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Encyclopedia > São Paulo
Landmark buildings Edifício Italia (at left) and Copan (curved façade at center), in São Paulo Downtown.
Landmark buildings Edifício Italia (at left) and Copan (curved façade at center), in São Paulo Downtown.

São Paulo (meaning Saint Paul in English) is the capital of São Paulo state in southeastern Brazil. It is located at 23° 32′ 36″ S 46° 37′ 59″ W (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=23_32_36_S_46_37_59_W_), 250 miles (400 km) from Rio de Janeiro, and 640 miles (1030 km) from Brasília. Sao Paulo, Brazil Downtown possible source: http://members. ... A 19th-century picture of Paul of Tarsus Paul of Tarsus (originally Saul of Tarsus) or Saint Paul the Apostle (c. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... São Paulo is a state in Brazil. ... A mile is any of several units of distance, or, in physics terminology, of length. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer) (symbol: km) is a unit of length equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words khilia = thousand and metro = count/measure). ... Ipanema beach Cristo Redentor A NASA satellite image of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro (meaning River of January in Portuguese) is the name of both a state and a city in southeastern Brazil. ... Brasília from space, November 1990 Niemeyers Cathedral Brasília is the capital city of Brazil. ...


The city has an area of 1,575 square kilometers (575 sq miles) and a population of approximately 10.9 million (according to CityMayors, 2003), which make it the largest city in Brazil by far and the second largest city of the world in terms of population. (http://www.citymayors.com/features/largest_cities1.html)


About 20 million people live in the Greater São Paulo metropolitan area, which is currently ranked as the sixth-largest in the world and the largest in the Southern Hemisphere. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... This page lists the 101 largest metropolitan areas of the world by population. ... The Southern Hemisphere is the part of Earths surface that is south of the equator. ...

Contents

Highlights

Old downtown area seen from Altino Arantes building's observation deck

São Paulo is a major business center in Brazil. The city has a multicultural metropolitan area, which some have compared to New York City, with heavy Portuguese, Italian, Arabian and Japanese influences. São Paulo is known for its varied and sophisticated cuisine, ranging from Chinese to French, from fast food chains to five star restaurants. Its night life is animated by thousands of bars, pubs, lounges and discos that cater for a variety of music tastes and are often open all night. Download high resolution version (617x761, 416 KB)São Paulo old downtown area seen from Altino Arantes buildings observation deck. ... Download high resolution version (617x761, 416 KB)São Paulo old downtown area seen from Altino Arantes buildings observation deck. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب `arab) are an originally Arabian ethnicity widespread in the Middle East and North Africa. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ...


São Paulo is home to University of São Paulo, to a major art museum (MASP), a major symphonic orchestra (OSESP), a Formula One Grand Prix race track (Interlagos), and the world's largest private-owned sports stadium (Morumbi, São Paulo soccer team stadium). The University of São Paulo (Universidade de São Paulo, USP) is one of the three public universities funded by the State of São Paulo. ... The Museu de Arte de São Paulo, or MASP, was inaugurated on October 2, 1947, by Assis Chateaubriand and Pietro Maria Bardi. ... The Orquestra Sinfônica do Estado de São Paulo (OSESP) (in Portuguese, or São Paulo State Symphony in English), is one of the leading symphonic orchestras in Brazil. ... Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel formula auto racing. ... A Grand Prix (French for Grand Prize) is any of a number of competitions: Formula One Grand Prix motor racing Grand Prix motorcycle racing Grand Prix horse racing Grand Prix, 1966 movie Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson (Eurovision Song Contest). ... The Autódromo José Carlos Pace, commonly called Interlagos Autódromo José Carlos Pace is the venue of the Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix, located in a suburb of the city of São Paulo. ... Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo is a stadium in São Paulo, Brazil. ... São Paulos Mascot São Paulo is a very traditional Brazilian football team from São Paulo, founded on January 25, 1930, and Re-founded on December 16, 1935. ...


