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Encyclopedia > Sahaba
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Islam
For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ...

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Prophets of Islam This page is a list of Muslims in various professions and fields. ... Muhammad (Arabic ; also Mohammed, Mohamet, and other variants[1] [2] [3]), 570-632 C.E.,[4] [5] was an Arab religious and political leader who established Islam and the Muslim community (Ummah, Arabic: أمة) to whom he preached. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets. ...

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SunniShi'aSufi The religion of Islam has many divisions, sects, schools, traditions, and related faiths. ... Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ... Shia Islam, also Shiite Islam, or Shiism (Arabic:شيعة, Persian:شیعه translit: ) is a denomination of the Islamic faith. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition of Islam encompassing a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Allah/God, divine love and sometimes to help a fellow man. ...

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Vocabulary of Islam
The following list consists of concepts that are derived from both Islam and Arab tradition, which are expressed as words in the Arabic language. ...

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Prophets, salaf & caliphs:
Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets. ... This article is on the group of early Muslims. ... Anglicized/Latinized version of the Arabic word خليفة or Khalifah, is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ...

Prophets of Islam
Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets. ...


Ahl al-Bayt
Muhammad's wives
This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Sahaba
Tabi‘in
Taba‘ at-Tabi‘in
The Tābi‘īn (Arabic: ‎ Followers) are the generation of Muslims who were born after the death of Muhammad but who were contemporary of the Sahaba Companions. As such they played an important part in the development of Islamic thought and philosophy, and in the political development of the early... Tāba‘ at-Tābi‘īn (Arabic: ‎ ) is the generation after the Tabieen in Islam. ...


Caliph
Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ...

 v  d  e 
Imams

In Islam, the Ṣaḥābah (Arabic: الصحابة "companions") were the companions of Muhammad. This form is plural; the singular is Ṣaḥābi (fem. Sahabiyyah). A list of the best-known companions can be found at List of companions of Muhammad. Imam (Arabic: إمام ,Persian: امام ) is an Arabic word meaning leader. ... For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Muhammad (Arabic ; also Mohammed, Mohamet, and other variants[1] [2] [3]), 570-632 C.E.,[4] [5] was an Arab religious and political leader who established Islam and the Muslim community (Ummah, Arabic: أمة) to whom he preached. ... This article is on the group of early Muslims. ...

Contents

Definitions of companion

Most Muslims regard anyone who knew or saw Muhammad, believed in his teachings, and died as a Muslim to be a companion or Ṣahābi. Lists of prominent companions usually run to fifty or sixty names, being the people most closely associated with Muhammad. However, there were clearly many others who had some contact with Muhammad. Many of them were identified by later scholars, and their names and biographies were recorded in religious reference texts such as Muhammad ibn Sa'd's early Kitāb at-Tabāqat al-Kabīr.


It was important to identify the companions because later scholars accepted their testimony (the hadith, or traditions) as to the words and deeds of Muhammad, the occasions on which the Qur'an was revealed, and various important matters of Islamic history and practice (sunnah). The testimony of the companions, as it was passed down through chains of trusted narrators (isnads), was the basis of the developing Islamic tradition. Hadith ( translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of Muhammad. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The isnad (Arabic اسناد or in Quranic era Arabic اسند) are the citations or backings that establish the legitimacy of the hadith, which are the sayings of Muhammad, Prophet of Islam. ...


Other links in the chain of isnad

Because the hadith were not written down until many years after the death of Muhammad, the isnads, or chains of transmission, always have several links. The first link is preferably a companion, who had direct contact with Muhammad. The companion then related the tradition to a taba'een, the companion of the companion. Taba'een had no direct contact with Muhammad, but did have direct contact with the Ṣahāba. The tradition then would have been passed from the taba'een to the taba taba'een, the third link. The Tabaeen (or Followers) are the generation of Muslims that came after the Sahaba. ... In Islam, the generation after the tabaeen is known as the taba tabeeen. ...


The second and third links in the chain of transmission were also of great interest to Muslim scholars, who treated of them in biographical dictionaries and evaluated them for bias and reliability. Again, Shi'a and Sunni apply different metrics.


Views of the companions

Soon after Muhammad's death the Muslim community, the ummah, was riven by conflicts over leadership. Companions took sides in the conflicts – or were forced to take sides – and later scholars considered their allegiances in weighing their testimony. The two largest Muslim denominations, the Shia and Sunni take very different approaches in weighing the value of the companions' testimony. Umma (Arabic: ‎) is an Arabic word meaning community or nation. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ...


