FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Ruthenian Catholic Church
Jump to: navigation, search
This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality.
This article has been tagged since September 2005.
See Wikipedia:How to edit a page and Category:Wikipedia help for help, or this article's talk page.


The Ruthenian Catholic Church is a sui iuris Catholic Church which uses the Divine Liturgy of the Byzantine Eastern Rite. Its geographical roots are in the region called Carpatho-Ukraine and the Carpathian Mountains. Saints Cyril [1] and Methodius [2] visited the region in the 9th Century and transmitted the Catholic faith in the Byzantine Rite. [3] Sui iuris is a Latin phrase that literally means “of one’s own right”. It is usually spelled sui juris in civil law, which uses the phrase to indicate legal competence, the capacity to manage one’s own affairs (Blacks Law Dictionary, Oxford English Dictionary). ... The Divine Liturgy is the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern-Rite Catholic eucharistic service. ... The term Eastern Rites may refer to the liturgical rites used by many ancient Christian Churches of Eastern Europe and the Middle East that, while being part of the Roman Catholic Church, are distinct from the Latin Rite or Western Church. ... Carpatho-Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Karpats’ka Ukrayina) was an autonomous region within Czechoslovakia from late 1938 to March 15, 1939. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians The Carpathian Mountains (Czech, Polish, and Slovak: Karpaty; Serbian: Karpati; Hungarian: Kárpátok; Romanian: Carpaţi; Ukrainian: Карпати, Karpaty) are the eastern wing of the great Central Mountain System of Europe, curving 1500 km (~900 miles) along the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland... Jump to: navigation, search In general, the term Saint refers to someone who is exceptionally virtuous and holy. ... See Saint Cyril (disambiguation) for other persons with this name. ... Jump to: navigation, search Saint Methodius was a Byzantine bishop of Great Moravia (Moravia) (born Thessaloniki, Byzantine Empire (today Greece), 826; he died in the (unknown) capital of Great Moravia, April 6, 885). ... This earthenware dish was made in 9th century Iraq. ...

Contents


Geography and faith

The geography of this area, sometimes called Ruthenia, had a profound effect upon the faith of the region. The invasion of the Magyars in the 10th Century forced the inhabitants to take refuge in the mountains, effectively expelling the Byzantine rite and giving greater reach to the Latin Rite throughout Eastern Europe; [4] various rites lived side-by-side. [5] Portions of this region became Czechoslovakia after World War I, [6] and some Ruthenian Catholics "decided to become Orthodox." [7] Subsequent annexation to the Soviet Union after World War II involved persecution of the Ruthenian Catholic Church. [8] Since the collapse of Communism the Ruthenian Catholic Church in Eastern Europe has seen a resurgence in numbers of faithful and priests. Ruthenia is a name applied to parts of Eastern Europe which were populated by Eastern Slavic peoples, as well as to various states that existed in this territory in the past. ... Magyars are an ethnic group primarily associated with Hungary. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Jump to: navigation, search Latin Rite, in the singular and accompanied, in English, by the definite article (The Latin Rite), is a term by which documents of the Catholic Church designate the particular Church, distinct from the Eastern Rite Churches, that developed in western Europe and northern Africa, where Latin... Jump to: navigation, search World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas. ... ... Jump to: navigation, search World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that... Jump to: navigation, search Communism refers to a theoretical system of social organization and a political movement based on common ownership of the means of production. ... Jump to: navigation, search Roman Catholic priest LCDR Allen R. Kuss (USN) aboard USS Enterprise A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. ...


