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Encyclopedia > SMS Emden
SMS Emden
Career KLM ensign
Built by: Kaiserliche Werft, Danzig
Laid down: April 06, 1906
Launched: May 26, 1908
Commissioned: July 10, 1909
Cost: 6,38 Mill. Reichsmarks
Fate: sunk (scuttled)
General characteristics
Displacement: 3,364 tons normal
Length: 118 m
Beam: 13.4 m
Draught: 5.3 m
Propulsion: Twelve boilers, two 16,000 shaft horsepower (12 MW) 3-cylinder triple expansion reciprocating steam engines driving two propellers
Speed: 23 knots (43 km/h) designed, 24 knots (44 km/h) best recorded speed
Range: 3,700 miles (6,000 km)
Complement: 360
Armament: ten 105 mm rapid fire guns in single turrets, and two torpedo-tubes
Armour: Deck 13 mm, Belt 51 mm, Conning tower 102 mm

SMS Emden was a light cruiser of the German navy. Its raiding cruise in late 1914 was one of the most romanticised and notable incidents of World War I. In the latter half of 1914 Emden raided Allied shipping in the Indian Ocean, sinking or capturing thirty Allied merchant vessels and warships before being run aground by its captain to prevent it from sinking, after engaging HMAS Sydney at the Battle of Cocos. Image File history File linksMetadata SMS_Emden. ... German War Ensign This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Gdańsk (IPA: ; German: , Kashubian: , Latin: ; older English Dantzig also other languages) is the sixth-largest city in Poland, and also its principal seaport and the capital of the Pomeranian Voivodeship. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A light cruiser is a warship that is not so large and powerful as a regular (or heavy) cruiser, but still larger than ships like destroyers. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia Serbia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard... The Western Allies were the democracies and their colonial peoples, within the broader coalition of Allies during World War II. The term is generally understood to refer to the countries of the Commonwealth of Nations (from 1939), exiled forces from Occupied Europe (from 1940), the United States, (from 1941), Italy... Cargo ship or freighter is any sort of ship that carries goods and materials from one port to another. ... Diagrams of first and third rate warships, England, 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... The first HMAS Sydney was a Chatham class light cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy. ... Combatants Australia Germany Commanders John Glossop Karl von Müller Strength light cruiser HMAS Sydney light cruiser SMS Emden Casualties 3 men killed 8 wounded 131 men killed 65 wounded Emden scuttled The naval Battle of Cocos took place on November 9, 1914 during World War I off the Cocos...

Contents

Early service

Emden was launched on May 26, 1908 and commissioned into the Kaiserliche Marine, Germany's Imperial Navy, on July 10, 1909. She was the last piston engine warship to be commissioned into the German Navy, and her sister ship Dresden was equipped with steam turbines. Like most ships of the time her twelve boilers were heated by burning coal, which had to be constantly shoveled into the fireboxes manually by stokers. Emden was named after the German town of Emden on the Ems River who sponsored the ship. May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Kaiserliche Marine or Imperial Navy was the German Navy created by the formation of the German Empire and existed between 1871 and 1919; it grew out of the Prussian Navy and the Norddeutsche Bundesmarine. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Components of a typical, four stroke cycle, DOHC piston engine. ... The SMS Dresden was a German Kaiserliche Marine light cruiser of the Dresden class, commissioned in 1908. ... WWII era steam turbine used for ship propulsion. ... A boiler is a closed vessel in which water or other fluid is heated under pressure. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (surface mining). ... Emden is a city and seaport in the northwest of Germany, on river Ems. ... EMS may stand for: Organizations Eastern Mountain Sports, an outdoor retailer Edinburgh Mathematical Society Electronic Music Studios (London) Ltd, manufacturers of synthesisers European Monetary System, 1979 European Mathematical Society Environmental Middle School Engineering Music Society, Melbourne University Science and Engineering Physics and Chemistry Electromagnetic spectrum Ethyl methanesulfonate (or methanesulfonic acid...


On April 1, 1910 Emden officially entered the German fleet and was assigned to the German naval base and garrison at Tsingtao, in Germany's Chinese Kiautschou colony. Never again would Emden return to Germany. Once in Tsingtao she acquired the nickname "Swan of the East" because of the graceful lines of the ship. April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... (Simplified Chinese: 青岛; Traditional Chinese: 青島; pinyin: Qīngdǎo; Wade-Giles: Ching-tao), well-known to the West by its Postal System Pinyin transliteration Tsingtao, is a sub-provincial city in eastern Shandong province, Peoples Republic of China. ...


