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Encyclopedia > Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية
Al-Jumhūrīyya al-`Arabīyya as-Sahrāwīyya ad-Dīmuqrātīyya

República Árabe Saharaui Democrática
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Flag of Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Coat of arms of Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: حرية ديمقراطية وحدة   (Arabic)
"Liberty, Democracy, Unity"
Anthem: Yābaniy Es-Saharā  listen

This map indicates the territory claimed by the SADR, viz. Western Sahara. The majority of this territory is currently administered by Morocco; the remainder is known as the Free Zone. Image File history File links Circle-question-red. ... Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Western_Sahara. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Western_Sahara. ... The flag of Western Sahara was created in the early 1970s by supporters of an independent Western Sahara (then Spanish Sahara) to represent that territory as flag of Western Sahara. ... The coat of arms of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is a symbol created by the Polisario Front, the resistance group/political party in the Western Sahara. ... The coat of arms of Antigua and Barbuda displays the national motto, Each endeavouring, all achieving. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... It is the national anthem of Western Sahara(Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic). ... Image File history File links LocationWesternSahara_striped. ... Main article: Western Sahara The Free Zone is the part of Western Sahara that lies to the east of the Border Wall and the actual border with Algeria (for map, see external links). ...

Capital El Aaiún (de jure)
Bir Lehlou (de facto)
Largest city El Aaiún
Official languages Arabic
(Spanish widely spoken but no longer official)[1]
Government Nominal republic
 - President Mohamed Abdelaziz
 - Prime Minister Abdelkader Taleb Oumar
Disputed with Morocco 
 - Western Sahara
   relinquished by Spain

November 14, 1975 
 - SADR proclaimed February 27, 1976 
Area
 - Total 266,0001 km² (83rd)
102,7031 sq mi 
 - Water (%) negligible
Population
 - July 2004 estimate 267,405 (182nd)
 - Density 1.3/km² (228nd)
3.4/sq mi
Time zone UTC (UTC+0)
Internet TLD none2
1 Area of the territory claimed by SADR (Western Sahara).
2 .eh reserved.

The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) or in Hassaniya Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية or in Spanish: República Árabe Saharaui Democrática (RASD) is a largely unrecognized de facto state that does not currently control the majority of its claimed territory, the former Spanish colony of Western Sahara. It was proclaimed on February 27, 1976 by the Polisario Front. Currently, Morocco administers the majority of the territory as its Southern Provinces, called 'Occupied Territory' by the Polisario; the SADR claims to control the rest as the Free Zone. This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... El-Aaiún or Laâyoune (Arabic: العيون, transliterated al-`ayÅ«n), is the unofficial capital of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony now mostly controlled and occupied by Morocco. ... Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... City or village in north-eastern Western Sahara, east of the Moroccan wall, in Polisario-held territory. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... Arabic ( or just ), is the largest member of the family of Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic. ... For other uses, see Republic (disambiguation). ... The office of President of Western Sahara is a head of state position over the parliamentary government of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. ... Mohamed Abdelaziz, pictured c. ... This page contains a list of Prime Ministers of Western Sahara. ... Abdelkader Taleb Oumar (Arabic: عبد القادر طالب عمر) is the current Prime Minister of Western Sahara, in the framework of the exiled Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining until the end of the year. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population, using the most recently available official figures. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes de facto sovereign states and dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... UTC redirects here. ... UTC redirects here. ... The following is a list of currently existing Internet Top-level domains (TLDs). ... Due to ongoing military occupation by Morocco, there is no country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Western Sahara, but . ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... The term Democratic Republic has formed part of several governments official names. ... ḤassānÄ«ya is a Bedouin dialect derived from the Arabic dialect spoken by the Beni Hassān tribes, who extended their authority over most of the Mauritanian Sahara between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries. ... Arabic ( or just ), is the largest member of the family of Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern the people in one or more societies, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... Types of political territories include: A legally administered territory, which is a non-sovereign geographic area that has come under the authority of another government. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro) is a Sahrawi movement working for the independence of... The Moroccan name for Western Sahara. ... Main article: Western Sahara The Free Zone is the part of Western Sahara that lies to the east of the Border Wall and the actual border with Algeria (for map, see external links). ...

