before being conquered by the Vietnamese in the 16th century. Under the name Saigon (Vietnamese: Sài Gòn), it was the capital of the French colony of Cochinchina, and later of the independent state of South Vietnam from 1954 to 1975. Most residents still refer to it as Saigon. It is situated on the Saigon River. Hồ Chí Minh City is located at 10°45' North, 106°40' East (10.75, 106.667), 1,760 km south of Ha Noi. [1] Geographical renaming is the act of changing the name of a geographical feature or area. ... Hồ Chí Minh Hồ Chí Minh (meaning Ho, Enlightened Will) (Chinese : 胡志明) â–¶(?) (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of North Vietnam. ... The Vietnamese people (Vietnamese: người Việt or người Kinh) are an ethnic group originating from what is now northern Vietnam and southern China. ... Overseas Chinese (華僑 in pinyin: huáqiáo, or 華胞 huábāo, or 僑胞 qiáobāo, or 華裔 huáyì) are ethnic Chinese people who live outside of China. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Montreal skyline at night For alternate meanings see city (disambiguation) A city is an urban area that is differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... View of the Mekong before the sunset The Mekong is one of the worlds major rivers. ... Khmer is one of the main Austroasiatic languages. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Ho Chi Minh City Categories: GFDL images ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Cochin China (also known as Cochinchina or in French, Cochinchine) was the southernmost part of Vietnam beside Cambodia. ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ...

Contents


Origin of the name

Original Khmer name

The city was known by its original Khmer inhabitants as Prey Nokor ( ). Prey Nokor means "forest city", or "forest land" in Khmer (Prey = "forest"; Nokor = "city, land", from Sanskrit nagara). The name Prey Nokor is still the name used in Cambodia today, as well as the name used by the Khmer Krom minority living in the delta of the Mekong. File links The following pages link to this file: Ho Chi Minh City Categories: GFDL images ... Khmer is one of the main Austroasiatic languages. ... Nokor is a Khmer word derived from the Sanskrit word nagara (city). In Khmer, the word means Kingdom. When used as Nokor Khmer it means Kingdom of Cambodia. ... Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम्) is a classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... Khmer Krom territory Khmer Krom (Khmer: ; Vietnamese: -me Crôm or -me ), which literally means Khmer from below (below referring to the lower areas of the Mekong delta), is the ethnic Khmer minority living in southern Vietnam, especially in the delta of the Mekong River. ...


Traditional Vietnamese name

After Prey Nokor was settled by Vietnamese refugees from the north, in time it became known as Sài Gòn. There is much debate about the origins of the Vietnamese name Sài Gòn, whose etymology is analyzed below.


Before the French colonization, the official Vietnamese name of Saigon was Gia Định (Hán nôm: 嘉定). In 1862, the French discarded this official name and adopted the name "Saigon", which had always been the popular name. 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


From an orthographic point of view, the Vietnamese name Sài Gòn is written in two syllables, which is the traditional convention in Vietnamese spelling. Some people, however, write the name of the city as SàiGòn or Sàigòn in order to save space or give it a more westernized look.


Sino-Vietnamese etymology

A frequently heard etymology is that Sài is a Chinese loan word (Chinese: 柴, pronounced chái in Mandarin) meaning "firewood, lops, twigs; palisade", while Gòn is another Chinese loan word (Chinese: 棍, pronounced gùn in Mandarin) meaning "stick, pole, bole", and whose meaning evolved into "cotton" in Vietnamese (bông gòn, literally "cotton stick", i.e. "cotton plant", then shortened to gòn). Standard Mandarin is the official Chinese spoken language used by the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of China on Taiwan, Malaysia and Singapore. ...


Some people say that this name originated from the many cotton plants that the Khmers had planted around Prey Nokor, and which can still be seen at Cây Mai temple and surrounding areas. … Khmer can refer to, the: Khmer people, the ethnic group to which the great majority of Cambodians belong to Khmer language Khmer script Khmer Empire, which ruled much of Indochina from the 9th to the 13th centuries. ...

