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Encyclopedia > Sagrada Familia

Coordinates: 41°24′13″N, 2°10′28″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

For the Alan Parsons Project song, see La Sagrada Familia (song).
The Sagrada Familia by night in March 2006
The Sagrada Familia by night in March 2006

La Sagrada Familia (The Holy Family) is a large Roman Catholic basilica under construction in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. The formal title of the basilica is the Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família or Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family. It is the last, and perhaps most extraordinary, of the designs of the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí. La Sagrada Familia is the title of the opening song on the 1987 album Gaudi by The Alan Parsons Project, which as the titles of the song and album suggest is a concept album based on Gaudis life and work. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x3456, 7545 KB) Summary Taken by Julien Lagarde (myself), Barcelona, Spain, March 2006 Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x3456, 7545 KB) Summary Taken by Julien Lagarde (myself), Barcelona, Spain, March 2006 Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... St. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal Postal code 08001-08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Catalan, Spanish, Aranese Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 6th in Spain  32 114 km²  6,3% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 2nd in Spain  6 995 206  15,9%  217,82/km² GDP Total (2004) GDP: €157,124 billion GDP per /capita: $26,550... The Atonement is the central doctrine of Christianity: everything else derives from it. ... Antoni Gaudí i Cornet (25 June 1852 – 10 June 1926) was a Catalan architect of the Modernisme (Art Nouveau) movement famous for his unique style and highly individualistic designs. ...


The Sagrada Família was planned in the late 19th century and construction work, under the supervison of Antoni Gaudí, commenced in the 1880s. After disagreements between the founding association and the original architect Francesco del Villar, Gaudí was assigned the project in 1883 and created an entirely new design. At the time, the basilica stood in an empty field over a mile away from urban Barcelona. Antoni Gaudí i Cornet (25 June 1852 – 10 June 1926) was a Catalan architect of the Modernisme (Art Nouveau) movement famous for his unique style and highly individualistic designs. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... Antoni Gaudi Antoni Gaudí i Cornet, in Spanish Antonio Gaudí (25 June 1852–10 June 1926) was a Catalan architect famous for his unique designs expressing sculptural and individualistic qualities. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Gaudí worked on the project for over 40 years, devoting the last 15 years of his life entirely to this endeavour; on the subject of the extremely long construction, Gaudí is said to have joked, "My client is not in a hurry." Work was interrupted by the Spanish Civil War in 1935 and recommenced in the 1950s. Antoni Gaudi Antoni Gaudí i Cornet, in Spanish Antonio Gaudí (25 June 1852–10 June 1926) was a Catalan architect famous for his unique designs expressing sculptural and individualistic qualities. ... Combatants Spanish Republic CNT-FAI UGT POUM Soviet Union International Brigades Spanish State Falangists Carlists Fascist Italy Nazi Germany Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco The Spanish Civil War, which lasted from July 17, 1936 to April 1, 1939, was a conflict in which... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Gaudí died in 1926. Parts of the unfinished building and Gaudí's models and workshop were destroyed during the Spanish Civil War by Catalan anarchists. The design, as now being constructed, is based both on reconstructed versions of the lost plans and on modern adaptations. Since 1940 the architects Francesc Quintana, Isidre Puig Boada, and Lluís Gari have carried on the work. Sculptures by J. Busquets, Etsuro Sotoo, and the controversial Josep Subirachs decorate the fantastical façades. 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Szkieletor remains unfinished because it would be too costly to complete or demolish. ... Combatants Spanish Republic CNT-FAI UGT POUM Soviet Union International Brigades Spanish State Falangists Carlists Fascist Italy Nazi Germany Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco The Spanish Civil War, which lasted from July 17, 1936 to April 1, 1939, was a conflict in which... This article or section may contain inappropriate or misinterpreted citations. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Isidre Puig Boada was a Catalan architect born in Barcelona in 1890, who belonged to the small and selected group of architects that were connected to Antoni Gaudí and collaborated with him on his works. ... Etsuro Sotoo is a Japanese sculptor strongly influenced by Antoni Gaudí. His interest in Gaudi led him to convert to the Roman Catholic Church. ...

Detail of the Passion facade
Enlarge
Detail of the Passion facade

According to the newspaper El Periódico de Catalunya, 2.26 million people visited the partially built basilica in 2004, making it one of the most popular attractions in Spain, alongside the Museo del Prado and Alhambra. The central nave vaulting was completed in 2000 and the main tasks since then have been the construction of the transept vaults and apse. Current work (2006) concentrates on the crossing and supporting structure for the main tower of Jesus Christ as well as the southern enclosure of the central nave which will become the Glory facade. Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia in Barcelona - detail of the Passion facade Photo by Montrealais. ... Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia in Barcelona - detail of the Passion facade Photo by Montrealais. ... The Museo del Prado is a famous museum and art gallery located in Madrid, Spain. ... View of the Alhambra from the Mirador St Nicolas in the Albaycin of Granada. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jesus (8–2 BC/BCE — 29–36 AD/CE),[1] also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity. ...