Understanding between Eastern and Latin rites

In the 19th and 20th centuries, various of the Byzantine-rite Eastern Catholics arrived in the United States of America, particularly to mining towns, [9] where the predominant Latin-rite Catholic hierarchy did not always receive them well. For example, Pope Pius XI issued a decree "forbidding the service of married Greek Catholic priests in the United States, requiring them to return to Europe." [10] While apparent misunderstandings between Eastern- and Latin-rite hierarchies occurred, the Holy See maintains that it has always held an open hand toward "the orientals [who] need have no fear at all of being compelled to abandon their lawful rites and customs if unity of faith and government is restored" (Pope Pius XII OOE §2, in which he quotes Pope Leo XIII, 1894). Over the centuries following the East-West Schism segments of the Orthodox Churches sought reunion with the Holy See; Pope Pius XII commemorated the 350th anniversary of the Ruthenian return in the quoted 1945 encyclical: "[W]e have the happiness of seeing not a few of our sons from those countries; these, since they have recognized the Chair of Peter as the center of Catholic unity, persevere with the greatest tenacity in defending and strengthening this same unity" (§3). Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Pope Pius XI, born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (May 31, 1857 - February 10, 1939), reigned as Pope and sovereign of Vatican City from February 6, 1922 until February 10, 1939. ... A rite is an established, ceremonious, usually religious act. ... Pope Pius XII (Latin: ), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (March 2, 1876 – October 9, 1958), reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City from March 2, 1939 to 1958. ... Jump to: navigation, search Pope Leo XIII, born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci (March 2, 1810 – July 20, 1903), was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, having succeeded Blessed Pius IX on February 20, 1878 and reigning until his own death. ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The East-West Schism, known also as the Great Schism (though this latter term sometimes refers to the later Western Schism), was the event that divided Chalcedonian Christianity into Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. ... In the ancient Church, an encyclical was a circular letter sent to all the churches of a particular area. ...


Perhaps especially since the Second Vatican Council, relations have improved further. The Ruthenian Church always celebrated the Divine Liturgy in the Church Slavonic language, an ancient Slavic language, which was different from the custom in the Latin Church. At the Council, the Ruthenian Church influenced decisions regarding language in the liturgy. [11] Furthermore, the Council reiterated: "The Catholic Church holds in high esteem the institutions, liturgical rites, ecclesiastical traditions and the established standards of the Christian life of the Eastern Churches, for in them, distinguished as they are for their venerable antiquity, there remains conspicuous the tradition that has been handed down from the Apostles through the Fathers (Leo XIII, 1894) and that forms part of the divinely revealed and undivided heritage of the universal Church" (OE §1). The Second Vatican Council, or Vatican II, was an Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church opened under Pope John XXIII in 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI in 1965. ... The Divine Liturgy is the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern-Rite Catholic eucharistic service. ... Ecclesiastical Latin, sometimes called Church Latin, is the Latin language as used in documents of the Roman Catholic Church. ... From the Greek word λειτουργια, which can be transliterated as leitourgia, meaning the work of the people, a liturgy comprises a prescribed religious ceremony, according to the traditions of a particular religion; it may refer to, or include, an elaborate formal ritual (such as the Catholic Mass), a daily activity such...


Growth of Ruthenian Catholic Church

Ruthenian parishes throughout the world are open to new members, and stress acceptance of the Pope and of Catholic Church teachings, [12] and are not limited to immigrants from Eastern Europe, or others who are already Ruthenian. The Byzantine Ruthenian Church has become more organized in the United States of America in the late 20th Century, forming, by papal decree, requested by the Byzantine Catholic Bishop already established, "a new eparchy composed of the states of Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming". [13] The various sui iuris Churches of the Catholic Church may exist in each others' respective territories: "[w]herever an hierarch of any rite is appointed outside the territorial bounds of the patriarchate, he remains attached to the hierarchy of the patriarchate of that rite, in accordance with canon law" (OE §7). A parish is a subdivision of a diocese or bishopric within the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Church of Sweden, and of some other churches. ... Jump to: navigation, search The pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Catholic Church. ... In the Roman Empire, an eparchy was one of the political subdivisions of the Empire. ... Sui iuris is a Latin phrase that literally means “of one’s own right”. It is usually spelled sui juris in civil law, which uses the phrase to indicate legal competence, the capacity to manage one’s own affairs (Blacks Law Dictionary, Oxford English Dictionary). ... Originally a patriarch was a man who exercised autocratic authority as a pater familias over an extended family. ... In Western culture, canon law is the law of the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches. ...


See also

Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC), also known as the Ukrainian Catholic Church, is one of the successor Churches to the acceptance of Christianity by Grand Prince Vladimir the Great (Ukrainian Volodymyr) of Kiev (Kyiv), in 988. ...


External links

This article is part of the Eastern Christianity Portal — Learn more about Eastern Christianity  

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ruthenian Catholic Church - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (599 words)
Ruthenian Catholics are descended from those to whom Saints Cyril and Methodius brought Christianity and the Byzantine Rite in their missionary outreach to the Slavic peoples in the ninth century.
One problem preventing organization of the Ruthenian Catholic Church under a single synod is the desire of some of the priests and faithful of the Eparchy of Mukacheve that it should be part of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church.
Ruthenian parishes stress acceptance of the Pope and of the Catholic Church and its teachings (with an Eastern expression).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m