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Encyclopedia > Ryazan

Coordinates: 54°36′N 39°42′E / 54.6, 39.7 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Coat of Arms
Image:Coat of Arms of Ryazan large.png

Ryazan (Russian: Ряза́нь IPA: [rʲɪˈzanʲ]) is a city in the Central Federal District of Russia, the administrative center of Ryazan Oblast. It is located on the Oka River 196 km south-east of Moscow. Population: 521,560 (2002 Census); 514,638 (1989 Census). Ryazan is twinned with Münster and Lovech. The strategic bomber base Dyagilevo is found just west of the city, and the abandoned air base of Alexandrovo is to the southeast as is the small Ryazan Turlatovo Airport. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... Central Federal District (Russian: Центра́льный федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... Ryazan Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Oka (Russian: Ока́) is a great river in Russia, the biggest right confluent of the Volga. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... The 1989 Soviet Census was the final and most comprehensive census taken within The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics The census officially recorded the popullation of the USSR at 286,717,000, making it the third most populous country in the world. ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... View over Lovech The Covered Bridge Lovech (Bulgarian: Ловеч) is a town in north-central Bulgaria with a population of about 50,000. ... Dyagilevo (also given as Dyagilevo, Dyaghilevo) is an air base in Ryazan Oblast, Russia located 11 km west of Ryazan. ... Ryazan Alexandrovo (also given as Aleksandrovo and Protasovo) is an air base in Ryazan Oblast, Russia located 19 kilometers (12 mi) southeast of Ryazan. ... Ryazan Turlatovo Airport (ICAO: UUBR) is an airport in Ryazan Oblast, Russia located 10 km southeast of Ryazan. ...

Contents

History

Ryazan Kremlin
Ryazan Kremlin

It is argued that the Ryazan kremlin was founded in 1095 by Slavic settlers,[citation needed] as a step of their drive into the territory previously populated by Finnic peoples. Initially it was built of wood, gradually replaced by masonry. The oldest preserved part of the kremlin dates back to the 15th century. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 434 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kremlin from the Oka River, Ryazan, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 434 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kremlin from the Oka River, Ryazan, 2005. ... Moscow Kremlin in the 19th century. ... Moscow Kremlin in the 19th century. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Finnic peoples (Fennic, sometimes Baltic-Finnic) refers to a group of related ethnic groups and nations speaking Finnic languages (also known as Balto-Finnic languages). ...


However, the city is first mentioned as Pereslavl'-Ryazansky only in 1301. At the time it was part of the Ryazan Principality, independent from 1129. The first ruler of Ryazan was supposedly Yaroslav Sviatoslavich, Prince of Chernigov (a city of Kievan Rus'), later Prince of Murom-Ryzan. Ryazan Principality existed from 1129 when it was separated from the Murom-Ryazan Principality. ... Chernihiv (Чернігів in Ukrainian) is an ancient city in northern Ukraine, the central city of Chernihivska oblast. Some common historical spellings of the name are Polish: Czernichów, and Russian: Чернигов, Chernigov. ... Coat of arms Map of the Kievan Rus′, 11th century Capital Kiev Religion Orthodox Christianity Government Monarchy Historical era Middle Ages  - Established 9th century  - Disestablished 12th century Currency Hryvnia Kievan Rus′ was an early, mostly East Slavic[1] state dominated by the city of Kiev from about 880 to the... Murom downtown sprawls along the bank of the Oka Murom (Russian: ; Old Norse: Moramar) is a historic city in Vladimir Oblast, Russia, which sprawls majestically along the left bank of Oka River, about 300 km east of Moscow, at 55°34′N 42°02′E. Population is 145,500 (2002). ...


This area, situated as it is at the junction of forest and steppe zones, suffered from numerous invasions from the south: khazars, pechenegs, polovtsians. The early capital of the principality, Ryazan was the first Russian city to meet the Mongols of Batu Khan. On December 21, 1237 it was devastated and failed to recover to its previous position. This site is now known as Staraya Ryazan (Old Ryazan) and is situated some 50 km from the actual Ryazan (then Pereslavl-Ryazansky). A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: - , Ukrainian: - , Kazakh: - ), pronounced in English as , is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses... The Khazars (Hebrew Kuzari כוזרי Kuzarim כוזרים; Turkish Hazar Hazarlar; Russian Хазарин Хазары; Tatar sing Xäzär Xäzärlär; Crimean Tatar: ; Greek Χαζάροι/Χάζαροι; Persianخزر khazar; Latin Gazari or Cosri) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia, many of whom converted to Judaism. ... Pechenegs or Patzinaks, also known as Besenyők, were a semi-nomadic steppes people of Central Asia that spoke a Turkic language. ... The Cumans, also known as Polovtsy (Slavic for yellowish) were a nomadic West Turkic tribe living on the north of the Black Sea along the Volga. ... The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ... Batu Khan (Russian: , Ukrainian: ) (c. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Thomas II of Savoy becomes count of Flanders. ...


