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Encyclopedia > Russell B. Long
Russell Billiu Long
Russell Billiu Long

Russell Billiu Long (November 3, 1918May 9, 2003) was an American politician who served in the United States Senate as a Democrat from Louisiana from 1948 until 1987. Russell Billiu Long from Congessional biography. ... Russell Billiu Long from Congessional biography. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Long was born in Shreveport, Louisiana, and received baccalaureate and law degrees from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, where he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. He was a naval officer during World War II. Nickname: Port City, Ratchet City(a reference to the citys wildly popular hip-hop dance), River City Motto: City of Shreveport 1836 Location in the state of Louisiana. ... Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College at Baton Rouge, generally known as Louisiana State University or LSU, is a public, coeducational university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and the main campus of the Louisiana State University System. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... Delta Kappa Epsilon (ΔΚΕ; also pronounced D K E or Deke) is the oldest secret college mens fraternity of New England origin. ... USN redirects here. ... Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33...


Long was the son of the flamboyant Louisiana Governor and Senator Huey P. Long and Rose McConnell Long, who served about a year in the Senate following her husband's death. When Russell Long was elected in November 1948, he became the only person in U.S. history to have been preceded in the Senate by both his father and his mother. Before he ran for the Senate, Long had served as executive counsel to his uncle, Earl Kemp Long, who returned to the governorship in 1948. Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... A governor or governour (archaic) is a governing official, usually the executive (at least nominally, to different degrees also politically and administratively) of a non-sovereign level of government, ranking under the Head of state; furthermore the title applies to officials with a similar mandate as representatives of a chartered... Seal of the U.S. Senate The Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Huey Pierce Long (August 30, 1893–September 10, 1935), known as The Kingfish, was an American politician; he was governor of Louisiana (1928–1932), Senator (1932–1935) and a presidential hopeful before his assassination. ... Senate Photo Rose McConnell Long (April 8, 1892 – May 27, 1970) was a United States Senator and the wife of Huey Long. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Earl Kemp Long (26 August 1895 - 5 September 1960) was an American politician and three-time Governor of Louisiana. ...

Contents

Defeating Kennon and Clarke, 1948

To win the Senate seat vacated by the death of Democrat John Holmes Overton, Long first defeated (1) Judge Robert F. Kennon of Minden in the Democratic primary, 264,143 (51 percent) to 253,668 (49 percent). The margin was hence 10,475 votes. Long then overwhelmed (2) Republican Clem S. Clarke of Shreveport, 306,337 (75 percent) to 102,339 (25 percent). Clarke was the first Republican senatorial nominee in modern Louisiana history. Clarke, a conservative Republican, actually carried Iberia Parish with 54.5 percent of the vote. Iberia Parish was also the only parish to support the Republican national ticket in 1948 of Governors Thomas Dewey of New York and Earl Warren of California. Clarke won 48.2 percent in Caddo Parish, where Dewey polled only 21.6 percent. He won more than a third of the vote in both Lafayette Parish and East Baton Rouge Parish, two parishes that in the future would frequently vote Republican in competitive elections. John Holmes Overton (September 17, 1875–May 14, 1948) was a lawyer, congressman and a Democratic United States Senator from Louisiana. ... Robert Floyd Kennon (August 12, 1902 - January 11, 1988) was the Democratic governor of the state of Louisiana, United States between 1952-1956. ... The small city of Minden is the parish seat of Webster Parish, in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Democratic Party. ... Iberia Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Thomas Dewey Thomas Edmund Dewey (March 24, 1902 – March 16, 1971) was the Governor of New York (1943-1955) and the unsuccessful Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency in 1944 and 1948. ... NY redirects here. ... Earl Warren (March 19, 1891 – July 9, 1974) was a California district attorney of Alameda County, the 30th Governor of California, and the 14th Chief Justice of the United States (from 1953 to 1969). ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Caddo Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Lafayette Parish is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... East Baton Rouge Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ...


Clarke had irritated Long by trying to get the courts to forbid the Democrat from running on both the Harry Truman and Strom Thurmond slates in Louisiana, but he failed to convince the judges, and Long's votes on each slate were counted. For the victim of Mt. ... James Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902–June 26, 2003) represented South Carolina in the United States Senate from 1954 to April 1956 and November 1956 to 1964 as a Democrat and from 1964 to 2003 as a Republican. ...


According to William J. "Bill" Dodd, an observer of Louisiana politics and himself a holder of multiple offices in the state, Judge Leander Perez of Plaquemines Parish, a segregationist and conservative member of the Democratic State Central Committee, wanted the panel to tap Clarke as the official "Louisiana Democratic" senatorial nominee. Had Perez pursued that strategy, Clarke may have won the seat on combined Thurmond-Dewey coattails. Under that scenario, Russell Long would have been paired only with Harry Truman and may have lost the general election. Dodd, who was lieutenant governor at the time, claimed that Governor Earl Long reconciled with Perez on other matters of importance to Perez to make sure that Russell Long got the essential "Louisiana Democratic" position on the ballot. William Joseph Bill Dodd held a half dozen important positions in Louisiana government in the mid-twentieth century, including the office of lieutenant governor, but he never achieved his ultimate goal, the states powerful Napoleonic-style governorship. ... Plaquemines Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Racial segregation is a kind of formalized or institutionalized discrimination on the basis of race, characterized by the races separation from each other. ...


