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Encyclopedia > Saarland
Saarland
Flag Coat of arms
Coat of arms of Saarland
Details
Location
Map of Germany, location of Saarland highlighted
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country Germany
NUTS Region DEC
Capital Saarbrücken
Minister-President Peter Müller (CDU)
Governing party CDU
Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69)
Basic statistics
Area  2,569 km² (992 sq mi)
Population 1,044,000 (11/2006)[1]
 - Density 406 /km² (1,053 /sq mi)
Other information
GDP/ Nominal € 27 billion (2005)
Website saarland.de

Saarland (pronounced [ˈzaːɐ̯lant] in German; French: Sarre) is one of the 16 states of Germany. The capital is Saarbrücken. It has an area of 2570 km² and 1.045 million inhabitants. In both area and population it is the smallest of the German Flächenländer ("area states"), i.e., those that are not City States (Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg). With 65,1 percent it is the most Catholic state in Germany, being one out of two states (the other one being Bavaria) that has a population that is in majority catholic. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Coat of arms of Saarland This article is about the coat of arms of the German state of Saarland. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Saarbrücken [] is the capital of the Saarland Bundesland in Germany. ... A minister-president (Ministerpräsident) is the head of government of a German federal state; the office corresponds to the governorship of a state in the United States. ... Peter Müller Peter Aloysius Müller (born September 25, 1955 in Illingen, Germany) is a German politician belonging to the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Nominal GDP per person (capita) in 2006. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Saarbrücken [] is the capital of the Saarland Bundesland in Germany. ... A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city, usually having sovereignty. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (official name in German: Freie Hansestadt Bremen) is the smallest of Germanys 16 Federal States (Bundesländer). ... Location Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE6 First Mayor Ole von Beust (CDU) Governing party CDU Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  755 km² (292 sq mi) Population 1,754,317 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 2,324 /km² (6,018...

Contents

Geography

"Saarschleife" (Bend in the Saar) near Mettlach
"Saarschleife" (Bend in the Saar) near Mettlach

The state borders France (département of the Moselle) in the south and west, Luxembourg in the west and Rheinland-Pfalz in the north and the east. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 390 pixels Full resolution (1421 × 693 pixel, file size: 352 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Saarland ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 390 pixels Full resolution (1421 × 693 pixel, file size: 352 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Saarland ... St. ... Moselle is a département in the northeast of France named after the Moselle River. ... The Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz, sometimes Lower Palatinate or Niederpfalz) occupies rather more than a quarter of the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains the towns of Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Pirmasens, Landau and Speyer. ...


It is named after the Saar River, which is a tributary of the Moselle River (a Rhine tributary) and runs through the state from the south to the northwest. One third of the land area of the Saarland is covered by forest, one of highest percentages in Germany. The state is generally hilly, the highest mountain is the Dollberg with a height of 695.4 m (about 2,280 feet). Saar loop at Mettlach The Saar (French: Sarre) is a river, that rises in the Vosges mountains in Alsace with two headstreams (Red and White Saar) at the Donon, running through Lorraine and the Saarland, which was named after it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mosel basin area The Moselle (French Moselle, German Mosel, Luxembourgish Musel, Dutch Moezel, from Latin Mosella, little Meuse) is a river flowing through France, Luxembourg and Germany. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ...


Most inhabitants live in a city agglomeration on the French border, surrounding the capital of Saarbrücken.


See also List of places in Saarland. This is a list of geographical features in the state of Saarland, Germany. ...


Districts

Saarland is divided into 6 districts (German: "Kreise"):


Map of Saarland File links The following pages link to this file: Saarland Wikipedia:Changing attribution for an edit/Cordyph log Categories: GFDL images ...

