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Encyclopedia > Run (baseball)
Bengie Molina of the Anaheim Angels (in gray and red) scores a run by touching home plate after rounding all the bases.

In baseball, a run is scored when a player advances safely around first, second, and third base and returns safely to home plate, touching the bases in that order. A player may score by hitting a home run or by any combination of plays that puts him safely "on base" (that is, on first, second, or third) as a runner and subsequently brings him home. The object of the game is for a team to score more runs than its opponent. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 594 pixelsFull resolution (1021 × 758 pixel, file size: 97 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Bengie Molina of the Anaheim Angels scores a run at Ameriquest Field on April 11, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 594 pixelsFull resolution (1021 × 758 pixel, file size: 97 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Bengie Molina of the Anaheim Angels scores a run at Ameriquest Field on April 11, 2005. ... Benjamin José (Bengie or Ben) Molina (born July 20, 1974 in Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico) is a Major League Baseball catcher, currently with the San Francisco Giants. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, Angelitos (Spanish), Serafines (Spanish... Home plate is the final base in baseball and related games that a player must touch to score. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... In baseball, an out occurs when the defensive team effects any of a number of different events, and the umpire rules a batter or baserunner out. ... The baseball diamond of the San Diego Padres PETCO Park, seen from the stands. ... Home plate is the final base in baseball and related games that a player must touch to score. ... Mark McGwire swinging for the fences. ... In baseball, baserunning is the act of running around the bases performed by members of the team at bat. ...


In baseball statistics, a player who advances around all the bases to score is credited with a run (R), sometimes referred to as a "run scored." While runs scored is considered an important individual batting statistic, it is regarded as less significant than runs batted in (RBIs)—superiority in the latter, for instance, is one of the elements of the exceptional batting achievement known as the Triple Crown. Both individual runs scored and runs batted in are heavily context-dependent; for a more sophisticated assessment of a player's contribution toward producing runs for his team, see runs created. Statistics are very important to baseball, perhaps as much as they are for cricket, and more than almost any other sport. ... In baseball statistics, a run batted in (RBI) is given to a batter for each run scored as the result of a batters plate appearance. ... In baseball, the Triple Crown refers to: A batter who (at seasons end) leads the league in three major categories -- home runs, runs batted in, and batting average. ... Runs created (RC) is a baseball statistic invented by Bill James to estimate the number of runs a hitter contributes to his team. ...


A pitcher is likewise assessed runs surrendered in his statistics, which differentiate between standard earned runs (for which the pitcher is statistically assigned full responsibility) and so-called unearned runs scored due to fielding errors. If a pitching substitution occurs while a runner is on base, and that runner eventually scores a run, the pitcher who allowed the player to get on base is charged with the run even though he was no longer pitching when the run scored. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In baseball, an earned run is any run for which the pitcher is held accountable (i. ... There are 9 fielding positions in baseball. ... In baseball, an error is the act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or runner to reach one or more additional bases, on a play that would normally be completed successfully with ordinary effort. ...