Because the 1948 election was for a two-year unexpired term, Long had to run again in 1950 for his first full six-year term. That year, he had no trouble defeating a minor Republican opponent, Charles S. Gerth. Long polled 220,907 (87.7 percent) to Gerth's 30,931 (12.3 percent). 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Specialist on tax law

Long was known for his knowledge of tax laws, much like his House colleague, the legendary Wilbur D. Mills of Arkansas. In 1953, he began serving on the tax-writing Senate Finance Committee and was the chairman from 1966 until Republicans assumed control of the Senate in 1981. During his time in the Senate, Long was a strong champion of tax breaks for businesses, once saying, "I have become convinced you're going to have to have capital if you're going to have capitalism." This is in strong contrast to his father, former Louisiana Governor and U.S. Senator Huey P. Long, who championed populism and crusaded against the concentration of wealth. On the other hand, he was aware that tax policies are always based on the financial interests of the politically most powerful population groups, as demonstrated by his quip "Tax reform means, 'Don't tax me, don't tax thee, tax that fellow behind the tree!'" [1] A tax (also known as a duty) is a financial charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ... Wilbur Daigh Mills (1909-1992), was a powerful Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from the State of Arkansas. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,732 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Long's contributions to the United States' tax laws include the Earned Income Tax Credit, a program aimed at reducing the tax burden on poor working families. He also initiated the provision that allows a taxpayer to allocate $1 of taxes for a presidential campaign-financing fund. Russell B. Long also had significant discussions concerning a Basic Income Guarantee with Louis O. Kelso and Daniel Patrick Moynihan. The United States federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a refundable tax credit that reduces or eliminates the taxes that low-income working people pay (such as payroll taxes) and also frequently operates as a wage subsidy for low-income workers. ... For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... A guaranteed minimum income is a proposed system of income redistribution that would give each citizen a certain sum of money independent of whether they work or not. ... Louis O. Kelso (1913-1991) was a lawyer and economic thinker who sought to find a way to preserve capitalism from the competition of communism as an alternative within the context of the early Cold War. ... Daniel Patrick Pat Moynihan (March 16, 1927 – March 26, 2003) was a United States Senator, Ambassador, and eminent sociologist. ...


Senate career

After his election in 1948, Long never again faced a close contest for reelection. In 1962 he defeated attorney Philemon A. "Phil" St. Amant in the Democratic primary, 407,162 votes (80.2 percent) to 100,843 votes (19.8 percent). Long then defeated Republican challenger Taylor W. O'Hearn, a Shreveport attorney and accountant, with 318,838 votes (75.6 percent) to 103,066 (24.4 percent). Both St. Amant and O'Hearn challenged Long from the right. Taylor Walters OHearn (1908-April 2, 1997) was a pioneer in the rebirth of the Republican Party in Louisiana during the mid-twentieth century. ...


Long signed "The Southern Manifesto" condemning the Brown v. Board of Education ruling which ordered racial desegregation in the nation's public schools. Like most senators from the Deep South at that time, Long continued to vote against civil rights legislation, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Southern Manifesto was a document written in 1956 by legislators in the United States Congress opposed to racial integration in public places. ... Holding Segregation of students in public schools violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, because separate facilities are inherently unequal. ... President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 . ...


In 1964, Long defied conventional wisdom by delivering a television address in Louisiana in which he strongly endorsed the Johnson-Humphrey ticket, which lost the state to the Republican Barry M. Goldwater-William E. Miller electors. The action had no impact on Long's future, however, as Republicans declined to challenge his reelection in 1968, 1974, and 1980. Barry Goldwater Barry Morris Goldwater (January 1, 1909 _ May 29, 1998) was a United States politician and a founding figure in the modern conservative movement in the USA. Goldwater personified the shift in balance in American culture from the Northeast to the West. ... William Edward Miller (March 22, 1914 – June 24, 1983), was an American politician. ...


Democratic senators named him the party whip in 1965, but he began drinking heavily and often was seen drunk on the Senate floor. Long is one of numerous public officials known to have drinking problems during the time. {http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1316/is_n12_v19/ai_6306545} He lost his leadership position in 1969 to Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts. He later quit drinking and regained his reputation among his colleagues. He had especially good relations with both of his senatorial colleagues from Louisiana, first Allen J. Ellender and, then, J. Bennett Johnston, Jr., who like Long was born in Shreveport. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Year 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Edward Kennedy Edward Moore Ted Kennedy, (born February 22, 1932, in Brookline, Massachusetts) is a Democratic U.S. senator from Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Allen Joseph Ellender (September 24, 1890 - July 27, 1972) was a U.S. political figure from Houma, Louisiana who served as a Democratic United States Senator from Louisiana from 1937 until his death in 1972. ... John Bennett Johnston, Jr. ...


