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Encyclopedia > Russian Geographical Society

The Russian Geographical Society is a learned society, founded on 6 August 1845 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. A learned society is a society that exists to promote an academic discipline or group of disciplines. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


Imperial Geographical Society

Prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917, it was known as the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political events in Russia, which, after the elimination of the Russian autocracy system, and the Provisional Government (Duma), resulted in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ...


Founding members of the Society included Fyodor Litke, Fyodor Wrangel, Vladimir Dahl, Vladimir Odoyevsky, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, and Karl Ernst von Baer, among others. Litke, Fyodor Petrovich (Литке, Федор Петрович in Russian) (9. ... Wrangel, Ferdinand Petrovich (Врангель, Фердинанд Петрович in Russian) (12. ... Dahls portrait by Perov Vladimir Ivanovich Dal (also: Dahl, Владимир Иванович Даль) (November 10, 1801 – September 22, 1872) was the greatest Russian lexicographer. ... Prince Vladimir Fyodorovich Odoevsky (Russian: ) (August 13 [O.S. August 1] 1803 – March 11 [O.S. February 27] 1869) was a prominent Russian philosopher, writer, music critic, philanthropist and pedagogue. ... Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (1793-1864) Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (Russian: Vasily Yakovlevich Struve) (April 15, 1793 – November 23, 1864 (Julian calendar: November 11)) was a Baltic-German astronomer from a famous dynasty of astronomers. ... Karl Ernst von Baer (February 17, 1792 - November 26, 1876) was a Baltic German biologist and a founding father of embryology. ...


The Society's official presidents were Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia in 1845-92 and Grand Duke Nikolai Mikhailovich of Russia in 1892-1917, but actually it was run by the Vice-Presidents: Fyodor Litke (1845-50, 1855-57), Count Mikhail Muravyov (1850-57), Pyotr Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky (1873-1914), and Yuly Shokalsky (1914-31). Grand Duke Konstantin of Russia. ... Mikhail Nikolayevich Muravyov may refer to the following historical persons of the Imperial Russia. ...

Library of the Russian Geographical Society in the 1900s.
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Library of the Russian Geographical Society in the 1900s.

The Imperial Society comprised four departments, specializing in physical geography, mathematical geography, ethnography, and statistics. The filial societies were established at the Caucasus (1850), Irkutsk (1851), Vilnius (1851), Orenburg (1868), Kiev (1873), Omsk (1877), and other cities. Physical geography or physiogeography is a subfield of geography that focuses on the systematic study of patterns and processes within the hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. ... Ethnography (from the Greek ethnos = nation and graphein = writing) refers to the qualitative description of human social phenomena, based on fieldwork. ... A graph of a bell curve in a normal distribution showing statistics used in educational assessment, comparing various grading methods. ...


The Society organized and funded the expeditions of Pyotr Kropotkin, Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky, Nikolai Przhevalsky, Nikolai Miklukho-Maklai, Pyotr Kozlov, Vladimir Obruchev, and Lev Berg. It helped set up the first polar stations in Russia and was one of the first to publish detailed studies of the Russian folklore and Ukrainian fairs. Peter Kropotkin Prince Peter Alexeevich Kropotkin (In Russian Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин) (December 9, 1842 - February 8, 1921) was one of Russias foremost anarchists and one of the first advocates of what he called anarchist communism: the model of society he advocated for most of his life was that of a communalist society... Nikolai Mikhaylovich Przhevalsky, also spelled Przewalski and Prjevalsky (Russian: ) (April 12, 1839—November 1, 1888 (Gregorian calendar)), was a Russian geographer and explorer in central and eastern Asia. ... Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov (Russian: ) (born October 3, 1863 near Smolensk; died September 26, 1935 in Peterhof) was a Russian explorer who continued the studies of Nikolai Przhevalsky in Mongolia and Tibet. ... Vladimir Obruchev. ... Lev Semënovich Berg (1876, Bessarabia - December 24, 1950) was a geograher, biologist. ... Russian mythical heros See Ilya Muromets, Dobrynya Nikitich, Alyosha Popovich, Svyatogor, Nightingale the Robber, Bogatyr, Bylina Spirits See Koschei, Baba Yaga, Leshiy, Domovoi Categories: Russia-related stubs ...


The Society pioneered the systematic exploration of the Northern Urals in 1847-50, of the farthest reaches of the Amur River in 1854-63, of the vast areas of Kashgaria, Dzungaria, and Mongolia from the 1870s onward. The Ural Mountains, (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры = Ура́л) also known simply as the Urals, are a mountain range that run roughly north and south through western Russia. ... The Amur (Russian: Амур) (Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江; Hēilóng Jiāng, literally meaning Black Dragon River) (Mongolian: Хара-Мурэн, Khara-Muren or Black River) (Manchu: Sahaliyan Ula, literal meaning Black River) is one of the worlds ten longest rivers, located between the Russian Far East and Manchuria of... Kashgar is an oasis city located west of the Taklamakan desert, at the feet of the Tian Shan mountain range in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China (39°24’26” N. lat. ... Dzungaria (also Jungaria, Sungaria, Zungaria; Mongolian: Зүүнгар Züüngar, Chinese: 準噶爾, Russian: Džungarija) is a geographical region covering approximately 777,000 km², within the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, northwestern China. ...


All-Soviet Geographical Society

The Society changed its name to the State Geographical Society in 1926 and to the Geographical Society of the USSR in 1938. Nikolai Vavilov was its chairman in the 1930s, succeeded by Lev Berg in the 1940s. The Society has convened numerous congresses and has awarded four types of medals, named after Litke, Semyonov, Przhevalsky, and Semen Dezhnev. By 1970, it had published more than 2,000 volumes of geographical literature, including the annual Zapiski (since 1846) and Izvestiya (since 1865). It reverted to its original name upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. The main offices of the Society are in St. Petersburg. Nikolai Vavilov Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov (Николай Иванович Вавилов, November 25/(November 13), 1887— January 26, 1943) was a prominent Russian botanist and geneticist. ...


Further reading

  • Pyotr Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky. История полувековой деятельности Императорского Русского географического общества. Volumes 1-3. SPb, 1896.
  • Lev Berg. Всесоюзное Географическое общество за 100 лет. 1845-1945. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
  • Географическое общество за 125 лет. Leningrad, 1970.

Lev Semënovich Berg (1876, Bessarabia - December 24, 1950) was a geograher, biologist. ...

External links

  • Official website
  • The contribution of the Russian Geographical Society into the history of the ocean studies

  Results from FactBites:
 
The contribution of the Russian Geographical Society into the history of the ocean studies, VII International Congress (1108 words)
All that prepared a good basis for the organization of the Russian Geographical Society (the RGS) as an Institute which could combine and order all the material collected and also to determine the ways of future investigations in the area of geography.
One of the great expeditions of the Society was the expedition to the Sea of Azov in 1863 – 1866 headed by the full member of the RGS N. Ya.
The Russian Geographical Society contributed much to the investigations of the World Ocean by publishing many volumes of the series "Geography of the World Ocean" (1980 – 1987).
GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETIES, (730 words)
Geographical societies have been established in many countries in all parts of the world.
The Royal Geographical Society (1830) in Great Britain and the American Geographical and Statistical Society (1851) in the U.S. are among those that publish notable scholarly journals.
On January 27, 1888, the National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C., for "the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge." The 33.
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