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Encyclopedia > SCO Group
The SCO Group
Type Public (NASDAQ: SCOX)
Founded Santa Cruz, California (SCO, 1979)
Lindon, Utah (Caldera, 1994)
Headquarters Lindon, Utah, USA
Key people Ralph Yarro III, Chairman
Darl McBride, CEO
Bert Young, CFO
Ryan E. Tibbitts, General Counsel
Ransom Love, Founder (Caldera)
Doug Michels, Founder (SCO)
Larry Michels, Founder (SCO)
Industry Operating system software
Products UnixWare, OpenServer
Revenue $29.2 million USD (2006)
Net income ($16.6 million) USD (2006)
Employees 166 (2005)
Website sco.com

The SCO Group, Inc. (TSG, informally SCO; NASDAQSCOX) is a software company formerly called Caldera Systems and Caldera International. After acquiring the Santa Cruz Operation's Server Software and Services divisions, as well as UnixWare and OpenServer technologies, the company changed its focus to UNIX. Later on Caldera changed its name to The SCO Group to reflect that change in focus. Image File history File links Sco_logo_big. ... A public company usually refers to a company which is permitted to offer its securities (stock, bonds, etc. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... Santa Cruz is the county seat and largest city of Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Lindon is a city located in Utah County, Utah. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Lindon is a city located in Utah County, Utah. ... Ralph Yarro III is currently chairman of the board and the largest stockholder in The SCO Group, Inc. ... Darl McBride (b. ... Ransom Love is the co-founder and former chief executive officer of Caldera, now the SCO Group. ... // An operating system (OS) is a set of computer programs that manage the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... UnixWare is a flavor of the Unix operating system. ... SCO OpenServer, previously SCO UNIX and SCO ODT, is a Unix-like computer operating system developed by Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) and now maintained by the SCO Group. ... Revenue is a U.S. business term for the amount of money that a company earns from its activities in a given period, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... Tarantella, Inc. ... UnixWare is a flavor of the Unix operating system. ... SCO OpenServer, previously SCO UNIX and SCO ODT, is a Unix-like computer operating system developed by Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) and now maintained by the SCO Group. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®) is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ...


It was part of the Canopy Group, but became independent after the settlement of a lawsuit between the Noorda family and a chairman of the group, Ralph Yarro, also former CEO of the Canopy Group. The Canopy Group is an investment firm founded by Ray Noorda, headquartered in Lindon, Utah. ... Raymond Noorda (born 1924) was a U.S. computer businessman. ... Ralph Yarro III is currently chairman of the board and the largest stockholder in The SCO Group, Inc. ...

Contents

History

See also: Caldera OpenLinux

Caldera Systems, based in Utah, was founded in 1994 by Bryan Sparks[2] and Ransom Love [3], receiving start-up funding from Ray Noorda. Its main product was Caldera Network Desktop, a Linux distribution mainly targeted at business customers and containing some proprietary additions. Caldera later purchased The Linux Support Team Software GmbH and its LST Linux distribution. LST was made the basis of their following product Caldera OpenLinux. Caldera OpenLinux is a defunct Linux distribution that was created by the former Caldera Systems (now SCO Group) corporation. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,889 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Ransom Love is the co-founder and former chief executive officer of Caldera, now the SCO Group. ... Raymond Noorda (born 1924) was a U.S. computer businessman. ... A Linux distribution, often simply distribution or distro, is a member of the Linux family of Unix-like operating systems comprising the Linux kernel, the non-kernel parts of the GNU operating system, and assorted other software. ... Caldera OpenLinux is a defunct Linux distribution that was created by the former Caldera Systems (now SCO Group) corporation. ...


