FACTOID # 24: Looking for table makers? Head to Mississippi, with an overwhlemingly large number of employees in furniture manufacturing.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Rusyns" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Rusyns
Ruthenians
Total population
Regions with significant populations Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland, United States
Language Rusyn, Ukrainian, Polish, Russian
Religion Russian Orthodoxy, Greek-Catholicism
Related ethnic groups other East Slavic peoples

Rusyns, also called Ruthenians, Ruthenes, Rusins, Carpatho-Rusins, and Russniaks, are a modern group of ethnic groups that speak the Rusyn language and are descended from the minority of Ruthenians who did not adopt a Ukrainian national identity and become Ukrainians in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Rusyn, though by most outsiders considered one language and even having only one SIL code rue, is in fact the name of two independent languages spoken by Rusyns: Carpatho-Rusyn (also called Ruthenian) Pannonian-Rusyn (also called Rusnak) Carpatho-Rusyn (Ruthenian) The Rusyn language of the Carpathian Mountains is an... The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... The term Eastern Rites may refer to the liturgical rites used by many ancient Christian Churches of Eastern Europe and the Middle East that, while being part of the Roman Catholic Church, are distinct from the Latin Rite or Western Church. ... The East Slavic languages constitute one of three regional subgroups of Slavic languages, currently spoken in Eastern Europe. ... Rusyn, though by most outsiders considered one language and even having only one SIL code rue, is in fact the name of two independent languages spoken by Rusyns: Carpatho-Rusyn (also called Ruthenian) Pannonian-Rusyn (also called Rusnak) Carpatho-Rusyn (Ruthenian) The Rusyn language of the Carpathian Mountains is an... Ruthenians is a name that has been applied to different ethnic groups at different times; for an explanation of the reasons for this, see Ruthenia. ...


They originate from the northern Carpathians and still inhabit those areas as well as some others in the Pannonian plain. Their homeland is often referred to as Carpathian Ruthenia though that meaning no longer exactly matches the places inhabited by Rusyns. This is about the terrestrial mountain range. ... The Pannonian Plain is a large plain in Central Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ... Carpathian Ruthenia (Ukrainian Карпатська Русь, Karpatska Rus ) or Carpatho-Ukraine or Carpathian Ukraine is a name for a small part of Central Europe that was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (since 1526 under Habsburg rule). ... Places inhabited by Rusyns include or have included the following places inhabited by each of the smaller ethnicities: Lemko: Poland: Subcarpathian Voivodship Boyko: Poland: Subcarpathian Voivodship Ukraine: Zakarpattya region Slovakia: Presov region Hucul: Ukraine: Ivano-Frankivsk region, Chernivtsi region These can also be referred to as Carpathian Ruthenia but...

Contents


History

Some Ruthenian ethnic groups living on the border of the same territory were not fully included into creation of the Ukrainian nation, such as the people from Carpathian Ruthenia, Poleshuks, Ruthenians of Podlachia. Some of them continued to call themselves Ruthenians. Ukrainians (Ukrainian: Українці, Ukrayintsi) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine. ... Carpathian Ruthenia (Ukrainian Карпатська Русь, Karpatska Rus ) or Carpatho-Ukraine or Carpathian Ukraine is a name for a small part of Central Europe that was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (since 1526 under Habsburg rule). ... Poleszuk (Polish), Poliszuk or Polishchuk (local Ukrainian dialect), Palyashchuk (Belarusian), or Poleshchuk (Russian) is the name given to the people who populated the swamps of Polesie. ... Podlasie (Latin Podlachia) is a historical region in eastern part of Poland and western Belarus. ...


In contrast to the Ukrainian national movement, modern Ruthenian movement was based on the concept of unity with Russians. In this sense Carpatho-Ruthenians represent typical ethnicity of borderland and their national awakening is a negation of Ukrainian nationalism. Borderland refers to a shared universe created by Terri Windling, and to a fictional place within that universe. ...


Carpatho-Ruthenian national movement is especially strong amongst those Ruthenian groups that became early geographically separated from Ukrainian ethnic territory (for example Ruthenian settlers in Serbia (Vojvodina), emigrants in USA and Canada). Pannonian Rusyns or simply Rusyns (Ruthenians) is the name of a Slavic minority in Serbia and Croatia. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože Pravde Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878   - Serbia and Montenegro union... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ...


