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Encyclopedia > Sémillon

Sémillon is a golden-skinned grape used to make white wines, most notably in Bordeaux and Australia. Species Vitis acerifolia Vitis aestivalis Vitis amurensis Vitis arizonica Vitis x bourquina Vitis californica Vitis x champinii Vitis cinerea Vitis x doaniana Vitis girdiana Vitis labrusca Vitis x labruscana Vitis monticola Vitis mustangensis Vitis x novae-angliae Vitis palmata Vitis riparia Vitis rotundifolia Vitis rupestris Vitis shuttleworthii Vitis tiliifolia Vitis... This article is about the beverage. ... City motto: Lilia sola regunt lunam undas castra leonem. ...

The principal use of Sémillon is in the great wines of Sauternes and Barsac where it is used with Sauvignon Blanc to produce what are generally accepted to be the finest sweet wines in the world. In such wines, the Sémillon is attacked by the "noble rot" of Botrytis cinerea which consumes the water and thus concentrates the sugar ready for picking. It is also used in the nearby region of Pessac-Léognan to make a dry white wine, adding maybe 10 or 20 percent Sémillon to Sauvignon Blanc. A glass of red wine This article is about the beverage. ... Sauternes is a commune of the Gironde département in France. ... Barsac is a town on the left bank of the Garonne river in the Gironde département in south west France. ... Sauvignon blanc is a white wine grape probably originating in the Bordeaux region of France that is now planted in much of the worlds winelands producing a crisp dry refreshing white varietal wine. ... Noble rot is the name given to the benevolent form of a grey fungus, Botrytis cinerea, affecting wine grapes. ... A grey fungus, Botrytis cinerea or Botrytis, that affects wine grapes. ...

When used to make wines on its own, Sémillon has almost always disappointed, producing a dull, tasteless drink that is only really good for distilling to brandy. Even in Sauternes its usage is only assured by the intervention of the botrytis fungus. It is thus almost always used in blends. Brandy pot stills at the Van Ryn Brandy Cellar near Stellenbosch, South Africa For the singer and actress, see Brandy Norwood. ...

The other wine making region that has assured Sémillon's fame is Australia, where Sémillon Chardonnay blends have proved extremely popular around the world. In addition, in the Hunter Valley north of Sydney, a region otherwise totally unsuited to wine making, the grape is used to make the Hunter Valley Semillon which occasionally matures extremely well to become one of the world's great white wines. Grow and harvest grapes. ... Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used to make a white varietal wine. ... The Hunter Valley is a region of New South Wales, approximately 160 kilometers north of Sydney, Australia. ... Sydneys skyline with the Opera House on the left Sydney is the capital city of the Australian state of New South Wales and Australias largest and oldest city, founded in 1788. ...

Due to its lack of flavour, the amount of Sémillon grown has decreased hugely over the last century; in the 19th century the grape covered over 90 percent of South Africa's vines (where it was known as Wyndruif – "wine grape"), and Chile's post-war vineyards were made up of over 75 percent Sémillon. Both countries still grow the grape successfully but in vastly reduced quantities as Chardonnay has moved into vogue.



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