In 2000, after a long legal battle, Microsoft reached an undisclosed settlement with Caldera (that Microsoft stated included a substantial payment to Caldera). This lawsuit related to Caldera's claims of monopolization, illegal tying, exclusive dealing, and tortious interference by Microsoft. All claims stemmed from rights inherited by Caldera's purchase of DR-DOS from Novell, for $400,000, in 1996. Later in 2000, Caldera acquired several UNIX properties from The Santa Cruz Operation, including OpenServer and UnixWare, proprietary operating systems for PCs that would be expected to compete directly with Linux. 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In 2002, Caldera joined with SuSE Linux, Turbolinux and Conectiva to form United Linux in an attempt to standardize Linux distributions. Later that year, CEO Ransom Love left the company and was replaced by Darl McBride. That year, Caldera changed its name to The SCO Group. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... SUSE (properly pronounced , but often pronounced /suzi/) is a major retail Linux distribution, produced in Germany. ... Turbolinux is a Linux distribution company, whose distribution is popular in Asia. ... Conectiva is a company founded in August 28, 1995, that was the pioneer in the distribution of Linux and Open Source in Brazilian Portuguese, Spanish and English for all of Latin America. ... United Linux was an attempt by a consortium of Linux distributors to create a common base distribution for enterprise use, so as to minimise duplication of engineering effort and form an effective competitor to Red Hat. ... A Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or Chief Executive, is the highest-ranking corporate officer, administrator, corporate administrator, executive, or executive officer, in charge of total management of a corporation, company, organization or agency. ... Darl McBride (b. ...


In 2003, SCO began to claim that Linux "contained SCO's UNIX System V source code and that Linux was an unauthorized derivative of UNIX"[1]. SCO filed suit against IBM and demanded that Linux end-users pay license fees. Microsoft then helped ensure that SCO could mount the fight, by providing major financial help at least twice in 2003[2]. A new division called SCOsource was created to licence the company's intellectual property. These claims provoked outrage among Linux users, who denied that Linux had copied anything belonging to SCO, and a lawsuit against SCO by Linux distributor RedHat. Novell, from whom SCO claimed to have acquired its Unix IP, announced that it had not sold the copyrights to SCO and that it retained them. In response, SCO sued Novell for slander of title. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... International Business Machines Corporation (known as IBM or Big Blue; NYSE: IBM) is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company is one of the few information technology companies with a continuous history dating back to the 19th century. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... SCOsource is a business division of The SCO Group that manages its Unix intellectual property. ... For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). ... Alternate meanings: See Red hat Red Hat, Inc. ... Novell Inc. ... In law, slander of title is normally a claim involving Real Estate in which one entity falsely claims to own another entitys property. ...


Subsequently, the SCO Group sued two former customers (Autozone and Daimler-Chrysler). SCO claims Autozone violated SCO's copyrights by using Linux. SCO did not go this far with Daimler-Chrysler. Instead, SCO claimed that Daimler-Chrysler breached a section of a UNIX licensing contract that required Daimler-Chrysler to respond to requests for certification by SCO. Daimler-Chrysler, when allegedly faced with such a request, did not respond. However, SCO also speculated that Daimler-Chrysler broke the licensing agreement when they moved to the Linux operating system and that this is the reason why they refused to certify. SCO tried to make these lawsuits appear an action for being Linux users [4] when they were in fact related to contracts between the companies. SCO's suit against Daimler-Chrysler was dismissed in 2004. AutoZone NYSE: AZO is a Fortune 500 corporation based in Memphis, Tennessee which is engaged primarily in the business of the retail sale of automotive parts and accessories. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (Xetra: DCX) , (NYSE: DCX), with headquarters in Stuttgart, Germany and Auburn Hills, Michigan, is a prominent automobile and truck manufacturer, formed in 1998 by the buyout of the Chrysler Corporation (USA) by Daimler-Benz (Germany). ...


After announcing its legal claims against various Linux users and vendors (see SCO-Linux lawsuits and controversies), the company suspended sales and development of its Linux related products. Attention was shifted to the Unixware and OpenServer UNIX products previously acquired from the Santa Cruz Operation. The SCO Group, Inc. ...