Trương Vĩnh Ký, "Souvenirs historiques sur Saigon et ses environs", in Excursions et Reconnaissances, Imprimerie Coloniale, Saigon, 1885.

Another explanation is that the etymological meaning "twigs" (Sài) & "boles" (Gòn) refers to the dense and tall forest once existing around Saigon, a forest to which the Khmer name Prey Nokor already referred.


Chinese people both in Vietnam and in China do not use the name 柴棍 (pronounced Chaai-Gwan in Cantonese and Cháigùn in Mandarin), although etymologically speaking it is the Chinese name from which the Vietnamese name Sài Gòn is derived (if the theory here is correct). Instead, they call the city 西貢 (pronounced Sai-Gung in Cantonese and Xīgòng in Mandarin), which is a mere phonetic transliteration of the name "Saigon". Cantonese (Traditional Chinese: 粵語; Simplified Chinese: 粤语, Cantonese: Yuet6yue5; Mandarin pinyin: Yueyu, Yụet (Guangdong) language) is one of the major dialect groups or languages of the Chinese language or language family. ... Standard Mandarin is the official Chinese spoken language used by the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of China on Taiwan, Malaysia and Singapore. ...


Khmer etymology

Another etymology often proposed is that "Saigon" comes from "Sai Con", which would be the transliteration of the Khmer words prey kor ( ) meaning "forest of kapok trees" (prey = forest; kor = kapok tree). The Khmer word prey kor should not be confused with the Khmer name "Prey Nokor" discussed above (kor is a Khmer word meaning "kapok tree", while nokor is a Khmer word of Sanskrit origin meaning "city, land"). File links The following pages link to this file: Ho Chi Minh City Categories: GFDL images ... Binomial name Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. ...


This Khmer etymology theory is quite interesting given the Khmer context that existed when the first Vietnamese settlers arrived in the region. However, it fails to completely explain how Khmer "prey" led to Vietnamese "Sài", since these two syllables appear phonetically quite distinct.


Cantonese etymology

A less likely etymology was offered by Vuong Hong Sen, a Vietnamese scholar in the early 20th century, who asserted that Sài Gòn had its origins in the Cantonese name of Cholon (Vietnamese: quoc ngu Chợ Lớn; chu nom ), the Chinese district of Saigon. The Cantonese (and original) name of Cholon is "Tai-Ngon" (堤岸), which means "embankment" (French: quais). The theory posits that "Sài Gòn" derives from "Tai-Ngon". Cholon (Vietnamese: quoc ngu ; chu nom ) is the name of the Chinese district of Ho Chi Minh City (the former Saigon), the largest such Chinatown district in Vietnam. ... The Vietnamese alphabet (quốc ngữ or national script) is the current writing system for the national language of Vietnam. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Ho Chi Minh City Cholon, Ho Chi Minh City Categories: GFDL images ...


Current Vietnamese name

On May 1, 1975, after the fall of South Vietnam, the now ruling communist government renamed the city after the pseudonym of their leader Hồ Chí Minh. The official name is now Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, often abbreviated TPHCM. In English this is translated as Hồ Chí Minh City, abbreviated HCMC, and in French it is translated as Hô Chi Minh Ville (the circumflex is sometimes omitted), abbreviated HCMV. Still, the old name Sài Gòn/Saigon is widely used by Vietnamese and is found in company names or on book titles. Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... Geographical renaming is the act of changing the name of a geographical feature or area. ... A pseudonym (Greek: false name) is a fictitious name used by an individual as an alternative to his or her legal name. ... Hồ Chí Minh Hồ Chí Minh (meaning Ho, Enlightened Will) (Chinese : 胡志明) â–¶(?) (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of North Vietnam. ... The circumflex ( ˆ ) is a diacritic mark used in written Esperanto, French, Greek, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Vietnamese, Welsh, and other languages. ...