  1. Merzig-Wadern
  2. Neunkirchen
  3. Saarbrücken
  4. Saarlouis
  5. Saarpfalz
  6. Sankt Wendel

Merzig-Wadern is a Kreis (district) in the northeast of the Saarland, Germany. ... Neunkirchen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of the Saarland, Germany. ... The Stadtverband Saarbrücken is equivalent to a Kreis (district) and located in the south of the Saarland, Germany. ... Saarlouis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of the Saarland, Germany. ... Saarpfalz (Saar-Palatinate) is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of the Saarland, Germany. ... Sankt Wendel is a Kreis (district) in the north of the Saarland, Germany. ...

History before World War I

Map of the Saar Region in the year 1793

Before World War I there existed no shared independent territory in the region of the Saarland. The Region of the Saarland was settled by the Celtic tribes of Treveri and Mediomatrices. The most impressive relic of their time is the remains of a fortress of refuge at Otzenhausen in the north of the Saarland. In the first century BCE, the Roman Empire made the region part of its province Belgica. The Celtic population mixed with the Roman immigrants. The region gained wealth, which can still be seen in the remains of Roman villas and villages. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 434 pixelsFull resolution (995 × 540 pixel, file size: 39 KB, MIME type: image/gif) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Saarland ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 434 pixelsFull resolution (995 × 540 pixel, file size: 39 KB, MIME type: image/gif) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Saarland ... This article is about the European people. ... The Treveri tribe of Gaul inhabited the lower valley of the Moselle, within the southern fringes of the vast Arduenna Silva (Ardennes Forest). ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... Belgica was and is the name of two Belgian research vessels, with a name derived ultimately from the Latin Gallia Belgica. ...


The Roman rule ended in the 5th century, when the Franconian conquered the territory. The region of the Saarland was divided in several small territories. Some of them were ruled by sovereigns from adjoining regions. Over the years these territories gained a wide range of independence, threatened only by the French kings, who wanted to incorporate all the territories on the western side of the river Rhine. The adjective Franconian (also Frankish) refers to three main meanings : Anything related to the Franks, an ancient Germanic people, although the adjective Frankish is more appropriate for that meaning. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ...


It was not the King of France but the armies of the French Revolution who terminated the independence of the states in the region of the Saarland. In 1792 they conquered the region and made it part of the French Republic. Most of the villages became part of the Département de la Sarre, some Villages in the east part of the Département Donnersberg. After the defeat of Napoleon, in 1815, the region was divided in three parts. Most of it was part of the Prussian Rhine Province. Another part, similar to the Saarpfalz district was allocated to the Kingdom of Bavaria. The smallest part, the village of Nohfelden, was ruled by the duke of Oldenburg. Kings ruled in France from the Middle Ages to 1848. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... The Free State of Bavaria (German: Bayern or Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ...


On July 31, 1870 the French Emperor Napoleon III had ordered an invasion across the Saar River to seize Saarbrücken. The first shots of the Franco-Prussian War 1870/71 were fired on the heights of Spichern, south of Saarbrücken. After the war, the German Empire was founded and the Saar region was part of it. Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... Saar loop at Mettlach The Saar (French: Sarre) is a river, that rises in the Vosges mountains in Alsace with two headstreams (Red and White Saar) at the Donon, running through Lorraine and the Saarland, which was named after it. ... Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III Otto Von Bismarck, Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000 at the beginning of the war 1,200,000 Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian... Saarbrücken [] is the capital of the Saarland Bundesland in Germany. ... Motto Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Danish, French, Frisian, Polish, Sorbian Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871–1888 William I  - 1888 Frederick...


Interwar history

In 1920 the Saargebiet was created in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles. It comprised portions of the Prussian Rhine Province and the Bavarian Rhenish Palatinate. The area was put under the control of the League of Nations represented by the following Chairmen of the Commission of Government: 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Saarland is one of the 16 states of Germany. ... The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. ... Motto Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Government Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I (first)  - 1688–1701 Frederick III (last) King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I (first)  - 1888–1918 William II (last) Prime Minister1,2... The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... The Palatinate (German: Pfalz), historically also Rhenish Palatinate (German: Rheinpfalz), is a region in south-western Germany. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919-1920. ...

