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Encyclopedia > SS Deutschland (1900)

The first Deutschland was a passenger liner by the Hamburg-Amerika line of Germany. She sailed for over twenty-five years under three different names.


Transatlantic Liner

Launched in 1900, she won the Blue Riband from the Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse, crossing the Atlantic Ocean in just a little over five days. She was the first and only four-stacker built for Hamburg-Amerika. She was 684 feet long, 67 feet wide and weighed 16,502 gross tons. Her service speed was 22 knots and she carried 2,050 passengers in first, second and third class. The Blue Riband is an award held by the ship with the record for a transatlantic crossing. ... Kaiser Wilhelm der Große, (Kaiser William the Great), named after the then Kaisers grandfather, Kaiser Wilhelm I, was a German ocean liner of the Norddeutscher Lloyd shipping line. ...

The Deutschland was indeed a fast ship, but this came at the expense of passenger comfort - her engines were so powerful that they caused severe vibrations in her passenger accommodations. This made her unpopular with passengers.

Second Career as Cruise Ship

In 1910 Hamburg-Amerika pulled the Deutschland off of the transatlantic route and renovated as one of the first liners of the 20th century devoted to cruising. Her powerful engines were replaced with smaller ones, she was repainted in all white and her passenger capacity reduced to only 500 first-class passengers. She was also given a new name, Viktoria Luise. She replaced their first purpose-built cruise ship of the same name that was lost at sea in 1906.

As an Emigrant Carrier

Because of her still-troublesome engines, the Viktoria Luise was not used by the German government in World War One. In 1921, she was pressed into emigrant carrier service and renamed Hansa. But since the United States had recently passed laws restricting immigration, this service was less than successful and the Hansa was sold for scrap in 1925. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...

External Links

A History of the Deutschland: The Great Ocean Liners/Deutschland



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