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Encyclopedia > Sai (weapon)
Two sai
Two sai
For other meanings of the word 'sai', see Sai (disambiguation).

Sai (釵) is the Ryukyu name for a traditional Okinawan[1] weapon also used in India, China, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. Its basic form is that of a pointed, rod-shaped baton, with two long, unsharpened projections (tsuba) attached to the handle. The very end of the handle is called the knuckle. Sai are constructed in a variety of forms. Traditional sai are round, while some reproductions have adapted an octagonal middle prong. The tsuba are traditionally symmetrical, however, the Manji design developed by Taira Shinken employs oppositely facing tsuba. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Sai may be: Sai (weapon), a weapon used in certain martial arts, of Okinawan origin Sai (game), a variant of the game Mancala. ... The Ryukyuan languages are spoken in the Ryukyu Islands and in Japans Kagoshima Prefecture, and make up a subfamily of the Japonic language family. ... This article is about the prefecture. ... Baton can refer to: // Instruments Baton (via French bâton = stick from Late Latin bastum = stout staff, probably of Gaulish origin) refers to several types of cylindrical or tapered instruments composed of a wide variety of materials (finished, not wood in the natural state), with differing functions:- A baton (billy... A typical tsuba The angle of the sabre in shodan no kamae is determined by the tsuba and the curvature of the blade (shinai are stright, but real weapons are curved) Wikimedia Commons has media related to: tsuba The tsuba (鍔) is a round guard at the end of the grip... A handle is a part of, or attachment to, an object that can be moved or used by hand. ... For other uses, see Octagon (disambiguation). ... Sphere symmetry group o. ... Manji is a Buddhist and Hindu symbol, usually representative of admirable qualities such as peace or intelligence or strength, depending on clockwise or counter-clockwise direction of the arms. ... Maezato Shinken was born in 1897 on Kume Island in the Ryukyu Archipelago. ...


It is believed the sai was always a weapon. Although, some hypothesize it originated as an agricultural tool used to measure stalks, plow fields, plant rice, or to hold cart wheels in place, though the evidence for this is limited. The sai is known to have been used in other parts of Asia before its arrival on Okinawa. Early evidence points to an Indonesian origin. In Malay the sai is known as a chabang (also spelled cabang/tjabang, meaning branch) and is thought to derive from the Indian trident. By trade, the chabang spread through the rest of Indo-China and may have reached Okinawa from one or more of these places simultaneously. In China it might have been known as the San-Ku-Chu. It is also of note that the Greek letter psi, is a homonym of sai and that the shape of the letter itself closely resembles the shape of the weapon. The traditional way: a German farmer works the land with a horse and plough. ... RICE is a treatment method for soft tissue injury which is an abbreviation for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. ... Cart wheel can refer to two things: the wheel of a cart, a cartwheel. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... Indochina, or French Indochina, was a federation of French colonies and protectorates in south-east Asia, part of the French colonial empire. ... San-Ku-Chu is a possible ancestor of the saï. Categories: | | ... Look up Ψ, ψ in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Use

A set of sai
A set of sai

The sai's utility as a weapon is reflected in its distinctive shape. With skill, it can be used against a long sword by trapping the sword's blade in the sai's tsuba. There are several different ways of wielding the sai in the hands, which give it the versatility to be used both lethally and non-lethally. The sai is primarily used as a striking weapon or for short jabs into the solar plexus. The sai also has many defensive uses in blocking other weapons. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century Look up Sword in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The solar plexus, also known as the celiac plexus, plexus cœliacus or plexus solaris, is an autonomous cluster of nerve cells (see Plexus) in the human body behind the stomach and below the diaphragm near the celiac artery in the abdominal cavity. ...


One way to hold it is by gripping the handle with all of your fingers and hooking your thumbs into the area between the tsuba and the main shaft. This allows you to change effortlessly between the long projection and the back, blunt side. The change is made by putting pressure on your thumbs and rotating the sai around until it is facing backwards and your index finger is aligned with the handle. The sai is generally easier to handle in this position. The knuckle end is good for concentrating the force of a punch and the long shaft can be wielded to thrust at enemies, to serve as a protection for a blow to the forearm or to stab as one would use a common dagger.


Some keep the index finger extended in alignment with the center shaft regardless of whether the knuckle end or the middle prong is exposed. The finger may be straight or slightly curled. They keep the other fingers on the main shaft and the thumb supports the tsuba.[2]


The above grips leverage the versatility of this implement as both an offensive and defensive weapon. Both grips facilitate flipping between the point and the knuckle being exposed while the sai is held in strong grip positions.


The sai is typically instructed for use in pairs - one in each hand.[3] In the United States a common style is Yamanni Ryu. There are five common kata used in instruction, including two kihon kata. The style includes a variety to blocks, parries, strikes, and captures against attackers from all directions and height levels. Use of the point, knuckle and central bar is emphasized, as well as rapid grip changes for multiple strikes/blocks. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Kata (型 or 形) (literally: form) is a Japanese word describing detailed choreographed patterns of movements practiced either solo or in pairs. ... Kihon (基本)(Japanese) is the term for the basic techniques that are taught and practiced as the foundation of most japanese budo arts. ...


