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Encyclopedia > SRI International
SRI International's main campus on Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, California

SRI International is one of the world's largest contract research institutions. It was founded as Stanford Research Institute in 1946 by a small group of business executives in conjunction with Stanford University as a center of innovation to support economic development in the region. Later it became fully independent and was incorporated as a non-profit organization under U.S. and California laws. Its headquarters are in Menlo Park, California, near Stanford University. Curtis Carlson, Ph.D., is currently President and CEO of SRI International. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (594x651, 883 KB) SRI International main campus in Menlo Park, California File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): SRI International ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (594x651, 883 KB) SRI International main campus in Menlo Park, California File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): SRI International ... This article is about the institution. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Stanford redirects here. ... A corporation is a legal person which, while being composed of natural persons, exists completely separately from them. ... A nonprofit organization (sometimes abbreviated to not-for-profit, non-profit, or NPO) is an organization whose primary objective is to support some issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes. ... Motto: E pluribus unum (1789 to 1956) (Latin: Out of Many, One) In God We Trust (1956 to present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at federal level; English de facto Government • President • Vice President Federal Republic George... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq. ... Cafe Borrone, adjacent to Keplers Books in the Menlo Center, is a popular lunch spot in downtown Menlo Park. ...


SRI International has more than 1,000 patents and patent applications worldwide. SRI International conducts research and development in many areas, both independently and for hire, and sells reports on independent research. A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a person for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or composition of matter (substance) (known as an invention) which is new, inventive, and...


In 1970, the Stanford Research Institute formally separated from Stanford University, and in 1977, became known as SRI International. This was a belated response to anti-war student protesters who believed that SRI's DARPA-funded work was essentially making Stanford part of the military-industrial complex. 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military. ... The term military-industrial complex usually refers to the combination of the U.S. armed forces, arms industry and associated political and commercial interests, which grew rapidly in scale and influence in the wake of World War II, although it can also be used to describe any such relationship of...

Contents


Projects

1940s

In 1948, SRI began research and consultation with the petroleum company Chevron to develop an artificial substitute for tallow and coconut oil used in making soaps. SRI's investigation confirmed the potential of dodecyl benzene as a suitable replacement, and later Procter & Gamble used the substance as the basis of their highly successful household detergent, Tide. 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Chevron Corporation (NYSE: CVX) is one of the worlds largest global energy companies. ... Tallow is rendered beef or mutton fat, which was originally suet. ... Coconut oil, also known as coconut butter, is a fat consisting of over 80 percent saturated fat, extracted from coconuts and used in cosmetics as well as baking and cooking. ... Soap most commonly appears in bar form. ... It has been suggested that Global Gillette be merged into this article or section. ... A detergent is a compound, or a mixture of compounds, intended to assist cleaning. ... A bottle of Tide with Bleach Alternative. ...


1950s

In the early 1950s, the Disney brothers sought SRI's advice regarding a small amusement park called Disneyland which they intended to build in Burbank, California. SRI provided them information on such topics as location, attendance patterns, and economic feasibility. SRI also selected a much larger site, in Anaheim, and prepared reports covering many aspects of operation. They also provided on-site administrative support and continued an advisory role for some time as the park expanded. The family of Elias Disney (son of Kepple Disney and Mary Richardson): Elias Disney was born on February 6, 1859 in Ontario, Canada and died on September 13, 1941 Elias married Flora Call on January 1, 1888 in Acron, Florida and had 4 sons and 1 daughter Herbert Arthur Disney... Disneyland Park is a theme park at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, USA, 28 miles from Downtown Los Angeles, and is owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company. ... Founded May 1, 1887 Incorporated July 8, 1911 General Information County Los Angeles County, California Latitude Longitude 34°1049 N 118°1942 W Area  - Total  - Water 45 km² (17. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq. ... Anaheim is a city in Orange County, south_west California, a part of the greater Los Angeles conurbation to the east of Long Beach. ...


In 1952, the Technicolor Corporation contracted with SRI to develop a near-instantaneous electro-optical alternative to the manual process of timing during film copying. In 1959, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented the Scientific and Engineering Award jointly to SRI and the Technicolor Corporation for their work on the design and development of the Technicolor electronic printing timer which greatly benefited the motion picture industry. 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... It has been suggested that John Hay Whitney/Technicolor be merged into this article or section. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Founded on May 11, 1927 in California, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. ...


In 1954, Southern Pacific asked SRI to investigate ways of reducing the losses due to damage during rail freight shipments by mitigating shocks to loaded railroad box cars. This investigation led to the development of the Hydra-Cushion technology which remains standard to this day. 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark SP) was an American railroad. ...


In the 1950s, SRI worked under the direction of the Bank of America to develop MICR, an automated check processing system with magnetic ink encoding. It is an industry standard. Typical Bank of America consumer banking center Bank of America (BofA) NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648 , based in Charlotte, North Carolina, is the third largest commercial bank in the United States of America, measured in assets, and the fourth-largest company in the world by the 2005 Forbes Global 2000. ...


1960s

In 1964, Bill English, then the chief engineer at SRI, built the first prototype of a computer mouse. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Bill English is a computer engineer who contributed to the development of the computer mouse while working for Doug Engelbart at SRI. He left SRI in 1971 and headed to Xerox Parc where managed the Office Systems Research Group. ...


In the 1960s, liquid crystal display (LCD) technology was developed at RCA Laboratories, now SRI's wholly-owned subsidiary, the Sarnoff Corporation. It has been suggested that Color LCD be merged into this article or section. ...


