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Encyclopedia > Safaviya (sufi order)

Safaviyeh was the name of a Sufi order founded by the Persian mystic Sheikh Safi al-Din of Ardabil (1252-1334). it was built on the foundations of the preceding Zahediyeh order, which Sheikh Safi inherited from his mentor and father in law, Sheikh Zahed Gilani Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... Mysticism from the Greek μυστικός (mustikos) an initiate (of the Eleusinian Mysteries, μυστήρια (musteria) meaning initiation[1]) is the pursuit of achieving communion or identity with, or conscious awareness of, ultimate reality, the divine, spiritual truth, or God through direct experience, intuition, or insight; and the belief that such experience is one... For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ... Sheikh Safi al-Dins tomb Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili (of Ardebil) (1252-1334), eponym of the Safavid dynasty, was the spiritual heir and son in law of the great Sufi Murshid (Grand Master) Sheikh Zahed Gilani, of Lahijan in Gilan Province in northern Iran. ... Ardabil (in Persian: اردبیل; also known as Ardebil; ancient name: Artavil) is a historical city in north-western Iran. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Events Births January 4 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (died 1383) January 13 - King Henry II of Castile (died 1379) May 25 - Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders (died 1398) August 30 - King Peter I of Castile (died 1369) James I of Cyprus (died... The Zahediyeh Sufi Order was founded by Sheikh Zahed Gilani (Zahid Guilani) of Lahijan. ... The mystic Taj Al-Din Ebrahim Al-Kordi Al-Sanjani* (1216 - 1301), titled Sheikh Zahed Gilani, was Grandmaster of the famed Zahediyeh Sufi Order at Lahijan. ...

The Safaviyeh Order, which gradually adopted Shi'ism as its principle of Islam, gained political and military power culminating in the foundation of the Iranian Safavid dynasty (1501-1722). Shia Islam (Arabic: or follower. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... The Safavid Empire at its 1512 borders. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Abraham De Moivre states De Moivres theorem connecting trigonometric functions and complex numbers Publication of the first book of Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier Fall of Persias Safavid dynasty during a bloody revolt of the Afghani people. ...

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