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Encyclopedia > Sable Island
Sable Island from space, April 1994. Oriented clockwise through 225 degrees.
Sable Island from space, April 1994. Oriented clockwise through 225 degrees.

Coordinates: 43°57′00″N, 59°54′57″W Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 598 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (637 × 639 pixel, file size: 103 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Satellite image of Sable Island (Canada). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 598 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (637 × 639 pixel, file size: 103 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Satellite image of Sable Island (Canada). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Sable Island (French: île de Sable) is a small Canadian island situated 180 km (111mi) southeast of Nova Scotia in the Atlantic Ocean. As of 2001, the island is home to around 15 people. Sable Island is specifically mentioned in the Constitution of Canada as being the special responsibility of the federal government, but for many political purposes it is part of District 13 of the Halifax Regional Municipality. Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Motto: E Mari Merces(Latin) From the Sea, Wealth Coordinates: Country Canada Province Nova Scotia Established April 1, 1996  - Mayor Peter Kelly  - Governing body Halifax Regional Council  - MPs Alexa McDonough, Geoff Regan, Michael Savage, Peter Stoffer, (Bill Casey), (Gerald Keddy), (Peter MacKay)  - MLAs Barry Barnet, Keith Colwell, Kevin Deveaux, Darrell...

Contents

Geography

Sable Island is a narrow crescent-shaped sandbar with a surface area of about 3400 ha. Despite being nearly 42 km or 26 mi long, it is no more than 2 km or 1.25 mi across at its widest point. It emerges from vast shoals and shallows on the continental shelf which, in tandem with the area's frequent fog and sudden strong storms including hurricanes and northeasters, have caused over 300 recorded shipwrecks. It is often referred to as the Graveyard of the Atlantic, as it sits astride the great circle route from North America's east coast to Europe. The nearest landfall is 160 km to the northwest near Canso, Nova Scotia. In geography, a bar is a linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ... km redirects here. ...  Sediment  Rock  Mantle  The global continental shelf, highlighted in cyan The continental shelf is the extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow seas (known as shelf seas) and gulfs. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Satellite image of the intense noreaster responsible for the North American blizzard of 2006. ... Shipwreck of the SS American Star Shipwreck in the Saugatuck River mouth in Westport, Connecticut A shipwreck or sunken ship can refer to the remains of a wrecked ship or to the event that caused the wreck, such as the striking of something that causes the ship to sink, the... For the Brisbane bus routes known collectively as the Great Circle Line (598 & 599), see the following list of Brisbane Transport routes A great circle on a sphere A great circle is a circle on the surface of a sphere that has the same diameter as the sphere, dividing the... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Canso (2001 population: 992) is a small Canadian town in Guysborough County, on the north-eastern tip of mainland Nova Scotia. ...


Sable Island was named after its sand—'sable' is French for 'sand'. It is covered with grass and other low-growing vegetation. Sable Island is believed to have formed from large quantities of sand and gravel deposited on the continental shelf near the end of the last ice age. The island is continually changing its shape with the effects of strong winds and violent ocean storms. The island has two freshwater ponds on the south side between the station and west light. There are frequent heavy fogs in the area due to the contrasting effects of the cold Labrador Current and the warm Gulf Stream. During winter months, the moderating influence of the Gulf Stream can sometimes give Sable Island the warmest temperatures in Canada. Patterns in the sand Sand is a granular material made up of fine rock particles. ... Natural vegetation dominated by grasses Grass is a common word that generally describes a monocotyledonous green plant in the family Poaceae. ... Moraine is the general term for debris of all sorts originally transported by glaciers or ice sheets that have since melted away. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... The Labrador Current is a cold current in the north Atlantic Ocean which flows from the Arctic Ocean south along the coast of Labrador and passes around Newfoundland, continuing south along the east coast of Nova Scotia. ... For the album by Ocean Colour Scene, see North Atlantic Drift (album) The Gulf Stream is orange and yellow in this representation of water temperatures of the Atlantic. ...


Sable Island should not be confused with Cape Sable Island in southwestern Nova Scotia. Cape Sable Island is a small Canadian island located at the southernmost point in Nova Scotia, Cape Sable. ...


Wildlife

The island is home to over 250 free-roaming feral horses which are protected by law from human interference. The best evidence for the origin of the horse population is that they are descended from horses confiscated from Acadians during the Great Expulsion and left on the island by Boston merchant Thomas Hancock, uncle of John Hancock. Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... The Acadians (French: Acadiens) are the descendants of the 17th-century French colonists who settled in Acadia (located on the northern portion of North Americas east coast). ... The Great Upheaval (le Grand Dérangement), also known as the Great Expulsion or the Acadian Expulsion, is the eviction of the Acadian population from Nova Scotia between 1755 and 1763, ordered by governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... For other persons named John Hancock, see John Hancock (disambiguation). ...