History

Hồ Chí Minh City began as a small fishing village known as Prey Nokor. The area that the city now occupies was originally swampland, and was inhabited by Khmer people for centuries before the arrival of the Vietnamese. It grew to become a trading post and the main port of the Kingdom of Cambodia. A freshwater swamp This article is about the wetland type (a landform). ... Khmer can refer to, the: Khmer people, the ethnic group to which the great majority of Cambodians belong to Khmer language Khmer script Khmer Empire, which ruled much of Indochina from the 9th to the 13th centuries. ...


In 1623, King Chey Chettha II of Cambodia (1618-1628) allowed Vietnamese refugees fleeing the Trinh-Nguyen civil war in Vietnam to settle in the area of Prey Nokor, and to set up a custom house at Prey Nokor. Increasing waves of Vietnamese settlers, which the weakened Cambodian kingdom could not impede, slowly vietnamized the area. In time, Prey Nokor became known as Saigon. Events August 6 - Pope Urban VIII is elected to the Papacy. ... Chey Chettah II is a betrayed man to his own country (Cambodia) allowing Vietnam to steal Prey Nokor (Ho Chi Minh city). ... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... Events March 1 - writs were issued in February 1628 by Charles I of England that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date. ...


In 1698, Nguyen Huu Canh, a Vietnamese noble, was sent by the Nguyen rulers of Huế to establish Vietnamese administrative structures in the area, thus detaching the area from Cambodia, which was not strong enough to intervene. He is often credited with the expansion of Saigon into a significant settlement. Events January 4 - Palace of Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. ... Huế (順化 in Chinese characters) is a city in Vietnam. ...


Conquered by France in 1859, the city was influenced by the French during their colonial occupation of Vietnam, and a number of classical western-style prominent buildings in the city reflect this. So that Saigon was called ' the Pearl of the Far East" (Hon ngoc Vien Dong) or "Little Paris" (Tieu Paris). 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ...


In 1954, the French were defeated by the Communist Viet Minh in the Battle of Điện Biên Phủ, and withdrew from Vietnam. Rather than recognise the Communists as the new government, however, they gave their backing to a government established by Emperor Bảo Đại. Bảo Đại had set up Saigon as his capital in 1950. At that time Saigon and the city of Cholon (primarily Vietnamese Chinese) next to were combined into one administrative unit, called the Capital of Saigon (Đô Thành Sài Gòn in Vietnamese). When Vietnam was officially partitioned into North Vietnam (the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and South Vietnam (the Republic of Vietnam), the southern government, led by President Ngô Đình Diệm, retained Saigon as its capital. 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Viet Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam ộc Lập ồng Minh Hội, League for the Independence of Vietnam) was formed by Ho Ngoc Lam and Nguyen Hai Than in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France. ... Combatants France Vietnam Commanders Christian de Castries Vo Nguyen Giap Strength As of March 13: 10,800 (Davidson, 224) As of March 13: 49,000 combat personel, 15,000 logistical support personel (Davidson, 223) Casualties 2,293 dead 5,193 wounded 11,800 captured 7,900 dead 15,000 wounded... Emperor Bao Dai Bảo Đại (保大) (October 22, 1913 – July 30, 1997) was the last Emperor of Vietnam, the 13th and last Emperor of the Nguyá»…n Dynasty. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cá»™ng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was founded by Ho Chi Minh and was recognized by the Peoples Republic of China and the Soviet Union in 1950. ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... Ngô Đình Diệm â–¶ (help· info) «ngoh dihn zih-ehm» (January 3, 1901 – November 2, 1963) was the first President of the Republic of Vietnam (1955–63). ...


At the conclusion of the Vietnam War in 1975, the city came under the control of the North Vietnamese Army and its allies. In the U.S. this event is commonly called the "Fall of Saigon," while in Vietnam it is called the "Liberation of Saigon." The Vietnam War or Second Indochina War was a conflict between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN, or North Vietnam), allied with the National Liberation Front (NLF, or Viet Cong) against the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, or South Vietnam), and its allies — notably the United States military in support of... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... knulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din... ... The Fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975, saw the capture of the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon, by the North Vietnamese Army. ... The Fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975, saw the capture of the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon, by the North Vietnamese Army. ...


