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Encyclopedia > São Paulo (city)
Sao Paulo and São Paulo (city) redirect here. For other meanings, see São Paulo (disambiguation).
Sao Paulo, Brazil Downtown This image may not have information on its source. It may be usable under fair use but this has yet to be verified. It might be public domain or under a licence compatible with the GNU FDL. To the uploader: Please provide licensing information as soon... Landmark buildings Edifício Italia (at left) and Copan (curved façade at center), in São Paulo Downtown.
Landmark buildings Edifício Italia (at left) and Copan (curved façade at center), in São Paulo Downtown.

São Paulo (meaning A 19th century picture of Paul of Tarsus Paul of Tarsus (originally Saul of Tarsus) or Saint Paul the Apostle (fl. 1st century AD) is considered by many Christians to be the most important disciple of Jesus, and next to Jesus the most important figure in the development of Christianity... Saint Paul in The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. It is the third most common first language (native speakers), with around 402 million people in 2002. English has lingua franca status in many parts of the world, due to the military, economic, scientific, political and cultural influence... English) is the This article concerns places that serve as centers of government and politics. For alternative meanings see capital (disambiguation) In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or... capital of São Paulo is a There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. The twenty-six states are: Acre Alagoas Amapá Amazonas Bahia Ceará Espírito Santo Goiás... São Paulo state in southeastern For other uses, see Brazil (disambiguation). The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America_ it is actually larger than mainland USA. Spanning a vast area between the central South America and the Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru... Brazil. It is located at 23° 32′ 36″ S 46° 37′ 59″ W (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=23_32_36_S_46_37_59_W_), 250 A mile is any of several units of distance, or, in physics terminology, of length. Today, one mile is mainly equal to about 1609 metres on land and 1852 metres at sea and in the air, but see below for the details. Contents // 1 Current definitions 2 History 3 See... miles (400 A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer) (symbol: km) is a unit of length equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words khilia = thousand and metro = count/measure). It is approximately equal to 0.621 miles, 1094 yards or 3281 feet. Slang terms for kilometre include klick (sometimes spelt click or klik... km) from Ipanema beach A NASA satellite image of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro (meaning River of January in Portuguese) is the name of both a state and a city in southeastern Brazil. The city is famous for the hotel-lined tourist beaches Copacabana and Ipanema, for the giant statue of... Rio de Janeiro, and 640 miles (1030 km) from Brasília.


The city has an area of 1,575 square kilometers (575 sq miles) and a population of approximately 10.9 million (according to CityMayors, 2003), which make it the largest city in Brazil by far and the second largest city of the world in terms of population. (http://www.citymayors.com/features/largest_cities1.html)


About 20 million people live in the Greater São Paulo A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. A metropolitan area usually combines an agglomeration (the contiguous... metropolitan area, which is currently ranked as the This page lists the 101 largest metropolitan areas of the world by population. This is a controversial issue rather difficult to quantify. These figures include suburban areas immediately surrounding a major city and sometimes multiple major cities which may be close enough together to function essentially as one area (e... second-largest in the world and the largest in the The Southern Hemisphere is the part of Earths surface that is south of the equator. It contains four continents (Africa, Australia, South America and Antarctica) separated by four oceans (South Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean and Antarctic Ocean). Summer occurs around December to February and winter around June to... Southern Hemisphere.

Contents

Highlights

São Paulo is a major business center in Brazil. The city has a multicultural metropolitan area, which some have compared to New York, New York redirects here. For alternate meanings, see New York, New York (disambiguation). Midtown Manhattan, 2003. New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the largest city in the United States, and the worlds most important center for global finance and communications. The city... New York City, with heavy The Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south. In addition, Portugal contains... Portuguese, For other uses, see Italy (disambiguation). The Italian Republic or Italy (Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a southern European country, comprising a boot-shaped peninsula and two large islands in the Mediterranean Sea: Sicily and Sardinia. It shares its nothern alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The... Italian, For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). There are three factors which may assist to varying degrees in determining whether someone is considered Arab or not: Political: whether they live in a country which is a member of the Arab League (or, more vaguely, the Arab World); this definition covers more... Arabian and For other uses, see Japan (disambiguation). 日本国 (Nippon/Nihon-koku) Dual status seal. See National and Imperial Seal for more of this issue. (Flag of Japan) Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377... Japanese influences. São Paulo is known for its varied and sophisticated gastronomy, ranging from This article is part of the series: Cuisine of China Eight Great Traditions Shandong cuisine Szechuan cuisine Cantonese cuisine Fujian cuisine Jiangsu cuisine Zhejiang cuisine Hunan cuisine Anhui cuisine Others Huaiyang cuisine Yunnan cuisine Mandarin cuisine Shanghai cuisine Taiwanese cuisine Hakka cuisine Chiuchow cuisine Chinese Buddhist cuisine Chinese Islamic cuisine... Chinese to This article is part of the Cuisine series Preparation techniques and cooking items Utensils Techniques Weights and measures Ingredients and types of food Spices & Herbs Sauces - Soups Cheese - Pasta Other ingredients List of recipes Desserts Cuisines French - Chinese Italian - United States others... Famous chefs See also: Kitchens - Meals Wikibooks... French, from Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. Fast food is a multi-billion dollar industry which is continuing to grow at a rapid pace in the early 21st century in many countries as fewer people cook at home. Fast... fast food chains to five star restaurants. Its night life is animated by thousands of bars, pubs, lounges and discos, that cater for a variety of music tastes and are often open all night.