Products

  • SCO UnixWare, a modern UNIX operating system. UnixWare 2.x and below were direct descendants of Unix System V Release 4.2 and was originally developed by AT&T, Univel, Novell and later on The Santa Cruz Operation. UnixWare 7 was sold as a "best of breed" UNIX OS combining UnixWare 2 and OpenServer 5 and was based on System V Release 5. UnixWare 7.1.2 was branded OpenUNIX 8, but later releases returned to the UnixWare 7.1.x name and version numbering.
  • SCO OpenServer, another UNIX operating system, which was originally developed by The Santa Cruz Operation. SCO OpenServer 5 was a descendant of SCO UNIX, which is in turn a descendent of XENIX. OpenServer 6 is, in fact, an OpenServer compatibility environment running on a modern SVR5 based UNIX kernel.
  • Smallfoot, an operating system and GUI created specifically for point of sale applications.
  • SCOx Web Services Substrate, a web services-based framework for modernizing legacy applications.
  • WebFace, a development environment for rich-UI browser-based Internet applications.
  • SCOoffice Server, an e-mail and collaboration solution, based on a mixture of open-source and closed-source software.
  • Caldera WebSpyder, a webbrowser for DOS. Code from Arachne was bought and used.
  • In late 2004, SCO announced the launch of the SCO Marketplace Initiative (http://www.sco.com/developers/marketplace/faq.html), in which it offers pay-per-project development opportunities.
  • In early 2006, SCO publicly released Me, Inc, a mobile services platform. (http://www.sco.com/products/meinc/ )

UnixWare is a flavor of the Unix operating system. ... It has been suggested that Traditional Unix be merged into this article or section. ... Univel was a joint partnership of Novell and AT&Ts Unix System Laboratories (USL) that developed the UnixWare operating system. ... SCO OpenServer, previously SCO UNIX and SCO ODT, is a Unix-like computer operating system developed by Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) and now maintained by the SCO Group. ... Xenix was a version of the Unix operating system, licensed by Microsoft from AT&T in the late 1970s. ... System V, previously known as AT&T System V, was one of the versions of the Unix computer operating system. ... POS must not be confused with EFT/POS and POS Terminal used in Electronic payment POS or PoS is an acronym for point-of-sale (or point of purchase). ... A web service is a collection of protocols and standards used for exchanging data between applications. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Instructions on how to use the directory command. ... Arachne is a full-screen Internet suite containing a graphical web browser, email client, and dialer. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

SCO-Linux lawsuits and controversies

Main article: SCO-Linux controversies

The SCO Group is currently involved in a dispute with various Linux vendors and users. In this campaign SCO "announced that Linux contained SCO's UNIX System V source code and that Linux was an unauthorized derivative of UNIX"[1]. Although many are skeptical about their claims, SCO initiated a series of lawsuits and claims that, if upheld by the courts, may impact the future of both Linux and Unix. While making numerous public assertions that Linux infringes upon their copyrights, the lawsuits themselves concern contractual issues which are tangential to the issue of whether or not Linux infringes any copyrights. Further complicating the issue is the legitimacy of SCO claims concerning the ownership of System V Release 4.0 (SVR4) Unix copyrights. The success or failure of the claims will also have a profound effect on the financial future of The SCO Group, itself. SCO has, to date, made little headway in this dispute. In particular, in February 2005, Judge Kimball, the Judge in the SCO v. IBM case has stated[3]: The SCO-Linux controversies are a series of legal and public disputes between the software company SCO Group (SCO) and various Linux vendors and users. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... It has been suggested that Traditional Unix be merged into this article or section. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Viewed against the backdrop of SCO's plethora of public statements concerning IBM's and others' infringement of SCO's purported copyrights to the Unix software, it is astonishing that SCO has not offered any competent evidence to create a disputed fact regarding whether IBM has infringed SCO's alleged copyrights through IBM's Linux activities.

List of recent SCO lawsuits

On March 6, 2003, the SCO Group (formerly known as Caldera Systems) filed a $1 billion lawsuit in the US against IBM for allegedly devaluing its version of the UNIX operating system. ... The Red Hat v. ... After The SCO Group initiated their Linux campaign, they made several statements that they were the owners of Unix, probably meaning (though never explicitly said) that they were the owners of the copyrights of the original ATT source code and derivatives. ... AutoZone, a corporate user of Linux and former user of SCO OpenServer, was sued by The SCO Group on March 3, 2004. ... The SCO Group v. ...

Timeline

On June 28, 2002 Darl McBride became the CEO of SCO; soon thereafter the company pursued litigation against IBM and Linux. McBride accused Linux of containing "line-by-line" copies of SCO's proprietary source code in apparent contradiction to the subsequent Davidson email. [5] is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Darl McBride (b. ...


On February 17, 2005 the SCO Group issued a press release that stated their stock may soon be delisted from NASDAQ for failing to issue an annual 10-K report in a timely manner as required by U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission regulations. [6] In late April of 2005, after complying with the filing requirements, the NASDAQ switched trading of the SCO Group from "SCOXE" back to their original "SCOX" stock symbol. February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, commonly referred to as the SEC, is the United States governing body which has primary responsibility for overseeing the regulation of the securities industry. ...