In 1976, upon establishment of the unified Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the victorious Communists renamed the city after socialist Vietnam's founding father, Hồ Chí Minh. The former name Saigon is still used by most Vietnamese, especially in informal contexts. Generally, the term Saigon refers only to District One of Hồ Chí Minh City. 1976 (MCMLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about communism as a form of society, as an ideology advocating that form of society, and as a popular movement. ... Hồ Chí Minh Hồ Chí Minh (meaning Ho, Enlightened Will) (Chinese : 胡志明) â–¶(?) (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of North Vietnam. ...


After April 30, 1975 the city of Saigon (including Cholon), the province of Giadinh and 2 suburban districts of two other nearby provinces were combined to create a new great city and renamed Ho Chi Minh City in honour of the leader Hồ Chí Minh. HCMC covers a large area of 809 sq mi/2,095 sq km up to Cu Chi 20 km far from the Cambodian border, down to Can Gio on the East Sea coast. The distance from the northernmost point (Phu My Hung Commune, Cu Chi District) to the southernmost one (Long Hoa Commune, Can Gio District) is 120 km, and from the easternmost point (Long Binh Ward, District Nine) to the westernmost one (Binh Chanh Commune, Binh Chanh District) is 46 km. Although Hồ Chí Minh is the city's official name, almost all of its inhabitants still refer to their city as Saigon. The word "Saigon" can also be found on shop signs all over the country, even in Hanoi, as in "Saigon Fashion" or "Saigon Style," since many Vietnamese associate the word "Saigon" with a kind of hipness.


Today, the city's core is still adorned with wide elegant boulevards and historic French colonial buildings. The most prominent structures in the city center are Reunification Hall (Dinh Thống Nhất) on Le Duan Street and Notre Dame Cathedral (Nhà thờ Đức Bà). Reunification Hall (Vietnamese: Dinh Thống Nhất) formerly known as Independence Hall (Dinh Độc Lập) or Norodom Hall, is a historic landmark in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. ...


Hồ Chí Minh City is home to a well-established ethnic Chinese population. Cholon, now known as District Five, serves as its Chinatown. Cho Lon (Vietnamese: Chợ Lá»›n; chu nom ) is known to the world as the sister city of Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon), the largest such Chinatown in Vietnam. ... New York City is home to three of the largest Chinatowns in North America. ...


Government

City center of Hồ Chí Minh City
City center of Hồ Chí Minh City
Municipal theatre
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Municipal theatre

Hồ Chí Minh City is a municipality that exists at the same level as Vietnam's provinces. As such, it has a similar political structure to provinces, with a People's Council and a People's Committee being the principle administrative entities. So that the People's Committee Chairman is the top administrative official of the city, instead a mayor Ho Chih Minh City (Saigon) center, by Andrew Lih File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ho Chih Minh City (Saigon) center, by Andrew Lih File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1024x683, 134 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1024x683, 134 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Administrative Divisions of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam The country of Vietnam is divided into fifty-nine provinces (known in Vietnamese as tỉnh, from Chinese 省 shÄ›ng). ...


The municipality is divided into twenty-four administrative divisions. Five of these {Area: 1,601 sq km} are designated as suburban districts ("Huyện" in Vietnamese), covering the urbanizing - farmland around the city which is included in the municipality's official boundaries. These districts are named Nhà Bè, Cần Giờ, Hóc Môn, Củ Chi, and Bình Chánh. The remaining nineteen divisions (Area: 494 sq km} are found in the city itself. Only seven of these nineteen inner districts ("Quận" in Vietnamese) have names (Tân Bình, Bình Thạnh, Phú Nhuận, Thủ Dức, Bình Tân, Tân Phú and Gò Vấp) - the remainder are simply numbered from one to twelve. Each inner district is sub - divided into many wards ("Phường" in Vietnamese), while a suburban district usually consists of many communes and townships ("Xã" and "Thị trấn" in Vietnamese). In 2005, Ho Chi Minh City has 254 wards, 58 communes and 5 townships.