Tribe of Ruthenians (also known as Rusins, Rusyns, or Rusnaks) sometimes name: Lemkos (Lemoks, Lemkians), Boykos (Boyks), Hutsuls (Gutsuls, Hutzuls, or Huculs), Verkhovinetses (Verkhovynetses, Highlanders), Dolinyanins (Haynals). Lemko - one of four major groups of Ruthenian montagnards of the northwest Carpathian mountain chain, having a unique dialect and culture. ... Boyko or Boiko is the name for a distinctive group of Ruthenians (Ukrainian) montagnards of the Carpathian highlands. ... Hutsuls (Ukrainian: Гуцули, singular Гуцул, Romanian: Huţuli, singular Huţul, Hutsul dialect: Hutsule, singular Hutsul; alternatively spelled as Huculs, Huzuls, Hutzuls, Gutsuls, Guculs, Guzuls, or Gutzuls ) are highlanders who for centuries have inhabited the Carpathian mountains, mainly in Ukraine, but also in the northern extremity of Romania, as well as in...


Some scholars claim that this ethnic groups is a part of Rusyns. Indeed, in the 19th cetury and in the first part of the 20th century Boykos, Lemkos and Hutsuls as well as most of the population of the present day's Western Ukraine called themselves Ruthenians (Ukrainian: Русини, Rusyny). Then the term "Ukrainian", that replaced the term "Ruthenians" in Eastern Ukraine a century earlier, has became more common among Western Ruthenians/Ukrainians. According to the recent census practically all Boykos, Lemkos, Hutsuls, Verkhovinetses and Dolinyanins in Ukraine (not however in Slovakia) declared their ethnicity as Ukrainian. Only about 10,100 people of Zakarpattya oblast (0.8%) identify themselves as Rusyns acoording to the last census [1]. Ruthenians is a name that has been applied to different ethnic groups at different times; for an explanation of the reasons for this, see Ruthenia. ... Districts of Zakarpattia Oblast House of the Council of Zakarpattia Oblast in Uzhhorod with Taras Shevchenko Monument Entrance from Ivano-Frankivsk on route A 265 Zakarpattia Oblast or Transcarpathian Oblast (Ukrainian: ; Hungarian: Kárpátalja) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. ...


During the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (19th and 20th centuries), some Ruthenians moved to what are now the northern regions of Bosnia, Vojvodina (now Serbia and Montenegro) and Slavonia (now Croatia). They are also known as the Pannonian Rusyns. Note that until the 1971 Yugoslav census, both Ukrainians (Ukrajinci/Украјинци) and Ruthenians (Rusini/Русини) were recorded collectively as Ruthene, at which point they started being recorded separately, and split up the total number with the Ukrainians forming in a minority; that point is irrelevant however, if one takes into account that Rusyns were recorded as a separate nationality by the censuses taken in pre-WWII Poland (see for more detailed examples of that in Cezary Chlebowski's Wachlarz). Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... Motto: none Anthem: Intermeco Capital Sarajevo Largest city Sarajevo Official language(s) Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian Government Republic  - Presidency members Sulejman Tihić1 (Bosniak) Borislav Paravac (Serb) Ivo Miro Jović (Croat)  - Prime Minister Adnan Terzic Independence From Yugoslavia   - Declared 5 April 1992  Area    - Total 51,197 km² (125th)   19,767 sq... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Coat of arms Slavonia is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Pannonian Rusyns or simply Rusyns (Ruthenians) is the name of a Slavic minority in Serbia and Croatia. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...


With the advent of the Internet, some Ruthenian emigrés to the west acquired a vehicle to voice their concerns and try to preserve their separate ethnic and cultural identity.


Religion

The Ruthenes are an ethnic group that has never had a country of their own. As such, they have been pulled and influenced by larger powers (Hungary, Czechoslovakia/Slovakia, Poland, Soviet Union, Ukraine, Russia, etc.).


When the Ruthenes accepted Christianity (and who or what they worshiped before) is a source of some debate, but it clearly occurred prior to the break between Orthodox (Eastern) and Catholic (Western) churches in 1054. Saint Cyril (for whom Russia's Cyrillic alphabet is named) and Methodius are referred to as the "Apostles to the Slavs" and many Ruthenian churches are built in their honor. Events Cardinal Humbertus, a representative of Pope Leo IX, and Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, decree each others excommunication. ... Saint Cyril (Greek: Κύριλλος, Church Slavonic: Кирилъ) (827 - February 14, 869) was a Greek (i. ...