"May God be pleased with him" (Arabic: Radhi-Allah-hu 'anhu رضي الله عنه) is usually mentioned after the names of the Sahaba.


Sunni views

Scene from the film The Message depicting the Muslim army at the Battle of Badr.
Enlarge
Scene from the film The Message depicting the Muslim army at the Battle of Badr.

According to Sunni scholars, people of the past should be considered companions if they had any kind of contact with Muhammad. If they saw him, heard him, or were in his presence even briefly, they are companions. Blind people are considered companions even if they could not see Muhammad. Even unlearned and unobservant Muslims are considered companions. However, anyone who died after rejecting Islam and becoming an apostate is not considered a companion. Image File history File links The_Message_-_Badr. ... Image File history File links The_Message_-_Badr. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Combatants Muslims of Medina Quraish of Mecca Commanders Muhammad Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib Ali Amr ibn Hishām (aka Abū Jahl) Abu Sufyan Strength 305-350 <900-1000 Casualties 14 killed 50-70 killed 43-70 captured The Battle of Badr (Arabic: ‎), fought March 17, 624 CE (17 Ramadan... Sunnis have a very positive view of the Sahaba, honouring them greatly and beliving it to be a Muslim obligation to love them. ... Apostasy (from Greek αποστασία, a defection or revolt from a military commander, from απο, apo, away, apart, στασις, stasis, standing) is a term generally employed to describe the formal renunciation of ones religion, especially if the motive is deemed unworthy. ...


Sunni Muslim scholars classified companions into many categories, based on a number of criteria. Suyuti recognized eleven levels of companionship. However, all companions are considered just (udul); that is, Sunni scholars do not believe that companions would lie or fabricate hadith. Imam Al-Suyuti (849-911 ah) is a respected early scholar of Ahl Al-Sunna Wal-Jamaa. ...


Shi'a views

Shi'a Muslims do not accept all companions as just. The Shi'a believe that after the death of Muhammad, most Muslims turned aside from true Islam and followed leaders like the first caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar. Only a few of the early Muslims held fast to Ali ibn Abi Talib, whom Shi'a Muslims regard as the rightful successor to Muhammad. (See Succession to Muhammad) Shi'a scholars therefore deprecate hadith believed to have been transmitted through unjust companions, and place much more reliance on hadith believed to have been related by companions who supported Ali. For other views of Sahaba and a short description, see sahaba. ... Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic &#1575;&#1576;&#1608; &#1576;&#1603;&#1585; &#1575;&#1604;&#1589;&#1583;&#1610;&#1602;, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... For other uses, see Umar (disambiguation). ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘Alī ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ... Succession to Muhammad concerns the different viewpoints and beliefs that are held in relation to the succession to the leadership of the Muslim community, or ummah, after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad Muhammad died in 632 CE. in Medina following a brief illness. ...


Numbers of companions

Some Muslims assert that there were more than one hundred thousand companions. They do so in relation to the hadith known as Ghadir Khumm, regarding a sermon Muhammad delivered after making his last pilgrimage, or Hajj, to Mecca. Shi'a Muslims believe that there were about 124,000 witnesses to this sermon [1], which would emphasize the gravity and official nature of this alleged speech appointing Ali ibn Abi Talib as Muhammad's successor. Nearly all Sunni sources accept the hadith, but do not interpret it as do the Shi'a and therefore do not attach significance to the event. Some Sunni sources additionally accept the Shi'a crowd estimates. The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... // This article is about the Islamic tradition. ... Mecca IPA: or Makkah (in full: Makkah al-Mukarramah; Arabic: ‎, Turkish: Mekke) is the capital city of Saudi Arabias Makkah province, in the historic Hijaz region. ... Shi&#699;a Islam (Arabic &#1588;&#1610;&#1593;&#1609; follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%&#8211;35% of all Muslim. ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘Alī ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ...


See also

Related to hadith: This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... This article is on the group of early Muslims. ... The Tabaeen (or Followers) are the generation of Muslims that came after the Sahaba. ... In Islam, the generation after the tabaeen is known as the taba tabeeen. ... Hadith ( translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of Muhammad. ...