Demographics

The population of Hồ Chí Minh City, as of October 1, 2004 Census, was 6,117,251 (Of which 19 inner districts had 5,140,412 residents and 5 suburban districts had 976,839 inhabitants) and in the middle of 2005 is about 6.3 million; making it the highest population-concentrated city in the country. As an administrative unit, its population is also the largest at the province level. Because of being the largest economic and financial hub of Vietnam, HCMC has attracted many immigrants from other provinces in the recent years. From 1999 - 2004, the city population averagely increases around 200,000 per year. Ethnically, the majority of the population are ethnic Vietnamese (Kinh) about 85%, ethnic Chinese (Hoa) 13% and other minorities (Khmer, Cham, Nung...) 2%. The inhabitants of Ho Chi Minh City are usually known as "Saigoner" in English, "Saigonnais" in French or "dân Sài Gòn" in Vietnamese. Categories: Vietnamese people | Ethnicity stubs ... The Hoa (Chu Nom/Chinese character: 華, Mandarin: Yuènán huárén (越南華人), Cantonese: yuet naam wah que (越南華僑), also referred to as either Chinese Vietnamese, Vietnamese Chinese, or ethnic Chinese from Vietnam, are a Chinese minority in Vietnam. ...


Medical

Medical care is limited and usually of poor quality. Medical facilities usually require cash payment for medical treatment.


The following medical facilities are located in Hồ Chí Minh City:

  • Hồ Chí Minh Family Practice
  • Columbia-Gia Dinh International Clinic

Medical care is improving: This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: attempt to contact (advertizing) If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ...


French Vietnamese Hospital Hồ Chí Minh City (Regional Gateway) - This impressive, brand new (2002), 277-bed hospital is located in south Hồ Chí Minh City. Hospital shuttles run from downtown, near Ben Thanh Market, every hour. Patients can be picked up from cities in the South of Vietnam, as well. All specialties are available except invasive cardiology and neurosurgery. Ground ambulances are equipped as mini-ICUs and are staffed with both an RN and MD.


Transportation

Tan Son Nhat International Airport is located 4 mi/7 km north of the center (District 1) of Hồ Chí Minh City (Saigon). Taxi and bus services are available for travel from and to the airport and within the city. Because of the rapidly growing air - passengers and the almost - in the city center location of Tan Son Nhat Airport, the Vietnamese Government has prepared to build a new great international airport near Long Thanh Township, Dong Nai Province about 31 mi/50 km in the northeast. This new airport may become the largest one in Southeast Asia. Buses, however, are generally in poor condition, making them unsafe to ride. While most of the city's taxis are metered and usually in good condition, not many drivers can speak English well (although some older drivers may speak French). Some drivers refuse to use their meters in order to obtain a higher fare. In July 2000, reports emerged that armed men were stopping taxis in Hồ Chí Minh City and robbing passengers. There have not been any recent reports of such criminal activity. Visitors should not use motorcycle taxis (xe ôm) or three-wheeled cycle rickshaws (xích lô) as they leave passengers vulnerable. Hồ Chí Minh International Airport (also called Tân SÆ¡n Nhất International Airport) is Vietnams largest international airport. ... Rickshaw in Delhi, 2005. ...

Street packed with motorbikes
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Street packed with motorbikes

Hồ Chí Minh City's transportation system is in poor condition, and many of its streets are riddled with potholes. This is especially true in the city's numerous back streets and alleyways, which are sometimes little more than dirt paths.Recently,due to cheap import of motocycles from China,the number of motocycles have increased tremendously,packing the city's artery streets and making traffic congestion the frequent scene. Visitors should consider the city's streets dangerous due to motorists' general disregard for pedestrians and the constant presence of thousands of motorbikes on the roads. In general most people follow traffic rules and enforcement of traffic law is increasing. However drivers can still be seen driving the wrong way on a one way street or ignoring red lights. Visitors should note that they must obtain a Vietnamese driver's license should they wish to drive in Vietnam as an International Driver's License is not accepted. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1984x1312, 570 KB) Traffic in Ho Chi Minh City, December 2003 Photo Andre Lettau, copied from de: File links The following pages link to this file: Ho Chi Minh City ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1984x1312, 570 KB) Traffic in Ho Chi Minh City, December 2003 Photo Andre Lettau, copied from de: File links The following pages link to this file: Ho Chi Minh City ...


