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Encyclopedia > Russian border guard
Emblem of the Russian Border Guard Service
Emblem of the Russian Border Guard Service
Russian Border Guard cavalryman around 1812
Russian Border Guard cavalryman around 1812
Russian Border Guards seize smuggled heroin on the Afghan-Tajik border, circa 2004
Russian Border Guards seize smuggled heroin on the Afghan-Tajik border, circa 2004

Border Guard Service of Russia (Russian: Пограничная служба России) is a branch of Federal Security Service of Russia tasked with patrol of the Russian border. Border Guards were created in the Russian Empire in the 18th century, however, the origin of the Russian border service can be traced to Prince Mikhail Vorotynsky and his Great Abatis Border in the 16th century. In 1782 Catherine II of Russia created Border Customs Guards originally manned by Russian Cossacks as well as low-ranking cavalry troops. General Mikhail Barklay de Tolly organized in 1810 numerous border posts consisted of 11 regiments of Don and Bug Cossacks along all Western Russian border. Within two years Russian Border Guards were first to fight the Napoleon's invasion of Russia. In 1832 Cossacks and cavalry were replaced by armed customs officials subordinate to the ministry of finance in peacetime (in wartime the border guards were automatically transferred to the army). In the same year coast guard was created, originally to observe Black sea and Azov sea coasts. In 1893 Count Sergei Witte Russian minister of finance in the Alexander III's government reformed the service into Separate Corpus of Border Guards a para-military rather than civilian organization headed by an army general. In 1906 about 40 000 soldiers and officers served in the Separate Corpus of Border Guards responsible for the defence of the vast Imperial border. 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Afghan-Tajik_border. ... Image File history File links Afghan-Tajik_border. ... Emblem of FSB The FSB (ФСБ) is a state security organization in Russia, and is the domestic successor organization to the KGB. Its name is an acronym from the Russian Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности Росси́йской Федера́ции) (Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti Rossiyskoi Federatsii). ... Anthem: God Save the Tsar! Russian Empire in 1913 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721-1725 Peter the Great  - 1894-1917 Nicholas II History  - Established 22 October, 1721  - February Revolution 2 March, 1917 Area  - 1897 22,400,000 km2 8,648,688 sq mi Population  - 1897... Great Abatis Border is a chain of fortification lines, created by Muscovy to protect it from the rides of the Mongolo-Tatars. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Catherine II of Russia Catherine II of Russia, called the Great (Russian: Екатерина II Великая, Yekaterina II Velikaya; 2 May 1729–17 November 1796 [O.S. 6 November]) — sometimes referred to as an epitome of the enlightened despot — reigned as Empress of Russia for some 34 years, from June 28, 1762 until... This article needs cleanup. ... Soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback in combat are commonly known as cavalry (from French cavalerie). ... Knyaz de Tolly Knyaz Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, called by the Russians as Mikhail Bogdanovich Barklay de Tolly (Михаи́л Богда́нович Баркла́й-де-То́лли) (born December 21, 1761 in Riga, [then] Imperial Russia; died May 26, 1818 in Insterburg, [then] Prussia), was a Russian field marshal and Minister of War. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Don Cossacks refers to cossacks that settled along the Don River, Russia it its lower and middle parts. ... Kazan Cathedral in St Petersburg and the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow were built to commemorate the Russian victory against Napoleon. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The finance minister is a cabinet position in a government. ... A coast guard is a national organization responsible for various services at sea. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... The shallow Sea of Azov is clearly distinguished from the deeper Black Sea. ... 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Count Sergei Yulyevich Witte (Сергей Юльевич Витте) (June 29, 1849 – March 13, 1915), also known as Sergius Witte, was a highly influential policy-maker who presided over extensive industrialization within the Russian Empire. ... Alexander III (March 10, 1845 – November 1, 1894) reigned as Emperor of Russia from March 14, 1881 until his death in 1894. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Soviet period

See USSR Border Troops NKVD border guards watching the frontier Soviet Border Troops, (Russian: Пограничные войска СССР, Pogranichnyie Voiska SSSR) were the militarized border guard of the Soviet Union, subordinated to its subsequently reorganized state security agency: first to Cheka, than to NKVD and, finally, to to KGB. Accordingly, they were known as NKVD Border Troops and...


Modern period

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Federal Border Guard Service of Russia was created on December 30, 1993 and given a status of separate ministry. This organization retained some old traditions, most notably the green-colored uniform and "Border Guarder's Day" (an official holiday commemorated by celebrations of ex-servicemen). First minister of FPS (Federal Border Service) was Andrey Nikolayev, young and outspoken general who later became deputy of the State Duma. Russian Border Guards were also stationed outside of Russia most notably in southern Tajikistan, in order to guard the border with Afghanistan, until summer 2005. On Afghan-Tajik border on many occasions they were engaged in heavy fighting with drug-traffickers and Islamic extremists. Armenia's border with Turkey and Iran is also still guarded by the Russians. On March 11, 2003 Russian president Vladimir Putin changed the status of Border Guard Service from a separate ministry into a branch of Russian Federal Security Service. The current head of Border Guard Service of Russia is general Vladimir Pronichev. Border Guard Service of Russia is still tasked with a defence of the longest national border in the world. December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Emblem commemorating the 100 year anniversary of Russia Dumas Boris Gryzlov, speaker of the Russian State Duma since December 2003 The State Duma (Russian: Государственная дума (Gosudarstvennaya Duma), common abbreviation: Госдума (Gosduma)) in the Russian Federation is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Russia (legislature), the upper house being the Federation... These lollipops were found to contain heroin when inspected by the US DEA The illegal drug trade is a global black market activity consisting of production, distribution, packaging and sale of illegal psychoactive substances. ... Islamism refers to anti-secular political ideologies derived from fundamentalist interpretations of the religion of Islam. ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the incumbent President of Russia. ...



Responsibilities of Border Guard Service of Russia include:

  • defence of the Russian national border, prevention of illegal crossing of the land and sea border by people and goods (smuggling).
  • protection of economic interests of the Russian Federation and its natural resources within land and sea border areas, territorial waters and internal seas, including prevention of poaching and illegal fishing.

A skirmish with smugglers from Finland at the Russian border, 1853, by Vasily Hudiakov. ... Map of Sealand and the United Kingdom, with territorial water claims of 3nm and 12nm shown. ... For other uses, see Poaching (disambiguation). ... Security measures taken to protect the Houses of Parliament in London, England. ... Terrorist redirects here. ...

External links

  • Official website - in Russian.
  • Border Guard profle on agentura.ru -in Russian.

 
 

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