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Encyclopedia > Rye whiskey

Rye whiskey describes two types of whiskies, theoretically distilled from rye. Whisky (or whiskey) is an alcoholic beverage distilled from grain, often including malt, which has then been aged in wooden barrels. ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ...

A bottle of rye whiskey
A bottle of rye whiskey

In the United States, "rye whiskey" is, by law, made from a mash of at least 51 percent rye. (The other ingredients of the mash are usually corn and malted barley.) It is distilled to no more than 160 (U.S.) proof, and aged in oak barrels. The whiskey must be put into the barrels at no more than 125 (U.S.) proof.[1] Rye whiskey was the prevalent whiskey of the northeastern states, especially Pennsylvania and Maryland, but largely disappeared after Prohibition, with only a few remaining producers. American whiskey, like Irish whiskey, is spelled with the "e", with most Canadian or Scottish whiskies omitting the letter. Image File history File linksMetadata RyeWhiskey. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RyeWhiskey. ... Mashing is a stage in the brewing process where grains are steeped in water at specific temperatures, to facilitate enzyme activity and starch conversion. ... “Corn” redirects here. ... Binomial name Hordeum vulgare L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is a major food and animal feed crop, a member of the grass family Poaceae. ... Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ... Alcoholic proof is a measure of how much ethanol is in an alcoholic beverage, and is approximately twice the percentage of alcohol by volume (ABV, the unit that is commonly used presently). ... Whiskey barrels at the Jack Daniels distillery Barrels for aging wine in Napa Valley An aging barrel is a barrel used to age wine or distilled spirits such as whiskey, brandy, or rum. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Traditional wooden barrels in Cutchogue Modern stainless steel beer barrels - also called casks or kegs - outside the Castle Rock microbrewery in Nottingham, England For other uses, see Barrel (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English, Pennsylvania Dutch Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... The term Prohibition, also known as Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ...


Stronger in flavor than Bourbon, rye whiskey is sometimes referred to as America's equivelent of an Islay whisky[2] Bourbon (from French) or Borbón (from Spanish) can refer to people, places, food and drink, political events, and popular culture. ... Islay whisky is Scotch whisky made on Islay, the southernmost of the Inner Hebridean Islands. ...

Contents

Canadian/Rye differences

Canadian whisky is also called "rye whisky" in Canada and in some portions of the United States, as historically much of the content was from rye. Today, however, most Canadian rye whisky is blended with only a small portion, if any, coming from rye. Popular brands are Canadian Club and Crown Royal. In Canada, almost all Canadian Whisky is labeled as Rye Whisky with the exception of those which contain effectively no rye. There is no legal requirement for rye to be included in the blend used to make "Rye Whisky" in Canada[3]. The only remaining 100% rye Rye Whisky made in Canada is Alberta Premium. Canadian whisky is whisky made in Canada; by law it must be aged there at least three years in a barrel. ... Canadian Club is a brand of whisky from Canada. ... Crown Royal is a ten-year blended Canadian whisky, 40% alcohol (ethanol) by volume, 80 proof. ... Alberta Premium (by Alberta Distillers Ltd, of Calgary, Alberta, Canada) is the only remaining 100% rye grain rye whiskey produced in Canada. ...


Bourbon/Rye differences

Rye is known for imparting what many call a "peppery" flavor to the whiskey, and it also has a bitter quality. Bourbon is distilled from at least 51% corn mash (though it may contain rye as well), and has a very different flavor. Bourbon is noticeably sweeter, and tends to be slightly heavier bodied than rye. The two whiskeys can be used fairly interchageably in cocktails calling for one or the other, though all other things being equal, the character of the cocktail will be somewhat drier with rye. Further, there are those who maintain that certain cocktails that were traditionally made with rye, such as the Manhattan, are better that way. Bourbon bottle, 19th century Bourbon is an American form of whiskey made from (pursuant to U.S. trade law) at least 51% corn, or maize, (typically about 70%) with the remainder being wheat and/or rye, and malted barley. ... A Manhattan is a cocktail made with whiskey, sweet vermouth, and bitters. ...


Scotch/Rye differences

Scotch whisky whisky is distilled from barley mash, which is sometimes dried over a slow peat fire. This is what gives Scotch its distinctive smoky, slightly oily flavor. While many cocktails (such as the Rob Roy, which is basically a Manhattan made with Scotch instead of rye) are based on Scotch, it's highly distinctve flavor resists "marrying" with other spirits, or fruit juices. Scotch is probably best enjoyed "neat" or on the rocks, though it is very popular mixed with soda water for a "Scotch and Soda". Unlike bourbon and rye - and not withstanding some unfortunate cocktail recipes - Scotch is, to most people's taste, not interchangeable with other whiskeys like rye in cocktails. An independent bottling of Royal Brackla Single Malt Scotch whisky is whisky made in Scotland. ... A Rob Roy is a cocktail with a certain structural similarity to a Manhattan and also to the ubiquitous Martini. ...


Distillers

In 1996, Fritz Maytag of the Anchor Brewery in San Francisco, California, began distilling Old Potrero Single Malt Whiskey under the label Anchor Distilling. The whiskey is made from 100 percent malted rye, and is one of the few single malt whiskeys produced in the United States. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Frederick Louis Maytag III (born December 9, 1937 in Newton, Iowa), or Fritz Maytag, is the owner of Anchor Brewing Company in San Francisco and is Chairman of the Board of the Maytag Dairy Farms. ... Anchor Brewing Company is an alcoholic beverage producer, operating a microbrewery and distillery on Potrero Hill in San Francisco, California. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ... Malted barley Malting is a process applied to cereal grains, in which the grains are made to germinate and then are quickly dried before the plant develops. ... Single malt whiskey, sometimes spelled whisky, is an alcoholic beverage which comes from a single distillery, in which all the grain used for the mash has been malted. ...