Emden saw her first action suppressing the Sokehs Rebellion on the island of Ponape in the German colonies of the Carolinas Islands in January of 1911. Together with the German cruiser Nürnberg she shelled a rebel fortification with her 4.1 inch (105 mm) guns and then sent an armed landing party of seamen ashore to capture the rebel stronghold. District center of Pohnpei Map of Pohnpei Pohnpei (also spelled Ponape and earlier Bonabee) is one of the islands in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), and is one of the Senyavin Islands. ... SMS Nürnberg, named after the town of Nuremberg, was a German light cruiser launched in 1907. ...


In May 1913 Emden received her last, and finest, commanding officer, Korvettenkapitän (Lt. Commander) Karl von Müller, who was born on June 16, 1873. The chivalry and honor of Captain von Müller during his command of Emden would earn him much respect even from his enemies. An enigmatic and quiet man, von Müller suffered from recurring attacks of malaria and would eventually die from it in 1923. Karl von Müller Karl Friedrich Max von Müller (1873–1923) was Captain of the famous German commerce raider, the light cruiser SMS Emden during World War I. // Early life and career The son of a Prussian Army Colonel, he was born in Hanover on June 16, 1873. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


A few months after von Müller assumed command, Emden was sent to put down another revolt of Chinese along the Yangtze River. In August 1913 she joined several British and Japanese warships on the Yangtze River and shelled a rebel fort into submission on August 13. Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangtze River gorge The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Cháng Jiāng)   is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Nile in Africa and the Amazon in... August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ...


The first war cruise

Captain Karl von Müller
Captain Karl von Müller

Captain Karl von Müller was a profound student of naval history, and he was only too aware of how the Japanese fleet trapped and destroyed the Russian fleet in Port Arthur in the Russo-Japanese War. Thus when news came from Europe that war was imminent, Captain von Müller was determined not to let history repeat itself. On July 31, 1914, Emden left Tsingtao and was at sea when news of the outbreak of World War I was received on August 2. On August 4th, Emden captured her first war prize, the Russian steamer Rjasan (Ryazan), which was boarded by German sailors and taken back to Tsingtao. Later, Rjasan was turned into an auxiliary cruiser with eight 4.1 inch guns taken from the gunboat Cormoran but had no successes and eventually surrendered. Captain Karl von Müller of the SMS Emden This image was scanned from a public domain text by the Great War Primary Documents Archive and is made available by them for any purpose provided that they are credited and a link is given to the Photos of the Great... Captain Karl von Müller of the SMS Emden This image was scanned from a public domain text by the Great War Primary Documents Archive and is made available by them for any purpose provided that they are credited and a link is given to the Photos of the Great... Naval warfare is combat in and on seas and oceans. ... Lüshunkou (旅顺口), or Lüshun Port, is a southernmost district of Dalian City of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Combatants Imperial Russia Empire of Japan Commanders N/A N/A Strength 500,000 Soldiers 400,000 Soldiers Casualties 134,817+ KIA/POW, 170,000 MIA etc. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia Serbia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Auxiliary cruisers were merchant ships taken over for conversion into a vessel armed with cruiser-size guns, and employed either for convoy protection against true cruisers, or for commerce-raiding missions, where its appearance was used to trick merchant ships into approaching. ...


At the time, the German colony at Tsingtao was surrounded by enemies; the Russians, Japanese, British and French all had bases and warships near Tsingtao, and the deep-water port with its advanced shipyard facilities was coveted by the Allies. Captain von Müller knew that Tsingtao couldn't possibly hold out for very long against so many enemies and so Emden left Tsingtao for the last time to join up with the German Asiatic Squadron, commanded by the cunning Admiral-Count Maximilian von Spee. It has been suggested that Colonisation be merged into this article or section. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. ... Maximilian von Spee Count (Graf) Maximilian Johannes Maria Hubert von Spee (22 June 1861 - 8 December 1914) was a German naval officer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark, who joined the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial German Navy) in 1878. ...


On August 8, 1914, Emden rendezvoused with von Spee's squadron at the German island of Pagan. Admiral von Spee wanted Emden to stay with the squadron, but von Müller convinced the admiral to let Emden go to the Indian Ocean to raid British merchant shipping. Taking along a collier for fuel, Emden departed from German territory for the last time on August 14. August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Collier may refer to: a coal miner. ... August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ...


Quietly Emden slipped through the Dutch East Indies and into the Indian Ocean, fooling the Dutch battleship Tromp which had intercepted Emden and demanded that the German ship leave neutral Dutch waters immediately. Once in the Indian Ocean Emden began to prey upon the hundreds of unescorted and defenceless British and Allied merchant ships there. In 1914 the Indian Ocean was sometimes referred to as a "British lake" because of the high traffic of British merchant vessels. The Dutch East Indies, or Netherlands East Indies, (Dutch: Nederlands-Indië) was the name of the colonies set up by the Dutch East India Company, which came under administration of the Netherlands during the 19th century (see Indonesia). ... HMS Victory in 1884 Battleship was the name given to the most powerfully gun-armed and most heavily armored classes of warships built between the 15th and 20th centuries. ... A neutral country takes no side in a war between other parties, and in return hopes to avoid being attacked by either of them. ...


