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Encyclopedia > Sacramento River
Sacramento River
Sacramento River delta
Country United States
State California
Major cities Redding, Sacramento
Length 320 mi (515 km) [1]
Watershed 27,000 mi² (69,930 km²) [2]
Primary source South Fork Sacramento River
 - coordinates 41°12′22″N, 122°30′2″W [6]
 - elevation 5,912 ft (1,802 m) [7]
Other source Middle Fork Sacramento River
 - coordinates 41°15′22″N, 122°29′48″W
 - elevation 6,359 ft (1,938 m)
Source confluence
 - location Near Siskiyou Lake, Siskiyou County, California
 - coordinates 41°16′24″N, 122°24′5″W [8]
 - elevation 3,858 ft (1,176 m) [9]
Mouth San Francisco Bay
 - location Antioch, Contra Costa County, California
 - coordinates 38°3′48″N, 121°51′10″W [10]
 - elevation ft (3 m) [11]
Major tributaries
 - left Pit River, Feather River, American River
Map of the Sacramento River watershed.

The Sacramento River is the longest river in the U.S. state of California. Starting at the confluence of the South Fork and Middle Fork Sacramento River, near Mount Shasta in the Cascade Range, the Sacramento flows south for 320 miles (515 km), through the northern Central Valley of California, between the Pacific Coast Range and the Sierra Nevada. Its length including the South Fork is 382 miles (615 km). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 2404 KB) Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sacramento River Delta Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Redding from space, April 1994 Redding (pop. ... Nickname: River City Location of Sacramento in California County Sacramento Government  - Mayor Heather Fargo Area  - City  99. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... km redirects here. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... Look up confluence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Siskiyou County is a county located in far northernmost California, USA, in the Cascade Mountains on the Oregon border. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... Antioch is a city located in Contra Costa County, California. ... Official website: http://www. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... The Pit River is a tributary of the Sacramento River, approximately 110 mi (176 km) long, in northeastern California in the United States. ... This article treats the river in California. ... The American River, located in the US state of California, has a prominent place in American history for being the site of Sutters Mill, where gold was found in 1848, leading to the California Gold Rush. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This bridge across the Danube River links Hungary with Slovakia. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Mount Shasta, a 14,179-foot (4,322 m)[1] stratovolcano, is the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range and the fifth highest peak in California. ... Mount Jefferson in Oregon. ... The California Central Valley Part of the Valley as seen from overhead A typical Central Valley scene at ground level The California Central Valley is a large, flat valley that dominates the central portion of the U.S. state of California. ... The Pacific Coast Ranges are the series of mountain ranges that stretch along west coast of North America from Alaska to Mexico. ... This article is about the mountain range in the Western United States. ...


Not far downstream from its confluence with the American River, the Sacramento River joins the San Joaquin River in the Sacramento River Delta, which empties into Suisun Bay, the northern arm of San Francisco Bay. The American River, located in the US state of California, has a prominent place in American history for being the site of Sutters Mill, where gold was found in 1848, leading to the California Gold Rush. ... The San Joaquin River, 330 miles (530 km) long, is the second-longest river in California, United States. ... The San Joaquin-Sacramento Delta. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ...


The chief tributaries of the Sacramento River are the Pit, Feather, McCloud and American rivers. The Pit River is the longest of these, but the Feather and American rivers carry larger volumes of water. The Pit River's watershed formerly included Goose Lake, and still does during rare periods of high water.[12] The Pit River is a tributary of the Sacramento River, approximately 110 mi (176 km) long, in northeastern California in the United States. ... This article treats the river in California. ... The McCloud River is a tributary of the Pit River and ultimately the Sacramento River, approximately 50 mi (80 km) long, in northern California in the United States. ... Goose Lake is a large alkaline lake on the California-Oregon border. ...

Contents

Course

Headwater of the Sacramento River in Northern California

According to Mt. Shasta Recreation & Parks District, the designated headwaters of the Sacramento River are at about 3600 feet (1100 m) elevation in Mount Shasta City Park (41.32874° N 122.32711° W)[13]. The USGS cites the river's source as the confluence of the South Fork Sacramento River and Middle Fork Sacramento River.[14] Photograph by Daniel Mayer. ... Photograph by Daniel Mayer. ... Mount Shasta from City of Mt. ... The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ...


Big Springs feeds Big Springs Creek which flows south into Siskiyou Lake. However, feeding Siskiyou Lake from the west are the North, Middle, and South Forks of the Sacramento River which bring water from much higher elevations. The South Fork originates at 5,912 feet (1,802 m) at Cedar Lake (41.20791° N 122.49601° W), the Middle Fork originates at 6,359 feet (1,938 m) in several headwater streams near Chipmunk Lake (41.25234° N 122.49415° W), and the North Fork originates from springs at about 7,900 feet (2,408 m) near 41.20791° N 122.49601° W.