Related to Muhammad's family: The isnad (Arabic اسناد or in Quranic era Arabic اسند) are the citations or backings that establish the legitimacy of the hadith, which are the sayings of Muhammad, Prophet of Islam. ... The Sunnah of Muhammad was told by way of an oral tradition before they were written down. ... Muhammad (Arabic ; also Mohammed, Mohamet, and other variants[1] [2] [3]), 570-632 C.E.,[4] [5] was an Arab religious and political leader who established Islam and the Muslim community (Ummah, Arabic: أمة) to whom he preached. ...

Muhammad (570-632 C.E.) is regarded by non-Muslims as the founder of the religion of Islam and by Muslims as the last and greatest of the prophets of Islam. ... This is an Arabic phrase literally translated as People of the House, or family. ... Munzir ibn Sawa Al Tamimi (Arabic: المنذر بن ساوى التميمي) was the ruler of Bahrain and Qatar during the age of the prophet Muhammad. ...

References

  1. ^ To be with the truthful by Muhammad al-Tijani on Al-Islam.org [1]

also: To Be With The Truthful is one of the four books by well known Sunni turned Shia scholar Muhammad al-Tijani. ... Dr. Muhammad al-Tijani al-Samawi was a Tunisian student who was raised in a family that followed the rites of the Sufi Tijaniyyah order, based on the teachings of Sidi Ahmed al-Tidjani. ... Al-Islam. ...

Ibn Sad was a Sunni Muslim scholar of Islam. ... The book of The Major Classes (Arabic: Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir) (ISBN B0007JAWMK) is a collection in two volumes about Islam, authored by Ibn Sad. ... Wilferd Madelung is the Laudian Professor of Arabic at the University of Oxford. ... The Succession to Muhammad is a book writen by Wilferd Madelung and released by the Cambridge University Press in 1997. ... Maxime Rodinson (26 January 1915&#8211;23 May 2004) was a french marxist historian, sociologist and orientalist. ... Muhammad (ISBN 1-56584-752-0) is the name of a book written by prominent French non-Muslim Islamic scholar Maxime Rodinson in 2002 . ... William Montgomery Watt is a English Islamic scholar. ... Muhammad at medina is a book about Islam writen by the non-Muslim Islamic scholar William Montgomery Watt. ...

External links

  • Men around the Messenger - Khalid Muhammad Khalid - download the pdf
  • Islamic Glossary includes the names of some Sahaba.
  • The Companions of the Prophet: Definition, Status, and Ranking
  • Sahaba - Companions of the Prophet gives some detailed information about some Sahaba.
  • ummah gives support to the idea that Imam Abu Hanifa was a taba'een
  • Companions of the Prophet - the Sahabah provides extensive information about the lives of some Sahaba.
  • Why are Sahaba the most successful An online video lecture by Shaykh Sayyed Muhammad bin Yahya Al-Husayni Al-Ninowy
  • The Superior Qualities of Sahaba An online video lecture by Shaykh Sayyed Muhammad bin Yahya Al-Husayni Al-Ninowy
  • The High Honor of Sahaba An online video lecture by Shaykh Sayyed Muhammad bin Yahya Al-Husayni Al-Ninowy
  • al-Islam gives very short descriptions (both in English and Arabic) of some notable Sahaba.
  • [2]
  • [3]
  • [4]
  • [5]
  • [6]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Prophet Muhammed, Mohammed-Islam (Submission)-Hadith and Sunna in Islam (Submission)- Ahadith-Sunnah-Quran, Qur'an, ... (4448 words)
In Islam (Submission in English), the term "Sahaba" is used often to refer to the companions of the Prophet Muhammed.
While some (minority) of the "Sahaba" were honored in the Quran for their stand beside the Prophet Muhammed and their supporting of him, the majority were not that fortunate, and they were given the right description by God Almighty in the Quran.
The idolatry with these "Sahabas" that we witness among the traditional Muslims is just another reflection of their distance from the book of God, the ultimate truth, the Quran.
Answering-Ansar.org :: Cursing Sahaba; Shari'i penalty (543 words)
It is a means of protecting the sacred institution of the Sahaba, by stemming and discussion / analysis of their wrong actions.
It becomes a tactical means of shedding the blood of the innocent Shi'a, killing Shi'as is justified, for they curse the Sahaba, the perpetrator of this heinous crime should be killed.
For groups such as SSP all is perfectly legitimate since the elimination of those that curse the Sahaba is a religious duty.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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