Contents

History

When the former Spanish Sahara was evacuated by Spain, both Morocco and Mauritania moved in to annex it; neither gained international recognition and war with the independence-seeking Polisario Front, representing the Sahrawi indigenous people, ensued. The creation of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic was announced in Bir Lehlou in Western Sahara on February 27 1976, as the Polisario declared the need for a new entity to fill what they considered a political void left by the departing Spanish colonizers. Bir Lehlou is still in Polisario-held territory under the 1991 cease-fire (see Settlement Plan) and has remained a temporary capital of the exiled republic, until the Sahrawi capital of El-Aaiun, presently in Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara, can function as the capital of an independent Western Sahara. Day-to-day business is however conducted in the Tindouf refugee camps in Algeria, which house most of the Sahrawi exile community. Spanish Sahara was the name used for the modern territory of Western Sahara when it was ruled by Spain, created from the Spanish territories of Rio de Oro and La Aguera in 1924. ... Annexation (Latin ad, to, and nexus, joining) is the legal incorporation of some territory into another geo-political entity (either adjacent or non-contiguous). ... The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro) is a Sahrawi movement working for the independence of... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... City or village in north-eastern Western Sahara, east of the Moroccan wall, in Polisario-held territory. ... Pith helmet of the Second French Empire. ... An armistice is the effective end of a war, when the warring parties agree to stop fighting. ... The Settlement Plan was an agreement between the Polisario Front and Morocco on the organization of a referendum, which would constitute an expression of self-determination for the Sahrawi people of the non-decolonized territory of Western Sahara, possibly leading to full independence. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... A government in exile is a political group that claims to be a countrys legitimate government, but for various reasons is unable to exercise its legal power, and instead resides in a foreign country. ... For other uses, see Republic (disambiguation). ... El-Aaiún or Laâyoune (Arabic: العيون, transliterated al-`ayūn), is the unofficial capital of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony now mostly controlled and occupied by Morocco. ... Tindouf, also written Tinduf, (Arabic: تندوف) is wilaya in the west of Algeria, population 30,000 (not including approximately 160,000 Sahrawi refugees). ... Refugee camp for Rwandans located in what is now the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo following the Rwandan Genocide A refugee camp is a temporary camp built up by governments or NGOs (such as the ICRC) to receive refugees. ...


Government structure

The highest office of the republic is the President of Western Sahara, now Mohammed Abdelaziz, who appoints the Prime Minister of Western Sahara, now Abdelkader Taleb Oumar. The SADR's government structure consists of a Council of Ministers (a cabinet led by the Prime Minister), a judicial branch (with judges appointed by the President) and the parliamentary Sahrawi National Council (SNC, present speaker is Mahfoud Ali Beiba). Since its inception in 1976, the various constitutional revisions has transformed the republic from an ad hoc managerial structure, into what closely resembles an actual governing apparatus. From the late 1980s the parliament made a clear attempt at instituting a division of powers and of disentangling the republic's structures from those of the Polisario. The office of President of Western Sahara is a head of state position over the parliamentary government of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. ... Mohamed Abdelaziz, pictured c. ... This page contains a list of Prime Ministers of Western Sahara. ... Abdelkader Taleb Oumar (Arabic: عبد القادر طالب عمر) is the current Prime Minister of Western Sahara, in the framework of the exiled Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). ... A parliamentarian is a specialist in parliamentary procedure. ... The Sahrawi National Council or simply National Council (SNC) is the parliament in exile of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. ... It has been suggested that Speakers of the House be merged into this article or section. ... Mahfoud Ali Beiba is a Sahrawi nationalist politician and a member of the Polisario Front, an organisation that seeks the independence of Western Sahara. ... A constitution of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) was first promulgated in 1976, but it has been revised several times since then. ... The 1980s refers to the years of 1980 to 1989. ... A federation (from the Latin fœdus, covenant) is a state comprised of a number of self-governing regions (often themselves referred to as states) united by a central (federal) government. ...