São Paulo is home to University of São Paulo, to a major art museum (MASP), a major symphonic orchestra (OSESP), a Cars jockey for position during the 2004 Monaco Grand Prix, one of the nineteen annual Formula One races Articles related to Formula One: History of Formula One Formula One regulations Formula One cars Formula One racing Future of Formula One Lists: Constructors | Grands Prix | Circuits Champions | Drivers | Other People Formula... Formula One A Grand Prix (French for Grand Prize) is any of a number of competitions: Formula One Grand Prix motor racing Grand Prix motorcycle racing Grand Prix horse racing Grand Prix, 1966 movie Eurovision Grand Prix (Eurovision Song Contest). Grand Prix (snooker tournament) Grand Prix (womens volleyball competition) This is... Grand Prix race track (Interlagos), and the world's largest private-owned sports stadium ( Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo is a stadium in São Paulo, Brazil. It is popularly known as Morumbi because of its location in the citys Morumbi district. It is the home ground of São Paulo FC, and has 80,000 seats. Categories: Football (soccer) stubs... Morumbi, São Paulo soccer team stadium).


There are two major airports in the São Paulo metropolitan area: Governor Andre Franco Montoro International Airport (IATA airport code GRU) - better known as Guarulhos Airport- is an airport that serves São Paulo, Brazil, located in Guarulhos municipality, 22km northeast of the São Paulo city centre. It is sometimes called Cumbica International Airport, after the suburb in which it... Guarulhos ( The IATA airport code is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. These codes are defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The IATA airport codes are published tri-annually in the IATA Airline Coding Directory. The assignment of these codes is governed by IATA... GRU, for domestic and international flights) and Congonhas Domestic Airport is São Paulos second airport, situated 8km from the city downtown. It is administered by Infraero, and as of 2003, was the busiest airport in Brazil, with 12,500,000 passengers passing through it. In 1957, the airport was the third busiest of the world... Congonhas ( The IATA airport code is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. These codes are defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The IATA airport codes are published tri-annually in the IATA Airline Coding Directory. The assignment of these codes is governed by IATA... CGH, for domestic flights only).


São Paulo was founded on January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 340 days remaining (341 in leap years). January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... 25 January Years: 1551 1552 1553 - 1554 - 1555 1556 1557 Decades: 1520s 1530s 1540s - 1550s - 1560s 1570s 1580s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century Events February 12 - After claiming the throne of England the previous year, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason alongside her husband. March 17 - Princess Elizabeth imprisoned... 1554.


Economics

Enlarge
Sky view of Paulista Avenue (Avenida Paulista) neighborhood.

São Paulo is the financial and industrial center of Brazil. For instance, the city is said to have more German companies than any other single city outside Bundesrepublik Deutschland (In Detail) National motto: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit (German: Unity and Justice and Freedom) Official language German1 Capital Berlin Largest City Berlin Chancellor Gerhard Schröder President Horst Köhler Area - Total - % water Ranked 61st 349,223 km² 2.416% Population - Total (2004) - Density Ranked 13th 82... Germany.


