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Encyclopedia > Rumia

Rumia (pronounce: ['rumȋa], Kashubian/Pomeranian: Rëmiô, German Rahmel) is a town, located in Eastern Pomerania region, north-western Poland, with some 43,000 inhabitants. It is a part of the Kashubian Tricity (Rumia, Reda, Wejherowo) and a suburb part of metropolitan area of Tricity. Situated in the Wejherowo County in Pomeranian Voivodship since 1999, previously in Gdansk Voivodship (1975-1998). Rumia is traditionally connected to Kashubia. File links The following pages link to this file: Rumia Categories: Images with unknown source ... Kashubian, Cassubian is one of the Lekhitic languages, which are a group of Slavic languages. ... Pomeranian is a group of Lekhitic dialects, sometimes called also the dialects of Polish. ... Eastern Pomerania (also Pomerelia, East Pomerania, Gdansk Pomerania, Vistula Pomerania) is a geographical and historical region in the east of Pomerania in northern Poland. ... Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German: Pommern and Pommerellen, Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers, reaching the Reknitz river... Coat of Arms of Reda Reda (Kashubian/Pomeranian: Réda) is a town on the Reda river in Kashubia or Eastern Pomerania region, north-western Poland with some 17,000 inhabitants. ... Wejherowo (see also Cities alternative names), is a city in Eastern Pomerania, northern Poland, with 47,300 inhabitants (1995). ... Tricity (also called the Treble City, in Polish Trójmiasto) is the metropolitan area consisting of the three Polish cities GdaÅ„sk, Gdynia and Sopot. ... Wejherowo County (Polish: Powiat wejherowski) is the most populated countryside county in the Pomeranian Voivodship, Poland. ... The Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ... Gdańsk Voivodship (1) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by Pomeranian Voivodship. ... Kashubians (also Kassubians, or Cassubians, in Kashubian: Kaszëbi) are a Slavic ethnic group living in modern-day northwestern Poland. ...


It is connected by well developed railway and highway connections to the Tricity, over 1 million agglomeration on the coast of Gdansk Bay. Tricity (also called the Treble City, in Polish Trójmiasto) is the metropolitan area consisting of the three Polish cities GdaÅ„sk, Gdynia and Sopot. ... The Bay of Gdańsk (also known as the Gdańsk Bay or Gulf of Gdańsk; in Polish Zatoka Gdańska; in German Danziger Bucht) is a southeastern bay of the Baltic sea enclosed by a large curve of the shores of Gdańsk Pomerania in Poland (Cape Rozewie, Hel Peninsula) and the Kaliningrad...

Contents


History

The village of Rumia was first mentioned in 1224 when it was awarded by Swietopelk, duke of Eastern Pomerania to the Cistercian convent in Oliwa (today part of Gdansk). At this time the name of Rumia was applied also to the neighbourhoods of Janowo (=John's Place) and Biała Rzeka (=White River). Zagórze, Kazimierz and Łężyce, which are today part of Rumia, originally were separate villages, and were joined with Rumia in 1934 to form Rumia Rural Commune. Rumia was a church property until the first partition of Poland, when it was confiscated by the Prussian government. In 1285 Mestwin II, duke of Pomerania stopped here to issue official documents. Events Foundation of the University of Naples Livonian Brothers of the Sword conquers Latgallians Births Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile - Ferdinand III, the Saint King of Castile and Leon (reigned from 1217 to 1252) Holy See... Eastern Pomerania (also Pomerelia, East Pomerania, Gdansk Pomerania, Vistula Pomerania) is a geographical and historical region in the east of Pomerania in northern Poland. ... Oliwa (Oliva) is one of the quarters of GdaÅ„sk. ... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly) Voivodship Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Gdańska Mayor Paweł Adamowicz Area 262 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 461 400 (2003) Ranked 6th 1 035 000 1761/km² Founded... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Partitions of Poland (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Events Night watch created in Winchester, England - every householder patrols one night in turn The writ Circumspecte Agatis defines the jurisdictions of church and state in England Births Emperor Go-Nijo of Japan Pope Benedict XII Deaths March 28 - Pope Martin IV Categories: 1285 ... Mestwin II, Mszczuj II or Mściwój II (died 25 December 1294) was a duke of Eastern Pomerania in years 1266-1294. ... Pomerania is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany, on the south coasts of Baltic Sea on both sides of the Oder River and reaches to the Vistula river in the east and Reknitz river in the west. ...