There are two major airports in the São Paulo metropolitan area: Guarulhos (GRU, for domestic and international flights) and Congonhas (CGH, for domestic and local international flights). Governor Andre Franco Montoro International Airport (IATA airport code GRU) - better known as Guarulhos Airport- is an airport that serves São Paulo, Brazil, located in Guarulhos municipality, 22 km northeast of the São Paulo city centre. ... The IATA airport code is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. ... Congonhas Domestic Airport is São Paulos second airport, situated 8km from the city downtown. ... The IATA airport code is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. ...


History

Pátio do Colégio (the first construction)

The city was founded on January 25, 1554, by Portuguese Jesuit missionaries José de Anchieta and Manoel da Nóbrega, who established a mission — the Colégio de São Paulo de Piratininga — to convert the Tupi-Guarani Native Brazilians to Catholic religion. Located just beyond the Serra do Mar cliffs overlooking the port city of Santos, and close to River Tietê, the new settlement became the natural entrance to the vast and fertile plateau that would eventually become the State of São Paulo. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... José de Anchieta (1534-1597) was a Spanish Jesuit missionary in Brazil, South America, in the second half of the 16th century. ... Father Manoel da Nóbrega Manoel da Nóbrega (variant Manuel da Nóbrega) was a Portuguese Jesuit priest and first Provincial of the Society of Jesus in colonial Brazil. ... A mission literally means something that is sent, from the Latin word missum, sent. Thus we may refer to space exploration expeditions as space missions, or to a diplomatic outpost in a foreign territory as a diplomatic mission. Christian missions are movements or outposts of Christian proselytism. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The indigenous people of Brazil (povos indígenas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distict ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior its discovery by Europeans around 1500. ... Guarumbi, part of Serra do Mar in the state of Paraná Serra do Mar (Portuguese for Mountain Range of the Sea) is a 1,500 km long system of mountain ranges and escarpments in Southeastern Brazil, which runs in parallel to the Atlantic Ocean coast, from the state of Esp... Santos is a municipality in the São Paulo state of Brazil founded in 1543. ... The Tietê River (Portuguese name: Rio Tietê) is a river in the state of Sao Paulo in Brazil. ...


First named São Paulo de Piratininga, São Paulo became officially a city in 1711. It experienced a boom during the coffee cycle, starting in the late 19th century — chiefly because of its privileged position next to the port of Santos, through which most of the country's exports were shipped. Events 24 February -- The London premiere of Rinaldo by George Friderich Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage. ... Coffee beans and a cup of coffee Coffee as a drink, usually served hot, is prepared from the roasted seeds (beans) of the coffee plant. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After 1881, waves of immigrants from Italy, Japan and many other countries arrived in São Paulo, at first to work at the enormous coffee plantations established in the State. In the 20th century, with the increasing industrial development of the country, many of them moved to Sao Paulo, which also attracted new contingents of immigrants. 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Forestry plantations A plantation of Douglas-fir in Washington, USA; note the trees of uniform size and planted in straight lines, and the lack of diversity in the ground flora In forestry, plantations of trees are typically grown as an even-aged monoculture for timber production, as opposed to a... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Industrialisation (or industrialization) or an industrial revolution (in general, with lowercase letters) is a process of social and economic change whereby a human society is transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial state . ...


Another important historical landmark is the Universidade de Sao Paulo's Law School, also known as Largo São Francisco, claimed to be the first academic institution in Brazil. First installed into a monastery, it was founded (http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/fsp/cotidian/ff2206200511.htm) in 1st. March 1828, right after the beginning of the Brazilian Empire, following the increasing need for lawyers and politicians. As rich Brazilians used to go to Lisbon to take undergraduate Law courses, the Brazilian regent, Dom Pedro I, decided it was high time to create a national Law School. The university attracted students from all over the country, who gave São Paulo a bohemian lifestyle. Largo São Francisco is a traditional Law School located in São Paulo, Brazil, founded by Brazilian regent Dom Pedro I in 1827. ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... After its independence from the Portuguese on September 7, 1822, Brazil became a monarchy, the Brazilian Empire, which lasted until the establishment of the Republican government on November 15, 1889. ... District Lisbon Mayor   - Party Pedro Santan Lopes PSD Area 84. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil; Pedro IV of Portugal Pedro I of Brazil, known as Dom Pedro (October 12, 1798 - September 24, 1834), proclaimed Brazil independent from Portugal and became Brazils first Emperor. ...