São Paulo's A stock exchange is an organization of which the members are stock brokers. A stock exchange provides facilities for the trading of securities and other financial instruments. Usually facilities are also provided for the issue and redemption of securities as well as other capital events including the payment of income... stock exchange market is the Bovespa, while its This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Definition of Futures Exchange History of futures exchanges Though the origins of futures trading can be supposedly traced to Ancient Greek or Phoenician times, the history of modern futures trading begins in Chicago... futures exchange market is BM&F. Its financial districts are located on the surroundings of One of most important avenues in São Paulo, Brazil, Avenida Paulista is notable for the large number of financial institutions and corporations with buildings there. Being one of the highest points on the city, it is also clustered with radio and TV station antennas. Its sometimes identified as... Avenida Paulista and in the Centro Velho (Old Downtown). Other important business districts are located near Avenida Berrini, Itaim Bibi, Vila Olímpia and Chácara Santo Antônio neighbourhoods.


There are a number of highly specialized regions, like Bom Retiro and Brás (wholesale garment districts), Consolação (lighting equipment), Rua Santa Ifigênia (electrical and electronic parts), Rua Teodoro Sampaio (furniture and musical equipment), the posh Rua Oscar Freire (stylist and label stores) and the crowded Rua Vinte e Cinco de Março. Many media and communications industries have headquarters in São Paulo, which is home to a large number of advertising and broadcasting companies.


As in many other large cities in developing countries, a large percentage of São Paulo's population lives below the poverty line. The city is surrounded and permeated by extensive shantytowns ( A Rio de Janeiro favela Favela is a term commonly used in Brazil to describe squatter areas such as shanty towns and slums. The term favela was coined after the Morro de Favela hillside in Rio de Janeiro where freed slaves first established a squatter community in the 1890s. The... favelas and cortiços).


Politics

Because of its economic and demographic weight, São Paulo has always played a pivotal role in Politics of Brazil Politics of Brazil Political parties in Brazil Elections in Brazil President of Brazil List of Presidents of Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Contents // 1 Government 1.1 The Brazilian Parties 1.2 States and Municipalities 1.3 Principal Government Officials 1.4 Country name 1... Brazilian politics. With a constituency larger than that of many Brazilian states, the mayor's office is viewed by politicians as a springboard for state and national-level offices.


São Paulo's current A mayor (Latin maīor better) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. Worldwide, there is a wide variance in local laws and customs as to the powers and responsibilities of a mayor, as well as the means of becoming mayor. The... mayor is José Serra of the Contents // 1 History 1.1 Creation 1.2 Modern times 2 Political alignment 3 External link History Creation The Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira (Portuguese for Brazilian Social Democracy Party) is a political party in Brazil. It was founded in June 25, 1988, having democracy as a fundamental value, and... Party of the Brazilian Social Democracy (PSDB). His mandate expires on December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. It is the final day of the Gregorian year. December Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15... December 31, 2008 is a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 2005 2006 2007 _ 2008 _ 2009 2010 2011 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s _ 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century _ 21st century _ 22nd century 2008 in rail transport Contents // 1 Predicted events 1.1... 2008.


Some of São Paulo's last mayors were:

Mayor Entry in Left Office in Party
José Serra Years: 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 | 2005 (MMV) | 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century News by month: Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun Jul - Aug - Sep - Oct - Nov - Dec 2005 in topic: Arts Architecture... 2005 - Politics of Brazil Categories: Stub | Social Democratic parties ... PSDB
Marta Suplicy is a former São Paulos mayor. Marta Suplicy, of the Brazilian workers party (PT), started her career as a TV anchor. She handed sex tips on the popular TV Mulher show. After running for governor of the Sao Paulo state and loosing to Mario Covas, she... Marta Suplicy 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Years: 1998 1999 2000 - 2001 - 2002 2003 2004 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd... 2001 -1... 2004 Brazilian Workers Party flag. The Partido dos Trabalhadores (Portuguese for Workers Party) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. It was officially founded by a group of intellectuals and workers in February, 10, 1980 at Colégio Sion(Sion High School) in São Paulo. Among other people were... PT
Celso Pitta 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Reef. Years: 1994 1995 1996 - 1997 - 1998 1999 2000 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1997 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art... 1997 This page is about the year 2000. See Note: This is an article about the British comic book 2000 AD, rather than the year 2000 2000 AD logo 2000 AD is a weekly British science fiction oriented comic. The publication, which serialises a number of separate stories each prog (see... 2000 PPB
Paulo Maluf 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Years: 1990 1991 1992 - 1993 - 1994 1995 1996 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st... 1993 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Years: 1993 1994 1995 - 1996 - 1997 1998 1999 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1996 in topic: Arts... 1996 PPB
Luiza Erundina 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 1986 1987 1988 - 1989 - 1990 1991 1992 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1989 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport... 1989 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 1989 1990 1991 - 1992 - 1993 1994 1995 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1992 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport... 1992 Brazilian Workers Party flag. The Partido dos Trabalhadores (Portuguese for Workers Party) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. It was officially founded by a group of intellectuals and workers in February, 10, 1980 at Colégio Sion(Sion High School) in São Paulo. Among other people were... PT
Jânio Quadros 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 1983 1984 1985 - 1986 - 1987 1988 1989 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1986 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport... 1986 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 1985 1986 1987 - 1988 - 1989 1990 1991 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1988 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail... 1988 PTB
Mário Covas 1983 is an integer and composite number that represents a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 1980 1981 1982 - 1983 - 1984 1985 1986 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1983 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature... 1983 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. For information pertaining to the Bowling for Soup song, see 1985 (song) Years: 1982 1983 1984 - 1985 - 1986 1987 1988 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1985 in topic... 1985 PMDB
A Landsat image of the Greater São Paulo metropolitan area (center), the coastal cities of Santos and São Vicente, and surrounding areas This article contains material and/or images that originally came from a NASA website. All NASA information is in the public domain, with the exception of...
A Landsat image of the Greater São Paulo metropolitan area (center), the coastal cities of Santos and São Vicente, and surrounding areas This article contains material and/or images that originally came from a NASA website. All NASA information is in the public domain, with the exception of... Enlarge
A simulated-color satellite image of the Greater São Paulo metropolitan area (center), and the coastal towns of Santos and São Vicente (below).