  • 26 February 1920 - 18 March 1926 Victor Rault (France) (b. 1858 - d. 19..)
  • 18 March 1926 - 8 June 1927 George Washington Stephens (Canada) (b. 1866 - d. 1942)
  • 8 June 1927 - 1 April 1932 Sir Ernest Colville Collins Wilton (UK) (b. 1870 - d. 1952)
  • 1 April 1932 - 1 March 1935 Geoffrey George Knox (from 1935, Sir Geoffrey George Knox) (UK) (b. 1884 - d. 1958)

It was in practice administered by France for 15 years.


In 1933, a considerable number of anti-Nazi Germans fled to the Saar, as it was the only remaining part of Germany that was not under the political control of the Third Reich. 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


As a result, anti-Nazi groups campaigned heavily for the Saarland to remain under French control as long as Adolf Hitler ruled Germany, but only a small number of people favored that condition. Hitler redirects here. ...


When the original 15-year-term was over, a plebiscite was held in the territory on 13 January 1935: 90.3% of those voting favored joining Germany. A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ...


The Nazis appointed Josef Bürckel (b. 1895 – d. 1944) on 1 March 1935 as Reichskommissar für die Rückgliederung des Saarlandes. When the reincorporation was considered accomplished, his title was changed (after 17 June 1936) to Reichskommissar für das Saarland. A further change was made after 8 April 1940 to Reichskommissar für die Saarpfalz; finally, after 11 March 1941, he was made Reichsstatthalter in der "Westmark" (the region's new name, meaning "Western March or Border"), till 28 September 1944, when he was succeeded by Willi Stöhr (b. 1903, also NSDAP), until 21 March 1945. Reichskommissar (Commissionary of the Empire) was an official title of authorized representative of the Deutsches Reich (after 1871) who was appointed to a special task, e. ... Reichsstatthalter, German Statthalter (cfr. ... Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka (boundary) and refer to a border region, e. ...


History after World War II

Main article: Saar (protectorate)

After World War II the Saarland came under French administration again, as the Saar Protectorate. The Saar, corresponding to the current German state of Saarland, was a protectorate under French control between 1947 and 1959. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Saar, corresponding to the current German state of Saarland, was a protectorate under French control between 1947 and 1959. ...


Under the Monnet Plan France attempted to gain economic control of the remaining German industrial areas with large coal and mineral deposits; the Ruhr area and the Saar area (Germany's second largest center of mining and industry, Upper Silesia, had by the Allies been handed over to Poland for occupation and the German population was being forcibly expelled). Attempts to gain control of or permanently internationalize the Ruhr (see International Authority for the Ruhr ) area were abandoned in 1951 with the German agreement to pool its coal and steel resources (see European Coal and Steel Community) in return for full political control of the Ruhr. The French attempt to gain economic control over the Saar was temporarily even more successful. This article deals with the 1945-47 plan of the immediate post war period. ... Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquially Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott or simply Pott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large (former) industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to... Saarland is one of the 16 states of Germany. ... Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Ślónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Members of the European Coal and Steel Community Flag of the European Coal and Steel Community The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was founded in 1951 (Treaty of Paris), by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to pool the steel and coal resources of its member...


In the speech Restatement of Policy on Germany, held in Stuttgart on September 6, 1946, the United States Secretary of State James F. Byrnes stated the U.S. motive in detaching the Saar from Germany as "The United States does not feel that it can deny to France, which has been invaded three times by Germany in 70 years, its claim to the Saar territory". (See also Morgenthau plan for U.S. and UK designs for the Saar area.) Restatement of Policy on Germany is a famous speech by James F. Byrnes, then United States Secretary of State, held in Stuttgart on September 6, 1946. ... In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ... James Francis Byrnes (May 2, 1879 – April 9, 1972) was an American politician from the state of South Carolina. ... The Morgenthau Plan showing the planned partitioning of Germany into a North State, a South State, and an International zone. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ...