Economics

Sky view of Paulista Avenue (Avenida Paulista) neighborhood.

São Paulo is the financial and industrial center of Brazil. The city is said to have more German companies than any other single city outside Germany. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


São Paulo's stock exchange market is the Bovespa, while its futures exchange market is BM&F. Its financial districts are located on the surroundings of Avenida Paulista and in the Centro Velho (Old Downtown). Other important business districts are located near Avenida Berrini, Itaim Bibi, Vila Olímpia and Chácara Santo Antônio neighbourhoods. Sao Paulos stock market, the Bovespa Bovespa (Bolsa de Valores do Estado de São Paulo) State of Sao Paulo Stock Exchange Located in the heart of the biggest Brazilian city, São Paulo (city), the Bovespa is the largest stock exchange in Latin America. ... This article needs cleanup. ... One of most important avenues in São Paulo, Brazil, Avenida Paulista is notable for the large number of financial institutions and corporations with buildings there. ...


There are a number of highly specialized regions, like Bom Retiro and Brás (wholesale garment districts), Consolação (lighting equipment), Rua Santa Ifigênia (electrical and electronic parts), Rua Teodoro Sampaio (furniture and musical equipment), the posh Rua Oscar Freire (designer and label stores) and the crowded Rua Vinte e Cinco de Março. São Paulo is also home to a large number of advertising and broadcasting companies. Rua Oscar Freire street sign Rua Oscar Freire is a tree lined street in Sao Paulo, stretching from Alameda Casa Branca to Avenida Doutor Arnaldo. ...


As in many other large cities in developing countries, a large percentage of São Paulo's population lives below the poverty line. The city is surrounded and permeated by extensive shantytowns (favelas and cortiços). A Rio de Janeiro favela Favela is a term commonly used in Brazil to describe squatter areas such as shanty towns and slums. ... Cortiço is a term commonly used in Brazil and Portugal to describe an area of urban housing where many people live in conditions of poor hygiene and poverty. ...


Politics

São Paulo from space, September 1993

Because of its economic and demographic weight, São Paulo has always played a pivotal role in Brazilian politics. With a constituency larger than that of many Brazilian states, the mayor's office is viewed by politicians as a springboard for state and national-level offices. Download high resolution version (639x639, 179 KB)São Paulo, Brazil - September 1993 image description here File links The following pages link to this file: São Paulo Categories: NASA images ... Download high resolution version (639x639, 179 KB)São Paulo, Brazil - September 1993 image description here File links The following pages link to this file: São Paulo Categories: NASA images ... Brazil is a federal republic with 26 states and a federal district (see: States of Brazil). ...


São Paulo's current mayor is José Serra of the Party of the Brazilian Social Democracy (PSDB). His mandate expires on December 31, 2008. A mayor (from the Latin maīor, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... History Creation The Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira (Portuguese for Brazilian Social Democracy Party) is a political party in Brazil. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2008 is a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar There will be a United States Presidential Election this year; it will be the election of the fourty-fourth president of the United States. ...


São Paulo's latest mayors were:

Mayor Entry in Left Office in Party
José Serra 2005 - PSDB
Marta Suplicy 2001 2004 PT
Celso Pitta 1997 2000 PPB
Paulo Maluf 1993 1996 PPB
Luiza Erundina 1989 1992 PT
Jânio Quadros 1986 1988 PTB
Mário Covas 1983 1985 PMDB

José Serra is a Brazilian politician born in São Paulo on March 19th, 1942. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Politics of Brazil Categories: Stub | Social Democratic parties ... Marta Suplicy is a former São Paulo mayor. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Brazilian Workers Party flag. ... Celso Pitta was the mayor of Sao Paulo, Brazil from 1996 to 2000. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: NPOV disputes | Wikipedia cleanup | Sao Paulo (city) ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Luiza Erundina Luiza Erundina de Sousa (November 30, 1934)is a Brazilian politician. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Brazilian Workers Party flag. ... Jânio da Silva Quadros (January 25, 1917—February 16, 1992) was a Brazilian politician who was briefly President of Brazil in 1961. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (Portuguese: Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro, PMDB) is a centrist, more or less liberal, party in Brazil. ...