These various headwaters flow into Siskiyou Lake near the city of Mt. Shasta. From there the river flows generally south, closely followed by Interstate 5. Just north of the city of Redding, the river is impounded by Shasta Dam, which creates a reservoir called Shasta Lake. The Pit River and McCloud River tributaries join the Sacramento in Shasta Lake. Interstate 5 (abbreviated I-5) is the westernmost interstate highway in the continental United States. ... Shasta dam with Shasta Lake behind it and Mt. ... Shasta Lake Shasta Lake is a reservoir created by the building of Shasta Dam in California, USA. Shasta Lake is the largest lake in California with a capacity of 4,552,000 acre-feet (5. ...


Below Shasta Dam, the Sacramento River continues to flow south, passing Redding and collecting many small streams. The river passes by Red Bluff and near Chico. It bends slightly west around Sutter Buttes, then collects the tributary waters of the Feather River just north of the city of Sacramento. In Sacramento, the American River joins the Sacramento River. Red Bluff (pop. ... Nickname: City of Roses, City of Trees Location of Chico in California Coordinates: Country State County United States California Butte Settled 1843 Founded 1860 Incorporated January 8, 1872 Government  - Mayor Andrew Holcombe  - City Council Scott Gruendl Steve Bertagna Larry Wahl Ann Schwab Mary Flynn Tom Nickell  - City Manager Greg Jones... The Sutter Buttes rise humbly over the town of Sutter, CA. The Sutter Buttes, also known as the Marysville Buttes or Histum Yani (Maidu), is often called the smallest mountain range in the world. ...


Below Sacramento, the river enters the Sacramento River Delta, where it is joined by the San Joquin River. The combined waters then exit into Suisun Bay, San Pablo Bay, and San Francisco Bay, before finally entering the Pacific Ocean at Golden Gate. San Pablo bay with Suisun Bay at upper right Suisun Bay (pronounced sue-soon) is a shallow tidal estuary located in central California of The United States of America. ... San Pablo Bay is a shallow tidal estuary that forms the northern extension of San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... The Golden Gate The Golden Gate, looking south towards San Francisco. ...


Natural history

This section documents a current event.
Information may change rapidly as the event progresses.
A spring at the Sacramento River headwater

Marine animals such as whales and sea lions are occasionally found far inland after navigating the river for food or refuge and then losing track of how to get back to the Pacific Ocean. In October 1985 a humpback whale affectionately named "Humphrey the humpbacked whale" by television media traveled 69 miles up the Sacramento River before being rescued. Rescuers downstream broadcast sounds of humpback whales feeding to draw the whale back to the ocean.[15] Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... Photograph by Daniel Mayer. ... Photograph by Daniel Mayer. ... A Fin Whale The term whale is ambiguous: it can refer to all cetaceans, to just the larger ones, or only to members of particular families within the order Cetacea. ... Genera Eumetopias Zalophus Otaria Neophoca Phocarctos Hundreds of California Sea Lions sunbathing on Pier 39 in San Francisco. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Humpback whales live in the open ocean. ...


In May 2007 two humpback whales were spotted by media and onlookers traveling the deep waters near Rio Vista. The duo, generally believed to be mother and calf (Delta, the mother and Dawn, her calf), continued to swim upstream to the deep water ship channel near West Sacramento. There was concern that the larger whale might be tangled in crab pot lines, but newer reports are that the color seen is a gash in the whale's skin. The whales have not yet begun to swim back toward San Francisco Bay, and rescue efforts like those of 1985 are scheduled to begin May 17.[16] Binomial name Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) Humpback Whale range The Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) is a mammal which belongs to the baleen whale suborder. ... Map of the Sacramento Deep Water Ship Channel The Sacramento Deep Water Ship Channel is a canal from Sacramento, California to the Sacramento River, which flows into San Francisco Bay. ... West Sacramento is a city in Yolo County, California, United States. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (138th in leap years). ...


Rio Vista, California hosts an annual Bass Festival each October to celebrate the return of bass to the river. Rio Vista is a city located on the eastern end of Solano County, California, on the Sacramento River in the Sacramento River Delta region. ... The Bass Festival, also known as Bass Derby, is held during the second weekend of October in Rio Vista, California. ... Striped bass (Morone saxatilis) Largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) Bass (IPA /bæs/) is a name shared by many different species of popular game fish. ...