Author Paul Robert Magocsi provides one of the most detailed and balanced accounts of Ruthene history in "Our People: Carpatho-Rusyns and Their Descendants in North America" published in 1984. At the time, he recorded that there were approximately 690,000 Carpatho-Rusyn church members in the United States (320,000 in the largest Catholic affiliations, 270,000 in the largest Orthodox affiliations, with a remaining 100,000 in various other Protestant and smaller organizations).


Eastern Rite Catholics

Many Ruthenians belong to the Uniate Church, acknowledging the Pope, since the meetings at Uzhhorod in 1646 and Lithuanian Brest in 1596, but retaining their Old Slavonic liturgy and most of the outward forms of the Greek or Eastern Orthodox Church. The term Eastern Rites may refer to the liturgical rites used by many ancient Christian Churches of Eastern Europe and the Middle East that, while being part of the Roman Catholic Church, are distinct from the Latin Rite or Western Church. ... Motto: Oblast Zakarpattia Oblast Mayor Sergiy Ratushnyak Area 31. ... // Events The Westminster Confession of Faith Ongoing events Wars of the Three Kingdoms, including the English Civil War (1642-1649) Births February 4 - Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman and poet (d. ... For a city in France, see Brest, France. ... Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Old Slavonic may refer to: Old Church Slavonic language Common Slavonic language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Pentecost is considered in Eastern Orthodoxy to be the birth of the Church. ...


The Ruthenes in the former Yugoslavia are organized in the Eparchy of Krizevci. The Eparchy of Križevci is the eparchy comprising the Croatian Byzantine Catholic Church, a Catholic Church sui iuris [1] of the Byzantine Eastern Rite. ...


Eastern Orthodox Church

Although originally associated with the Orthodox Church of Constantinople, the affiliation of Ruthenian Orthodox has been adversely affected by the Communist revolution in Russia and the resulting Orthodox diaspora. A number of emigre communities have laid claim to continuing the Orthodox tradition of the pre-revolution church while either negating or minimizing the validity of the church organization operating under Communist authority. For example, the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) was granted auto-cephalous (self-governing) status by the Moscow Patriarchate in 1970. Although approximately 25% of the OCA was Ruthenian in the early 1980s, an influx of Orthodox emigres from other nations and new converts wanting to connect with the "early" church have lessened the impact of a particular Ruthenian emphasis in favor of a new American Orthodoxy. The Orthodox Church of Constantinople is one of the fifteen autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches. ... ...


Language

Rusyn, less accurately referred to as the Ruthenian language, is in substance like Ukrainian -- enough so that the Ukrainian government considers it merely a dialect of Ukrainian, to the resentment of some Rusyns. In the extreme west of Carpathian Ruthenia, the language approaches Slovak. Rusyn, though by most outsiders considered one language and even having only one SIL code rue, is in fact the name of two independent languages spoken by Rusyns: Carpatho-Rusyn (also called Ruthenian) Pannonian-Rusyn (also called Rusnak) Carpatho-Rusyn (Ruthenian) The Rusyn language of the Carpathian Mountains is an...


Rusyn has been granted official status and codified in Vojvodina (Serbia). Since 1995 it has been recognized and codified as a minority language in Slovakia (in cases where there are at least 20% Rusyns). The Rusyn language in Vojvodina, however, sharing many similarities with Slovak, is sometimes considered a separate (micro)language, and sometimes a dialect of Slovak; see Pannonian Rusyn language for details. The Rusyn language spoken in the Pannonian plain, or more conretely in north-western Serbia and eastern Croatia (therefore also called Yugoslavo-Rusyn, Vojvodina-Rusyn or Bačka-Rusyn) is closer to West Slavic languages, to Slovak in particular. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože Pravde Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878   - Serbia and Montenegro union... Pannonian Rusyn or simply Rusyn (Ruthenian) is a Slavic language or dialect spoken in north-western Serbia and eastern Croatia (therefore also called Yugoslavo-Ruthenian, Vojvodina-Ruthenian or Bačka-Ruthenian). ...