Boroughs

São Paulo is divided into 30 boroughs, whose names are:

*Aricanduva *Butantã *Campo Limpo
*Casa Verde *Cidade Ademar *Cidade Tiradentes
*Ermelino Matarazzo *Freguesia do Ó *Guaianazes
*Ipiranga *Itaim Paulista *Itaquera
*Jabaquara *Jaçanã *Lapa
*M'Boi Mirim *Mooca *Parelheiros
*Penha *Perus *Pinheiros
*Pirituba *Santana *Santo Amaro
*São Mateus *São Miguel *Sé
*Vila Maria *Vila Mariana *Vila Prudente


Each borough is divided into several districts (in most of cases, two or tree). The borough with the greater number of districts is the borough of Sé, in the historical downtown, with eight districts (Sé, República, Consolação, Santa Cecília, Bom Retiro, Bela Vista, Liberdade and Cambuci). In second place are the boroughs of Lapa, with six districts (Lapa, Perdizes, Barra Funda, Vila Leopoldina, Jaguara and Jaguaré) and Mooca, also with six districts (Mooca, Tatuapé, Belém, Pari, Brás and Água Rasa). The peripherical boroughs of Jabaquara and Ermelino Matarazzo have only one district.


Culture

A simulated-color satellite image of the Greater São Paulo metropolitan area (center), and the coastal towns of Santos and São Vicente (below).
  • Bienal de São Paulo

The Bienal is a cultural event hosted every two years. Close to 1 million people visited the 26th Bienal in 2004. A Landsat image of the Greater São Paulo metropolitan area (center), the coastal cities of Santos and São Vicente, and surrounding areas This article contains material and/or images that originally came from a NASA website. ... A Landsat image of the Greater São Paulo metropolitan area (center), the coastal cities of Santos and São Vicente, and surrounding areas This article contains material and/or images that originally came from a NASA website. ... The Bienal de São Paulo is an art exhibition in Sao Paulo, Brazil. ...


Its theme was chosen to enable a wide range of artistic positions to feel comfortable. The concept of "Free Territory" involved various dimensions: it had a physical-geographical, a socio-political as well as an aesthetic dimension – the latter, of course, being of greatest interest in the context of this exhibition.


In order to emphasize the thematic unity of the overall exhibition, the invited artists and those representing the countries are mixed together on the 25,000 square meters of the spacious Oscar Niemeyer Pavillion. Despite the complexity of individual voices, the end result was intended to be a unity.


In addition to an intensification of the North-South dialog inside Brazil, the Bienal's aims include the promoting of links between non-European cultures along a South-South orientation.

  • São Paulo Fashion Week

It seems that Brazil has finally entered the world of fashion with the increasing reputation of famous Brazilian top models such as Gisele Bündchen, Fernanda Tavares and Ana Beatriz Barros, and the "discovery" of some fresh talents such as Alexandre Herchcovitch by some international fashion magazines. As a consequence of this, São Paulo Fashion Week is the place to see and to be seen in Brazilian fashion scene, always attracting a number of international fashion editors and models. Gisele Bündchen Gisele Caroline Bündchen, often simply known as Gisele, was born on July 20, 1980 in Três de Maio, near Horizontina, Rio Grande do Sul, in southern Brazil. ... Fernanda Tavares on the cover of Marie Claire. ... Ana Beatriz Barros on the cover of Victorias Secret Ana Beatriz Barros (born May 29, 1982 in Itabira, Brazil) is a Brazilian supermodel. ... Alexandre Herchcovitch (born in 21 July, 1971, in São Paulo, Brazil) is a notorious fashion designer. ...