Great successes

In September 1914 Emden captured seventeen ships, all British except for two which were neutral Italian and Norwegian ships, and duly released. Most of the British ships captured were sunk quickly either by gunfire from Emdens 105 mm guns or by placing explosive charges deep in the ships hulls. Captain von Müller was always the perfect gentleman to every captain of the ships he captured, and he made doubly certain that every captured British sailor was treated well and kept safe. This article is concerned solely with chemical explosives. ...


Emden began to cause great panic among the British and Allied shipping offices in the Indian Ocean. Insurance prices for merchant ships skyrocketed and no captains could afford to leave harbour. It was a source of much embarrassment to the British and the Allies that a single German cruiser was effectively putting the entire Indian Ocean into a hopeless gridlock. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


Dozens of warships were dispatched to hunt down Emden, but von Müller cleverly avoided them all. By putting a dummy fourth smokestack on the ship, von Müller made Emden closely resemble the popular British cruiser HMS Yarmouth. Some captains of British merchant ships, seeing Emden approaching, would salute Emden thinking it was the friendly Yarmouth passing by. Instead, Emden would fire a shot over the bow, hoist the German naval ensign, and signal "Stop at Once".


Raiding and daring

Late at night on September 22, 1914, Emden quietly approached the city of Madras on the east side of the Indian peninsula. Once in range Emden opened fire on many large fuel oil tanks that the British kept near the city. After firing 130 shells the oil tanks were burning and the city was in a panic. Although the raid did little damage, it was a severe blow to British morale and thousands of people fled Madras, thinking that Emden might be planning another attack. September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Chennai   (Tamil: ), formerly known as Madras  , is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is Indias fourth largest metropolitan city. ... Peninsula A peninsula (from Latin paene insula, almost island) is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body, surrounded by water on three sides. ... Fuel oil is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue. ... Morale is a term for the capacity of people to maintain belief in an institution or a goal. ...


Emden then sailed southwards down the east coast of Ceylon (Sri Lanka), causing panic among the British. H.H. Engelbrecht, a Boer wildlife officer of German descent was falsely accused of supplying meat to the cruiser and jailed. Sri Lankan mothers frightened their children with the Emden bogeyman, and to this day a particularly obnoxious person is referred to as an Emden. Emden supplied new words to many South Indian Languages. Malayalam word Emandan meaning 'a big and powerful thing' or 'as big as Emden' derived from Emden following its successful attack on Madras Port. Boer is the Afrikaans (and Dutch) word for farmer which came to denote the descendants of the Afrikaans-speaking migrating farmers of the expanding eastern Cape frontier. ... The bogeyman, also boogeyman, boogyman, or bogyman, is a legendary ghost-like monster often believed in by children. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ...


Captain von Müller returned to raiding regular merchant shipping again for about a month, working his way south-east towards the British port of Penang in then Malaya. On October 28th Emden entered the harbour at top speed, still disguised as a British cruiser with the fake fourth smokestack. Once inside the harbor it raised the German flag and began shooting at the Allied ships in the harbor. Emden fired a torpedo at the small Russian cruiser Zhemchug, a veteran of the Battle of Tsushima, which exploded spectacularly. Several other ships fired back at Emden but missed, and several shells ended up hitting other friendly ships in the harbour. State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal), formerly Let Penang Lead Location in Malaysia Government Capital George Town (5. ... Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (Malay: Semenanjung Malaysia) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... The Zhemchug (Жемчуг - Pearl) was a light cruiser of the Imperial Russian Navy. ... Combatants Japan Russia Commanders Heihachiro Togo Zinovi Rozhdestvenski Nikolai Nebogatov Strength 4 battleships, 27 cruisers, in addition to destroyers and auxiliary vessels 8 battleships, 3 coastal battleships, 8 cruisers Casualties 117 dead, 583 injured, 3 torpedo boats sunk 4380 dead, 5917 injured 21 ships sunk, 7 captured, 6 disarmed The...


As quickly as Emden had arrived, von Müller turned the ship around and made good his escape. The French destroyer Mosquet followed Emden, unwisely, and was quickly sunk by Emdens much heavier guns. Its sister-ship Pistolet also tried to shadow Emden, but soon lost contact. (See Battle of Penang) The Battle of Penang occured in 1914, during World War I. It was a naval action. ...