Its various ministries are responsible for a variety of services and functions. The judiciary, complete with trial courts, appeals courts and a supreme court, operates in the same areas. The SADR's status as a government-in-exile prevents normal function of many branches of government, and has affected the constitutional roles of the institutions. It has also led to the creation of parallel institutions to structures within the Polisario Front, which is fused with the SADR's governing apparatus, and government competences in some areas seem to overlap between these institutions and offices. The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In law, the judiciary or judicial is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... In the court system of a state or of a subordinate regional entity, an appeals court is a court of second instance where a party to a case on which judgment has been entered can ask to have their case reheard if they suspect an error of law, fact, or... The supreme court in some countries, provinces, and states, functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be challenged. ... A government in exile is a political group that claims to be a countrys legitimate government, but for various reasons is unable to exercise its legal power, and instead resides in a foreign country. ... The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro) is a Sahrawi movement working for the independence of...


The SNC is presently weak in its legislative role, having been instituted as a mainly consultative and consensus-building institution, but it has strengthened its legislative and controlling powers during later constitutional revisions. Among other things, it has managed to add a ban on the death penalty to the constitution, and bring down the government in 1999 through a vote of no-confidence. The Sahrawi National Council or simply National Council (SNC) is the parliament in exile of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... A Motion of No Confidence, also called Motion of Non Confidence is a parliamentary motion traditionally put before a parliament by the opposition in the hope of defeating or embarrassing a government. ...


Legislative branch

Polisario leader Mohamed Abdelaziz standing by the flag of the SADR.
Polisario leader Mohamed Abdelaziz standing by the flag of the SADR.
[discuss] – [edit]
Composition of the Sahrawi National Council
Party Seats
Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro 101
Total 101

Image File history File links Mohamed_Abdelaziz_and_flag. ... Image File history File links Mohamed_Abdelaziz_and_flag. ... Mohamed Abdelaziz, pictured c. ... Sadr can refer to: The common name for the star Gamma Cygni. ... The Sahrawi National Council or simply National Council (SNC) is the parliament in exile of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. ... The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro) is a Sahrawi movement working for the independence of...

Area of authority

The SADR exercises state power in the Sahrawi refugee camps located in the Tindouf Province of western Algeria, and in what it terms the liberated areas (the Polisario-held, more or less unpopulated parts of Western Sahara east of the Moroccan Wall). It is headquartered in Camp Rabouni, south of Tindouf, although official events often for symbolic purposes take place on Western Saharan territory, in the provisional capital of Bir Lehlou or Tifariti. The Algerian authorities stay outside the Sahrawi refugee camps and respect the autonomy of the republic. Several foreign aid agencies, including the UNHCR, are continually active in the camps. Refugee camp for Rwandans located in what is now the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo following the Rwandan Genocide A refugee camp is a temporary camp built up by governments or NGOs (such as the ICRC) to receive refugees. ... Tindouf, also written Tinduf, (Arabic: تندوف) is wilaya in the west of Algeria, population 30,000 (not including approximately 160,000 Sahrawi refugees). ... Main article: Western Sahara The Free Zone is the part of Western Sahara that lies to the east of the Border Wall and the actual border with Algeria (for map, see external links). ... System of the Moroccan Walls in Western Sahara (territory outside them in yellow) The Moroccan Wall is a 2,720 km-long system of defensive walls/berms, running mainly through Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara. ... Tindouf, also written Tinduf, (Arabic: تندوف) is a city and wilaya in the west of Algeria, population 30,000. ... City or village in north-eastern Western Sahara, east of the Moroccan wall, in Polisario-held territory. ... Tifariti is a small town or village in the Polisario-held parts of Western Sahara. ... An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Development aid. ... Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ...


