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Encyclopedia > SIL code

SIL International is a non-profit, Christian, scientific organization with the main purpose to study, develop and document lesser-known languages for the purpose of expanding linguistic knowledge, promoting world literacy and aiding minority language development. It provides resources in language research through Ethnologue.com. The term Christian means belonging to Christ and is derived from the Greek noun Χριστός Khristós which means anointed one, which is itself a translation of the Hebrew word Moshiach (Hebrew: משיח, also written Messiah), (and in Arabic it is pronounced Maseeh مسيح). Christian is primarily an adjective, describing an object associated... Literacy is the ability to read and write. ... Ethnologue: Languages of the World is a web and print publication of SIL International (formerly known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics), a Christian linguistic service organization which studies lesser-known languages primarily to provide the speakers with native language biblical texts. ...

Contents


History

SIL International, originally the Summer Institute of Linguistics, started as a small summer training session in Arkansas in 1934 to familiarise missionaries of what later became Wycliffe Bible Translators with basic linguistic, anthropological and translation principles. The founder was William Cameron Townsend (18961982), a missionary to Guatemala. Broadly conceived, linguistics is the scientific study of human language, and a linguist is someone who engages in this study. ... State nickname: The Natural State Other U.S. States Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Governor Mike Huckabee Official languages English Area 137,732 km² (29th)  - Land 134,856 km²  - Water 2,876 km² (2. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Since the Lausanne Congress of 1974, a widely-accepted definition of a Christian mission has been to form a viable indigenous church-planting movement. ... Wycliffe Bible Translators is an international, interdemoninational or parachurch organisation dedicated to translating the Bible into every living language in the World. ... Broadly conceived, linguistics is the study of human language, and a linguist is someone who engages in this study. ... Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος = human) consists of the study of humankind (see genus Homo). ... Translation is an activity comprising the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language—the source text—and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language—called the target text, or the translation. ... William Cameron Townsend is a prominent christian missionary whose ministry began in the early twentieth century. ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1982 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


One of the students at this first summer institute was Kenneth L. Pike (19122000), who was to become the foremost figure in the history of SIL. He served as SIL's President from 19421979 and then as President Emeritus until his death in 2000. Dr. Pike was nominated fifteen consecutive years (1982-1996) for the Nobel Peace Prize. SIL's current president is Carolyn P. Miller, who took the office in 1999 and participates in the linguistics program at Houghton College. Kenneth L. Pike (June 9, 1912 - December 31, 2000) was an American linguist and anthropologist, the originator of the theory of tagmemics and coiner of the terms emic and etic. From 1947 to 1979 he was the first president of the Summer Institute of Linguistics. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1982 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Nobel Peace Prize (where Nobel is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable) is one of five Nobel Prizes requested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Houghton College is a 4-year Christian liberal arts college, operated by the Wesleyan Church. ...


International Recognition

SIL holds formal consultative status with UNESCO and United Nations. SIL also holds non-government organisation status in many countries. SIL provides instructors and instructional materials for linguistics programs at several major institutions of higher learning. UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945 and now made up of 191 states. ...


In the USA these include Biola University, Moody Bible Institute, Houghton College, University of North Dakota, Northwest Christian College, Bryan College, University of Texas at Arlington, University of Oregon, and Dallas Theological Seminary. Biola University is a private Christian college, located in the city of La Mirada in Los Angeles County, California. ... Moody Bible Institute is a prominent Christian institution for higher education. ... Houghton College is a 4-year Christian liberal arts college, operated by the Wesleyan Church. ... University of North Dakota Chester Fritz Library on UND campus The University of North Dakota (UND) is a comprehensive institution of higher learning in Grand Forks, North Dakota, USA. Founded in 1883, it is the largest and oldest such institution in the state of North Dakota. ... Bryan College is a private co-educational Christian college located in Dayton, Tennessee. ... The University of Texas System comprises fifteen educational institutions in Texas, of which nine are general academic universities, and six are health institutions. ... University of Oregon The University of Oregon (UO) is located in Eugene. ... Dallas Theological Seminary (DTS) is a conservative graduate-level theological seminary located in Dallas, Texas, which has been, according to its mission statement, equipping godly servant-leaders for the proclamation of His Word and the building up of the body of Christ worldwide since its founding by Lewis Sperry Chafer...


Other universities with SIL programmes include Trinity Western University in Canada and Charles Darwin University in Australia. Trinity Western University is a private Christian liberal arts and sciences university located in Fort Langley, British Columbia, Canada, enrolling approximately 2,850 students. ... Charles Darwin University (CDU) is located in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. ...


Location

The international headquarters of SIL are at:

7500 West Camp Wisdom Road
Dallas, Texas, 75236 USA

Dallas redirects here. ... State nickname: Lone Star State Other U.S. States Capital Austin Largest city Houston Governor Rick Perry Official languages None. ...

SIL code

SIL assigns three-letter codes to languages. The 14th edition, published in 2000, included 7148 language codes and they generally didn't match the ISO 639-2 codes. The 15th edition, published in 2005, includes 7299 codes and these updated codes mostly match those in ISO 639-3. SIL International is a non-profit, faith-based, scientific organization with the main purpose to study, develop and document lesser-known languages for the purpose of expanding linguistic knowledge, promoting world literacy and aiding minority language development. ... ISO 639 is one of several international standards that lists short codes for language names. ... ISO 639-3 is in process of development as an international standard for language codes. ...


The entire list can be downloaded from http://www.ethnologue.com/codes/#downloading


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Slavic language (892 words)
Polabian - extinct - (SIL Code, POX; ISO 639-2 code, sla)
Knaanic or Judeo Slavic - extinct - (SIL Code, CZK; ISO 639-2 code, sla)
Rusyn - (SIL Code, RUE; ISO 639-2 code, sla)
ISO 639-3 Registration Authority - SIL International (552 words)
ISO 639-3 is a code that aims to define three-letter identifiers for all known human languages.
SIL International has been designated as the ISO 639-3/RA for the purpose of processing requests for alpha-3 language codes comprising the International Standard, Codes for the representation of names of languages - Part 3: Alpha-3 code for comprehensive coverage of languages.
It maintains an accurate list of information associated with registered language codes which can be viewed on or downloaded from this website, and processes updates of registered language codes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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