The village of Rumia was since 1772 a part of the Prussian province of West Prussia, since 1870 in Imperial Germany until the end of the World War I, and was then located in the Pomeranian Voivodship of the newly restored Polish state. In late 1920s the nearby village of Gdynia was turned into a city and one of the biggest seaports in the region. The city grew very fast and so grew the prices. Because of that many people settled in the village of Rumia and its vicinity. 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... One of four districts of East Prussia in 1920 - 1938. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This article or section should include material from German Monarchy The term German Empire (the translation from German of Deutsches Reich) commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... WWI redirects here. ... The Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ... ... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America as the Roaring Twenties. // Events and trends Technology John T. Thompson invents Thompson submachine gun, also known as Tommy gun John Logie Baird invents the first working television system (1925) Charles Lindbergh becomes the first person to fly... Gdynia (pronounce: [:gdiɲia], Kashubian/Pomeranian: Gdiniô) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodship of Poland and an important seaport at Gdansk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ...


By 1934 Rumia became an important suburb of Gdynia (population of 12 000 in 1939), located approximately 10 km. from the city centre and well-connected with it through a railway link. A small military airfield, home of two squadrons of the Coast Defence Escadrille (based in Puck) was opened to civilian planes on May 1, 1936, and by January 1, 1939 a number of passengers using it rose to over 3000 a year. The airfield was also the main base of the Gdynia-based glider club. 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... Gdynia (pronounce: [:gdiɲia], Kashubian/Pomeranian: Gdiniô) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodship of Poland and an important seaport at Gdansk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Puck (pronounce: [puʦk], Kashubian/Pomeranian: Pùck ; German Putzig) is a town on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea in Eastern Pomerania region, north-western Poland with some 12,000 inhabitants. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Gdynia (pronounce: [:gdiɲia], Kashubian/Pomeranian: Gdiniô) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodship of Poland and an important seaport at Gdansk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... Gliders are un-powered heavier-than-air aircraft. ...


During the September Campaign of 1939 Rumia was a site of heavy fights. It was a flanking position of the main Polish defence line at Kępa Oksywska. Two military cemeteries are located in the area. During the World War II the city was annexed by Germany to the province of Danzig-West Prussia. Polish Defence War of 1939 Conflict World War II Date 1 September - 6 October 1939 Place Poland Result Decisive German and Soviet victory The Polish September Campaign (alternatively refered to as the German plan Fall Weiss) refers to the conquest of Poland by the armies of Nazi Germany and the... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air, August 9, 1945 after the Allied atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. ... The Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia (Danzig-Westpreussen) was a German administrative unit created in 1939 from Freie Stadt Danzig and Polish Pomerania. ...