Other prominent rye whiskey distillers in the United States include Jim Beam and Austin, Nichols, which markets its product under the Wild Turkey brand at 80 and 101 proof. Other brands include Old Overholt, Sazerac, Van Winkle Family Reserve, Rittenhouse, Michter's and Pikesville. The standard white Jim Beam label Jim Beam is a brand of bourbon whiskey, distilled in Clermont, Kentucky. ... Austin, Nichols & Company, Inc. ... Wild Turkey bourbon bottle and logo Wild Turkey (also known as the dirty bird) is a line of Kentucky bourbon whiskey distilled and bottled by the Austin, Nichols division of Pernod Ricard, an international beverage corporation. ... Alcoholic proof is a measure of how much ethanol is in an alcoholic beverage, and is approximately twice the percentage of alcohol by volume (ABV, the unit that is commonly used presently). ...


Specialities

"Rock and Rye" is a liqueur made from rye whiskey with fruit flavorings (primarily citrus), with a bit of rock candy (crystallized sucrose) in the bottle. It is also the name of a toddy made with rye whiskey, bitters and rock candy. Rock candy is a type of confectionery composed of relatively large sugar crystals. ... Toddy may be: Hot toddy, a mixed drink served hot Palm wine, also known as palm toddy Toddy coffee, a drink made from ground-pressed coffee Tuak, a tropical palm wine found in Southeast Asia Toddy (PepsiCo), a hot chocolate drink marketed in Brazil: [1], [2] Svetoslav Todorov, Bulgarian international... bitter An antique (probably 1880s) bitters bottle from Germany that sold for $1240. ...


Rye Bottlings

American Rye

  • Anchor Distilling Company
    • Old Potrero
    • Old Potrero 18th Century (100% rye mash, oak barrels are toasted rather than charred as for modern whiskey)
    • Old Portrero Hotaling's
  • Austin Nichols (Pernod Ricard)
  • Buffalo Trace
    • Sazerac 6 Year
    • Sazerac 18 Year
  • Classic Cask
    • Classic Cask Kentucky Straight Rye Whiskey 21 Year
  • Heaven Hill
    • Rittenhouse Rye 80 proof
    • Rittenhouse Rye 100 proof Bottled In Bond
    • Pikesville
    • Vintage 23 Year
    • Vintage 21 Year
  • Jim Beam
    • Jim Beam Rye (Yellow Label)
  • Kentucky Bourbon Distillers, Ltd
  • Michters American Whiskey Co.
    • Michters
    • Michters 10 Year
  • Old Overholt
  • Old Rip Van Winkle (now distilled by Buffalo Trace)
    • Van Winkle Family Reserve Rye 13 Year
  • Templeton Rye (currently distributed only in the state of Iowa)
  • Tuthilltown Spirits
    • Hudson Manhattan Rye
    • Government Warning Rye

Anchor Steam Beer 12 oz. ... Austin, Nichols & Company, Inc. ... Binomial name Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus, 1758 For other uses, see Wild Turkey (disambiguation). ... Heaven Hill is a brand of bourbon whiskey distilled and bottled in Bardstown, Kentucky. ... Bottled in bond refers to a method of aging and strength of American whiskeys. ... The standard white Jim Beam label Jim Beam is a brand of bourbon whiskey, distilled in Clermont, Kentucky. ... The Redhook Ale Brewery NASDAQ: HOOK, headquartered in Seattle, Washington, is a brewer of craft beers, with operations in Woodinville, Washington and Portsmouth, New Hampshire. ... A bottle of rye whiskey Old Overholt (distilled by A. Overholt & Co, in Clermont, Kentucky but originally of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania), is one of the few straight rye whiskies available at most liquor stores in the United States. ...

Canadian Rye

Alberta Premium (by Alberta Distillers Ltd, of Calgary, Alberta, Canada) is the only remaining 100% rye grain rye whiskey produced in Canada. ...

Rye Whiskey in Popular Culture

  • The Don McLean song "The Day the Music Died" (commonly known as "American Pie") contains a reference to rye whiskey in the chorus.
  • Folk singer Woody Guthrie recorded a brief song entitled "Rye Whiskey."

Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the people. ... Jack of Diamonds (a. ...

References

  1. ^ "Standards of Identity for Distilled Spirits," Title 27 Code of Federal Regulations, Pt. 5.22., 2006 ed., 48-49.
  2. ^ "You are all going to discover the beauty of young rye whiskey," Roundtable Interview, Malt Advocate Volume 16, Number 2, 2007.
  3. ^ "Canadian Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870) - Canadian Whisky, Canadian Rye Whisky or Rye Whisky (B.02.020.)"

  Results from FactBites:
 
Whisky - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (605 words)
Similar conventions exist for "Irish whiskey," "Canadian whisky," and "Bourbon Whiskey." In North America, the abbreviated term "Scotch" is usually used for "Scotch Whisky." In England, Scotland, and Wales, the term "Whisky" almost always refers to "Scotch Whisky", and the term "Scotch" is rarely used by itself.
Various types of straight whiskey, such as Rye whiskey, Tennessee whiskey, and Bourbon whiskey which are produced in the U.S. are aged in charred, oak barrels.
At one time much of the whiskey produced in the U.S. was "Bottled-in-Bond" according to the dictates of an [1898] Act of Congress; this practice has been largely discontinued, because one of the requirements of the Act was that such whiskey be produced at 100 U.S. alcoholic proof (50% alcohol by volume).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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