La Sagrada Família is not a cathedral; the cathedral of Barcelona is the Cathedral of Santa Eulàlia, a Gothic building of the late Middle Ages. A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ... Façade of Santa Eulàlia The Cathedral of Santa Eulàlia (also called La Seu) is the Gothic cathedral seat of the catholic Archbishop of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... See also Gothic art. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


Design

 Part of Eixample and Sagrada Familia, viewed from Montjuic, June 2006
Part of Eixample and Sagrada Familia, viewed from Montjuic, June 2006
Model of the completed church
Enlarge
Model of the completed church

Every part of the design of La Sagrada Família is rich with Christian symbolism, as Gaudí intended the church to be the "last great sanctuary of Christendom." Its most striking aspect are its spindle-shaped towers. A total of 18 tall towers are called for, representing in ascending order of height, the 12 Apostles, the four Evangelists, the Virgin Mary and, tallest of all, Jesus Christ. (According to the 2005 "Works Report" of the temple's official website, drawings signed by Gaudí found recently in the Municipal Archives indicate that the tower of the Virgin was in fact intended by Gaudí to be shorter than those of the evangelists, and this is the design -- which the Works Report states is more compatible with the existing foundations -- that will be followed. The same source explains the symbolism in terms of Christ being known through the evangelists.) The evangelists' towers will be surmounted by sculptures of their traditional symbols: a bull (St. Luke), an angel (St. Matthew), an eagle (St. John), and a lion (St. Mark). The central tower of Jesus Christ is to be surmounted by a giant cross; the tower's total height (170 m) will be one metre less than that of Montjuïc, as Gaudí believed that his work should not surpass that of God. The lower towers are surmounted by bunches of grapes, representing spiritual fruit. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1875x2077, 3523 KB) Summary Sagrada Familia and Eixample viewed from Montjuic, Barcelona, Spain (June 2006). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1875x2077, 3523 KB) Summary Sagrada Familia and Eixample viewed from Montjuic, Barcelona, Spain (June 2006). ... Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia in Barcelona - a model of the finished church Photo by Montrealais. ... Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia in Barcelona - a model of the finished church Photo by Montrealais. ... This medieval map, which abstracts the known world to a cross inscribed within an orb, remakes geography in the service of Christian iconography. ... The Twelve Apostles (in Koine Greek απόστολος apostolos [1], someone sent forth/sent out, an emissary) were probably Galilean Jewish men (10 names are Aramaic, 4 names are Greek) chosen from among the disciples, who were sent forth by Jesus of Nazareth to preach the Gospel to both Jews and Gentiles... Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... Jesus (8–2 BC/BCE — 29–36 AD/CE),[1] also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity. ... Luke was, according to tradition, the painter of the first icon Luke the Evangelist (Greek Loukas) is said by tradition to be the author of both the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles, the third and fifth books of the New Testament. ... Matthew the Evangelist (מתי Gift of the LORD, Standard Hebrew and Tiberian Hebrew Mattay; Septuagint Greek Μαθθαιος, Matthaios) is traditionally believed to be the author of the Gospel of Matthew. ... St John the Evangelist, imagined by Jacopo Pontormo, ca 1525 (Santa Felicità, Florence) John the Evangelist (? - c. ... Mark the Evangelist (Greek: Markos) (1st century) is traditionally believed to be the author of the Gospel of Mark. ... Jesus (8–2 BC/BCE — 29–36 AD/CE),[1] also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity. ... The traditional form of the Western Christian cross, known as the Latin cross. ... Montjuïc - Hill of the Jews in medieval Catalan language or maybe a corruption of Latin Mons Jovicus (that is, hill of Jupiter). ...

Sagrada Familia's front portal sculpture (detail).
Sagrada Familia's front portal sculpture (detail).


The church will have three grand façades: the Nativity (eastern) façade, the Glory façade (yet to be completed), and the Passion (western) façade. The Nativity facade was built before work was interrupted in 1935 and bears the most direct Gaudí influence. The Passion façade is especially striking for its spare, gaunt, tormented characters, including emaciated figures of Christ being flogged and on the crucifix. These controversial designs are the work of Josep Subirachs. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 658 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sagrada Familia User:Shawnlipowski Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 658 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sagrada Familia User:Shawnlipowski Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Nativity is the general time and place of a persons birth and early years. ... The Passion is the technical term for the suffering and Agony of Jesus that led directly to the Crucifixion, a central Christian event. ... A crucifix amidst the cornfields near Mureck in rural Styria, Austria A handheld crucifix A crucifix in front of the Holy Spirit Church in KoÅ¡ice, Slovakia A crucifix is a cross with a representation of Jesuss body, or corpus. ...

Sculpture of Christ and doors of the Passion façade.
Sculpture of Christ and doors of the Passion façade.

