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Encyclopedia > Russell A. Alger

{{Infobox US Cabinet official | name=Russell Alexander Alger | image=Russell Alexander Alger2.jpg | order=41st | title=United States Secretary of War | term_start=March 5, 1897 | term_end=August 1, 1899 | predecessor=Daniel S. Lamont | successor=Elihu Root | birth_date=February 27, 1836 | birth_place=Medina County, Ohio, USA | death_date=January 24, 1907 | death_place=Washington, D.C., USA | party=Republican | spouse= | profession=General, [[Pol The Secretary of War was a member of the Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Daniel Scott Lamont (1851-1905) was the United States Secretary of War during Grover Clevelands second term. ... Elihu Root Elihu Root (February 15, 1845 – February 7, 1937) was an American lawyer and statesman, the son of Oren Root and Nancy Whitney Buttrick. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... October 2, Charles Darwin returns from his voyage around the world. ... Medina County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia. ... GOP redirects here. ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ...



}}


Russell Alexander Alger (February 27, 1836January 24, 1907) was a U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan. He was supposedly a distant relation of Horatio Alger, although Russell Alger lived his own "rags-to-riches" success tale. February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... October 2, Charles Darwin returns from his voyage around the world. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Horatio Alger, Jr. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Alger was born in Lafayette Township in Medina County, Ohio. He was orphaned at age 12 and worked on a farm support himself and two siblings. He attended Richfield Academy in Summit County, Ohio, and taught country school for two winters. He studied law in Akron, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar in March 1859. He first began to practice law in Cleveland and moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1860, where he engaged in the lumber business. Medina County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Summit County is a highly urban county located in the state of Ohio, United States. ... Nickname: The Rubber Capital of the World Location within the state of Ohio Country United States State Ohio County Summit Mayor Don Plusquellic (D) Area    - City 161. ... A bar association is a body of lawyers who, in some jurisdictions, are responsible for the regulation of the legal profession. ... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Nickname: The Forest City Motto: Progress and Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1836 Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area    - City 82. ... Grand Rapids redirects here. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ...


Civil War

He enlisted as a private soldier in the American Civil War in 1861. He was commissioned and served as a captain and major in the 2nd Michigan Infantry Regiment. At the Battle of Boonesville, July 11, 1862, he was sent by Colonel Philip Sheridan to attack the enemy's rear with ninety picked men. The Confederate forces were soundly defeated, and although Alger was wounded and taken prisoner, he escaped the same day. On October 16, he was made Lieutenant Colonel of the 6th Michigan Cavalry. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Lincoln, President Ulysses S. Grant, General Jefferson Davis, President Robert E. Lee, General Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Philip Sheridan Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6, 1831 – August 5, 1888) was a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. ... Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was formed in February 1861 to defend the Confederate States of America, which had itself been formed that same year when seven Southern states seceded from the United States (four more states soon followed). ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ...


On February 28, 1863, he was promoted to colonel of the 5th Michigan Cavalry. His command was the first to enter Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on June 28, and he was specially mentioned in the report of General George Armstrong Custer on cavalry operations there. While pursuing the enemy on July 8, he was severely wounded at Boonesborough, Maryland. He participated in General Sheridan’s Valley Campaigns of 1864 in Virginia. On June 11, 1864, at Trevillian Station, he captured a large force of Confederates with a brilliant cavalry charge. One year later, on June 11, 1865, he was brevetted brigadier general and major general of volunteers. February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Gettysburg is a borough 38 miles (68 km) south by southwest of Harrisburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania, USA, of which it is the county seatGR6. ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... George Armstrong Custer George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 – June 25, 1876) was a United States Army cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Eastern Theater operations in 1864 The Valley Campaigns of 1864 were American Civil War operations and battles that took place in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia from May to October, 1864. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Philip Sheridan Wade Hampton Fitzhugh Lee Strength 9,216 (2 cavalry divisions) 6,700 (2 cavalry divisions) Casualties ~1,000 ~1,000 The Battle of Trevilian Station (also called Trevilians) was fought on June 11 and June 12, 1864, in... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... In the US military, brevet referred to a warrant authorizing a commissioned officer to hold a higher rank temporarily, but usually without receiving the pay of that higher rank. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ...


Postbellum activities

After the war, Alger settled in Detroit as head of Alger, Smith & Company and the Manistique Lumbering Company. Alger was elected Governor of Michigan in 1884, serving from January 1, 1885, to January 1, 1887. He declined renomination in 1886 and was a presidential elector on the Republican ticket in 1888. In 1888, he was elected as the first Commander of the Michigan Department of the Grand Army of the Republic and as the 18th Commander-in-Chief of the GAR in 1889. Nickname: Motor City, Motown Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area    - City 370. ... Michigan Governors Territorial Governors State Governors From statehood until the election of 1966, governors were elected to two-year terms. ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... The United States Electoral College is the electoral college that chooses the President and Vice President of the United States at the conclusion of each Presidential election. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... G.A.R. Memorial, Washington, D.C. The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army who had served in the American Civil War. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

Russell A. Alger
Russell A. Alger

OMG! HOW UGLY IS JENNIFER OUT OF BED?!??! Russell Alexander Alger McKinley Administration By Percy Ives Oil on canvas, 29½ x 24½, 1900 Source: SECRETARIES OF WAR AND SECRETARIES OF THE ARMY: Portraits & Biographical Sketches by William Gardner Bell from the CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY, UNITED STATES ARMY The artist, Percy Ives (1864–1928) was born in... Russell Alexander Alger McKinley Administration By Percy Ives Oil on canvas, 29½ x 24½, 1900 Source: SECRETARIES OF WAR AND SECRETARIES OF THE ARMY: Portraits & Biographical Sketches by William Gardner Bell from the CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY, UNITED STATES ARMY The artist, Percy Ives (1864–1928) was born in...