In the 1380 Battle of Kulikovo, a key event in Russian history, Grand Prince Oleg of Ryazan and his men fought as allies of Mamai, a strongman of the Tartar Golden Horde, against the Russian armies under the command of the Grand Prince of Vladimir, Dmitri Ivanovich of Moscow. September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow resist a large invasion by the Blue Horde, Lithuania and Ryazan, stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... Combatants Combined Russian armies The Golden Horde Commanders Dmitri Ivanovich of Moscow Mamai Strength About 80,000 About 125,000 Casualties About 40,000 able body men left Unknown The Battle of Kulikovo (Russian: ), also called Battle on the Snipes Field (Кулик means snipe), was fought by the Tartaro-Mongols (the... Mamai (or Mamay) was a powerful military commander of Golden Horde in the 1370s, who resided in the western part of this nomadic state, which is now the Southern Ukrainian Steppes and the Crimean Peninsula. ... The four successor Khanates of the Mongol Empire: Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde, Il-Khanate and Chagatai Khanate The Golden Horde (Mongolian: Altan Ordyn Uls; Turkish: ; Tatar: ; Russian: ) was a Mongol[1][2][3][4] — later Turkicized[3] — khanate established in parts of present-day Russia... Population 315,954 (2002) Time zone Moscow (MSK/MSD), UTC +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD) Latitude/Longitude Vladimir (Russian: ) is an old city in Russia. ... Statue of Dmitri Donskoi (1862). ...


Late in the 13th century the Princes of Ryazan moved their capital to Pereslavl, which is known as Ryazan from the 16th century (officially renamed in 1778). The principality was finally incorporated into that of Moscow in 1521. Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ...


In 1990 it hosted a group of hot air balloonists from the United Kingdom. 24 balloons arrived by road whilst the crews flew from London to Moscow then travelled by bus to Ryazan. Each crew was allocated an interpreter who advised them on local customs. The crews spent about a week in Ryazan and made several flights over the area. The Red Army provided the retrieve vehicles for the teams (two balloons to a vehicle). [citations needed]


In September 1999, Ryazan was one of the cities involved in the Russian apartment bombings episode, though did not actually experience a successful bomb attack. The Russian apartment bombings were a series of bombings in Russia that killed nearly 300 people and led the country into the Second Chechen War. ...


Modern Ryazan

Ryazan's Drama Theater
Ryazan's Drama Theater

Ryazan is a fast-changing city, especially in the areas around the Novosyolov and Moskovskoye Shosse streets. Large shopping malls started to appear recently, and a new indoor skating rink was built on the Novosyolov. The city is home to the Airborne Forces academy. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 442 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Detail Drama theater, Ryazan, Ryazan Oblast, Russia, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 442 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Detail Drama theater, Ryazan, Ryazan Oblast, Russia, 2005. ... Rockefeller Centre ice rink An ice rink is a frozen body of water where people can ice skate or play winter sports. ... VDV flag. ...


Due to its close location to Moscow (three hours by train) modern Ryazan has a boisterous nightlife. Every weekend local clubs and pubs host euro-dance, house and occasionally RnB parties. Clubs like Sunset, Maska, Molotov, Cosmic and Fusion cocktail hall had gained popularity among Ryazan upscale youth and some foreign students. Newy launched restaurants Nebo, Paravoz and Carroll also host irregular parties. Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Eurodance is a colloquial and marketing term for a type of European synthesizer-driven dance music which became popular worldwide in the early- to mid-1990s. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ...


The main rock scene of the city is legendary Planetary art-club. During nearly 10 years of its existence a wide number of Russian and European rock, punk, numetal, emo and avant-garde bands have performed at Planetary. Even American indie rock bands like Briston have made an appearance. For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Nu metal (also called aggro metal, or nü metal using the traditional heavy metal umlaut) is a musical genre that has origins in the mid 1990s. ... Emo is a genre of rock music. ... For experimental rock music, see experimental rock. ...


