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Encyclopedia > Rutabaga
Rutabaga, Kålrot

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica
Species: Napobrassica
Binomial name
Brassica napobrassica

The rutabaga, swede or (yellow) turnip (Brassica napobrassica, or Brassica napus var. napobrassica) is a root vegetable that originated as a cross between the cabbage and the turnip—see the turnip disambiguation page. Its leaves may also be eaten as a leaf vegetable. Image File history File links Rutabaga image from Centers for Disease Control[1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Families See text. ... Genera See text. ... Species See text. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Philip Miller (1691 - December 18, 1771) was a botanist of Scottish descent. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Brassica napus L. Rapeseed Brassica napus, also known as Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rapaseed and (one particular cultivar) Canola, is a bright yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae. ... Root vegetables are underground plant parts used as vegetables. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name Brassica rapa L. Brassica rapa is a plant widely cultivated as a leaf vegetable, a root vegetable, and an oilseed. ... Turnip can refer to three vegetables, which are described under the articles Turnip, Rutabaga, and Jicama. ... Fresh Swiss chard Fresh water spinach Creamed spinach Steamed kale Leaf vegetables, also called potherbs, greens, or leafy greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots. ...

"Rutabaga" (from dialectal Swedish "rotabagge", root ram) is the common American term for the plant, while "swede" (Swede) is the preferred term used in much of England, Wales, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand. In the U.S., it is also known as "Swedish turnip" or "yellow turnip", while in Atlantic Canada, where turnips are relatively unknown, it is called turnip. In Scots it is either "tumshie" or "neep", and the turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) instead is called a "white turnip". Scots will refer to both types by the generic term "neep" (a contraction of the archaic pronunciation "turneep"). Some will also refer to both types as just "turnip". Prior to pumpkins being readily available in the UK (a relatively recent innovation), swedes/rutabagas were hollowed out and carved with faces to make lanterns for Halloween. Often called "jack o'lanterns", or "tumshie lanterns" in Scotland, they were the ancient symbol of a damned soul. This custom also occurred in Ferryhill in County Durham. In North-East England, turnips and swedes/rutabagas are colloquially called "snadgies". They should not be confused with the large beet known as a mangelwurzel. In Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, swedes are often mashed together with carrots as part of the traditional Sunday roast. English English is a term that has been applied to the English language as spoken in England. ... This article is about the country. ... The four Canadian Atlantic provinces. ... Trinomial name Brassica rapa rapa L. For similar vegetables also called turnip, see Turnip (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Anglic language of Scotland. ... Binomial name Brassica rapa L. Brassica rapa is a plant widely cultivated as a leaf vegetable, a root vegetable, and an oilseed. ... , Ferryhill is a town in south-central County Durham, England with a population of around 12,000 people. ... Binomial name Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Beta vulgaris Mangelwurzel or mangold wurzel (Beta vulgaris), is a root vegetable of the family Chenopodiaceae, genus Beta (the beets). ... Yorkshire is a historic county of northern England. ... For other places with the same name, see Lincolnshire (disambiguation). ... Sunday roast consisting of roast beef, roast potatoes, vegetables and yorkshire pudding The Sunday roast is a traditional British main meal served on Sundays (usually in the early afternoon), and consisting of roasted meat together with accompaniments. ...

Its common name in Sweden is "kålrot" (cabbage root). In Norway it is also called "kålrot", but often also "kålrabi" (which in Sweden and Denmark means kohlrabi). Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group) is a low, stout cultivar of the cabbage which has been selected for its swollen, nearly spherical, Sputnik-like shape. ...

Some claim the vegetable is native to Sweden, but others think it was introduced to Sweden, possibly from Finland or Siberia, in the early 17th century.[citation needed] From Sweden, it reached Scotland, and from there it spread to the rest of Great Britain and to North America. In continental Europe, it acquired a bad reputation during World War I, when it became a food of last resort. In the German Steckrübenwinter (swede/rutabaga winter) of 191617, large parts of the population were kept alive on a diet consisting of rutabagas and little else, after grain and potato crop failures had combined with wartime effects. After the war, most people were so tired of rutabagas that they gained a reputation as a "famine food," which reputation they have retained to the present day.[citation needed] As a consequence, they are rarely planted in Germany. During World War II swedes were often used as filler in "mixed fruit" jams in Britain. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... A famine food or poverty food is any inexpensive or readily-available foodstuff used to nourish people in times of extreme poverty or starvation, as during a war or famine. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