In the years 1945 - 1951 a policy of industrial disarmament was pursued in Germany by the Allies (see The industrial plans for Germany). As part of this policy limits were placed on allowed production levels, and industries in the Saar were dismantled just as in the Ruhr, although mostly in the period prior to the detachment (see also the 1949 letter from the UK Foreign minister Ernest Bevin to the French Foreign minister Robert Schuman, urging a reconsideration of dismantling policy). The industrial plans for Germany or Level of Industry plans for Germany were the plans to lower the German industrial potential after World War II. At the Potsdam conference the victorious Allies had decided to abolish the German armed forces as well as all munitions factories and civilian industries that... Ernest Bevin (9 March 1881 - 14 April 1951) was a British labour leader, politician, and statesman best known for his time as Minister of Labour in the war-time coalition government, and as Foreign Secretary in the post-war Labour government. ... Robert Schuman (June 29, 1886 – September 4, 1963) was a noted Luxembourg-born German-French politician, a Christian Democrat (M.R.P.) who is regarded as one of the founders of the European Union. ...


The Saar Protectorate was headed by a military governor from 30 August 1945: Gilbert Yves Édmond Grandval (b. 1904 - d. 1981), who remained on 1 January 1948 as High Commissioner, and January 1952 - June 1955 as the first of two French ambassadors, his successor being Eric de Carbonnel (b. 1910 - d. 1965) until 1956. Saarland, however, was allowed a regional administration very soon, consecutively headed by: The Saar protectorate (1,000 sq. ... High Commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment. ...

  • a President of the Government:
    • 31 July 1945 - 8 June 1946: Hans Neureuther, Non-party
  • a Chairman of the (until 15 December 1947, Provisional) Administration Commission:
    • 8 June 1946 - 20 December 1947: Erwin Müller (b. 1906 - d. 1968), Non-party
  • Minister-presidents (as in any Bundesland):
    • 20 December 1947 - 29 October 1955 Johannes Hoffmann (b. 1890 - d. 1967), CVP
    • 29 October 1955 - 10 January 1956 Heinrich Welsch (b. 1888 - d. 1976), Non-party
    • 10 January 1956 - 4 June 1957 Hubert Ney (b. 1892 - d. 1984), CDU

In 1954, France and the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) developed a detailed plan called the Saarstatut to establish an independent Saarland, but a plebiscite rejected it by 67.7%. On October 27, 1956, the Saar Treaty established that Saarland should be allowed to join the Federal Republic of Germany, which it did on January 1, 1957. This was the last international border change in Europe until the Fall of Communism. The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ...


The Saarland's reunification with the Federal Republic of Germany was sometimes referred to as the kleine Wiedervereinigung ("small reunification", in contrast with the post-Cold War re-absorption of the GDR). Even after reunification, the Saar franc remained as the territory's currency, until West Germany's Deutsche Mark replaced it on July 7, 1959. The Saar Treaty established that French, not English as in the rest of West Germany, should remain the first foreign language taught in Saarland schools; this provision is still largely followed today, although no longer binding. Disambiguation Page Global Depositary Receipt East Germany ... The franc or Frank was the currency of Saar between 1918 and 1935, during the French League of Nations mandate, and again between 1954 and 1957 in the Saar protectorate. ... The Deutsche Mark (DM, DEM) was the official currency of West and, from 1990, unified Germany. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Other

The Saar competed in the qualifying section of the 1954 football World Cup, but failed after coming second to West Germany but ahead of Norway. It also competed in the 1952 Summer Olympics (see Saar at the 1952 Summer Olympics). First international Saarland 5 - 3 Switzerland B (Saarbrücken, Saarland; 22 November 1950) Norway 2 - 3 Saarland (Oslo, Norway; 24 June 1953) Last International Netherlands 3 - 2 Saarland (Amsterdam, Netherlands; 6 June 1956) Largest win Switzerland B 2 - 5 Saarland (Bern, Switzerland; 15 September 1951) Worst defeat Saarland 1 - 7... The 1954 Football World Cup was held in Switzerland. ... The 1952 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were held in 1952 in Helsinki, Finland. ... The Saar competed at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. ...