From 1966 through 1972, SRI's Artificial Intelligence Center developed the first mobile robot to reason about its actions. Named "Shakey", the robot had a television camera, a triangulating range finder, and bump sensors. Shakey the Robot used software for perception, world-modeling, and acting. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... ASIMO, a humanoid robot manufactured by Honda. ... A professional video camera (often called a television camera even though the use has spread) is a high-end device for recording electronic moving images (as opposed to a movie camera, that records the images on film). ... Triangulation can be used to find the distance from the shore to the ship. ... A rangefinder is an optical device that allows distance to be estimated or measured using triangulation, laser, radar, or other method. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Shakey was the first mobile robot to be able to reason about its own actions. ...


SRI International researchers also developed the world's first and only all-magnetic digital computer, based upon extensions to magnetic core memories.


ARPANET

In 1969, ARPANET, the world's first electronic computer network, was established on October 29 between nodes at Leonard Kleinrock's lab at UCLA and Douglas Engelbart's lab at SRI. Interface Message Processors at both sites served as the backbone of the first Internet [1]. 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... ARPANET logical map, March 1977. ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... Leonard Kleinrock and the first IMP. source: (http://www. ... The University of California, Los Angeles, popularly known as UCLA, is a public, coeducational university situated in the neighborhood of Westwood within the city of Los Angeles. ... Douglas Engelbart Dr. Douglas C. Engelbart (born January 30, 1925 in Oregon) is an American inventor of Norwegian descent. ... The Interface Message Processor was the packet-switching node (actually a mini-computer with special-purpose interfaces) used to make up the ARPANET in the late 1960s and 1970s. ... The Internet backbone refers to the main trunk connections of the Internet. ...


In addition to SRI and UCLA, UCSB, and the University of Utah were part of the original four network nodes. By December 5, 1969, the entire 4-node network was connected. The University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) is a coeducational public university located in Santa Barbara County, California. ... The University of Utah (also The U or the U of U) is a public university in Salt Lake City, Utah. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ...


1970s

In the 1970s, SRI went on to develop many other technologies, including packet-switched radio (the precursor to today's wireless networking), over-the-horizon radar, Deafnet, malaria treatments, vacuum microelectronics, Laser Photocoagulation (a treatment for some eye maladies), and software-implemented fault tolerance. In computer networking and telecommunications, packet switching is the now-dominant communications paradigm, in which packets (units of information carriage) are individually routed between nodes over data links which might be shared by many other nodes. ... Over-The-Horizon radar (OTHR) is a design concept for radar system to overcome the problem that radio waves (a form of light) travel in a straight line, making over the horizon detection difficult. ... Red blood cell infected with Malaria, derived from mala aria (Medieval Italian for bad air) and formerly called ague or marsh fever in English, is an infectious disease which causes about 350-500 million infections with humans and approximately 1. ...


In 1972, Dr. Harold E. Puthoff, a researcher at SRI, put forth a series of proposals to study quantum mechanics in life processes. This resulted in the now controversial remote viewing CIA programs that have been reportedly discontinued and partially declassified since. Douglas C. Engelbart, best known for inventing the computer mouse, and as a pioneer of human-computer interaction, is arguably SRI's most notable alumnus. 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... Harold E. Puthoff, PhD, is an American physicist. ... For the suburb of Melbourne, Australia, see Research, Victoria. ... For a non-technical introduction to the topic, please see Introduction to Quantum mechanics. ... Remote viewing (RV) is a procedure developed by parapsychologists at the Stanford Research Institute to allegedly perform clairvoyance under controlled conditions. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... Dr. Douglas C. Engelbart (born January 30, 1925 in Oregon) is an American inventor of Norwegian descent. ... Operating a mechanical 1: Pulling the mouse turns the ball. ...


1980s

In the 1980s, SRI developed, among other things, Zylon, stealth technologies, improvements to ultrasound imaging, FRASTAscope, frequency modulation spectroscopy, two-dimensional laser fluorescence imaging, surface analysis by laser ionization (SALI), a multimedia electronic mail system, intrusion detection expert systems, theory of noninterference in computer security, a multilevel secure (MLS) relational database system called SeaView, LaTeX, and order-sorted algebra. Zylon is a trademarked name for a range of thermoset polyurethane materials manufactured by the Toyobo Corporation. ... F-117 Stealth Fighter Stealth technology covers a range of techniques used with aircraft, ships and missiles, in order to make them less visible (ideally invisible) to radar and other detection methods. ... A baby in its mothers womb, viewed in a sonogram Ultrasound is sound with a frequency greater than the upper limit of human hearing, approximately 20 kiloHertz/20,000 Hertz. ... The LaTeX logo, typeset with LaTeX LATEX, written as LaTeX in plain text, is a document preparation system for the TeX typesetting program. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
SRI International - an independent, nonprofit R&D organization dedicated to client success. (484 words)
SRI International is an independent, nonprofit research institute conducting client-sponsored research and development for government agencies, commercial businesses, foundations, and other organizations.
SRI also brings its innovations to the marketplace by licensing its intellectual property and creating new ventures.
SRI is well known for its legacy of innovations in communications and networks, computing, economic development and science and technology policy, education, energy and the environment, engineering systems, pharmaceuticals and health sciences, homeland security and national defense, and materials and structures.
Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education (336 words)
Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education, an integral part of Sri Aurobindo Ashram, serves as a field of experiment and research in education.
For years Sri Aurobindo considered the formation of an Education Centre as one of the best means of preparing the future humanity to manifest upon earth a divine consciousness and a divine life.
Accordingly the Sri Aurobindo International University Centre was inaugurated by the Mother on January 6, 1952.
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