In the past, excess horses have been rounded up and shipped off the island for use in coal mines on Cape Breton Island, or to be sold, but the Government gave full protection to the horse population in 1960, and they have been left alone ever since. Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada NASA landsat photo of Cape Breton Island Cape Breton Island (French: île du Cap-Breton, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Cheap Breatuinn, Míkmaq: Únamakika, simply: Cape Breton) is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America. ...


Several large bird colonies are also resident; Arctic terns, and Ipswich sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis princeps), a subspecies of the Savannah Sparrow that breed in no other location. Harbour and Grey seals also breed on the island's shores. There is also a species of freshwater sponge (Heteromeyenia macouni) found only in ponds on the island. Binomial name Sterna paradisaea Pontoppidan, 1763[2] Breeding grounds (red), wintering grounds (blue) and migration routes (green) The Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea) is a seabird of the tern family Sternidae. ... Binomial name Passerculus sandwichensis (Gmelin, 1789) The Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis, is a small sparrow. ... Binomial name bobbi Linnaeus,, 1758 Common or Harbour Seals (Phoca vitulina) are true seals of the Northern Hemisphere. ... Binomial name Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791) Grey Seal range (in blue) The Grey Seal (Halichoerus grypus) is found on both shores of the North Atlantic Ocean. ... Classes Calcarea Hexactinellida Demospongiae The sponges or poriferans (from Latin porus pore and ferre to bear) are animals of the phylum Porifera. ...


History

The Portuguese explorer João Álvares Fagundes and his expedition, who explored this region in 1520–1521, may have been among the first humans to have encountered the island. A life-saving station was established on Sable Island by the government of Nova Scotia in 1801 and its life-saving crew became the first permanent inhabitants of the island, a brief attempt at colonization at the end of the 16th century by France having failed. Two lighthouses, one on the eastern tip and one on the western tip were built in 1872.[1] Until the advent of modern ship navigation, Sable Island's two light stations were home to permanent lighthouse keepers and their families, as well as the crewmembers of the life-saving station. In the early 20th century, the Marconi Company established a wireless station on the island and the Canadian government similarly established a weather station. João Álvares Fagundes, an explorer and ship owner from Viana do Castelo in Northern Portugal, near Galicia, organized several expeditions to Newfoundland and Nova Scotia around 1520-1521. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... A HDR image of a traditional lighthouse For other uses, see Lighthouse (disambiguation). ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The Marconi Company Ltd. ...


Although the Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) has now automated the light stations, Environment Canada and DFO conduct routine meteorological and atmospheric studies from a permanently occupied station on Sable Island because of its unique isolated geographic position down-wind from the North American mainland. Sable Island is specifically mentioned in the Constitution of Canada as being the special responsibility of the federal government. For this reason it is considered a separate amateur radio "entity" (equivalent to country for award credit) and the occasional operators who visit use the special callsign prefix CY0. The Canadian Coast Guard or CCG (Fr. ... The Department of the Environment, also referred to as Environment Canada, is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for coordinating environmental policies and programs as well as preserving and enhancing the natural environment and conservation of wildlife. ... The Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), also referred to as Fisheries and Oceans Canada, is the department within the government of Canada with responsibility for the management and safety of Canadas waters. ... The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law in Canada. ... Bold text The Canada wordmark, used by most agencies of the Canadian federal government. ... Amateur radio station with modern solid-state transceiver featuring LCD display and DSP capabilities Amateur radio, often called Ham radio, is a hobby enjoyed by about six million people[1] throughout the world. ... In broadcasting and radio communication, a callsign or call sign (also call letters) is a unique designation for a transmitting station. ...


Out of concern for preserving the island's frail ecology, as well as sovereignty purposes, recreational boaters require specific permission from CCG to set foot on the island. The Canadian Forces continuously patrol the area using aircraft and naval vessels, partly due to the nearby presence of natural gas and oil drilling rigs and an undersea pipeline. Sable Island's heliport also contains emergency aviation fuel for search and rescue helicopters, which use the island to stage further offshore into the Atlantic. Should the need arise, the island also serves as an emergency evacuation point for crews aboard nearby drilling rigs of the Sable Offshore Energy Project. The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the combined armed forces of Canada. ... Natural gas is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane but including significant quantities of ethane, butane, propane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen sulfide. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Natural gas drilling rig A drilling rig or oil rig is a structure housing equipment used to drill for and extract oil or natural gas from underground reservoirs. ... Search and Rescue (acronym SAR) is an operation mounted by emergency services, often well-trained volunteers, to find someone believed to be in distress, lost, sick or injured either in a remote or difficult to access area, such as mountains, desert or forest (Wilderness search and rescue), or at sea... The Sable Offshore Energy Project (SOEP) is a consortium to locate and produce natural gas located near Sable Island on the edge of the Scotian continental shelf in eastern Canada. ...