Nowadays, São Paulo Fashion Week is one of the most relevant fashion events in Brazil. It takes place twice a year, at the building of Bienal de São Paulo.

  • São Paulo Gay Parade

Also a major event in the city, the São Paulo Gay Parade has brought to Avenida Paulista about 2 million people in 2005, according to official statistics. It is usually opened by the city mayor, and a huge carnival goes all the way downtown.

  • São Silvestre Marathon

The São Silvestre Marathon takes place every New Year's Eve (31 December). It was first held in 1925, when the competitors ran about 8,000 metres around the streets. Since then, the distance raced has varied, and it is now fixed at 15km. Registration takes place from 1st October, with the maximum number of entrants limited to 15,000.


Transportation

Sky View of Sao Paulo (from the top of an Avenida Paulista building)

The city is crossed by many of the most important expressways of the country, like the BR-116, SP-270, SP-280, Rodovia Anhanguera, Rodovia Anchieta, Rodovia Castelo Branco and Rodovia dos Imigrantes. Some railways also cross the city. They are, however, very old and were constructed intending not to attend people, but to transport coffee to the Santos seaport. File links The following pages link to this file: São Paulo Categories: GFDL images ... File links The following pages link to this file: São Paulo Categories: GFDL images ... The Brazilian national net of highways is the second largest of the world. ... The Brazilian national net of highways is the second largest of the world. ... The Brazilian national net of highways is the second largest of the world. ...


São Paulo has two airports. Congonhas Domestic Airport operates domestic and regional flights mainly to Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte and Brasília. Campo de Marte handles some private and small airplanes. Guarulhos International Airport, located 25 km northeast from downtown in the neighbouring city of Guarulhos, operates domestic and international flights to the city. Belo Horizonte (a Portuguese name meaning beautiful horizon) is among the most important cities in Brazil. ... Campo de Marte Fields (see Campus Martius) was São Paulos first airport, opened in 1919. ... Governor Andre Franco Montoro International Airport (IATA airport code GRU) - better known as Guarulhos Airport- is an airport that serves São Paulo, Brazil, located in Guarulhos municipality, 22 km northeast of the São Paulo city centre. ... Guarulhos is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ...


The city has approximately 60 km of subway system (known as Metro), complemented by another 270 km of CPTM (Companhia de Trens Metropolitanos - Company of Metropolitan Trains) railways. Both CPTM and the subway lines carry some 3.5 million people on an average weekday, and a few new underground lines to be constructed are expected to add another million people to the system within the next 5 years. This page refers to urban rail mass transit systems. ... Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos (short form: CPTM, pronunciation: sheh-peh-cheh-ehm) is an rapid-transit company owned by the Estado dos Transportes Metropolitanos = State secretary of the Metropolitan Transport. ...


The bulk of the public transportation (public and private companies) is composed by more than 10,000 buses. Also, there is a strong presence of informal transportation (dab vans).


São Paulo grew quickly from the 1940s to the 1980s and many roads and buildings were constructed without major planning. As a result, heavy traffic is common in the main avenues of the city, and traffic jams are relatively common in its larger highways (mainly during floods). The main mean of commuting into the city is by car and by bus. Events and trends The 1940s were dominated by World War II, the most destructive armed conflict in history. ... Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... Traffic jams are common in heavily populated areas. ...


Ethnic diversity

Eastern cultural influence in Liberdade neighborhood

São Paulo has a great ethnic diversity that can be compared to other major cities: Download high resolution version (475x602, 466 KB)Eastern cultural influence can be easily seen around Liberdade neighborhood. ... Download high resolution version (475x602, 466 KB)Eastern cultural influence can be easily seen around Liberdade neighborhood. ...

  • 3 million people are direct or indirect descendants of Portuguese.
  • 3 million people are direct or indirect descendants of Italians. There is a building named Edifício Itália (Italy Building), in honor to the Italians. It was once the tallest building of the city (165m).
  • 3 million people have direct or indirect African heritage.
  • 1 million people are direct or indirect descendants of Japanese. São Paulo has the largest number of Japanese outside Japan.
  • 1 million people are direct or indirect descendants of Germans.
  • 350 thousand people are direct or indirect descendants of Lebanese.