Alger was appointed Secretary of War in the Cabinet of U.S. President William McKinley on March 5, 1897. As Secretary, he recommended pay increases for military personnel serving at foreign embassies and legations. He recommended legislation to authorize a Second Assistant Secretary of War and recommended a constabulary force for Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. He was criticized for the inadequate preparation and inefficient operation of the department during the Spanish-American War, especially for his appointment of William R. Shafter as leader of the Cuban expedition. Alger resigned at President McKinley’s request, August 1, 1899, though he perhaps got the last word on his critics by publishing The Spanish-American War in 1901. The Secretary of War was a member of the Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States. ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ... A legation was the term used in diplomacy to denote a diplomatic representative office lower than an embassy. ... Constabulary may have several definitions. ... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba First Philippine Republic Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Casualties 379 U.S. dead; considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties Unknown[1] The Spanish-American War took place... William Rufus Shafter (1835-1906) was a Major General in the United States Army. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


On September 27, 1902, Alger was appointed by Michigan Governor Aaron T. Bliss to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of James McMillan. He was subsequently elected by the Michigan State Legislature to the Senate in January 1903. He served until his death in Washington, D.C. in 1907. He was chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Coast Defenses and the U.S. Senate Committee on the Pacific Railroads, both in the Fifty-ninth Congress. He is interred in Elmwood Cemetery in Detroit, Michigan. September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Aaron Thomas Bliss (May 22, 1837–September 16, 1906) was a U.S. Representative from and Governor of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... James McMillan (May 12, 1838–August 10, 1902) was a U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan McMillan was born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada and was educated in the public schools of Hamilton. ... The Michigan Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Elmwood Cemetery, Detroit, Michigan, is one of Michigans most important historic cemeteries. ... Nickname: Motor City, Motown Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area    - City 370. ...


Alger County, Michigan is named for him. A monument, consisting of a bronze bust of Alger mounted on a stone pedestal, is located on the grounds of the William G. Mather High School in Munising, Michigan. It was erected in June, 1909, with funds provided by the heirs of Alger and by the Board of Education of the Munising Township Schools. Alger County is a county located in the state of Michigan. ... Munising harbor Munising is a city on the southern shore of Lake Superior in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1942, a United States Liberty ship named the SS Russell A. Alger was planned. She was cancelled before construction. 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... The Liberty ships were cargo ships built in the United States during World War II. They were cheap and quick to build, and came to symbolize U.S. wartime industrial output. ... The SS (Hull Number 1754) was a Liberty ship that was supposed to be built in the United States during World War II. She was intended to be named after Russell A. Alger, a Michigan Senator and Governor. ...


Alger was also known for his largely xenophobic and anti-immigrant views. He feared the influx of "Chinese pagans" into Michigan, as well as the influence of Mormons and others. He also viewed immigrants as largely economically inferior to native-born Michiganians.[citation needed] Xenophobia means fear of strangers or the unknown and comes from the Greek ξενοφοβια, xenophobia, literally meaning fear of the strange. It is often used to describe fear of or dislike of foreigners, but racism in general is sometimes described as a... The term Mormon is a colloquial name, most-often used to refer to members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). ...


Bibliography

  • Dictionary of American Biography
  • Bell, Rodney E. "A Life of Russell Alexander Alger." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, 1975
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses for Russell Alexander Alger. 59th Cong., 2nd sess. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1907.
  • Michigan Historical Commission. 1924. Michigan Biographies: Russell Alger, Lansing.
  • Michigan Commandery of the Military of the Loyal Legion of the United States.
  • Final Journal of the Grand Army of the Republic, 1957. Compiled by Cora Gillis, Jamestown, New York, Past National President, Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1861-1865, Inc. and last National Secretary of the Grand Army of the Republic.
  • This article incorporates facts obtained from the public domain Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all members of both houses of the United States Congress, past and present. ...

External links

  • Russell Alexander Alger in Library of Congress's The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War
  • SECRETARIES OF WAR AND SECRETARIES OF THE ARMY: Portraits & Biographical Sketches by William Gardner Bell from the CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY, UNITED STATES ARMY
  • Biography of Alger through 1891 from "Chapter LIII: Grand Rapids and Kent County in the War for the Union," Baxter, Albert, History of the City of Grand Rapids, New York and Grand Rapids: Munsell & Company, Publishers, 1891.
  • Image of Russell Alger from "1888 Presidential Possibilities" card set t207.com
  • Grosse Pointe War Memorial - Russell Alger Mansion
Preceded by:
Josiah Begole
Governor of Michigan
18851887
Succeeded by:
Cyrus G. Luce
Preceded by:
Daniel Scott Lamont
United States Secretary of War
18971899
Succeeded by:
Elihu Root
Preceded by:
James McMillan
United States Senator (Class 2) from Michigan
19021907
Succeeded by:
William Alden Smith

 
 

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