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Encyclopedia > Rzhev

Rzhev is the uppermost town situated on the Volga river. It is located in the Tver Oblast of Western Russia, 49km to the south-west of Staritsa and 126 km from Tver, on the highway and railway connecting Moscow and Minsk. It had 68,000 inhabitants in 1975. For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1. ... Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia ... Tver (Russian: Тверь), formerly (1931-1990) Kalinin (Калинин) after Mikhail Kalinin, is a city in Russia, center of Tver Oblast (region). ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Maskvá  listen) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... Victory Square, the central place of Minsk Minsk (Belarusian: Мінск (offical spelling in Belarus), Менск; Polish: Mińsk, Russian: Минск) (population 1. ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ...


Rzhev rivals Toropets as the oldest town of the region. Rzhevians usually point out that their town is mentioned in the Novgorod laws as early as 1019. Their neighbours from Toropets, on the other hand, give more credence to Rzhev's first mention in a major chronicle under 1216, when it was in possession of Mstislav the Bold, Prince of Toropets. Whatever the truth may be, it is clear that medieval Rzhev was bitterly contested by three regional powers - the Republic of Novgorod, the Princedom of Smolensk and the Grand Princedom of Vladimir-Suzdal. Events Toi invasion: Jurchen pirates invade Kyushu. ... Events Prince Louis of France, the future King Louis VIII, invades England in the First Barons War Henry III becomes King of England. ... The Novgorod Republic was an early republic that existed in the North-West territory of modern day Russia, in Novgorod lands between 1136 and 1478. ... The view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: Смоленск;, Belarusian: Смаленск) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dniepr river at 54. ... Vladimir-Suzdal Principality, Vladimir-Suzdal Rus (Владимирско-Суздальская Русь), or Vladimir-Suzdal Grand Duchy (Влади́миро-Су́здальское кня́жество) was one of major principalities within the Kievan Rus and after its collapse. ...


Following the Mongol invasion, Rzhev passed to a lateral branch of the Smolensk dynasty, which made the town its capital. Later the princes divided the town in two parts, which are still called the Prince-Dmitry's Side and Prince-Theodor's Side. In the mid-14th century, they had a hard time repelling attacks from Algirdas of Lithuania and Grand Princes of Tver, which bought all the villages around the town. Finally, they left for Moscow, where their descendants (the Rzhevsky family) have become comic characters of many an anecdote. In the meantime, the town was occupied for a short space by Tver, Poland-Lithuania, and finally by Muscovy. The Mongol Invasion of Russia was an invasion of the medieval state of Kievan Rus by a large army of nomadic Mongols, starting in 1223. ... Pillars of Gediminas Algirdas (known as Olgierd in Slavic languages), b. ... Tver (Russian: Тверь), formerly (1931-1990) Kalinin (Калинин) after Mikhail Kalinin, is a city in Russia, center of Tver Oblast (region). ... Tver (Russian: Тверь), formerly (1931-1990) Kalinin (Калинин) after Mikhail Kalinin, is a city in Russia, center of Tver Oblast (region). ... The Commonwealth around 1619 Official languages Polish, Latin Established church Roman Catholic Capital Cracow (until 1596) Warsaw (from 1596) Largest City Gdańsk, later Warsaw Head of state King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania Area about 1 million km² Population about 11 million Existed 1569 - 1795 The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth... This article is about Muscovite Russia. ...


In the 18th century, local merchants, mainly of Old Believer confession, brought a great measure of prosperity to the town. This was disrupted by the Russian revolution and the bloody and inconclusive Battles of Rzhev (1942) which all but wiped out the town. Almost no old architecture survives the ravages of the WWII. The phrase Russian Revolution can refer to three specific events in the history of Imperial Russia. ... Rzhev Battles (Ржевская битва) is a general term for a series of World War II offensives launched during January 8, 1942— March 22, 1943 by Soviet forces in the general directions of Rzhev, Sychevka and Vyazma against a German salient in the vicinity of Moscow, known as Rzhev meat grinder... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Battles of Rzhev - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (346 words)
The formation of the Rzhev salient during the winter of 1941-1942.
However due of the general course of war, in February, 1943 Hitler ordered the troops to leave the Rzhev-Vyazma Salient, and the Rzhev-Vyazma Offensive of March, 1943 turned into a pursuit of the retreating Germans.
During the whole series of the Rzhev battles the losses of the Soviet Army are estimated by nearly 2,000,000 personnel.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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