Vietnam Airlines is the national carrier of Vietnam. The airline currently operates a modern fleet of Western-built aircraft, but suffered several fatal mishaps prior to phasing out its aging Russian-built fleet. The airline has experienced numerous hijackings, all but one of which occurred during Vietnam's civil war (In VN, called The American War). The most recent occurred in 1992, and did not result in any injuries. Boeing 787 in Vietnam Airlines livery Vietnam Airlines is the national flag carrier for Vietnam, and was established as a state enterprise in April 1989. ...


External links


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

 
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Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Administrative Divisions of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam The country of Vietnam is divided into fifty-nine provinces (known in Vietnamese as tỉnh, from Chinese 省 shÄ›ng). ... Tay Nguyen, translated as Central Highlands is one of the regions of Vietnam. ... Mekong River Delta from space, February 1996 Mekong Delta, February 2005. ... Ba-Xuyen Bac Can Bach Long Vi Banmethuot Ca Mau Cao Bang Con Son Da Nang Dong Hoi Ha Tinh Hanoi Ho Chi Minh City Hoang Sa Hué Huyen Tran Lang Son Lao Cai Mong Cai Nam Dinh Nha Trang Phan Thiet Phu Lien Phu Quoc Pleiku Qui Nhon Rach... Can Tho (Vietnamese: Cần ThÆ¡, Chinese character: 芹苴) is a city in Vietnam. ... Đà Nẵng is a region and city in central Vietnam near the ancient capital of Huế. ... Haiphong (Vietnamese: Hải Phòng, Chinese 海防) is the third most populous city in Vietnam. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Quốc Ngữ Hà Ná»™i; Chữ Nôm 河内), estimated population 3,083,800 (2004), is the capital of Vietnam and was the capital of North Vietnam from 1954 to 1976. ... Administrative Divisions of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam The country of Vietnam is divided into fifty-nine provinces (known in Vietnamese as tỉnh, from Chinese 省 shÄ›ng). ... An Giang (written identically in both English and Vietnamese) is a Vietnam. ... Bac Giang (in Vietnamese, Bắc Giang) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Bac Kan (in Vietnamese, Bắc Kạn), occasionally spelled Bac Can, is a Province of Vietnam. ... Tỉnh Bạc Liêu Geography Capital: Bac Lieu Region: Mekong Delta Area: 2,521 km² Districts: 4 People Population: 768,300 Ethnicities: Viet, Khmer, Hoa, Cham Government Council Chairperson: Truong Cong Dang Committee Chairperson: Phan Quoc Hung Map Vietnamese, Bạc Liêu) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Tỉnh Bắc Ninh Geography Capital: Bac Ninh Region: Northeast Area: 804 km² Districts: 7 People Population: 971,300 Ethnicities: Viet, Tay, Nung, Muong Government Council Chairperson: Nguyen The Thao Committee Chairperson: Nguyen The Thao Map Vietnamese, Bắc Ninh) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Ba Ria-Vung Tau (in Vietnamese, Bà Rịa-VÅ©ng Tàu) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Ben Tre (in Vietnamese, Bến Tre) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Binh Dinh (in Vietnamese, Bình Định) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Tỉnh Bình Dương Geography Capital: Thu Dao Mot Region: Southeast Area: 6,696 km² Districts: 6 People Population: 787,600 Ethnicities: Viet, Khmer, Tay, Hoa, Xtieng Government Council Chairperson: Nguyen Minh Duc Committee Chairperson: Ho Minh Phuong Map Vietnamese, Bình Dương) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Binh Phuoc (in Vietnamese, Bình Phước) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Binh Thuan (in Vietnamese, Bình Thuận, Chinese: 平順) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Ca Mau (in Vietnamese, Cà Mau) is a Province of Vietnam, named after its capital city. ... Tỉnh Cao Bằng Geography Capital: Cao Bang Region: North-East Area: 6,691 km² Districts: 11 People Population: 501,800 Ethnicities: Tay, Nung, Dao, Hmong, Viet, Hoa, San Chay Government Council Chairman: Duong Mac Thang Committee Chairwoman: Dam Thom Map Vietnam. ... Dak Lak (in Vietnamese, Đắk Lắk) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Dak Nong (in Vietnamese, Đắk