The first of a series of war crimes happened on September 9, 1939 when the Wehrmacht shot 21 Polish POWs from the local self-defence units. Soon after taking the town, in September and October 1939 SS and SD units started a terror campaign. Exact number of victims is unknown, 'though various historians place the death toll at approximately 3 000. Most of them were either executed at a nearby place of mass executions in Piaśnica or sent to Stutthof concentration camp. Approximately half of the pre-war inhabitants of the town were expelled in 1940 and 1941, mostly to General Government. During the war Rumia was also a place of internment of several thousands of POWs, mostly from the United Kingdom, France and Italy. It was also a place of a forced labor camp and a plane assembly plant. In 1945, shortly before the liberation by the Red Army the local airfield was destroyed by an Royal Air Force bombing raid. A war crime is a punishable offense, under international law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Wehrmacht   listen? was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... SS or ss or Ss may be: The Schutzstaffel, a Nazi paramilitary force Steamship (SS) (ship prefix) The United States Secret Service A submarine not powered by nuclear energy (SS) (United States Navy designator), see SSN A Soviet/Russian surface-to-surface missile, as listed by NATO reporting name Shortstop... SD Insignia Patch The Sicherheitsdienst (SD, Security Service) was the intelligence service of the SS. The organization was the first Nazi Party intelligence organization to be established and was considered a sister organization with the Gestapo. ... Piasnica is a river and a village in Pomerania in Northern Poland. ... Stutthof, commonly refers to the Stutthof concentration camp complex built near the town of Sztutowo, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Sztutowo (called by the Germans Stutthof) itself. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force branch of the UK Armed Forces. ...


In 1945 the city was transferred back to Pomeranian Voivodship. It became a city in 1954 when a few other villages (Zagórze, Biała Rzeka, Szmelta and Janowo) were joined with Rumia. In 2001 also the village of Kazimierz was included. 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ... 1954 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Transportation

Rumia is well connected through 4 lane highway, that lead from Wejherowo to Gdynia and from there by Circular Highway to Gdansk. There is a plan to extend the Circular from Gdynia to beyond Wejherowo. Wejherowo (see also Cities alternative names), is a city in Eastern Pomerania, northern Poland, with 47,300 inhabitants (1995). ... Gdynia (pronounce: [:gdiɲia], Kashubian/Pomeranian: Gdiniô) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodship of Poland and an important seaport at Gdansk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly) Voivodship Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Gdańska Mayor Paweł Adamowicz Area 262 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 461 400 (2003) Ranked 6th 1 035 000 1761/km² Founded...


In Rumia there are 2 stops of the SKM (fast city railway), that connects Lębork-Wejherowo-Rumia-Gdynia-Sopot-Gdańsk-Tczew. The stops are called Rumia and Rumia-Janowo. There is also network of city buses that goes directly to Gdynia and Gdynia-Dąbrowa. Lębork. ... Wejherowo (see also Cities alternative names), is a city in Eastern Pomerania, northern Poland, with 47,300 inhabitants (1995). ... Gdynia (pronounce: [:gdiɲia], Kashubian/Pomeranian: Gdiniô) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodship of Poland and an important seaport at Gdansk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... Motto: none Voivodship Pomeranian Municipal government Rada Miasta Sopot Mayor Jacek Karnowski Area 17,31 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 41 430 1 035 000 (Tricity) 2393/km² Founded City rights 7th century 1902 Latitude Longitude 54°26 N 18°33 E Area code +48 58 Car plates GSP Twin... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly) Voivodship Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Gdańska Mayor Paweł Adamowicz Area 262 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 461 400 (2003) Ranked 6th 1 035 000 1761/km² Founded... Tczew (Kashubian: Derszowo; German Dirschau) is a town on the river Vistula in Eastern Pomerania region, in northern Poland with 60,000 inhabitants (2002). ...


Population

  • 1960: 15,100 inhabitants
  • 1970: 23,300 inhabitants
  • 1975: 26,000 inhabitants
  • 1980: 26,700 inhabitants
  • 1990: 37,500 inhabitants
  • 1995: 40,000 inhabitants
  • 1998: 40,200 inhabitants
  • 2003: 43,000 inhabitants
  • 2004: 43,700 inhabitants

External link

  • Official Rumia page (in Polish)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rumia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (704 words)
The village of Rumia was first mentioned in 1224 when it was awarded by Swietopelk, duke of Eastern Pomerania to the Cistercian convent in Oliwa (today part of Gdansk).
Rumia was a church property until the first partition of Poland, when it was confiscated by the Prussian government.
The village of Rumia was since 1772 a part of the Prussian province of West Prussia, since 1870 in Imperial Germany until the end of the World War I, and was then located in the Pomeranian Voivodship of the newly restored Polish state.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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