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Encyclopedia > START II

START II, the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty was signed by George H. W. Bush and Boris Yeltsin in January 1993, which banned the use of MIRVs and hence often cited as De-MIRV-ing Agreement. It followed START I. Although ratified the treaty has never entered into force, in other words never been activated. On June 14, 2002, one day after the U.S. withdrew from the ABM Treaty, Russia withdrew from the START II treaty. The historic agreement started on June 17, 1992 with the signing of a 'Joint Understanding' by the presidents. The official signing of the treaty by the presidents took place on January 3, 1993. [1]. It was ratified by the US Senate on January 26, 1996 with a vote of 87-4. However, the ratification of the treaty was stalled in the Russian Duma for many years. The ratification was postponed a number of times to protest American military actions in Iraq and Kosovo, as well as to oppose the expansion of NATO. As the years passed, the treaty became less relevant and both sides started to lose interest in it. For the Americans, the main issue became the modification of the ABM treaty to allow the US to deploy a ballistic missile defense system, a move which Russia fiercely opposed. On April 14, 2000 the Duma did finally ratify the treaty, in a largely symbolic move since the ratification was made contingent on preserving the ABM treaty, which it was clear the US was not prepared to do. The START II Treaty did not enter into force because the Russian ratification made this contingent on U.S. Senate ratifying a September 1997 addendum to START II which included Agreed Statements on ABM-TMD Demarcation. Neither of these occurred because of U.S. Senate opposition, where a faction objected to any action supportive of the ABM Treaty. On June 14, 2002, one day after the U.S. withdrew from the ABM Treaty, Russia announced that it would no longer consider itself to be bound by START II provisions. The treaty was officially bypassed by SORT treaty, agreed to by presidents George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin at their summit meeting in November, 2001, and signed at Moscow Summit on May 24, 2002. Both sides agreed to reduce operationally deployed strategic nuclear warheads from 2,200 to 1,700 by 2012. George Herbert Walker Bush, Hon GCB (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States of America (1989–1993). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The MIRVed U.S. Peacekeeper missile, with the re-entry vehicles highlighted in red. ... START, officially the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty was a strategic arms limitation treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union. ... The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (or ABM treaty) was a treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the limitation of the anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems used in defending areas against missile-delivered nuclear weapons. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... A Duma (Ду́ма in Russian) is any of various representative assemblies in modern Russia and Russian history. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (or ABM treaty) was a treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the limitation of the anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems used in defending areas against missile-delivered nuclear weapons. ... A payload launch vehicle carrying a prototype exoatmospheric kill vehicle is launched from Meck Island at the Kwajalein Missile Range on Dec. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions (SORT), better known as the Moscow Treaty, is a 2002 treaty between Russia and the United States limiting their nuclear arsenal to 1700-2200 operationally deployed warheads each. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States and a former governor of Texas. ... (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Пу́тин, Vladímir Vladímirovich Pútin; born October 7, 1952) is a Russian politician, and the current President of the Russian Federation. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


See also

START, officially the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty was a strategic arms limitation treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union. ... SALT I is the common name for the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. ... nSALT II was a second round of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks from 1972-1979 between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which sought to curtail the manufacture of strategic nuclear weapons. ... U.S. President Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev signing the INF Treaty, 1987. ... The Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions (SORT), better known as the Moscow Treaty, is a 2002 treaty between Russia and the United States limiting their nuclear arsenal to 1700-2200 operationally deployed warheads each. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
CNS - START II Ratification: More Than Meets the Eye (682 words)
Ratification of START II attests to the political capacity of President-elect Vladimir Putin, who was able to muster the necessary votes despite anti-Western sentiment in the Duma generated by strong Western criticism of the war in Chechnya.
START II has been severely criticized in Russia since it was signed in 1993, primarily because it entails deep restructuring of the strategic triad, which Russia simply cannot afford.
To summarize the essence of what transpired on April 14, the ratification of START II is not the end of a four-year-long road toward a new stage in nuclear arms reductions.
START II (1134 words)
START II is an equitable and effectively verifiable agreement that reduces the number of strategic nuclear delivery vehicles and the warheads on them.
The START II Treaty was negotiatied by the United States and Russia between 1991 and 1992 and submitted to the Senate by President George Bush following signature on January 3, 1993.
In addition, START II will include some new verification measures, such as observation of SS-18 silo conversion and missile elimination procedures, exhibitions and inspections of all heavy bombers to confirm weapon loads, and exhibitions of heavy bombers reoriented to a conventional role to confirm their observable differences.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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