Culture

  • Bienal de São Paulo

Almost 1 million people visited the 26th Bienal in 2004.


Its theme was chosen to enable a wide range of artistic positions to feel comfortable. The concept of "Free Territory" involved various dimensions: it had a physical-geographical, a socio-political as well as an aesthetic dimension – the latter, of course, being of greatest interest in the context of this exhibition.


In order to emphasize the thematic unity of the overall exhibition, the invited artists and those representing the countries are mixed together on the 25,000 square meters of the spacious Oscar Niemeyer Pavillion. Despite the complexity of individual voices, the end result was intended to be a unity.


In addition to an intensification of the North-South dialog inside Brazil, the Bienal's aims include the promoting of links between non-European cultures along a South-South orientation.


More to come in Years: 2003 2004 2005 - 2006 (MMVI) - 2007 2008 2009 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century News by month: Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun Jul - Aug - Sep - Oct - Nov - Dec 2006 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Politics Elections... 2006.

  • São Paulo Fashion Week

It seems that Brazil has finally entered the world of fashion with the increasing reputation of famous Brazilian top models such as Gisele Bündchen, Fernanda Tavares and Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. Start the Ana Beatriz Barros article (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ana_Beatriz_Barros&action=edit) If you have created this page in the past few minutes and it has not yet appeared, it may not... Ana Beatriz Barros, and the "discovery" of some fresh talents such as Alexandre Herchcovitch by some international fashion magazines. As a consequence of this, São Paulo Fashion Week is the place to see and to be seen in Brazilian fashion scene, always attracting a number of international fashion editors and models.


Nowadays, São Paulo Fashion Week is one of the most relevant fashion events in Brazil. It takes place twice a year, at the building of Bienal de São Paulo.

  • São Paulo Gay Parade

Also a major event in the city, the São Paulo Gay Parade has brought to Avenida Paulista about 1 million people in 2003, according to official statistics. It is usually opened by the city mayor, and a huge carnival goes all the way downtown.

  • São Silvestre Marathon

The São Silvestre Marathon is one of Latin America's largest road races and it takes place every New Year's Eve (31 December). It was first held in 1925, when the competitors ran about 8,000 metres around the streets. Since then, the distance raced has varied, and it is now fixed at 15km. Registration takes place from 1st October, with the maximum number of entrants limited to 15,000.