Constitution and characteristics

The 1999 Constitution of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is basically a parliamentary constitution similar to those of many European states, but with some paragraphs suspended until the achievement of "full independence". For example, the head of state is constitutionally the general secretary of the Polisario during the pre-independence phase. But the constitution also states that this must change when an independent Western Sahara is a reality, at which time the Polisario will be dismantled or separated completely from the government structure. Provisions are detailed for the transitory phase beginning with independence, in which the present SADR is supposed to act as Western Sahara's government, ending with pre-scheduled constitutional reform and the setting up of a normal state along the lines specified in the constitution. A constitution of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) was first promulgated in 1976, but it has been revised several times since then. ... A constitution of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) was first promulgated in 1976, but it has been revised several times since then. ... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... World map exhibiting the location of Europe. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... ...


Further, the constitution lays down broad guidelines for the character of the future Western Saharan state: it is to be founded as a multi-party democracy with a market economy. The constitution also defines Sahrawis as a Muslim, African and Arab people, and the Arabic language as the official language of the SADR; declares the commitment of the republic to the principles of human rights, and to the concept of a Greater Maghreb, as a regional variant of Pan-Arabism. It has been suggested that Free market be merged into this article or section. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Arabic ( or just ), is the largest member of the family of Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... The Arab Maghreb Union is a Pan-Arab trade agreement aiming for economic and political unity in northern Africa. ... Pan-Arabism is a movement for unification among the Arab peoples and nations of the Middle East. ...


International recognition and membership

Sahrawi Republic

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
National motto: Liberty, Democracy, Unity Official language Arabic (Spanish is widely used as a second language) Capital and largest city (العيون) - Arabic translitteration -- El Aaiún - Spanish translitteration -- Laâyoune - French translitteration; Bir Lehlou, temporary capital President Mohamed Abdelaziz Prime Minister Abdelkader Taleb Oumar Area - Total - % water Ranked 83rd 266,000... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Western_Sahara. ... The politics of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic take place in a framework of an area occupied and claimed by Morocco, and a republic in exile, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, that doesnt recognize the claims by Morocco. ...



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The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is currently recognized as a sovereign representative of Western Sahara by forty-three states, mostly African and other third world governments. This figure does not include twenty-two states that have withdrawn their former recognition, or the twelve that have "frozen" their diplomatic relations with the republic pending the outcome of the UN referendum. Sahrawi embassies exist in thirteen states. On the other hand, Moroccan territorial integrity, possibly including Western Sahara, is explicitly recognized by the Arab League [1] [2] and by twenty-five states. The office of President of Western Sahara is a head of state position over the parliamentary government of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. ... Mohamed Abdelaziz, pictured c. ... This page contains a list of Prime Ministers of Western Sahara. ... Abdelkader Taleb Oumar (Arabic: عبد القادر طالب عمر) is the current Prime Minister of Western Sahara, in the framework of the exiled Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). ... The Sahrawi National Council or simply National Council (SNC) is the parliament in exile of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. ... Political parties in Western Sahara lists political parties in Western Sahara. ... The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro) is a Sahrawi movement working for the independence of... Elections in Western Sahara gives information on election and election results in Western Sahara. ... Western Sahara is the former Spanish colony of Spanish Sahara claimed and mostly administered by the Kingdom of Morocco since Spain handed over the territory to Morocco and Mauritania after the Madrid Accords in 1975-76, but sovereignty is unresolved and the United Nations (UN) is attempting to hold a... Main article: Western Sahara The Free Zone is the part of Western Sahara that lies to the east of the Border Wall and the actual border with Algeria (for map, see external links). ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ... Western Sahara is the former Spanish colony of Spanish Sahara claimed and mostly administered by the Kingdom of Morocco since Spain handed over the territory to Morocco and Mauritania after the Madrid Accords in 1975-76, but sovereignty is unresolved and the United Nations (UN) is attempting to hold a... A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern the people in one or more societies, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... The Baker Plan A United Nations plan to grant Western Sahara self-determination. ... A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ... The Sharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is a government in exile; this means that it does not control the entirity of its claimed territory, the former Spanish colony of Western Sahara. ... The Arab League or League of Arab States (Arabic: ‎), is an organization of predominately Arab states (compare Arab world). ... Morocco is a moderate Arab state which maintains close relations with Europe and the United States. ...