The towers on the Nativity facade are crowned with geometrically shaped tops that were probably influenced by Cubism (they were finished around 1930). The intricate decoration is loosely related the style of Art Nouveau but reflects Gaudí's unique ideas. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 383 KB) Summary Detail of the Passion façade and doors of the Sagrada Familia basilica. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 383 KB) Summary Detail of the Passion façade and doors of the Sagrada Familia basilica. ... Woman with a guitar by Georges Braque, 1913 Cubist house in Prague Cubism was an early 20th century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music and literature. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Art nouveau /É‘Ê€ nuvo/ (French for new art) is a style in art, architecture and design that peaked in popularity at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


Themes throughout the decoration include words from the liturgy. The towers are decorated with words such as "Hosanna," "Excelsis," and "Sanctus;" the great doors of the Passion façade reproduce words from the Bible in various languages including Catalan; and the Glory façade is to be decorated with the words from the Apostles' Creed. The Apostles Creed (Latin: Symbolum Apostolorum), sometimes titled Symbol of the Apostles, is an early statement of Christian belief, a creed or symbol. ...


Areas of the sanctuary will be designated to represent various concepts, such as saints, virtues, sins, and secular concepts such as regions of Spain, presumably with decoration to match.

Some of the finished towers of Sagrada Família, Barcelona
Some of the finished towers of Sagrada Família, Barcelona

The building works are expected to be complete around 2026, the 100th anniversary of Gaudi's death, although the likelihood of meeting this date is disputed. Computer modelling has been used for the detailed design of the intricate structure of supporting columns inside the basilica. See also catenary. CAD/CAM technology has been used to speed up the construction of the building; initially, the construction work was expected to last for several hundred years, based on building techniques available in the early 1900s. The construction work calls for many pieces of stone to be machined to unique shapes, each being subtly different from the next, and these pieces are now being machined accurately off-site reducing the overall construction time. Download high resolution version (1280x960, 267 KB)Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, Spain This picture was taken by me (Filip Maljkovic) on June 29th, 2004 at 10:32, when I was on a trip to Barcelona. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 267 KB)Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, Spain This picture was taken by me (Filip Maljkovic) on June 29th, 2004 at 10:32, when I was on a trip to Barcelona. ... Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s - 2020s - 2030s 2040s 2050s 2060s 2070s Years: 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 - 2026 - 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 The year 2026 (MMXXVI) in the Gregorian calendar corresponds to 5786-5787 in the Hebrew Calendar. ... A computer simulation or a computer model is a computer program which attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular system. ... In mathematics, the catenary is the shape of a hanging flexible chain or cable when supported at its ends and acted upon by a uniform gravitational force (its own weight). ... CAD/CAM abbreviates the combination of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing . ...

A Magic Square in the Passion façade
A Magic Square in the Passion façade

Antoni Gaudi used hyperboloid structures in later designs of the Sagrada Familia (more obviously after 1914), however there are a few places on the nativity façade - a design not equated with Gaudi's ruled-surface design, where the hyperboloid crops up. For example, all around the scene with the pelican there are numerous examples (including the basket held by one of the figures). There is a hyperboloid adding structural stability to the cypress tree (by connecting it to the bridge). And finally, the "bishop's mitre" spires are capped with hyperboloid structures . In his later designs ruled surfaces are prominent in the nave's vaults and the surfaces of the of the Passion facade. Magic square in facade of Sagrada Familia This image comes originally from http://www. ... Magic square in facade of Sagrada Familia This image comes originally from http://www. ... In recreational mathematics, a magic square of order n is an arrangement of n² numbers, usually distinct integers, in a square, such that the n numbers in all rows, all columns, and both diagonals sum to the same constant. ... Antoni Gaud i Cornet (more widely known in the English speaking world under the Spanish version of his first name, as Antonio Gaud , or, just simply, Gaudi), (25 June 1852–10 June 1926) was a Catalan architect famous for his unique designs expressing sculptural and individualistic qualities. ... Shukhov Tower, as photographed by Alexander Rodchenko in 1926 Hyperboloid structures in architecture were first applied by Russian engineer Vladimir Grigorevich Shukhov (1853-1939). ... Hyperboloid of one sheet Hyperboloid of two sheets In mathematics, a hyperboloid is a quadric, a type of surface in three dimensions, described by the equation:  (hyperboloid of one sheet), or  (hyperboloid of two sheets) If, and only if, , it is a hyperboloid of revolution. ... Shukhov Tower, as photographed by Alexander Rodchenko in 1926 Hyperboloid structures in architecture were first applied by Russian engineer Vladimir Grigorevich Shukhov (1853-1939). ...


External links

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Sagrada Familia

Coordinates: 41°24′13″N, 2°10′28″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sagrada Familia (303 words)
The reason is quite simple: The sagrada familia had to be built entirely from donations as part of the original concept.
In 1926 Antoni Gaudi died and was buried in the crypt of the Sagrada Familia.
Until 1930 all bell-towers on the east facade of the Sagrada Familia where finished and in 1954 work on the west facade started which was finished in 1986.
Gaudí: SAGRADA FAMÍLIA (Holy Family Church) (4195 words)
The church of the Sagrada Família is in process of construction and consequently the interior is open and submitted, the same as the outside, to the weather harshness's.
He is buried in the Crypt of the Sagrada Família on the 12 in a crowded act in which all the city is bend over backwards to honour Gaudí.
The Sagrada Família is a temple of basilical type with a shape of Latin cross in which the central axis is occupied for four lateral naves of 7'5 meters wide each one and a central nave of 15 meters wide, what does a total of 45 meters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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