History

The Sacramento River helped form the track of a trade and travel route known as the Siskiyou Trail, which stretched from California's Central Valley to the Pacific Northwest. The Siskiyou Trail closely paralleled the Sacramento River and took advantage of the valleys and canyons carved by the river through the rugged terrain of Northern California. Based on the original footpaths of Native Americans, the Siskiyou Trail was expanded by Hudson's Bay Company trappers in the 1830s, and expanded further by California Gold Rush "Forty-Niners" in the 1850s. Today, Interstate 5 and the Union Pacific Railroad occupy the path of the ancient Siskiyou Trail. The Siskiyou Trail stretched from Californias Central Valley to Oregons Willamette Valley; modern-day Interstate 5 follows this pioneer path. ... The Pacific Northwest from space This page is about the region that includes parts of Canada and the United States. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill. ... Interstate 5 (abbreviated I-5) is the westernmost interstate highway in the continental United States. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks UP) (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad network in the United States. ...


Economy and control

Man-made channels make the river navigable for 180 miles upstream of San Francisco Bay; ocean-going ships travel as far inland as the City of Sacramento. Nickname: River City Location of Sacramento in California County Sacramento Government  - Mayor Heather Fargo Area  - City  99. ...


The Sacramento Area Flood Control Agency is a Joint Powers agency tasked with keeping the Sacramento River within its banks and levees.[17] California Governor Schwarzenegger declared a State of Emergency in February 2006 in an attempt to repair the levees, whose failure could impact the drinking water quality of two-thirds of California residents.


See also

The following is a partial listing of rivers in the state of California, United States of America. ...

References

  1. ^ Sacramento River, USGS GNIS
  2. ^ http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/circ1215/introduction.htm
  3. ^ http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/circ1215/introduction.htm
  4. ^ South Fork Sacramento River, USGS GNIS
  5. ^ Google Earth elevation for GNIS source coordinates. Retrieved on April 28, 2007.
  6. ^ Middle Fork Sacramento River, USGS GNIS
  7. ^ Google Earth elevation for GNIS source coordinates. Retrieved on April 28, 2007.
  8. ^ Sacramento River, USGS GNIS
  9. ^ Google Earth elevation for GNIS source coordinates. Retrieved on April 28, 2007.
  10. ^ Sacramento River, USGS GNIS
  11. ^ Google Earth elevation for GNIS source coordinates. Retrieved on April 28, 2007.
  12. ^ Pit River Watershed Alliance.
  13. ^ Mt. Shasta Recreation & Parks District.
  14. ^ Sacramento River, USGS GNIS
  15. ^ Tokuda, Wendy; Richard Hall (June 1992). Humphrey the Lost Whale: a true story. ISBN 0893463469. 
  16. ^ Kollars, Deb, Carrie Peyton Dahlberg. "Whale rescue effort now set for Thursday morning", Sacramento Bee, 2007-05-16. Retrieved on 2007-05-16. 
  17. ^ http://www.safca.org/floodRisk/index.html

Google Earth is a virtual globe program that was originally called Earth Viewer and was created by Keyhole, Inc. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Google Earth is a virtual globe program that was originally called Earth Viewer and was created by Keyhole, Inc. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Google Earth is a virtual globe program that was originally called Earth Viewer and was created by Keyhole, Inc. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Google Earth is a virtual globe program that was originally called Earth Viewer and was created by Keyhole, Inc. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... The Sacramento Bee is a daily newspaper published in Sacramento, California. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (137th in leap years). ...

External links

  • USGS Introduction to the Sacramento River
  • Museum of the Siskiyou Trail
  • Sacramento River Flooding - Online Video from KVIE Public Television

  Results from FactBites:
 
"Sacramento River, California - Great Rivers - Angler's OnLine" (2415 words)
Although the Sacramento River begins as two trickling forks that feed the the impoundment name Lake Siskiyou, the classic fishing water begins where the combined flows bubble out from beneath Box Canyon Dam southwest of the town of Mount Shasts.
For about 25 miles this river is considered one of the finest wild rainbow trout fisheries on the west coast, flowing right through the city of Redding, a growing city of almost 80,000 people.
According to the Wintu legend, all life sprung from their beloved river and each man, woman, tree, animal and fish was to be revered and respected as a connected part of their Creator.
AllRefer.com - Sacramento, river, United States, United States (U.S. Physical Geography) - Encyclopedia (289 words)
Sacramento, longest river of Calif., c.380 mi (610 km) long, rising near Mt. Shasta, N Calif., and flowing generally SW to Suisun Bay, an arm of San Francisco Bay, where it forms a large delta with the San Joaquin River.
The valley saw the great gold strike of 1848, and many of the cities on or near the river and its tributaries sprang up in the gold rush; Sacramento is the largest.
In recent years the Central Valley project has been developed to use the waters of the Sacramento with greater efficiency, particularly in the fertile but dry San Joaquin southern part of the Central Valley.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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