Although it has no representation at the United Nations, the republic has been a full member of the African Union (AU, formerly the Organization of African Unity, OAU) since 1984. As a consequence, Morocco left the OAU and remains the only African nation not to join the AU since South Africa's admittance in 1994. The SADR is also a member of the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference.[2] Morocco has objected to the SADR's participation, but was rebuffed.[3] The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Anthem: Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together Capital Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Membership 53 member states Official languages The languages of Africa, as well as Arabic, English, French, and Portuguese Formation - As Organisation of African Unity - As AU - May 25, 1963 - July 9, 2002 Chairman of the African Union Denis... Flag of the Organisation of African Unity, later also used by the African Union. ... The Asian-African Conference was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, organized by Egypt, Indonesia, Burma, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), India, and Pakistan. ...


In 2006, the SADR participated in a conference of the Permanent Conference of Political Parties of the Latin American and the Caribbean (COPPAL)[4].


The SADR is not a member of the Arab League, nor of the Arab Maghreb Union, both of which include Morocco as a full member. The Arab League or League of Arab States (Arabic: ‎), is an organization of predominately Arab states (compare Arab world). ... The Arab Maghreb Union is a Pan-Arab trade agreement aiming for economic and political unity in northern Africa. ...


A Western Sahara Authority?

In the most recent UN-endorsed peace plan, created by James Baker, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan's personal envoy to Western Sahara, the SADR would have been replaced with a five-year transitional Western Sahara Authority (WSA), a non-sovereign autonomous region supervised by Morocco, to be followed by a referendum on independence. However, as Morocco has declined to participate, the plan appears dead. The Baker Plan A United Nations plan to grant Western Sahara self-determination. ... James Addison Baker III (born 28 April 1930 in Houston, Texas) served as the Chief of Staff in President Ronald Reagans first administration, United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1985 to 1988 in the second Reagan administration, and Secretary of State in the administration of President George H... Kofi Atta Annan (born April 8, 1938) is a diplomat of Ghanaian ancestry who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 2006. ... The Western Sahara Authority (WSA) is a theoretical governing body for the territory of Western Sahara. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ... An autonomous region or autonomous district is a subnational region with special powers of self-rule. ... Ballots of the Argentine plebiscite of 1984 on the border treaty with Chile A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


National holidays

Date Name Original event / Notes
February 27 Independence Day Proclamation of the SADR in Bir Lehlou, 1976
May 10 Foundation of the Polisario Front Founded 1973
May 20 May 20 Revolution Start of the armed struggle against Spain in 1973
June 5 Day of the Disappeared Remembering missing Sahrawis
June 9 Day of the Martyrs Day on which El-Ouali died in 1976
June 17 Zemla Intifada Harakat Tahrir riots in El-Aaiun, 1970
October 12 Day of National Unity Celebrating the Ain Ben Tili Conference, 1975

February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... It has been suggested that Statehood Day be merged into this article or section. ... City or village in north-eastern Western Sahara, east of the Moroccan wall, in Polisario-held territory. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro) is a Sahrawi movement working for the independence of... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Disappear redirects here. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... El-Ouali Mustapha Sayed (1950-1976) Sahrawi nationalist leader. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... The Zemla Intifada (Intifada means uprising) is the name for the disturbances of June 17, 1970, which culminated in a massacre by Spanish forces in the Zemla quarters of El-Aaiun, Western Sahara (then Spanish Sahara). ... Sahrawi movement for the independence of Western Sahara. ... Laâyoune Laâyoune, also El Aaiún, is the unofficial capital of Western Sahara, a former Spanish country now mostly controlled and occupied by Morocco. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... National Unity Governments are coalition governments made up of all or most parties in a parliament. ... Ain Ben Tili is a small town in North East Mauritania, on the border of Western Sahara, in the Sahara desert. ...