Contents

Manufacturing runs

A team's lineup is designed in order to maximize the possibility of producing runs, both by increasing the chances that runners will be on base when a power hitter comes to bat, and by the process known as "manufacturing" runs. A team is said to manufacture a run when it takes several plays to move a baserunner around the bases and bring him home to score. The general process of manufacturing a run begins with a batter getting to first base via a single or walk. The team will then seek to advance him to second base, often via a sacrifice bunt or his own steal, or third base, via a hit and run. From second base, many runners can score on a single (in most lineups, one of the fastest players on the team bats first, known as the leadoff position, to maximize the possibility of scoring in this manner in the first inning). If the runner is on second with no outs, sometimes a sacrifice bunt will be employed to advance him to third, from where not only a hit but also a sacrifice fly or squeeze play (if luck has it, also a wild pitch or passed ball) can enable him to score. Manufacturing runs is particularly important in close games. When a team succeeds at manufacturing runs, it is said to be doing well at playing "small ball." This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In baseball, a slugger is a powerful batter with a high percentage of extra base hits, but may not have a high batting average. ... The position of the first baseman First base redirects here. ... In baseball, a single is the most common type of base hit, accomplished through the act of a batter safely reaching first base by striking the ball and getting to first before being made out, without the benefit of a fielders misplay (see error) or another runner being put... Walking is the main form of animal locomotion on land, distinguished from running and crawling. ... The position of the second baseman Second base redirects here. ... In baseball, a sacrifice hit is the act of deliberately striking the ball in a manner that allows a runner on base to advance to another base, while the batter is himself put out. ... The all-time stolen base leader, Rickey Henderson, swipes third in 1988. ... The position of the third baseman “Third base” redirects here. ... A hit and run is a play in baseball where the baserunners are put in motion before the ball is hit. ... In baseball, a leadoff hitter is a batter who bats first in the lineup. ... Inning is a town in the district of Erding in Bavaria in Germany. ... In baseball, an out occurs when the defensive team effects any of a number of different events, and the umpire rules a batter or baserunner out. ... In Major League Baseball history, Ty Cobb had a record 4,191 hits by 1928; Pete Rose would surpass it 57 years later, and finish with 4,256 career hits. ... In baseball, a batted ball is considered a sacrifice fly (denoted by SF) if the following four criteria are met: There are fewer than two outs when the ball is hit. ... In baseball, a squeeze play is a sacrifice bunt with a runner on third and fewer than two outs. ... In baseball, a wild pitch (WP) is charged to a pitcher when a pitch is too high, too low, or too wide of home plate for the catcher to field capably, thereby allowing one or more runners to advance or to score. ... In baseball, a catcher shall be charged with a passed ball when he fails to hold or to control a legally pitched ball which should have been held or controlled with ordinary effort, thereby permitting a runner or runners to advance. ...


Significant run scoring records

Player

The career record for most runs scored by a major-league player is 2,295, held by Rickey Henderson (1979–2003). The season record for most runs scored is 198, set by Billy Hamilton of the Philadelphia Phillies in 1894. The so-called modern-day record (1900 and after) is 177, achieved by Babe Ruth of the New York Yankees in 1921. The record for most seasons leading one of the major leagues in runs scored is 8, held by Babe Ruth (American League: 1919–21, 1923, 1924, 1926–28). This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Rickey Henley Henderson (born December 25, 1958) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder who is baseballs all-time leader in stolen bases[1] and runs scored. ... Billy Hamilton on an 1887-1890 Goodwin & Company baseball card (Old Judge (N172)). William Robert Sliding Billy Hamilton February 16, 1866 - December 15, 1940, was a 19th century Major League Baseball player. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... Babe Ruths number 3 was retired by the New York Yankees in 1948 George Herman Ruth, Jr. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... American League The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ...


The record for most consecutive games with at least one run scored is 18, shared by the Yankees' Red Rolfe (August 9August 25, 1939) and the Cleveland Indians' Kenny Lofton (August 15September 3, 2000). The record for most runs scored by a player in a single game is 7, set by Guy Hecker of the American Association's Louisville Colonels on August 15, 1886. The modern-day record of 6 is shared by fourteen players (eight of whom attained it before 1900). Of the six modern-day players to score 6 runs in a game, the first to perform the feat was Mel Ott of the New York Giants on August 4, 1934 (he repeated the accomplishment ten years later, making him the only player ever to do it twice); the most recent was Shawn Green, then of the Los Angeles Dodgers, on May 23, 2002. Robert Abial Red Rolfe (October 17, 1908 – July 8, 1969) was an American third baseman, manager and front-office executive in Major League Baseball. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present) Cleveland Stadium... Kenneth Lofton (born May 31, 1967 in East Chicago, Indiana) is a Major League Baseball center fielder who plays with the Cleveland Indians. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Guy Jackson Hecker (April 3, 1856 in Youngsville, Pennsylvania -December 3, 1938) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... The American Association (AA) was a baseball major league from 1882 to 1891. ... The Louisville Colonels were a Major League Baseball team that played in the American Association throughout that leagues ten-year existence from 1882 until 1891, first as the Louisville Eclipse (1882- 1884) and later as the Louisville Colonels (1885 -1891). ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Melvin Thomas (Mel) Ott (March 2, 1909 – November 21, 1958), nicknamed Master Melvin, was a right fielder in Major League Baseball who played his entire career in the National League for the New York Giants (1926-1947). ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Big Blue Wrecking Crew, Big Blue, G-Men, The Jints, The New York Football Giants Team colors Royal Blue, Red, Gray, and White Head Coach Tom Coughlin Owner John Mara (50%) and Steve Tisch (50%) General manager Jerry Reese League/Conference affiliations National... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shawn David Green (born November 10, 1972, in Des Plaines, Illinois) is a 6 4 left-handed Major League Baseball player. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899-1910), (1913) Brooklyn Grooms... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Team