Administrative divisions

The city of Ryazan is divided into four administrative districts: Moskovsky, Oktyabrsky, Sovetsky, and Zheleznodorozhny.


Sights of Ryazan

  • Ryazan Kremlin
  • Pavlov Museum
  • Architectural Museum
  • Art Museum
  • Drama Theater
  • Puppet Theater
  • Children's Circus
  • Pyaniy Park

Famous people

Ivan Pavlov Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (September 14, 1849 - February 27, 1936) was a Russian physiologist who first described the phenomenon now known as conditioning in experiments with dogs. ... A psychologist is a scientist and/or clinician who studies psychology, the systematic investigation of the human mind, including behavior and cognition. ... Classical conditioning (also Pavlovian conditioning, respondent conditioning or alpha-conditioning) is a type of associative learning. ... Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (Konstanty Ciołkowski), (Константин Эдуардович Циолковский; September 5, 1857 new style – September 19, 1935... Space has been an interest for philosophers and scientists for much of human history. ... A Soyuz rocket, at Baikanur launch pad. ... Sergei Yesenin Sergei Aleksandrovich Yesenin, sometimes spelled Esenin (Russian: Серге́й Алекса́ндрович Есе́нин; October 3, 1895 [O.S. September 21] – December 28, 1925) was a famous Russian lyrical poet. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Andrey (Andrei) Andreyevich Markov (Russian: ) (June 14, 1856 N.S. – July 20, 1922) was a Russian mathematician. ... In mathematics, a (discrete-time) Markov chain is a discrete-time stochastic process with the Markov property. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ryazan
  • (Russian) Ryazan Portal
  • (Russian) Night Life of Ryazan
  • (English) Photos of Ryazan
  • (Russian) Photos of Ryazan
  • The Uspensky cathedral (inside the Ryazan kremlin)
  • Konstantinovo (motherland of the Sergei Yesenin) and other photos.
  • Ryazan travel information
  • Ryazan telephone directory


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Sergei Yesenin Sergei Aleksandrovich Yesenin, sometimes spelled Esenin (Russian: Серге́й Алекса́ндрович Есе́нин; October 3, 1895 [O.S. September 21] – December 28, 1925) was a famous Russian lyrical poet. ...

Coat of arms of Ryazan Oblast Cities and towns in Ryazan Oblast Flag of Russia
Administrative center: Ryazan

Kasimov | Korablino | Mikhaylov | Novomichurinsk | Ryazhsk | Rybnoye | Sasovo | Shatsk | Skopin | Spas-Klepiki | Spassk-Ryazansky Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ryazan Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Towns coat of arms Kasimov (Russian: Касимов, Tatar: Qasím, historically: Xankirmän, Gorodets Meschorsky, Novy Nizovoy), town in Ryazan Oblast of Russia, the administrative center of Kasimovsky District. ... Korablino (Russian: ) is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located some 89 km south of Ryazan. ... Mikhaylov (Russian: ) is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the Pronya River (Okas tributary), some 68 km southwest of Ryazan. ... Novomichurinsk (Russian: ) is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the Pronya River some 85 km south of Ryazan. ... Ryazhsk (Russian: Ряжск) is town in the Ryazan Oblast in Russia, located some 115 km south of Ryazan. ... Coat of arms of Rybnoye Rybnoye (Russian: ) is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the Vozha River (Okas tributary) some 18 km northwest of Ryazan. ... Sasovo (Russian: ) is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the Tsna River (Okas basin) some 184 km southeast of Ryazan. ... Coat of arms Shatsk (Russian: ) is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the Shacha River (Tsnas tributary) some 195 km southeast of Ryazan. ... Skopin (Russian: ) is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyorda River (Okas basin) some 109 km southwest of Ryazan. ... Coat of arms of Spas-Klepiki Spas-Klepiki (Russian: ) is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the Pra River (Okas tributary) some 67 km northeast of Ryazan. ... Spassk-Ryazansky (Russian: ) is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the shores of the Lake Spasskoye some 55 km southeast of Ryazan. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
RYAZAN - LoveToKnow Article on RYAZAN (1195 words)
Ryazan is-an intermediate link between the central Great Russian governments and the steppe governments of the S.E.the wide and deep- valley of the Oka being the natural boundary between the two.
Steamers ply on the Oka to Kasimov and Nizhniy-Novgorod.
As early as the 10th century the principality of Murom and Ryazan is mentioned in the chronicles.
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