Islamic dates

Dates kept according to the lunar Islamic calendar. It has been suggested that lunar year be merged into this article or section. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری Gāhshomāri-ye Hejri; also called the Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic...

Date Name Observance
Dhul Hijja 10 Eid al-Adha Sacrifice feast
Shawwal 1 Eid al-Fitr End of Ramadan
Rabi`-ul-Awwal 12 Mawlid Birthday of Muhammad

Dhul Hijjah (ḏū-l-ḥiǧǧatu ذو الحجة) is the 12th month on the Islamic calendar. ... Eid ul-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى) is second in the series of Eid festivals that Muslims celebrate. ... Shawwal is the tenth month on the Islamic calendar. ... The Islamic holiday of Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر) marks the end of Ramadan. ... This article is about Islamic religious observances in the month of Ramadan. ... Rabi al-awwal ( ربيع الأول ) is the third month in the Islamic calendar. ... Mawlid, Mawlid an-Nabi or Milad al-Nabi (Arabic: ‎) is the celebration of the birthday of Muhammad, the final prophet of Islam; also known as The Seal of the Prophets. Shia Muslims celebrate this day on the 17th of Rabi-ul-Awwal, coinciding with the birth date of the... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ...

See also

Elections in Western Sahara gives information on election and election results in Western Sahara. ... Country name: conventional long form: none conventional short form: Western Sahara former: Spanish Sahara Data code: WI Government type: legal status of territory and question of sovereignty unresolved; territory contested by Morocco and Polisario Front (Popular Front for the Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro), which... The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro) is a Sahrawi movement working for the independence of...

References

  1. ^ Article 3 of the RASD constitution
  2. ^ South African Broadcasting Corporation (2006-09-01). Asia-Afro partnership meeting kicked off today (English). South African Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved on 2006-09-01.
  3. ^ South African Broadcasting Corporation (2006-09-02). Moroccan objections taint Asian-Africa meeting (English). South African Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved on 2006-09-02.
  4. ^ Prensa Latina (2006-09-11). LatAm, Caribbean Parties in Nicaragua (English). Prensa Latina. Retrieved on 2006-09-11.

The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... This article is about the date September 11 in general. ...

External links

Official SADR pages
Other

  Results from FactBites:
 
WSO| SADR (1610 words)
The SADR is defined in the Constitution of 1976 as part of the Arab, African and Third World nation, with a policy of non-alignment and as a long term objective the question of the unity of the Maghreb as a step towards a wider unity, Arab and African.
Although the SADR constitution contemplates a multi-party system after achieving independence, currently it is the Polisario Front organised as a party which articulates the SADR which is conceived as the ultimate aim of the Saharawi struggle for liberation.
The most obvious example is that the roles of the president of the SADR and the head of the Saharawi state are exercised by the Secretary General of the Polisario Front (maximum authority of this organisation), who is at the same time the chief of the Saharawi Popular Liberation Army.
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (1181 words)
The creation of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic was announced in Bir Lehlou in Western Sahara on February 27 1976, as the Polisario declared the need for a new entity to fill what they considered a political void left by the departing Spanish colonizers.
The SADR's government structure consists of a Council of Ministers (a cabinet led by the Prime Minister), a judicial branch (with judges appointed by the President) and the parliamentary Sahrawi National Council (SNC, present speaker is Mahfoud Ali Beiba).
The SADR is not a member of the Arab League, nor of the Arab Maghreb Union, both of which include Morocco as a full member.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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