History

The city was founded on January 25, 1554, by Portuguese The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. It was founded in 1534 by a group of University of Paris graduate students led by Iñigo Lopez de Loyola (Ignatius of Loyola). Contents // 1 Foundation 2 Early works 3 Expansion... Jesuit missionaries José de Anchieta and Manoel da Nóbrega, who established a A mission literally means something that is sent, from the Latin word missum, sent. Thus we may refer to space exploration expeditions as space missions, or to a diplomatic outpost in a foreign territory as a diplomatic mission. Christian missions are movements or outposts of Christian proselytism. Mission is often... mission — the Colégio de São Paulo de Piratininga — to convert the This article is in need of attention. Please improve it (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tup%ED-Guaran%ED&action=edit) in any way you see fit. Tupí-Guaraní is the name of the most important subfamily of the Tupí languages of South America. It... Tupi-Guarani This article is part of the Brazilian History series. Indigenous peoples Colonial Brazil Empire of Brazil 1889-1930 1930-1945 1945-1964 1964-present The indigenous people of Brazil (povos indígenas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distict ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior... Native Brazilians to Catholic means universal or whole. Early Christians used the term to refer to the whole undivided Church. Accordingly, all Christians lay claim to the term, including Protestants, who often do not capitalize it. The Church fathers and the historic creeds used it to distinguish the mainstream body of orthodox Christian... Catholic religion. Located just beyond the Guarumbi, part of Serra do Mar in the state of Paraná Serra do Mar (Portuguese for Mountain Range of the Sea) is a 1,500 km long system of mountain ranges and escarpments in Southeastern Brazil, which runs in parallel to the Atlantic Ocean coast, from the state of Esp... Serra do Mar cliffs overlooking the port city of Santos State São Paulo Area: 281 km2 Population: 437 000 (Estimate: 07/2003) Height: 2 m above sea level Postcode (CEP): 11100-000 Geographic location: 23° 58 S 46° 20 E Address of the local government: Preifeitura Municipal de Santos Secretaria da Cidadania Praça Mauá, s/nº- 4... Santos, and close to River Tietê, the new settlement became the natural entrance to the vast and fertile plateau that would eventually become the State of São Paulo.


First named São Paulo de Piratininga, São Paulo became officially a city in Years: 1708 1709 1710 - 1711 - 1712 1713 1714 Decades: 1680s 1690s 1700s - 1710s - 1720s 1730s 1740s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1711 in literature 1711 in music 1711 in science List of state leaders in 1711 List of religious leaders in 1711 Contents // 1 Events 2 Ongoing events... 1711. It experienced a boom during the This article discusses the coffee plant; for information on the beverage see coffee (drink). Coffee Coffee trees in Hawaii. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rubiales Family: Rubiaceae Genus: Coffea Species Coffea arabica - Arabica Coffee Coffea benghalensis - Bengal coffee Coffea canephora - Robusta coffee Coffea congensis - Congo coffee... coffee cycle, starting in the late Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. In the sense of the Common Era... 19th century — chiefly because of its privileged position next to the port of Santos, through which most of the country's exports were shipped.


After Years: 1878 1879 1880 - 1881 - 1882 1883 1884 Decades: 1850s 1860s 1870s - 1880s - 1890s 1900s 1910s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1881 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1881, waves of Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. An immigrant is usually someone who intends to reside permanently, and not a casual visitor or traveler. Immigration means in-migration into a country, and is the reverse of emigration, or out-migration... immigrants from Italy, Japan and many other countries arrived in São Paulo, at first to work at the enormous coffee A sugarcane plantation at Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, 2005 A plantation is a large tract of monoculture, as a tree plantation, a cotton plantation, a tea plantation or a tobacco plantation. A plantation is not a natural ecosystem. In Brazil, a sugar plantation was termed an engenho (engine) and a... plantations established in the State. In the (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... 20th century, with the increasing Industrialisation (or industrialization) or an industrial revolution (in general, with lowercase letters) is a process of social and economic change whereby a human society is transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial state (c.f.). This social and economic change is closely intertwined with technological innovation, particularly the development... industrial development of the country, many of them moved to Sao Paulo, which also attracted new contingents of immigrants.


Another important historical landmark is the Universidade de Sao Paulo's Law School, also known as Largo São Francisco, claimed to be the first academic institution in Brazil. First installed into a monastery, it was founded in Years: 1824 1825 1826 - 1827 - 1828 1829 1830 Decades: 1790s 1800s 1810s - 1820s - 1830s 1840s 1850s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1827 in art 1827 in literature 1827 in rail transport 1827 in science 1827 in music 1827 in sports List of state leaders in 1827 List of... 1827, right after the beggining of the Brazilian Republic, following the increasing need for lawyers and politicians. As rich Brazilians used to go to For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). Lisbon (in Portuguese, Lisboa) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. It is the seat of the district of Lisbon. Contents // 1 Geography and Location 2 Climate 3 Demographics 4 Highlights 5 History 5.1 Events 6 Economy 7 Transportation 8 Colleges and... Lisbon to take undergraduate Law courses, the Brazilian regent, Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil; Pedro IV of Portugal Pedro I of Brazil, known as Dom Pedro (October 12, 1798 - September 24, 1834), proclaimed Brazil independent from Portugal and became Brazils first Emperor. He also held the Portuguese throne briefly as Pedro IV of Portugal. Contents // 1 Early years... Dom Pedro I, decided it was high time to create a national Law School. The university attracted students from all over the country, who gave São Paulo a bohemian lifestyle.


