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Encyclopedia > Sabagadis

Sebagadis (died 1831) was dejazmach of Tigray, a province in northern Ethiopia. He was the son of Shum Waldu of Agame, and a member of the Saho people, who live in present-day Eritrea. 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Map of Ethiopia highlighting the Tigray region. ... This article is about political regions. ...

Sebagadis gained some notoriety in the 1800s for rebelling a number of times against his overlord, Ras Wolda Selassie. By 1818 he had become the most powerful warlord in Tigray, and made his base in Adigrat.1 Adigrat is a town in the Tigray region (or kilil) of Ethiopia that As of 1994, it had a population of around 37,417 people. ...

Dejazmach Sebagadis believed that firearms were vital to neutralize the power of the Oromo cavalry, which was at the time the most powerful weapon in Ethiopia, so he devoted much time and effort both collecting them, and seeking European help in buying them; this included seeking British help -- or at least permission -- to capture the port of Massawa. As a result, by the 1820s he was seen both in Europe -- and in Ethiopia -- as the champion of Christianity, and built upon this reputation to form a colation of the warlords of Gojjam, Lasta and Semien against Ras Marye of Yejju; however, Ras Marye defeated the members of this league one by one, isolating Dejazmach Sebagadis.2 Some firearms A firearm is a kinetic energy mechanical device that fires either single or multiple projectiles propelled at high velocity by the gases produced by action of the rapid confined burning of a propellant. ... The Oromo are an African ethnic group found in Ethiopia and to a lesser extent Kenya. ... Massawa in the 19th century Massawa or Mitsiwa (15° 36′ 33″ N 39° 26′ 43″ E) is a port on the Red Sea coast of Eritrea. ... History Main article: History of Christianity See also: Timeline of Christianity The history of Christianity is difficult to extricate from that of the European West (and several other culture-regions) in general. ... Gojjam, or Gojam, was a province in the north-eastern part of Ethiopia, with its capital city at Debra Markos. ...

The armies of Dejazmach Sebagadis and Ras Marye met at the Battle of Debre Abbay 14 February, 1831. The Tigrignan matchlockmen were deployed poorly, allowing the Oromo cavalry to take the field -- although Ras Marye was killed in the battle. Sebagadis surrendered to one of the deceased Marye's non-Oromo allies, but he was then turned over to Ras Marye's followers who executed the luckless dejazmach.3 February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

Sebagadis was survived by two sons: Sebhat, who continued to rule in Adrigat into the 1860s; and Wolda Mikael.4


  1. Richard R.K. Pankhurst, History of Ethiopian Towns (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1982), p. 210.
  2. Paul B. Henze, Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia (New York: Palgrave, 2000), p. 123.
  3. Mordechai Abir, The Era of the Princes: the Challenge of Islam and the Re-unification of the Christian empire, 1769-1855 (London: Longmans, 1968), p. 35.
  4. Pankhurst, pp. 212f.

  Results from FactBites:
History of Ethiopia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3880 words)
Wolda Selassie was eventually the victor, and practically ruled the whole country till his death in 1816 at the age of eighty.
Sabagadis of Agame succeeded Wolda Selassie in 1817, through force of arms, to become Ras of Tigre.
Under the Emperors Tewodros II (1855 - 1868), Yohannes IV (1872 - 1889), and Menelik II (1889 - 1913), the kingdom began to emerge from its medieval isolation.
  More results at FactBites »



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