The jitte is the one-pronged Japanese equivalent to the (Okinawan) sai, and was used predominantly by the Japanese police during the Edo period. It is a featured weapon in the curriculum of several Japanese Jujutsu and koryu schools. The jutte or jitte (Japanese: 十手 literally ten-hand, i. ... The Edo period ), also called Tokugawa period, is a division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1868. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Koryu (古流 koryū) is a Japanese word that translates literally as old school or old tradition. It refers to schools of martial arts that predate the Meiji Restoration, a political event that precipitated Japans modernization. ...


Pop culture

Elektra Natchios using her sai
Elektra Natchios using her sai

In Hollywood, however, sai are portrayed as a much more offensive weapon, being used like a sword, dagger and a throwing dart. Little play is given to striking with the knuckle. Thus, the traditionally rounded weapon is portrayed being bladed. E.g., Jennifer Garner who played Elektra Natchios in Daredevil and its spin-off Elektra and holds them incorrectly with the index and middle finger straddling the middle prong inside the tsubas. A grip with 2 or 3 fingers inside between the tsuba and the middle shaft facilitates a slightly more flashy array of finger twirls. However, it eliminates certain defensive possibilities and knuckle strikes.[citation needed] Cover to Elektra #3. ... Cover to Elektra #3. ... Elektra Natchios is a fictional character from Marvel Comics. ... Look up dart in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jennifer Anne Garner [1] (born April 17, 1972) is a Golden Globe Award- and SAG Award-winning and Emmy Award-nominated American film and television actress, and producer. ... Elektra Natchios is a fictional character from Marvel Comics. ... Daredevil is a 2003 movie directed by Mark Steven Johnson, who also wrote the screenplay. ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ... Elektra is a 2005 action movie directed by Rob Bowman. ...


Sai feature heavily in the movies: Raphael of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles uses twin sai as his weapon of choice. Mileena from the Mortal Kombat series uses sai as her primary weapons. Li Mei in Mortal Kombat: Deadly Alliance, Sareena in Mortal Kombat: Tournament Edition and Khameleon in Mortal Kombat Trilogy also use sai. In the Last Bronx series, sai are also wielded by Nagi. Furthermore, Gabrielle (Renee O'Connor) from Xena: Warrior Princess uses a pair of sai as her primary weapons in the later seasons. Then in the movie Bulletproof Monk, the villainess Nina uses a single black sai in her fight with Jade. Raphael (or Raph), a fictional character, is one of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (TMNT). ... TMNT redirects here. ... Mileena is a fictional character in the Mortal Kombat fighting game series. ... For other uses, see Mortal Kombat. ... Li Mei is a character in the Mortal Kombat fighting game series. ... Mortal Kombat: Deadly Alliance is a video game developed and produced by Midway. ... Sareena is a fictional character from the Mortal Kombat fighting game series. ... Khameleon is a fictional character in the Mortal Kombat fighting game series. ... Johnny Cage performing his shadow kick while Raiden sends a lighting bolt Mortal Kombat Trilogy is a fighting game developed and produced by Midway. ... Last Bronx ~Tokyo Bangaichi~ (ラストブロンクス -東京番外地-), is a 1996 realistic 3DCG street figthing game developed by Segas R&D Dept. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Renee OConnor as Gabrielle in Xena. ... Xena. ... Bulletproof Monk is a 2003 motion picture starring Chow Yun-Fat, Seann William Scott, Jaime King, directed by Paul Hunter. ...


Sai also feature prominently in the two battles between Anck-Su-Namun and Nefertiri/Evie in The Mummy Returns, and also make an appearance in the hands of Keanu Reeves in The Matrix Reloaded. In the animated television series, the Ronin Warriors series the character Lady Kayura uses a modified pair of sai as her weapon of choice. Whilst in the manga comics, TenTen in Naruto has many weapons including sai. She uses a sai attached to a chain. The Mummy Returns is a 2001 American movie starring Brendan Fraser, Rachel Weisz, and Arnold Vosloo, and is directed by Stephen Sommers. ... Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced in IPA: ) is an actor, born September 2, 1964 in Beirut, Lebanon, and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Matrix Reloaded is the second installment of The Matrix series, written and directed by the Wachowski Brothers. ... Ronin Warriors ) is the English version of the Japanese anime television series Yoroiden-Samurai Troopers (Legendary Armor Samurai Troopers). ... Kayura Lady Kayura is the last known member of the Ancient Clan from the anime Ronin Warriors. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... The Rookie Nine: Ino, Sasuke, Naruto, Shikamaru, Sakura, Choji, Shino, Kiba (with Akamaru), and Hinata In the Naruto manga and anime series, groups of ninja are often placed into four-man squads. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump BANZAI! Shonen Jump Weekly Comic Original run November 1999 – Ongoing No. ...


In the online flash game, MechQuest, you can use an energy Sai with elongated side parts.


See also

Kobudo (古武道) is a Japanese term that can be translated as old martial way. ... For other uses, see Karate (disambiguation). ... Silat or Pencak Silat is an umbrella term for a martial art form originating from the regions of the Malay Archipelago. ...

References

  1. ^ Martial arts gear
  2. ^ Martial arm
  3. ^ Okinawa free

External links


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