FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Ryegrass
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Ryegrass
Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne)
Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Lolium
L.
Species

See text Lolium perenne1. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Pteridophyta - ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants... It has been suggested that Angiospermae, and Anthophyta be merged into this article or section. ... Liliopsida is the botanical name for a class. ... families see text Poales is a botanical name at the rank of order. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ...

Ryegrass (Lolium) is a genus of nine species of tufted grasses, family Poaceae. Also called tares, these plants are native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, but are widely cultivated and naturalised elsewhere. Ryegrasses are naturally diploid, with 2n = 14, and are closely related to the fescues Festuca. Caution: Grass should never be eaten For other uses, see Grass (disambiguation). ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... World map exhibiting the location of Europe. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... Diploid (meaning double in Greek) cells have two copies (homologs) of each chromosome (both sex- and non-sex determining chromosomes), usually one from the mother and one from the father. ... Species See text Fescue (Festuca) is a genus of about 300 species of tufted grasses, belonging to the grass family Poaceae. ...


Ryegrass should not be confused with Rye, which is a grain crop. Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ...

Species

The following are accepted as distinct species:

  • Lolium canariense Steud. - Canary Islands Ryegrass
  • Lolium edwardii H.Scholz, Stierst. & Gaisberg
  • Lolium multiflorum Lam. - Italian Ryegrass
  • Lolium perenne L. - Perennial Ryegrass
  • Lolium persicum - Persian Ryegrass or Persian Darnel
  • Lolium remotum Schrank
  • Lolium rigidum Gaudin - Stiff Darnel, Wimmera Ryegrass
  • Lolium temulentum L. - Darnel, Poison Darnel

Binomial name Lolium perenne L. The Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is a tufted grass from the family Poaceae. ... Binomial name Lolium persicum Persian darnel or Lolium persicum is an annual grass. ... Binomial name Lolium temulentum L. Lolium temulentum, typically known as darnel or cockle, is an annual plant that forms part of the Poaceae family and part of the Lolium genus. ...

Cultivation and uses

Ryegrasses contain some species which are important grasses for both lawns, notably at The Championships, Wimbledon, and as pasture and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed. They are also used in soil erosion control programs. It is the principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year. There is an enormous range of cultivars. The primary species found worldwide and utilized for both lawns and as a forage crop is perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Like many cool-season grasses, it is often infected by a clandestine, fungal endophyte which lives symbiotically within its leaves. For other uses, see Lawn (disambiguation). ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest event in the sport of tennis. ... Pastureland Pasture is land with lush herbaceous vegetation cover used for grazing of ungulates as part of a farm or ranch. ... Hay is dried grass or legumes cut and used for animal feed. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... SOiL is a five-piece hard rock/metal music group from Chicago, Illinois. ... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. For erosion as understood by materials science, see Erosion (materials science) For erosion as an English analogy, see Erosion (figurative) Erosion is the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) by the agents of wind, water... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ...


Some species, particularly L. temulentum, are weeds which can have a severe impact on the production of wheat and other crops. Ryegrass pollen is also one of the major causes of hay fever. A common weed flower A weed is a plant that is considered to be a nuisance in a garden or other agricultural development. ... SEM image of pollen grains from a variety of common plants: sunflower (Helianthus annuus), morning glory (Ipomoea purpurea), prairie hollyhock (Sidalcea malviflora), oriental lily (Lilium auratum), evening primrose (Oenothera fruticosa), and castor bean (Ricinus communis). ... For the play, see Hay Fever. ...


Synonyms

Lolium temulentum (Poison Darnel)
Lolium temulentum (Poison Darnel)
  • L. ambiguum = Lolium multiflorum
  • L. annuum = Lolium temulentum
  • L. arundinaceum = Festuca arundinacea
  • L. berteronianum = Lolium temulentum
  • L. brasilianum = Lolium perenne
  • L. canadense = Lolium perenne
  • L. crassiculme = Lolium rigidum
  • L. cuneatum = Lolium temulentum
  • L. dorei = Lolium persicum
  • L. giganteum = Festuca gigantea
  • L. gracile = Lolium temulentum
  • L. lepturoides = Lolium rigidum subsp. lepturoides
  • L. marschallii = Lolium perenne
  • L. parabolicae = Lolium rigidum
  • L. pratense = Festuca pratensis
  • L. remotum = Lolium temulentum subsp. remotum
  • L. romanum = Lolium multiflorum
  • L. scabrum = Lolium multiflorum
  • L. siculum = Lolium multiflorum
  • L. subulatum = Lolium rigidum subsp. lepturoides
  • L. teres = Lolium rigidum subsp. lepturoides
  • L. trabutii = Lolium rigidum

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1483x2451, 1014 KB) Name Lolium temulentum Family Poaceae Original book source: Prof. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1483x2451, 1014 KB) Name Lolium temulentum Family Poaceae Original book source: Prof. ...

References

  • Flora Europaea: Lolium
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Lolium perenne

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ryegrass - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (245 words)
Ryegrass (Lolium) is a genus of nine species of tufted grasses, family Poaceae.
Ryegrass should not be confused with Rye, which is a grain crop.
Ryegrasses contain some species which are important grasses for both lawns, notably at The Championships, Wimbledon, and as pasture and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed.
Ryegrass Temporary Sports Turf for the South (1273 words)
Ryegrasses are widely used as a temporary turfgrass throughout the southern region for overseeding dormant warm season grasses.
Ryegrasses are noted for their fast establishment rate and are primarily used for temporary cover in the South.
Ryegrass is the least drought tolerant of the southern turfgrasses and needs frequent watering in the spring and early summer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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