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Encyclopedia > Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Academy of Sciences: main building
Russian Academy of Sciences: main building

Russian Academy of Sciences (Росси́йская Акаде́мия Нау́к) is the national academy of Russia. This organization includes scientific institutes from all across the Russian Federation. It is an honour to be elected to membership of the Academy. During the time of the Soviet Union it was known as the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A national academy is a body, usually operating with state financial support and approval, that co-ordinates the activities of research in (nearly always) the sciences and (sometimes) other disciplines. ...


History

The Academy was founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented in the Senate decree of January 22, 1724. Those invited to work there included mathematicians Leonard Euler, Christian Goldbach, Nicholas and Daniel Bernoulli, embryologists Caspar Friedrich Wolff, Karl Ernst von Baer, astronomer and geographer Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, physicist Georg Wolfgang Kraft and historian Gerhard Friedrich Müller. Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Peter I Emperor and Autocrat of All Russia Peter I (Pyotr Alekseyvich) (9 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... Leonhard Euler aged 49 (oil painting by Emanuel Handmann, 1756) Leonhard Euler (April 15, 1707 - September 18, 1783) (pronounced oiler) was a Swiss mathematician and physicist. ... Christian Goldbach (March 18, 1690 - November 20, 1764), was a Prussian mathematician, who was born in Königsberg, Prussia, as son of a pastor. ... Nicolaus II Bernoulli (February 6, 1695, Basel, Switzerland – July 31, 1726, Saint Petersburg, Russia) was a Swiss mathematician. ... Daniel Bernoulli Daniel Bernoulli (Groningen, February 9, 1700 – Basel, March 17, 1782) was a Dutch-born mathematician who spent much of his life in Basel, Switzerland. ... Caspar Friedrich Wolff (January 18, 1734 _ February 22, 1794) was a significant German anatomist. ... Karl Ernst von Baer (February 17, 1792 - November 26, 1876) was a Baltic German biologist and a founding father of embryology. ... One of the 11 sons of Claude Delisle (1644–1720), Joseph-Nicolas Delisle was born in Paris on April 4, 1688. ...


Under the leadership of Princess Ekaterina Dashkova (1783-96), the Academy was engaged on compiling the huge Academic Dictionary of the Russian Language. Expeditions to explore remote parts of the country had Academy scientists as their leaders or most active participants. These included Vitus Bering's Second Kamchatka Expedition of 1733–43, and Peter Simon Pallas's expeditions to Siberia. Portrait of Princess Dashkov from the Hermitage Museum. ... Vitus Jonassen Bering (also, less correctly, Behring) (August, 1681 - December 19, 1741) was a Danish-born navigator in the service of Russian navy, captain-komandor of the Russian Navy known among the Russian sailors as Ivan Ivanovich. ... Topography of Kamchatka Peninsula For other uses of Kamchatka, see Kamchatka (disambiguation). ... Peter Simon Pallas (September 22, 1741 - September 8, 1811) was a German-born Russian zoologist. ... Siberia Siberia (Russian: , common English transliterations: Sibir’, Sibir; from the Tatar for “sleeping land”) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ...


In 1925 the Soviet government recognized the Russian Academy of Sciences as the "highest all-Union scientific institution" and renamed it the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. The USSR Academy of Sciences helped to establish national Academies of Sciences in all Soviet republics (with the exception of Russia), in many cases delegating prominent scientists to live and work in other republics. 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After the collapse of the Soviet Union, by decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 2, 1991, Russian Academy of Sciences was restored, inheriting all facilities of the USSR Academy of Sciences in the territory of Russia. The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Russian Academy of Sciences includes a large number of educational and research institutions such as

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology does not belong to RAS (it belongs to Department of Education of Russian Federation), but the system of education ("Phystech System") uses many institutes of RAS (as well as many others institutions) as educational centers. The Budker Institute in Winter The Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics is one of the major centres of advanced study of nuclear physics in Russia. ... Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute is one of Russias largest research centers specialized in physics and technology. ... The Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of Russian Academy of Sciences is a research institute specializing in computational mathematics. ... The Komarov Botanical Institute is the leading botanical institution in Russia. ... Lebedev Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Engineering (IPMCE) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. ... The Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences is a Russian research institute specializing in physics. ... L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences is a research institution devoted primarily to the theoretical studies of Condensed matter theory Quantum field theory Nuclear and elementary particle physics Computational physics Nonlinear dynamics Mathematical physics It was formed in 1965 from a reserch group... Steklov Institute of Mathematics is a shorthand name of Petersburg Department of Steklov Institute of Mathematics of Russian Academy of Sciences or PDMI RAS. The PDMI RAS is a research institute specialized in Mathematics located in Saint Petersburg, Russia. ... Institute of Forest SB RAS is the first academic institution of forest profile in this country. ... Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (abbreviated Phystech or MIPT, Russian language: Физтех or МФТИ) is one of the better known Russian universities, sometimes referred to as the Russian MIT. The Institutes primary facilities are located in Dolgoprudny, Moscows satellite town. ...


Member institutions are linked by a dedicated Russian Space Science Internet (RSSI). The RSSI, starting with just 3 members, now has 3100 members, including 57 of the largest research institutions.


See also

The Budker Institute for Nuclear Physics in Akademgorodok Akademgorodok (Академгородо́к) (pop. ...

External links

  • RAS web site
  • Web site of RAS management
  • Russian Space Science Internet Network

 
 

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