Other considerable groups are: Africa is the worlds second-largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ...

The word Jew (Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ...

Current critical problems

Since the beginning of the 20th century, São Paulo has been the major economic city of Brazil. With the advent of the two Great Wars and the Great Depression, exportation of coffee to the US and Europe was critically affected, which led the rich coffee farmers to invest in industrialization in the city. This fact attracted many people from other regions of the country, especially from the Northeastern. From a population of merely 32,000 inhabitants in 1880, São Paulo increased its population to approximately 250,000 in 1900, 1,800,000 in 1940, 4,750,000 in 1960 and 8,500,000 in 1980. The effects of this population boom in the city are: The Great Depression was a massive global economic recession (or depression) that ran from 1929 to 1941. ... US,Us or us may stand for the United States of America us, the oblique case form of the English language pronoun we. ... World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ...

  • São Paulo grew quickly and in a very disorganized manner. With no proper organization, the city grew without leaving much space for highways and parks. Major traffic jams are relatively common in many roadways of the city.
  • Migrants, especially from the Northeastern region of the country, often move to São Paulo with hopes of a better life, but more often than not are unable to find work on the city's saturated market and end up living in sub-human conditions or returning to the regions from which they originally came.
  • Approximately 1,500,000 people live in favelas in São Paulo and surrounding areas.
  • There crime ratio is high, and kidnappings and robbery are considered relatively common in the city.
  • Floods are common in São Paulo, as a consequence of rare green areas and relative impermeability of the ground. Rainwater cannot be properly drained and water accumulates quickly, causing floods in specific regions of the city.
  • Air pollution is high and the two major rivers crossing the city, Rio Tietê and Rio Pinheiros, are critically polluted, although these rivers are currently being depolluted.
  • Although there are several parks across the city, the per capita green area of São Paulo is very small. This fact, associated with high criminality, led to a reclusion in the lives of many people in the city. Condominiums equipped with cameras and homes and apartments with windows equipped with bars are common in the city.

The Tietê River (Portuguese name: Rio Tietê) is a river in the state of Sao Paulo in Brazil. ...

Major holidays

January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Swabian-Alemannic carnival clowns in Wolfach, Germany A carnival parade is a public celebration, combining some elements of a circus and public street party, generally during the Carnival Season. ... Easter is the most important holiday of the Christian year, observed in March, April, or May each year to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus from the dead after his death by crucifixion (see Good Friday), which Christians believe happened at about this time of year around AD 30-33. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... Categories: Brazil-related stubs | 1746 births | 1792 deaths | People stubs ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... This article is about the month of May. ... Corpus Christi celebrations in Antigua Guatemala, 14 June, 1979 Corpus Christi (Latin: Body of Christ) in Catholicism is a religious feast celebrated by on the eighth Sunday after Easter, i. ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... São Paulo is a state in Brazil. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... A male Caucasian toddler child A child (plural: children) is a young human. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining. ... Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. ...

External links

  • São Paulo City Hall Website (http://www.prefeitura.sp.gov.br) (in Portuguese)
  • São Paulo Official Tourism Site (http://anhembi.terra.com.br/turismo/eng/default.asp)
  • Sao Paulo Official Home Page (http://www.saopaulo.sp.gov.br/ingles/saopaulo/index.htm)
  • Apontador – Sao Paulo Street Map (http://www.apontador.com.br)
  • Photo gallery of São Paulo's rail systems (http://urbanrail.fotopic.net/c318757.html)
  • São Paulo mayoral race 2004 pages (http://www.citymayors.com/politics/brazil_04elections.html)

Photographs

Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
São Paulo (city), Brazil
  • Virtual postcards (http://anhembi.terra.com.br/turismo/eng/) (requires to locate and click on the option entitled "postcards")
  • Brazil Skyscrapers (http://www.brazilskyscrapers.hpg.com.br) – Many Photos of São Paulo and its skyscrapers
  • A very complete photo album (http://members.aol.com/pochetti5/sampa-brazil.html)

 
 

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