The Swedes cook rutabagas with potatoes and carrots and mash them with butter and milk to create a puree called "rotmos" (root mash). In Scotland, rutabagas and potatoes are boiled and mashed separately to produce "tatties and neeps" ("tatties" being the Scots word for potatoes), traditionally served with the Scottish national dish of haggis as the main course of a Burns supper. Neeps may also be mashed with potatoes to make clapshot. Regional variations include the addition of onions to clapshot in Orkney. Neeps are also extensively used in soups and stews. In Norway, swedes/rutabagas are mixed with potatoes, carrots, onion and cream to make a similar mash called "kålrabistappe". In Canada rutabagas are used as filler in foods such as mincemeat and Christmas cake, or as a side dish with Sunday dinner in Atlantic Canada. In the US, rutabagas are mostly eaten as part of stews or casseroles, are served mashed with carrots, or baked in a pasty. For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... This article is about the cultivated vegetable. ... For other uses, see Butter (disambiguation). ... A glass of cows milk. ... an uncooked small haggis Haggis is a traditional Scottish dish. ... A Burns supper is a celebration of the life and poetry of the poet Robert Burns, author of many Scots poems including Auld Lang Syne, which is generally sung as a folk song at Hogmanay and other New Year celebrations around the world. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... Clapshot is a traditional Scottish dish that originated in the Orkneys. ... Clapshot is a traditional Scottish dish that originated in the Orkneys. ... Location Geography Area Ranked 16th  - Total 990 km²  - % Water  ? Admin HQ Kirkwall ISO 3166-2 GB-ORK ONS code 00RA Demographics Population Ranked 32nd  - Total (2006) 19,800  - Density 20 / km² Scottish Gaelic  - Total () {{{Scottish council Gaelic Speakers}}} Politics Orkney Islands Council http://www. ... This article is about the cultivated vegetable. ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... For other uses of Cream, see Cream (disambiguation). ... Mincemeat was originally a conglomeration of bits of meat, dried fruit and spices, created as an alternative to smoking or drying for preservation, a variant form of sausage. ... A heavily iced Christmas cake Christmas cake is a type of fruitcake served at Christmas time in the UK, Ireland and many Commonwealth countries. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Beef Stew A stew is a common dish made of vegetables (particularly potatoes or beans), meat, poultry, or seafood cooked in some sort of broth or sauce. ... In cooking, a casserole (from the French for stew pan) is a large, deep, covered pot or dish used both in the oven and as a serving dish. ... This article is about the popular English pastry. ...

The town of Cumberland, Wisconsin, U.S., celebrates a "Rutabaga Festival" each year, always the weekend preceding Labor Day Weekend. The International Rutabaga Curling Championship annually takes place at the Ithaca, NY, farmer's market. Cumberland is a city located in Barron County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article is about the holiday in the United States. ... Rutabaga curling originated in the frosty December climes of Ithaca, New York. ... For census data on the two municipalities called Ithaca see Ithaca (city), New York and Ithaca (town), New York. ...

Excessive consumption of rutabaga (as well as cassava, maize, bamboo shoots, sweet potatoes, and lima beans) can be associated with hypothyroidism. These cyanoglucoside-containing foods release cyanide, which is subsequently detoxified into thiocyanate. Thiocyanate inhibits thyroid iodide transport and, at high doses, competes with iodide in the organification process within thyroid tissue. Goitres may develop when there is a dietary imbalance of thiocyanate-containing food in excess of iodine consumption. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A goitre (BrE), or goiter (AmE) (Latin struma), also called a bronchocele, is a swelling in the neck (just below Adams apple or larynx) due to an enlarged thyroid gland. ...

"Rutabaga" is also a specific mutation type in fruit flies, resulting in impaired mental capacity. Type species Drosophila funebris (Fabricius, 1787) Drosophila is a genus of small flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called fruit flies, or more appropriately vinegar flies, wine flies, pomace flies, grape flies, and picked fruit-flies, a reference to the characteristic of many species to linger...


Rutabaga in Computer Science

Rutabaga is a fundamental algorithm used in many computer science techniques, including semantic analysis. In computer science, semantic analysis is a pass by a compiler that adds semantical information to the parse tree and performs certain checks based on this information. ...

The function takes the general form:

 int Rutabaga(int a, double b, bool c) { return a + 2; } 

See also

Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group) is a low, stout cultivar of the cabbage which has been selected for its swollen, nearly spherical, Sputnik-like shape. ... This is a list of vegetables in the culinary sense, which means it includes some botanical fruits like pumpkins and doesnt include herbs, spices, cereals and most culinary fruits and culinary nuts. ...


  • Delange F, Iteke FB, Ermans AM. Nutritional factors involved in the goitrogenic action of cassava. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre, 1982.
  • Braverman LE, Utiger RD. Werner and Ingbar's The Thyroid: A Fundamental and Clinical Text, 6th Edition 1991. J.B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pg 371-2.

External links

  • Discussion of this vegetable in detail
  • Alternative Field Crops Manual: Rutabaga
  • More information and links, both serious and less so
  • http://www.formulaforlife.com.au/asp/vegetables.asp?cmd=show&vegetableid=46&letter=S

  Results from FactBites:
Rutabaga (175 words)
The rutabaga is very similar to the turnip except that it generally has yellowish flesh and a more dense tap root with more side shoots.
Rutabagas do better in the fall than in the spring because of the longer time needed to mature -- about 30 to 45 days longer than turnips.
Mature rutabaga roots should be 4 to 6 inches in diameter and free of bruises and blemishes.
  More results at FactBites »



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