Transportation

Enlarge
Sky View of Sao Paulo (from the top of an Avenida Paulista building)

The city is crossed by many of the most important expressways of the country, like the BR-116, SP-270, SP-280, Anhanguera, Anchieta, Castelo Branco and Imigrantes. Some This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. These consist of two parallel rails, usually of steel, generally mounted upon cross-sectional beams (termed sleepers or ties) of timber, concrete or other... railways also cross the city. They are, however, very old and were constructed intending not to attend people, but to transport coffee to Santos State São Paulo Area: 281 km2 Population: 437 000 (Estimate: 07/2003) Height: 2 m above sea level Postcode (CEP): 11100-000 Geographic location: 23° 58 S 46° 20 E Address of the local government: Preifeitura Municipal de Santos Secretaria da Cidadania Praça Mauá, s/nº- 4... Santos's seaport. Santos State São Paulo Area: 281 km2 Population: 437 000 (Estimate: 07/2003) Height: 2 m above sea level Postcode (CEP): 11100-000 Geographic location: 23° 58 S 46° 20 E Address of the local government: Preifeitura Municipal de Santos Secretaria da Cidadania Praça Mauá, s/nº- 4... Santos continue to have For other uses, see Brazil (disambiguation). The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America_ it is actually larger than mainland USA. Spanning a vast area between the central South America and the Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru... Brazil's busiest seaport thanks to São Paulo's needings (exportation and importation of industrializated goods).


São Paulo has two airports. Congonhas Domestic Airport is São Paulos second airport, situated 8km from the city downtown. It is administered by Infraero, and as of 2003, was the busiest airport in Brazil, with 12,500,000 passengers passing through it. In 1957, the airport was the third busiest of the world... Congonhas Domestic Airport operates domestic and regional flights mainly to Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte State Minas Gerais Area: 332 km² Population: 2 305 812 (Estimate: 07/2003) Height: 858 m above sea level Postcode (CEP): 30000-000 Geographic location: 19° 55 South 46º 56 West Address of the local government: Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte Av. Afonso Pena 1212 Centro Website: www... Belo Horizonte and Brasília. Campo de Marte Fields was São Paulo first airport, founded in 1919. Little to attend the crescent demand, it was substituted for Congonhas Domestic Airport. Currently, it is administered by Infraero. Campo de Marte Fields is 6 km north from the citys downtown. Handling more than 82.000... Campo de Marte handles some private and small airplanes. Governor Andre Franco Montoro International Airport (IATA airport code GRU) - better known as Guarulhos Airport- is an airport that serves São Paulo, Brazil, located in Guarulhos municipality, 22km northeast of the São Paulo city centre. It is sometimes called Cumbica International Airport, after the suburb in which it... Guarulhos International Airport, located 25 km northeast from downtown in the neighbouring city of Guarulhos, operates domestic and international flights to the city.


The city has approximately 60 km of subway system (known as This page refers to urban rail mass transit systems. For other uses see metro (disambiguation) See also Wikimedia Commons has multimedia related to: Metro List of metro systems metro station U-Bahn S-Bahn advanced light rapid transit monorail Metrophile (A person with a devoted interest in these systems) . External... Metro), complemented by another 270 km of Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos (short form: CPTM, pronunciation: sheh-peh-cheh-ehm) is an rapid-transit company owned by the Estado dos Transportes Metropolitanos = State secretary of the Metropolitan Transport. Created in 1993 from railroads already existed in Região Metropolitana de São Paulo. The CPTM has 92... CPTM (Companhia de Trens Metropolitanos - Company of Metropolitan Trains) railways. Both CPTM and the subway lines carry some 3.5 million people on an average weekday, and a few new underground lines to be constructed are expected to add another million people to the system within the next 5 years.


The bulk of the public transportation (public and private companies) is composed by more than 10,000 buses. Also, there is a strong presence of informal transportation (dab vans).


São Paulo grew quickly from the 1940s to the 1980s and many roads and buildings were constructed without major planning. As a result, heavy traffic is common in the main avenues of the city, and traffic jams are relatively common in its larger highways (mainly during floods). The main mean of commuting into the city is by car and by bus.