Nông) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Dien Bien (in Vietnamese, Điện Biên) is a Province in North-west Vietnam. ... Dong Nai is a province of Vietnam located east of Saigon. ... Dong Thap Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Gia Lai Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Ha Giang (in Vietnamese, Hà Giang) is a province of Vietnam. ... Hai Duong Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Ha Nam Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Ha Tay (Vietnamese: Hà Tây) is located in the Red River Delta surrounded by Hanoi, Hung Yen, Ha Nam, Hoa Binh, and Phu To. ... Geography: Ha Tinh (in Vietnamese, Hà TÄ©nh) is a Province of Vietnam. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Hau Giang Province (old; Vietnamese: Hậu Giang) became Can Tho Province during/after 1975. ... Hung Yen Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Khanh Hoa Province is a province of Vietnam with a population of 1,066,300 and which spans an area of 5,197 km². Its capital is Nha Trang. ... Kien Giang is a southern province of Vietnam known for fishing and rice farming. ... Kon Tum province lies in the Central Highlands region of Vietnam and shares borders with Laos and Cambodia. ... Lai-Chau (Vietnamese: Lai Châu) is a province in northwest Vietnam. ... Lam Dong (Vietnamese Lâm Đồng ) is one of the fifty-nine Provinces of Vietnam located in the Central Highlands (Tay Nguyen) region. ... Lang Son is a province in far northern Vietnam, bordering Guangxi and Yunnan provinces in China. ... Lao Cai (in Vietnamese, Lào Cai, in Chinese 老街, literally means Old Streets) is a province of Vietnam. ... Long An Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Nam Dinh Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Nghe An Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Capital city: Ninh Binh Area (sq km): 1,388 Population: 891,800 Average temp: 23. ... Ninh Thuan Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Phu Tho Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Phu Yen Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Quang Binh Province is a province in Vietnam with a population of 812,600 and spans 8,025 km². Its capital is Dong Hoi. ... Quảng Nam, is a province of Vietnam with a population estimated to be 1,402,700 and an area of 10,408 km². ... Quang Ngai (in Vietnamese Quảng Ngãi) is a province of central Vietnam. ... Quang Ninh is a large province located along the north-eastern border of Vietnam. ... Quang Tri Province is a region and province in central Vietnam near (north) the ancient capital of Huế. ... Soc Trang (Vietnamese: Sóc Trăng) is a province in southern Vietnam, with its capital in Soc Trang. ... Son La Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Tay Ninh is one of the sixty (60) provinces (tỉnh) of Vietnam. ... Thái Bình (or Thaibinh) is a coastal east province in the Red River Delta region of Vietnam, named after the Vietnamese name for the Pacific Ocean: Thái Bình DÆ°Æ¡ng. ... Thai Nguyen Province is situated in mountainous and midland region of North Vietnam. ... Thanh Hoa Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Thừa Thiên-Huế is a province in Vietnam, approximately in the center of the nation. ... Quang Binh Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Trà Vinh is a province in southern part of Vietnam. ... Tuyen Quang Province is a province of Vietnam. ... Located approximately 135 km southwest of HCMC, Vinh Long is easily accessible by bus, van or car using Highway 1 and the breathtaking My Thuan Bridge. ... Vinh Phuc Province is a province in Vietnam. ... Yen Bai Province is a province in Vietnam. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Saigon - definition of Saigon in Encyclopedia (515 words)
It is situated on the western bank of the Saigon River.
The city was also influenced by the French during their colonial occupation of Vietnam, and a number of prominent buildings in the city reflect this.
At the conclusion of the Vietnam War in 1975, the city came under the control of the North Vietnamese Army and its allies.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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