The presumed Republican candidate against Long in 1968, Richard Kilbourne, the district attorney in East Feliciana Parish, withdrew from the race, and Long ran without opposition that year. In 1974, Long defeated state insurance commissioner Sherman A. Bernard of Westwego in Jefferson Parish, 520,606 (74.7 percent) to 131,540 (18.9 percent), in the Democratic primary. (Another 6.4 percent went to a third candidate.) 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... East Feliciana Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Westwego is a city located in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, USA. Westwego is on the west bank of the Mississippi River, within the Greater New Orleans Metropolitan area. ... Jefferson Parish is a parish in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ...


In 1980, Long defeated State Representative Louis Woody Jenkins of Baton Rouge, 484,770 (57.6 percent) to 325,922 (38.8 percent). Jenkins was a Democrat in the jungle primary that year, but he later became a Republican and ran once more for the Senate in 1996, only to lose by some 4,000 votes. In the 1980 campaign, Long's personal friend and colleague, Robert J. "Bob" Dole, the Kansas Republican who had been his party's vice presidential nominee in 1976 and who would be the presidential nominee in 1996, cut a television commercial for Long in the race against Jenkins, who had also lost a challenge to Johnston in 1978. Dole and Long were both running for reelection that year. The 1980 jungle primary was the last time Long's name was on a ballot. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Louis E. Woody Jenkins is a Louisiana State lawmaker. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... In the jungle primary, all candidates run in the same initial election regardless of party label. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Robert Joseph Bob Dole (born July 22, 1923) is best known as a former Republican presidential nominee in the 1996 presidential election, in which he was defeated by then-incumbent President Bill Clinton. ... Official language(s) none Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


In 1986, Democratic Congressman John Breaux of Crowley was elected to succeed Long in the Senate. Breaux defeated the Republican Congressman W. Henson Moore, III, of Baton Rouge, who had served in the House since 1975, in the general election after having trailed Moore in the primary election. Breaux served three terms in the Senate; when he left the body he was as popular as Long had been. Breaux, unlike Long, however, did not secure the election of his chosen successor. The seat went Republican in 2004, with the victory of Congressman David Vitter of the New Orleans suburbs. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Berlinger Breaux (last name pronounced Bro) (born March 1, 1944) was a United States Senator from Louisiana from 1987 until 2005. ... The city of Crowley is the parish seat of Acadia Parish, in the US state of Louisiana. ... William Henson Moore, III, the president and CEO of the American Forest & Paper Association since 1995, was only the second Republican to represent Louisiana in the U.S. House of Representative since Reconstruction. ... David Bruce Vitter (born May 3, 1961), American politician, is a Senator from Louisiana. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ...


After he considered a run for governor of Louisiana, Long retired from the Senate in 1987. He remained in Washington, D.C., as a highly sought-after lobbyist. 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Federal District District of Columbia  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack Evans...


At the time of his death from heart failure, Russell Long was the only former senator still living whose service went back as far as 1948. He was in the Senate, for instance, six years before the legendary Strom Thurmond arrived for what turned out to be 48 years of service. The funeral, held in Baton Rouge, is remembered in part for the moving eulogy delivered by his former colleague Bennett Johnston. James Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902–June 26, 2003) represented South Carolina in the United States Senate from 1954 to April 1956 and November 1956 to 1964 as a Democrat and from 1964 to 2003 as a Republican. ...


Long married the former Katherine Mae Hattie in June 1939. They had two daughters, Rita Katherine (born 1944) and Pamela. The Longs divorced, and the senator thereafter married the former Carolyn Bason, a Senate staffer from North Carolina. His friend Dole also divorced, and he too married a North Carolinian, the former Elizabeth Hanford. June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with a length of 30 days. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Elizabeth Hanford Liddy Dole, (born July 29, 1936) was elected to the United States Senate in 2002 to represent North Carolina for a term ending in 2009. ...


External links

Billy Hathorn, "The Republican Party in Louisiana, 1920-198," Master's thesis (1980), Northwestern State University at Natchitoches


William J. "Bill" Dodd, Peapatch Politics: The Earl Long Era in Louisiana Politics, Baton Rouge: Claitor's Publishing, 1991

  • Congressional biography
  • A debunking of the Russell Long scene in JFK
  • Russell Long's Gravesite
  • http://216.109.125.130/search/cache?p=jimmy+d.+long+of+natchitoches+genealogy&ei=UTF-8&fr=yfp-t-501&x=wrt&u=www.libertychapelcemetery.org/files/family/long02.html&w=jimmy+d+long+natchitoches+genealogy&d=XbIjkOxsOMgC&icp=1&.intl=us
Preceded by
William C. Feazel
U.S. Senator from Louisiana
19481987
Succeeded by
John B. Breaux
Preceded by
Harry F. Byrd
Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Finance
19651981
Succeeded by
Robert J. Dole
Preceded by
Hubert Humphrey
U.S. Senate Majority Whip
1965 –1969
Succeeded by
Ted Kennedy

 
 

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