The end for Emden

The Emden after its destruction
The Emden after its destruction
Main article: Battle of Cocos

By now no less than sixty Allied warships were combing the waters of the Indian Ocean in search of Emden. A critical part of ship-to-ship communication by wireless in the Indian Ocean was the British communications station at Direction Island in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Captain von Müller decided to send a landing party ashore to destroy the station's radio tower and equipment. Emden reached Direction Island on November 9, 1914. Fifty seamen with rifles and machine guns were sent ashore but the British civilians did not resist and the Emden landing party even agreed not to knock the radio tower down over the island's little tennis court. Download high resolution version (831x441, 38 KB)SMS Emden after its destruction This image was scanned from a public domain text by the Great War Primary Documents Archive and is made available by them for any purpose provided that they are credited and a link is given to the Photos... Download high resolution version (831x441, 38 KB)SMS Emden after its destruction This image was scanned from a public domain text by the Great War Primary Documents Archive and is made available by them for any purpose provided that they are credited and a link is given to the Photos... Combatants Australia Germany Commanders John Glossop Karl von Müller Strength light cruiser HMAS Sydney light cruiser SMS Emden Casualties 3 men killed 8 wounded 131 men killed 65 wounded Emden scuttled The naval Battle of Cocos took place on November 9, 1914 during World War I off the Cocos... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... A rifle is a firearm with a stock and a barrel that has a spiral groove or grooves (rifling) cut into its interior. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ...


Unfortunately for Emden, the people on Direction Island had seen Emden coming and had radioed a frantic plea for help. The Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney was dispatched from a convoy a mere 50 miles (80 km) away from Direction Island and arrived there in about two hours. A light cruiser is a warship that is not so large and powerful as a regular (or heavy) cruiser, but still larger than ships like destroyers. ... The first HMAS Sydney was a Chatham class light cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy. ...


When lookouts on Emden spotted Sydney approaching, Captain von Müller had no choice but to raise anchor, leave his landing party still on Direction Island, and engage the Australian cruiser. In the meantime, the landing party had seized the Ayesha, a 123 ton, three-masted schooner and some supplies and made for Padang on Sumatra, in the neutral territory of the Dutch East Indies, where they rendezvoused with a German merchant vessel on December 13. The party made their way to Turkey by way of the Red Sea, arriving on May 5, 1915. From there they travelled overland to Germany. December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Sydney was larger and faster than Emden and outranged her, but still the fight went on for nearly an hour and a half. Early on, Emden managed to knock out a gun on the Sydney and destroyed the Australian ship's rangefinder. However, Emden herself suffered massive damage, being struck over 100 times by shells from Sydney. Her firing dwindled and Captain von Müller beached Emden on North Keeling Island at 1115 to avoid sinking.


At this point Sydney left the scene to pursue a collier that had been supporting Emden. Returning later to the beached cruiser, Sydney's commander, Captain John Glossop, saw that the Emden was still flying its battle flag, denoting its intention to continue resistance. A signal requesting surrender was sent but was not answered. Sydney re-opened fire on the Emden, causing further casualties before Emden finally struck her colours. Glossop later said that he "felt like a murderer" for ordering the last salvoes, but had no choice under the circumstances.


German losses were 131 dead and 65 wounded.


Captain von Müller and the rest of his surviving crew were captured by the British, and Emden was destroyed.


The mascot of Emden, a 12 cm bronze figure of a woman, was presented to Sir John Hope Simpson, then acting commander of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Sir John Hope Simpson outside Buckingham Palace after receiving knighthood Sir John Hope Simpson (July 23, 1868 – April 10, 1961) was a British Commissioner of Natural Resources and Acting-Commissioner of Justice 1934 - 36 for The Commission of Government of Newfoundland 1934 - 49. ... Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair The Andaman & Nicobar Islands   (Tamil: அந்தமான் நிகோபார் தீவுகள், Hindi: अंडमान और निकोबार द्वीप) is a union territory of India. ...


In 1917, a 105-millimeter gun from Emden was installed as a monument in Sydney's Hyde Park. Another is located on display in the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, alongside a projected video map of the engagement. A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... |Hyde Park A Fig-lined avenue in Hyde Park Archibald Fountain, Hyde Park, Sydney Hyde Park is a large park in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The eternal flame at the heart of the Memorial keeps the spirit of the fallen alive The Australian War Memorial The Australian War Memorial is Australias national memorial to the members of all its armed forces and supporting organizations who have died in the wars of the Commonwealth of... For other articles with similar names, see Canberra (disambiguation). ...


After the destruction of this ship in 1914, a second Emden was built in 1916. She was beached at Scapa Flow in 1919 when much of the High Seas Fleet was scuttled. She, however, did not sink and was given over to the French Navy, which eventually scrapped her in 1926. Aerial Photo of Scapa Flow Scapa Flow is a body of water in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, sheltered by the islands of Mainland, Graemsay, Burray, South Ronaldsay and Hoy. ...


See also

The German light cruiser DKM Emden was the only ship of its class. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
SMS Emden
  • "ZHEMCHUG", "EMDEN" AND "SYDNEY"
  • Cruisers EMDEN, Frigates EMDEN - 5 warships named EMDEN until today (german language only)

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