The record for most runs scored by a major-league team during a single season is 1,220, set by the Boston Beaneaters (now the Atlanta Braves) in 1894. The modern-day record is 1,067, achieved by the New York Yankees in 1931. The team record for most consecutive games with at least one run scored (i.e., most consecutive games not being shut out) is 308, set by the Yankees between August 3, 1931, and August 2, 1933. Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


The record for most runs scored by a team in a single game is 36, set by the Chicago Colts (now the Chicago Cubs) against the Louisville Colonels (which joined the National League in 1892) on June 29, 1897. The modern-day record (as well as the American League record) of 30 was set on August 22, 2007, by the Texas Rangers against the Baltimore Orioles in the first game of a doubleheader. The Orioles led 3-0 after three innings. The Rangers scored 5 runs in the fourth inning, 9 runs in the sixth, 10 runs in the eighth, and 6 runs in the ninth. On August 25, 1922, the highest-scoring game in major-league history took place: the Chicago Cubs defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 26–23, a total of 49 runs. The Chicago Cubs are a Major League Baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1889) (a. ... The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the National League, is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada and the worlds oldest extant professional team sports league. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... American League The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Texas Rangers American League AAA Oklahoma RedHawks AA Frisco RoughRiders A Bakersfield Blaze Clinton LumberKings Spokane Indians R Arizona Rangers The Texas Rangers are a Major League Baseball team based in Arlington, Texas, a suburb in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 5, 8, 20, 22, 33, 42 Name Baltimore Orioles (1954–present) St. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils...


The record for most runs scored by a team in a single inning is 18, set by the Chicago White Stockings (now the White Sox) against the Detroit Wolverines on September 6, 1883. The modern-day record is 17, achieved by the Boston Red Sox against the Detroit Tigers on June 18, 1953. The Detroit Wolverines were a 19th century baseball team that played in the National League from 1881 to 1888 in the city of Detroit, Michigan. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42 Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999) Briggs Stadium (1938-1960) Navin Field (1912-1938) Bennett... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


World Series

The Yankees' Mickey Mantle holds the record for most career World Series runs scored with 42 (1951–53, 1955–58, 1960–64). The record for most runs scored in a single World Series, shared by two players, is 10, achieved both times in a six-game Series: Reggie Jackson of the Yankees was the first to do it, in 1977; the Toronto Blue Jays' Paul Molitor equaled him in 1993. The most runs ever scored by a player in a World Series game is 4, a record shared by nine men. Babe Ruth set the mark on October 6, 1926, while with the Yankees; it was matched most recently by Jeff Kent of the San Francisco Giants on October 24, 2002. Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995) was an American baseball player who was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974. ... Reggie Jacksons number 44 was retired by the New York Yankees in 1993 Reggie Jacksons number 9 was retired by the Oakland Athletics in 2004 Reginald Martinez Reggie Jackson (born May 18, 1946), nicknamed Mr. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) East Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Toronto Blue Jays (1977–present) Other nicknames The Jays Ballpark Rogers Centre (1989–present) a. ... Reverse side of a Paul Molitor baseball card Paul Leo Molitor (born August 22, 1956 in St. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jeffrey Franklin Kent (born March 7, 1968 in Bellflower, California) is a Major League Baseball player for the Los Angeles Dodgers and a former MVP winner. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


In the six-game 1993 World Series, the Blue Jays scored a record 45 runs in defeating the Phillies. On October 2, 1936, playing the New York Giants, the Yankees set the team record for most runs scored in a single Series game with 18. A total of 29 players crossed the plate in the highest-scoring World Series game in history on October 20, 1993, as the Blue Jays beat the Phillies 15–14. is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Run (baseball) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (238 words)
In baseball, a run is scored when a player advances safely around all three bases and returns safely to home plate.
In baseball statistics, a player who advances around all the bases to score is credited with a run (R), sometimes referred to as a "run scored." A pitcher can be given runs on his statistics, which includes earned runs and runs scored due to errors.
The lineup is often designed in such a way to maximize the possibility of manufacturing a run in the first inning.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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