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Encyclopedia > Rural cemetery

The rural or “gardencemetery was a revolutionary 19th century design that combined burials with landscaping in a rural, park-like setting. A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. ... Graves at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. ... Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including but not limited to: living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly referred to as Gardening efforts in the gestalt, the art and craft of growing plants with a goal of...


The idea of the garden cemetery can be traced to the founding of Mount Auburn Cemetery outside of Boston in 1831. Previous to this, urban burial grounds were generally sectarian and utilitarian, located on small plots within cities. By the early 19th century, these burial grounds were growing overcrowded as their European counterparts with graves stacked upon each other or emptied and reused for newer burials. Mount Auburn Cemetery Mount Auburn Cemetery Hunnewell family obelisk Civil War memorial Founded in 1831 as Americas first garden cemetery, Mount Auburn Cemetery is an Elysium where, traditionally, chaste classical monuments were set in rolling landscaped terrain. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ...


In response to overcrowding in Boston’s burial grounds, The Massachusetts Horticultural Society, led by General Henry A. S. Dearborn, developed a 72 acre property north of the city for use as a non-sectarian, rural cemetery.


Coinciding with the growing popularity of horticulture as well as the Romantic aesthetic that favored pastoral beauty, Mount Auburn Cemetery was developed by Dearborn on the concept of the “domesticated landscape” popularized by 19th century English landscape design. His plan included retention of natural features like ponds and mature forests with added roads and paths that followed the natural contours of the land as well as the plantings of hundreds of native and exotic trees and plants. Romantic and romanticism have a number of uses: Titles: Romantic (song) by Karyn White. ...


Mount Auburn quickly grew as popular site for both burials and public recreation, attracting locals as well as tourists from across the country and Europe. Within 5 years, four major American cemeteries were developed on the Mount Auburn model including Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia (1836); Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, Mount Hope Cemetery in Rochester,Green Mount Cemetery in Baltimore (1838) and Oakwood Cemetery in Syracuse (1859) . By the 1860’s rural cemeteries could be found on the outskirts of cities and smaller towns across the country. Laurel Hill Cemetery is the second major rural garden cemetery in the United States and one of the few National Historic Landmark cemeteries in the country. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the City That Loves You Back, the Quaker City, The Birthplace of America Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D... The Chapel at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn NY Green-Wood Cemetery was founded in 1838 as a rural cemetery in Brooklyn, New York, several blocks west of Prospect Park. ... Brooklyn (named for the Dutch city Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. ... Mount Hope Cemetery in Rochester, New York, founded in 1838, is the United States first municipal Victorian cemetery. ... Nickname: The Flour City, The Flower City, The Worlds Image Center Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country United States State New York County Monroe Mayor Robert Duffy Area    - City 37. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Clinton Square in Downtown Syracuse Syracuse is an American city in Central New York. ...


Rural cemeteries, from their inception, were intended as civic institutions designed for public use. Before the widespread development of public parks, the rural cemetery provided a place for the general public to enjoy refined outdoor recreation amidst art and sculpture previously available only for the wealthy.


Today, many of these historic cemeteries are designated landmarks and are cared for by non-profit organizations. A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ...


External links

  • Mount Auburn
  • Laurel Hill Philadelphia
  • Green-Wood Brooklyn

 
 

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