From 1920 to 1935, and then from 1947 to 1959, the inhabitants used postage stamps issued specially for the territory; see postage stamps and postal history of the Saar for details. A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of the German territory of the Saar. ...


In 1954, the Paris mint coined 10, 20, and 50 "franken" pieces. The following year a 100 franken was also minted. After reunification Saarland switched to the West German mark.


Between 1950 and 1956, Saarland was a member of the Council of Europe. Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 6 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General  Terry Davis  -  Commissioner for Human Rights   Establishment  -  Treaty of London 5...


Politics

Rulers of the Saarland

  1. 1920 - 1926: Victor Rault (France)
  2. 1926 - 1927: George Washington Stephens (Canada)
  3. 1927 - 1932: Sir Ernest Colville Collins Wilton (United Kingdom)
  4. 1932 - 1935: Geoffrey George Knox (United Kingdom)
  5. 1935 - 1944: Josef Bürckel (NSDAP)
  6. 1944 - 1945: Willi Stöhr (NSDAP)

For administrators and Ministers-President since 1945, see List of Ministers-President of Saarland. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Joseph Bürckel, (b. ... The Nazi swastika symbol The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Nazi swastika symbol The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... A minister-president (Ministerpräsident) is the head of government of a German federal state; the office corresponds to the governorship of a state in the United States. ... The Minister-President of Saarland (Ministerpräsident des Saarlandes) is elected by a majority of the members of the Saarland Parliament for the entire legislative period. ...


September 5, 2004 state election

See also: Saarland state election, 2004
Party Party List votes Vote percentage Total Seats Seat percentage
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 209,690 47.5% (+2.0) 27 (+1) 52.9%
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 136,224 30.8% (-13.6) 18 (-7) 35.3%
Alliance '90/The Greens (Grüne) 24,830 5.6% (+2.4) 3 (+3) 5.9%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 22,842 5.2% (+2.6) 3 (+3) 5.9%
National Democratic Party (NPD) 17,590 4.0% (+4.0) 0 (+0) 0.0%
Family Party 13,106 3.0% (+2.0) 0 (+0) 0.0%
Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) 10,240 2.3% (+1.5) 0 (+0) 0.0%
The Grays 6,285 1.4% (+1.4) 0 (+0) 0.0%
All Others 821 0.2% (-2.3) 0 (+0) 0.0%
Totals 441,628 100.0% 51 100.0%
Seat results -- SPD in red, CDU in black, Greens in green, FDP in yellow
Seat results -- SPD in red, CDU in black, Greens in green, FDP in yellow


The Saarland state election, 2004, was conducted on September 5, 2004, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Saarland. ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... The Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), the German Green party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei - FDP) is a liberal political party in Germany. ... The National Democratic Party of Germany (German: , NPD) is a German nationalist political party. ... The Family Party of Germany is a minor German political party. ... Party of Democratic Socialism is a political party in India; see Party of Democratic Socialism (India) the former name of a German political party; see Left Party (Germany). ... The Grays — Gray Panther are a German party and interest group founded by activist Trude Unruh. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Language

People in the Saarland speak Rhine Franconian (in the southeast, very similar to that dialect spoken in the western part of the Palatinate) and Moselle Franconian (in the northwest, very similar to that dialect spoken along the river Mosel and the cities of Trier or even in Luxembourg), dialects of German. Outside of the Saarland, specifically the Rhine Franconian variant spoken in the Landeshauptstadt Saarbrücken is generally considered to be the Saarland dialect. In general, both dialects are an integral part of the “Saarlandish” identity and thus a strong source of local patriotism. Rhenish Franconian (in German: Rheinfränkisch) is a dialect family of West Central German. ... Moselle Franconian is a dialect of the High German language, which is spoken in the German states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate as well as Romania and the département de Moselle of France. ... Mosel may mean the following: the river Moselle in its German spelling a part of the wine-growing-region Mosel-Saar-Ruwer in Germany Mosel, Iraq This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Trier (French: ; Luxembourgish Tréier) is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle River. ... Saarbrücken [] is the capital of the Saarland Bundesland in Germany. ...