Ethnic diversity

São Paulo has a great ethnic diversity that can be compared to New York or For other uses, see Toronto (disambiguation). City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada (in detail) (in detail) Motto: Diversity Our Strength Map of Ontario Counties, Toronto being red Area: 641 sq. km. Distance - East to West: 43 km. Distance - South to North : 21 km. Population  - Total (2004)  - Metropolitan  ... Toronto:

  • 3 million people are direct or indirect descendants of Portuguese.
  • 3 million people are direct or indirect descendants of Italians. There is a building named Edifício Itália (Italy Building), in honor to the Italians. It was once the tallest building of the city (165m).
  • 3 million people have direct or indirect ... World map showing location of Africa Download high resolution version (741x800, 113 KB) This image page contains items that originally came from a NASA website or publication. All works created by NASA are in the public domain, with the exception of the usage-restricted NASA logo, because works created by... African heritage.
  • 1 million people are direct or indirect descendants of Japanese. São Paulo has the largest number of Japanese outside Japan.
  • 1 million people are direct or indirect descendants of Germans.
  • 350 thousand people are direct or indirect descendants of For other uses, see Lebanon (disambiguation). The Lebanese Republic or Lebanon is a country in Southwest Asia, bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It is considered to be one of the fifteen present-day countries that comprise the Cradle of Humanity. Lebanon is bordered by Syria and Israel. الجم... Lebanese.

Other considerable groups are:

  • A template is used below that has been proposed for deletion. Please see its entry on Wikipedia:Templates for deletion for comments and voting. For other places with the same name, see Armenia (disambiguation). Armenia ( Armenian (Հայերէն / Hayeren) Spoken in: Armenia, Russia, France, and... Armenian
  • For other uses, see Bolivia (disambiguation). The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil in the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina in the south, and Chile and Peru in the west. Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simón Bolívar... Bolivian
  • Chinese
  • Jewish
  • The Republic of Lithuania (in Lithuanian, Lietuva) is a republic in Northeastern Europe. One of the three Baltic States along the Baltic Sea, it shares borders with fellow Baltic State Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast, Poland to the south, and the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia to the... Lithuanian
  • Korean Peninsula Korea is a formerly unified country, situated on the Korean Peninsula in north East Asia adjacent to China in the west and Russia in the north. When World War II ended in 1945, the country was divided into two: the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and the Democratic... Korean
  • The Kingdom of Spain or Spain (Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino de España; Asturian: Reinu dEspaña) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra... Spanish
  • The Syrian Arab Republic is a country in the Middle East, bordering (from south to north) on Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey. The borders with Israel and Turkey are subject to dispute, pending the resolution of outstanding conflicts over possession of the Golan Heights and the region of Iskenderun... Syrian

Current critical problems

Since the beginning of the 20th century, São Paulo has been the major economic city of Brazil. With the advent of the two Great Wars and the The Great Depression was a global economic slump that began in 1929 and bottomed in 1933. However, most of the remainder of the 1930s was spent recovering from the contraction, and it would be well after World War II when such indicators as industrial production, share prices and global GDP... Great Depression, exportation of coffee to the US,Us or us may stand for the United States of America us, the oblique case form of the English language pronoun we. Us, a 1992 Peter Gabriel album. the IATA code for US Airways. the ICAO code for the airport at Mirny, Sakha Republic, Russian Federation. Us, a commune... US and This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) A comprehensive collection of continental features is found in Europe, albeit on a smaller scale than elsewhere. Mountain ranges, peninsulas, islands and more arid or cold regions can be seen in this satellite composite image of Europe Europe... Europe was critically affected, which led the rich coffee farmers to invest in industrialization in the city. This fact attracted many people from other regions of the country, especially from the Northeastern. From a population of merely 32,000 inhabitants in 1880, São Paulo increased its population to aproximately 250,000 in 1900, 1,800,000 in 1940, 4,750,000 in 1960 and 8,500,000 in 1980. The effects of this population boom in the city are:

