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Encyclopedia > SMS Konigsberg

SMS Königsberg was a Kaiserliche Marine cruiser, which was in German East Africa at the start of World War I. She operated in her design role as a raider of merchant shipping. After the sinking of the ship, her crew and guns fought on as part of General Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck's unbeaten East African campaign which tied down many troops and ships of the British Empire.


In September 1914 she sunk HMS Pegasus, a ship sent to hunt her, in the harbour at Zanzibar. Engine problems forced Königsberg to abandon plans to return to Germany and to hide in the Rufiji River delta in German East Africa hoping for repairs.


In October and November the Royal Navy cruisers Chatham, Dartmouth and Weymouth closed in, forcing Königsberg further up the river. Königsberg's coal ship was destroyed closing her raiding career. A blockship was sunk at the river mouth to prevent her escape. Shore batteries were set up. A civilian Curtiss flying boat and later two Royal Naval Air Service Sopwith seaplanes were used to try locate Königsberg.


Attempts were made to use the big guns of an old battleship, HMS Goliath, to sink the cruiser. That did not work because the shallow water of the Rufiji prevented the large battleship from travelling up river and the thick vegetation hid the German ship. Eventually two monitors, HMS Mersey and HMS Severn were towed from Britain. The heavy guns and shallow draughts of these warships allowed them to seriously damage Königsberg in July 1915. The Germans decided to scuttle her in the Rufiji delta after removing her guns and crew for use in the continuing land campaign. She was eventually broken up in 1962.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Once upon a great family - Film - theage.com.au (749 words)
When Horst Konigsberg first screened the finished version of a new documentary to one of its central characters, he was understandably anxious.
In constructing a family saga, the filmmakers had the example, Konigsberg says, of Mann himself, of his "astounding modern novel", the 1901 Buddenbrooks, a work that tells the story of his forebears, "using the devices of docudrama" and "going into the hidden depths of a family".
Konigsberg says that in his opinion, Elisabeth and Katia are crucial figures in The Manns.
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