On July 1, 2005, federal judge Dale A. Kimball denied The SCO Group's motion to amend their claim against IBM yet another time (a 3rd amended complaint) and include new claims regarding Monterey on the PowerPC architecture. In the same decision, the 5-week jury trial date was set for February 2007.[7] is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


On July 14, 2005, Groklaw obtained [8] an email [9] from Michael Davidson to SCO Group senior VP Reginald Broughton sent on August 13, 2002. In it, Davidson describes the The Santa Cruz Operation's own investigation into whether or not Linux contained proprietary UNIX source code. "At the end, we had found absolutely *nothing*. ie no evidence of any copyright infringement whatsoever," Davidson concluded. At which time SCO presented as evidence an e-mail from a Robert Swartz, a consultant hired by SCO to compare UNIX and Linux source files, that copyright infringement could exist. July 14 is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Groklaw is a blog that was started May 16, 2003 by paralegal Pamela Jones (posting as PJ) at Radio UserLand. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) was a software company based in Santa Cruz, California that was best known for selling three Unix variants for Intel x86 processors: Xenix, SCO UNIX (later known as SCO OpenServer), and UnixWare. ... Linux (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Unix-like computer operating system. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®) is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... Source code (commonly just source or code) is any series of statements written in some human-readable computer programming language. ...


On November 29 and December 1, 2006, two critical decisions were released. In the first, Judge Dale A. Kimball affirmed Judge Brooke Wells' June 28, 2006 Order [10] striking most of SCO's claimed evidence of code misuse as being too vague to be worth adjudicating. In the second, Wells ruled from the bench in accepting IBM's motion to limit SCO's claims to those supported by evidence submitted by December 22, 2005 and not rejected by the court[11]. After the first ruling, Groklaw reported that "SCO is toast"[12]. SCO stock lost roughly 50% of its value in 3 days of exceptionally heavy trading.[4] November 29 is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Groklaw is a blog that was started May 16, 2003 by paralegal Pamela Jones (posting as PJ) at Radio UserLand. ...


On April 23, 2007, SCO received a second delisting notice from NASDAQ. This was triggered by the active bid price of company stock, at closing, being less than $1 for 30 consecutive trading days. To regain compliance with continued listing requirements, the company must maintain a closing bid price greater than or equal to $1 for at least 10 trading days. [5] The stock regained compliance on June 12, 2007. [6] April 23 is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... A bid price is a price offered by a buyer/bidder when he buys a good. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


References

  1. ^ a b SCO Registers UNIX® Copyrights and Offers UNIX License. Retrieved on 2007-04-28.
  2. ^ SCO lawsuit against Linux financed by Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-05-26.
  3. ^ The SCO Group, Inc. vs. International Business Machines, Inc. case number 2:03cv0294 United States District Court for the District of Utah doc #398 [1]
  4. ^ Historical Prices for SCOX. Google. Retrieved on 2007-06-01.
  5. ^ Form 8K: Item 3.01 Notice of Delisting or Failure to Satisfy a Continued Listing Rule or Standard; Transfer of Listing.. Retrieved on 2007-04-28.
  6. ^ Form 8K: Item 8.01 Other Events.. Retrieved on 2007-06-13.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States District Court for the District of Utah is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of Utah. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
SCO Group - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1118 words)
The SCO Group is currently involved in a dispute with various Linux vendors and users.
In particular, in February 2005, Judge Kimball, the Judge in the SCO v.
On February 17, 2005 the SCO Group issued a press release that stated their stock may soon be delisted from NASDAQ for failing to issue an annual 10-K report in a timely manner as required by U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission regulations.
The SCO Group | Investor Relations | SCO Offers Reward for Arrest and Conviction of Mydoom Virus Author (441 words)
SCO announced that it is offering a reward of up to a total of $250,000 for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the individual or individuals responsible for creating the Mydoom virus.
SCO is also working with U.S. law enforcement authorities including the U.S. Secret Service and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to determine the identity of the individual(s) involved.
SCO and the associated SCO logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of The SCO Group, Inc., in the U.S. and other countries.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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