Famous Ruthenians

  • Andy Warhol (birth name Warhola) - son of two Rusyns from Slovakia, Eastern Rite Catholic, artist.
  • Michael J. Varhola, American author and publisher, whose family hails from the same Slovakian villages as distant cousin Andy Warhol.
  • Michael Strank (birth name Mykhal Strenk) - born in Jarabina, Czechoslovakia, U.S. Marine, flag-raiser on Iwo Jima.
  • Tom Ridge - son of an evidently mixed-blood Irish and Cherokee father and Rusyn mother whose family comes from Slovakia, politician.
  • Sandra Dee (birth name Alexandra Zuck) - granddaughter of Rusyn immigrants, actress.
  • Tony Blackplait - musician, film director, anarchist.
  • Robert Urich, Hollywood actor. His paternal grandparents, Peter Juric and Theresa Pillar, were born in the Carpatho-Rusyn villages of Venecia and Lukov (Sarys County) in the pre-World War I Hungarian kingdom.
  • Nestor Kukolnik - Russian poet, playwright and statesman.
  • Nikifor - famous self-taught painter who was of Lemko background.
  • Tom Selleck, famous American actor.
  • Mark Singel, former Pennsylvania Lieutenant Governor (of Magyar origin.)

Andy Warhol, photographed by Helmut Newton. ... The term Eastern Rites may refer to the liturgical rites used by many ancient Christian Churches of Eastern Europe and the Middle East that, while being part of the Roman Catholic Church, are distinct from the Latin Rite or Western Church. ... Michael J. Varhola is an author of numerous books, games, and articles, as well as the founder of game development company and manufacturer Skirmisher Publishing LLC [1]. Non-fiction books Varhola has authored or co-authored include The Writers Complete Fantasy Reference (Writers Digest Books, 2000) with Terry Brooks... Categories: People stubs | 1919 births | 1945 deaths | American World War II people ... Tom Ridge Thomas Joseph Ridge (born August 26, 1945) is a U.S. political figure who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives (1983–1995), Governor of Pennsylvania (1995–2001), Assistant to the President for Homeland Security (2001–2003), and the first United States Secretary of... For other uses, see Cherokee (disambiguation). ... Sandra Dee (April 23, 1944 – February 20, 2005) was an American film actress best known for her role as Gidget. Born Alexandra Zuck to John and Mary Zuck, in Bayonne, New Jersey, Dee, of Rusyn ancestry, was a professional model by the age of four. ... ... Robert Urich (December 19, 1946 – April 16, 2002) was an Emmy-winning actor, best known for playing private investigators on the television series Spenser: For Hire (1985-1988) and Vega$ (1978-1981). ... Nestor Vasilievich Kukolnik (1809-1868) was a Russian playwright and prose writer. ... Tom Sellecks lead character on Magnum, P.I. portrayed him as a moustached private investigator. ... Mark Stephen Singel (born September 13, 1953 in Westmont, Pennsylvania) served as the Democratic lieutenant governor of Pennsylvania from 1987 to 1995 under Robert P. Casey, Sr. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 160 miles (255 km)  - Length 280 miles (455 km)  - % water 2. ... Magyar may refer to: The Magyar language The Magyar people This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

See also

Carpathian Ruthenia (Ukrainian Карпатська Русь, Karpatska Rus ) or Carpatho-Ukraine or Carpathian Ukraine is a name for a small part of Central Europe that was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (since 1526 under Habsburg rule). ... Ruthenians is a name that has been applied to different ethnic groups at different times; for an explanation of the reasons for this, see Ruthenia. ... House of the Council of Zakarpattia Oblast in Uzhhorod with Taras Shevchenko Monument Entrance from Ivano-Frankivsk on route A 265 Zakarpattia Oblast or Transcarpathian Oblast (Ukrainian: ; Hungarian: Kárpátalja) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. ...

External links

Warning: While reading the sources listed above, as well as sources of Ukrainian and Polish origin, one has to be careful to recognize the underlying interest of each of these groups supporting their own national mythology by selective presentation of information and the inter- and extrapolations favorable to that mythos. Zerkalo Nedeli (Дзеркало тижня - Dzerkal Tyzhnia Ukrainian: Weekly Mirror) is Ukraine’s most influential analytical weekly. ... Zerkalo Nedeli (Дзеркало тижня - Dzerkal Tyzhnia Ukrainian: Weekly Mirror) is Ukraine’s most influential analytical weekly. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Organization - Rusyn (259 words)
The World Academy of Rusyn Culture is an academic and charitable institution founded by Steven Chepa in 2001 for the purpose of encouraging new work and preserving the insights and beauty of Rusyn culture for the benefit of all mankind.
To recognize outstanding Rusyn cultural support and achievement by awarding "Fellow" designations to worthy individuals who include Rusyn culture among the treasures of their human experience.
To further recognize and reward Rusyn cultural achievement by awarding a Chepa Bear along with other tokens of appreciation to individuals on an annual basis in recognition of outstanding contributions to Rusyn culture in the categories of architecture, art, music, theatre, literature and outstanding support.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m