The abbreviation, acronym, or initialismSAP has several different meanings: It has been suggested that Apocopation be merged into this article or section. ... Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ... Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ...
This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. If an internal link referred you to this page, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.
Category: Ambiguous three-letter acronyms SAP AG (FWB: SAP, NYSE: SAP) is the largest European software enterprise, headquartered in Walldorf, Germany. ... SAP R/3 is the former name of the main ERP software produced by SAP. Its new name is mySAP ERP. // Reasons for success From the 1960s to the 1980s there was a concern that software development was too complex, and liable to go wrong. ... SAP Business Information Warehouse (SAP BW) is the name of the data warehouse solution (DWH) made by SAP AG. BW consists among other things of components for data management (Administrator Workbench), for the definition of queries by means of an OLAP processor (Business Explorer, BEx) and for the control of... Second[ary] audio program[ming] (SAP) is an auxiliary audio channel for television that can be broadcast or transmitted both over the air and by cable TV. It is often used for an alternate language (hence giving the facetious Spanish audio program expansion to the acronym), or for the Descriptive... The Session Announcement Protocol (SAP) is a protocol for broadcasting multicast session information. ... Structural adjustment is a term used by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for the changes it recommends for developing countries. ... Standard Accounting Program is a business accounting program that handles inventory and billing. ... The Service Advertising Protocol (SAP) is included in the Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) protocol. ... A Service Access Point or SAP is an identifying label for network endpoints used in OSI networking. ... Special access programs (SAP) and special access budgets (SAB) are the Pentagons terminology when used to refer to black programs and black budgets, respectively. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Santa Paula is a city located in Ventura County, California. ... The Socialist Workers Party of Germany, in German Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands, SAP / SAPD, has been the name of two political parties in Germany. ... Socialist Workers Party (in Danish: Socialistisk Arbejderparti), a trotskyist political party in Denmark. ... The Swedish Social Democratic Workers Party (Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti, commonly referred to as Socialdemokraterna), is the largest political party in Sweden. ... A European Union Association Agreement (Association Agreement) is a treaty between the European Union (EU) and a non-EU country that creates a framework for co-operation between them. ... The TLA (three-letter acronym or three-letter abbreviation) is the most popular type of abbreviation in technical terminology, and is also very common in general language. ...
Sapping, or undermining, was a siege method used since Antiquity against a walled city, fortress or castle.
Successful sapping usually ended the battle since either the defenders would no longer be able to defend and surrender, or the attackers would simply charge in and engage the defenders in close combat.
Sapping saw a brief resurgence as a military tactic during the First World War when army engineers would attempt to break the stalemate of trench warfare by tunneling under no man's land and laying large quantities of explosives beneath the enemy's trench.
Groundwater sapping is erosion by groundwater that emerges as seeps and springs.
Groundwater sapping is presumed to be able to function at low temperatures because groundwater could remain unfrozen at depth because of the high geothermal heat gradient on early Mars, and water emerging at springs might occur beneath a protective ice cap even at low temperatures.
In this and the previous sapping simulation the origin of the groundwater that is producing the sapping channels is assumed to be areally uniform.
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