Both dialects, even more so in their respective Saarland flavour, share many characteristic features, some of which will be explained below.


Women and girls are often referred to using the neuter grammatical gender, es, with the pronunciation being something like Ähs. Ähs hat mir's gesaat (it told me so, instead of she told me so; vs. High German: Sie hat es mir gesagt). This stems from the word Mädchen (girl) being neuter in German (es is correct in German when referring to words like Mädchen but would not be used by itself in reference to a woman). In linguistics, grammatical gender is a morphological category associated with the expression of gender through inflection or agreement. ...


The conjunctive is normally composed with the words dääd (High German “tät” = “would do”) or gäng (“would go”) as auxiliary verbs: Isch dääd saan, dass... (“I would say that...”) instead of the High German Ich würde sagen, dass....


Declension is rather different: In linguistics, declension is the inflection of nouns, pronouns and adjectives to indicate such features as number (typically singular vs. ...

  • The genitive case does not exist at all and is entirely replaced by constructs with the dative case.
  • In most instances, a word is not altered when cast into the dative case. Exceptions are mostly pronouns.
  • The same holds for the accusative case. Even more so, it is accepted practice to use the nominative case instead of the accusative.

Diphthongs are almost non-existent. The Saarlandish variant of a High-German word that contains a diphthong usually will have a long vowel in its place. Moreover, the vowels ö and ü do not exist in the dialect. They are generally replaced by e and i respectively. The genitive case is a grammatical case that indicates a relationship, primarily one of possession, between the noun in the genitive case and another noun. ... The dative case is a grammatical case generally used to indicate the noun to whom something is given. ... In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a pro-form that substitutes for a noun phrase. ... The term accusative may be used in the following contexts: A form of morphosyntactic alignment, as found in nominative-accusative languages. ... The nominative case is a grammatical case for a noun. ... In phonetics, a diphthong (in Greek δίφθογγος) is a vowel combination usually involving a quick but smooth movement from one vowel to another, often interpreted by listeners as a single vowel sound or phoneme. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...


French has had a considerable influence on the vocabulary, although the pronunciation of imported French words usually is quite different from their original. Popular examples comprise Trottwaa (from trottoir), Fissääl (from ficelle), and the imperative or greeting aalleh! (from allez!).


The English phrase My house is green is pronounced almost the same (in the Rhine Franconian variant): Mei Haus is grien. The main difference lies in the pronunciation of the r sound.


Regional beer brewer Karlsberg has taken advantage of the Saarlandish dialect to create clever advertising for its staple product, UrPils. Examples include a trio of men enjoying a beer, flanked by baby carriages, the slogan reading "Mutter schafft" (meaning "Mom's at work" in Saarlandish, but plays on the High German word "Mutterschaft", or "motherhood"); another depicts a trio of men at a bar, with one realizing his beer has been drunk by one of the others, the slogan reading "Kenner war's" (meaning "It was no one" [Keiner war es] in Saarlandish, but playing on the High German word "Kenner", or "connoisseur", translating to "It was a connoisseur"); a third shows an empty beer crate in the middle of outer space, the text reading "All" (meaning "empty" in Saarlandish, but playing on the same High German word meaning "outer space").


See also

The French attack on Saarland was a French sortie into the Saarland in the early stages of World War II. The purpose of the attack was to assist Poland, which was then under attack. ... Saarland University (German Universität des Saarlandes) is a university located in Saarbrücken, the capital of the German state of Saarland. ... The Saar protectorate (1,000 sq. ... This article deals with the 1945-47 plan of the immediate post war period. ...

Sources and external links

  • Official governmental portal
  • Statistics office
  • WorldStatesmen - Germany
  • France, Germany and the Struggle for the War-making Natural Resources of the Rhineland Describes the contest for the Saar over the centuries.

References

  1. ^ State population. Portal of the Federal Statistics Office Germany. Retrieved on 2007-04-25.

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