  • São Paulo grew quickly and in a very disorganized manner. With no proper organization, the city grew without leaving much space for highways and parks. Major traffic jams are relatively common in many roadways of the city.
  • A very common scene (that can still be seen today) is of 'nordestinos' (Brazilians from the Northeastern part of the country) arriving in packed buses, in the Bus Terminal of the city, in the search for a better life (ironically, it is also common nowadays to see these same buses to carry 'nordestinos' back to their homeland).
  • Aproximately 1,500,000 people now live in favelas ( A slum is an overcrowded and squalid district of a city or town usually inhabited by the very poor. Slums can be found in most large cities around the world. Slums are usually characterized by high rates of poverty and unemployment and are breeding centers for many social problems such... Slums) in Sao Paulo and surrounding areas.
  • Crime has suddenly increased, and kidnappings and robbery are relatively common in the city.
  • Floods are common nowadays in São Paulo, as a consequence of rare green areas and relative impermeability of the ground. Rainwater cannot be properly drained and water accumulates quickly, causing floods in specific regions of the city.
  • Air pollution is high and the two major rivers crossing the city, Tietê and Pinheiros, are critically polluted.
  • Although there are several parks across the city, the per capita green area of São Paulo is very small. This fact, associated with high criminality, led to a reclusion in the lives of many people in the city. Condominiums equipped with cameras and homes and apartments with windows equipped with bars are common in the city.

Major Holidays

  • January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Here a calendar year refers to the order in which the months are displayed, January to December. The first day of the medieval Julian year was usually a day other than January 1... January 1 – New Year
  • January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 340 days remaining (341 in leap years). January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... January 25 – São Paulo's Anniversary
  • Between January and March – See also: Carnival Corporation, Carnival Cruise Lines, Carnivàle Swabian-Alemannic carnival clowns in Wolfach, Germany A carnival parade is a public celebration, combining some elements of a circus and public street party, generally during the Carnival Season. The Carnival Season is a holiday period during the two weeks before... Carnival (it is a Brazilian national holiday, and it is not regular. It is always during the two days following a weekend, and the holiday finishes itself at 11:59 am in a Wednesday (Quarta-Feira de Cinzas)
  • At the beginning of April – Easter (also called Pascha) is generally accounted the most important holiday of the Christian year, observed March or April each year to celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus from the dead (after his death by crucifixion; see Good Friday), which Christians believe happened at about this time of year, almost two... Easter
  • April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). There are 254 days remaining. April Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... April 21 Categories: Brazil-related stubs | 1746 births | 1792 deaths | People stubs ... Tiradentes
  • May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). There are 244 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 1 – Labor Day
  • 2nd Sunday of May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31   2005 This article is about the month of May. For... May – Mother's Day
  • July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. July Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... July 9 – Constitutional Revolution of 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. Years: 1929 1930 1931 - 1932 - 1933 1934 1935 Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1932 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other... 1932
  • 2nd Sunday of See August (album) for the album by Eric Clapton. August Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31  ... August – Father's Day
  • September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). There are 115 days remaining. September Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23... September 7 – Independence Day
  • October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). There are 80 days remaining. October Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... October 12 A male Caucasian toddler child A child (plural: children) is a young human. Depending on context it may mean someone who is not yet an adult, or someone who has not yet reached puberty (someone who is prepubescent). Adults are often described as the children of their parents despite their... Children's Day / Our Lady's Day
  • November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. November Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... November 2 – All Souls' Day
  • November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. November Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... November 15 – Republic Day
  • December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in A leap year (or intercalary year) is a year containing an extra day or month in order to keep the calendar year in sync with an astronomical or seasonal year. Seasons and astronomical events do not repeat at an... December 25 Joseph and Mary with baby Jesus, at the first Christmas Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. According to the Christian gospels, Jesus was born to Mary in Bethlehem, where she and her... Christmas
  • December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. It is the final day of the Gregorian year. December Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15... December 31 – New Year's Eve

External links

  • São Paulo City Hall Website (http://www.prefeitura.sp.gov.br) (in Portuguese)
  • São Paulo Official Tourism Site (http://anhembi.terra.com.br/turismo/eng/default.asp)
  • Sao Paulo Official Home Page (http://www.saopaulo.sp.gov.br/ingles/saopaulo/index.htm)
  • Apontador – Sao Paulo Street Map (http://www.apontador.com.br)
  • Photo gallery of São Paulo's rail systems (http://urbanrail.fotopic.net/c318757.html)

Photographs

This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Please see its description page there. Commons:File links The following pages link to this file: Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates...
The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free images, sound and other multimedia files. It is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. Files uploaded to this repository can be used like local files by other projects on the Wikimedia servers, including Wikipedia, Wikibooks and Wikinews... Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
São Paulo (city), Brazil
  • Virtual postcards (http://anhembi.terra.com.br/turismo/eng/) (requires to locate and click on the option entitled "postcards")
  • Brazil Skyscrapers (http://www.brazilskyscrapers.hpg.com.br) – Many Photos of São Paulo and its skyscrapers
  • A very complete photo album (http://members.aol.com/pochetti5/sampa-brazil.html)

 
 

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