The island is a part of the Halifax Regional Municipality and the federal electoral district of Halifax, although the urban area of Halifax proper is some 300 km or 190 mi away on the Nova Scotian mainland. Motto: {{Unhide = {{{}}}}} E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: urban area 79. ... Halifax in relation to the other Nova Scotia ridings Halifax is a federal electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1867. ...


Notes

  1. ^ E.H. Rip Irwin. Lighthouses and Lights of Nova Scotia, Nimbus Press, pages 100-102

Trivia

  • In 1901, the federal government planted over 80,000 trees on the island in an attempt to stabilize the soil; all died.
  • Sable Island is mentioned in the book The Perfect Storm and a staged version of the island appears in the movie by the same name.
  • Nova Scotian author Thomas H. Raddall's early experiences on Sable Island served as the inspiration for his novel The Nymph and the Lamp. [1]
  • In the 2006 Canadian federal election media coverage, the Canadian Press reported a 100% voter turnout for Sable Island, with six ballots from all six permanent residents retrieved by the returning officer via Coast Guard helicopter.[citation needed]

1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Perfect Storm (ISBN 0-393-04016-X) is a non-fiction book written by Sebastian Junger and published by Little, Brown and Company in 1997. ... Thomas Head Raddall (13 November 1903 - 1 April 1994) was a Canadian writer best known for his historical fiction. ... Emergency position-indicating rescue beacons (EPIRB) are small radio transmitters that some satellites and search and rescue aircraft can use locate people or boats needing rescue. ... The F/V Andrea Gail was a commercial fishing vessel which was lost at sea during the so-called Perfect Storm of 1991. ... Lowest pressure 980 mbar (hPa) as tropical system 972 mbar (hPa) as extratropical system Damages $1. ... The Perfect Storm (ISBN 0-393-04016-X) is a non-fiction book written by Sebastian Junger and published by Little, Brown and Company in 1997. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Rendition of party representation in the 39th Canadian parliament decided by this election. ... The Canadian Press (CP) is a Canadian news agency established in 1917 as a vehicle to permit Canadian newspapers of the day to exchange their news and information. ...

Bibliography

  • Sable Island Shipwrecks: Disaster and Survival at the North Atlantic Graveyard by Lyall Campbell, Nimbus pub., ISBN 1-55109-096-1, December 2001
  • Ethos of Voice in the Journal of James Rainstorpe Morris from the Sable Island Humane Station, 1801-1802, by Rosalee Stilwell, ISBN 0-7734-7663-6, Edwin Mellen Press, January 2001
  • Sable Island, by Bruce Armstrong, ISBN 0-385-13113-5, Doubleday, July 1981
  • Wild Horses of Sable Island, by Zoe Lucas, ISBN 0-919872-73-5, Firefly Books Ltd., August 1992
  • Wild and Beautiful Sable Island, Pat Keough et al., ISBN 0-9692557-3-X, Green Publishing, September 1993
  • Sable Island Journals 1801-1804, by James Rainstorpe Morris, ISBN 0-9689245-0-6
  • A Dune Adrift: The Strange Origins and Curious History of Sable Island, by Marq de Villiers and Sheila Hirtle, ISBN 0-7710-2642-0, McClelland & Stewart, August 2004

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sable Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1054 words)
Sable Island is believed to have formed from large quantities of sand and gravel deposited on the continental shelf near the end of the last ice age.
A lighthouse was established on Sable Island by the British government in the 1790s and its life-saving crew became the first inhabitants of the island, a brief attempt at colonization at the end of the 16th century by France having failed.
Sable Island is specifically mentioned in the Constitution of Canada as being the special responsibility of the federal government.
Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (891 words)
Continental islands are bodies of land that lie upon the continental shelf of a continent.
The southernmost chain is the Austral Islands, with its northerly trending part the atolls in the nation of Tuvalu.
An atoll is an island formed from a coral reef that has grown on an eroded and submerged volcanic island.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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