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Encyclopedia > Rzhevsky

Rzhev (Russian: Ржев) is the uppermost town situated on the Volga River. It is located in Tver Oblast of Western Russia, 49 km southwest of Staritsa and 126 km from Tver, on the highway and railway connecting Moscow and Minsk, at 56°17′00″N, 34°20′00″E. The second largest city in the oblast, Rzhev has 63,729 inhabitants (2002). The Volga river in Western Russia, Europes longest river, with a length of 3,690 km (2,293 miles), provides the core of the largest river system in Europe. ... Tver Oblast (Russian: Тверска́я о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... View of Staritsa in 2002. ... Tvers coat of arms depicts grand ducal crown placed on a throne. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: (help· info)) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... Victory Square, the central place of Minsk Minsk or Miensk (Belarusian: ; Russian: ; Polish: ) is the capital and a major city of Belarus with a population of 1. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

View of Rzhev before the Russian Revolution.
View of Rzhev before the Russian Revolution.

Rzhev rivals Toropets as the oldest town of the region. Rzhevians usually point out that their town is mentioned in the Novgorod laws as early as 1019. Their neighbours from Toropets, on the other hand, give more credence to Rzhev's first mention in a major chronicle under 1216, when it was in possession of Mstislav the Bold, Prince of Toropets. Whatever the truth may be, it is clear that medieval Rzhev was bitterly contested by three regional powers—the Republic of Novgorod, the Princedom of Smolensk, and the Grand Princedom of Vladimir-Suzdal. Image File history File links Rzhev. ... Image File history File links Rzhev. ... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political events in Russia, which, after the elimination of the Russian autocracy system, and the Provisional Government (Duma), resulted in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... Toropets (Торопец in Russian) is a town of 14,600 inhabitants (2002 census) in the Tver Oblast (extreme western Russia), where the tiny Toropa River enters Lake Solomeno. ... Medieval walls of Novgorod City The Novgorod Feudal Republic (Новгородская феодальная республика in Russian, or Novgorodskaya feodalnaya respublika) was a powerful medieval state which stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Ural Mountains between the 12th and 15th century. ... Events Toi invasion: Jurchen pirates invade Kyushu. ... Events Prince Louis of France, the future King Louis VIII, invades England in the First Barons War Henry III becomes King of England. ... Mstislav Mstislavich the Bold (Russian: ) was one of the most popular and active princes of Kievan Rus in the decades preceding Mongol invasion of Rus. ... A view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: ) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dnieper River at 54. ... Vladimir-Suzdal Principality, Vladimir-Suzdal Rus (Владимирско-Суздальская Русь), or Vladimir-Suzdal Grand Duchy (Влади́миро-Су́здальское кня́жество) was one of major principalities within the Kievan Rus and after its collapse. ...


Following the Mongol invasion, Rzhev passed to a lateral branch of the Smolensk dynasty, which made the town its capital. Later the princes divided the town in two parts, which are still called the Prince-Dmitry's Side and Prince-Theodor's Side. In the mid-14th century, they had a hard time repelling attacks from Algirdas of Lithuania and Grand Princes of Tver, which bought all the villages around the town. Finally, they left for Moscow, where their descendants (the Rzhevsky family) have become comic characters of many an anecdote. In the meantime, the town was occupied for a short space by Tver, Poland-Lithuania, and finally by Muscovy. The Mongol Invasion of Russia was an invasion of the medieval state of Kievan Rus by a large army of nomadic Mongols, starting in 1223. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Columns of Gediminas Algirdas (approximate English transcription [ˈaːl(É™).gır. ... Russian jokes or anekdoty (Russian: анекдо́ты), the most popular form of Russian humour, are short fictional stories or dialogues with a punch line. ... The Commonwealth around 1619 Official languages Polish, Latin Established church Roman Catholic Capital Cracow (until 1596) Warsaw (from 1596) Largest City Gdańsk, later Warsaw Head of state King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania Area about 1 million km² Population about 11 million Existed 1569 - 1795 The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ...


In the 18th century, local merchants, mainly of Old Believer confession, brought a great measure of prosperity to the town. This was disrupted by the Russian Revolution and the bloody and inconclusive Battles of Rzhev (1942) which all but wiped out the town. More than one sixth of the population was sent off to forced labor in Germany during the Nazi occupation and some 9,000 citizens were shot, starved or tortured to death in a concentration camp set up in the center of town. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... A fragment of painting Boyarynya Morozova by Vasily Surikov depicting a defiant Old Believer arrested by Czar authorities in 1671. ... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political events in Russia, which, after the elimination of the Russian autocracy system, and the Provisional Government (Duma), resulted in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... The formation of the Rzhev salient during the winter of 1941-1942. ... This article is about the year. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nazism. ... A concentration camp is a large detention center created for political opponents, enemy aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war. ...


Almost no old architecture survives the ravages of the Second World War. World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a large scale military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ...


Rzhev has been hard hit by an outbreak of hepatitis A associated with breakdown of sewage treatment and water purification facilities. Vaccination is advised for travelers and is being given to workers in the food catering industry. Hepatitis A is an enterovirus transmitted by the orofecal route, such as contaminated food. ... Sewage treatment is the process that removes the majority of the contaminants from waste-water or sewage and produces both a liquid effluent suitable for disposal to the natural environment and a sludge. ... Water purification is the removal of contaminants from raw water to produce drinking water that is pure enough for human consumption. ... Vaccination is a term coined by Edward Jenner for the process of administering live, albeit weakened, microbes to patients, with the intent of conferring immunity against a targeted form of a related disease agent. ...


Rzhev produces most of the cranes used in constructing apartment buildings and shopping malls in Moscow. A tower crane with a pivoted main boom Cranes on the Shenska River, Cherepovets, Russia A crane is a tower or derrick equipped with cables and pulleys that is used to lift and lower materials. ... An apartment building, block of flats or tenement is a multi-unit dwelling made up of several (generally four or more) apartments (US) or flats (UK). ... The Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota — the third-largest in the world. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Russian joke - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (7848 words)
Poruchik (lieutenant) Rzhevsky is a fictional cavalry officer interacting with characters from the novel War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy.
In the aristocratic setting of high-society balls and 19th century social sophistication, Rzhevsky, famous of brisk but not very smart remarks, keeps ridiculing the decorum with his vulgarities.
Poruchik Rzhevsky is dancing with Natasha Rostova at the Grand Ball and suddenly he needs to take a leak.
Soviet Union's past remains buried / Human rights group trying to uncover full truth behind Stalin's bloody reign (1109 words)
Rzhevsky Artillery Range, Russia -- They killed them effortlessly, in the signature style of Josef Stalin's dreaded NKVD secret police: one.45 Colt bullet to the back of the skull, the bullet's exit shattering the facial bones.
As Stalin's paranoid purges of the 1930s swept across Russia, NKVD henchmen killed as many as 32,000 Soviet men, women and children at this place in a decade's time, the Russian human rights group Memorial estimates, based on the testimony of witnesses and written accounts.
What lies beneath the mulberry bogs of the Rzhevsky range could be perhaps the single biggest grave of victims of the Great Terror ever found in the former Soviet Union.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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