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Encyclopedia > Rulers of Saxony

List of Dukes, Electors, and Kings of Saxony, 880-1918


The original Duchy of Saxony comprised lands in the north-westen part of present-day Germany, roughly corresponding to the modern German state of Lower Saxony and to Westphalia. The Duchy of Saxony was a medieval Duchy covering the greater part of Northern Germany. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... Westphalia (German: Westfalen) is a region in Germany, centred on the cities of Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Münster, Bielefeld, and Osnabrück and included in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony. ...

Contents


Dukes of Saxony

Early dukes

Ottonian or Liudolfing dynasty Widukind or Wittekind was a Saxon leader, duke of Saxony and one of the heads of the nobility of Westphalia. ... Charlemagne (ca. ... Ottonian dynasty is a name sometimes given to a ruling dynasty of German kings, sometimes regarded as the first dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire, (though Charlemagne is commonly viewed as the original founder. ...

Billung Dynasty Liudolf (died 12 March 864 or 866) was a Saxon count; later authors called him duke of the Eastern Saxons. ... Brun (Latin Bruno; died 2 February 880) was a Saxon count, and possibly duke of Saxony. ... Otto or Oddo (died 30 November 912) was a Saxon nobleman; by later authors, he is often called Otto the Illustrious. ... Henry I, the Fowler (German, Heinrich der Vogler) (876 - July 2, 936), was duke of Saxony from 912 and king of the Germans from 919 until his death in 936. ... The following list of German Kings and Emperors is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... Otto I at his victory over Berengar of Friuli Grave of Otto I in Magdeburg Otto I the Great ( November 23, 912 - May 7, 973), son of Henry I the Fowler, king of the Germans, and Matilda of Ringelheim, was Duke of Saxony, King of the Germans and arguably the... The following list of German Kings and Emperors is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... The Billung Family were Saxon dukes and rulers, who can be traced back to AD 500. ...

  • Hermann 961-973
  • Bernard I 973-1011
  • Bernard II 1011-1059
  • Ordulf 1059-1072
  • Magnus 1072-1106

Supplinburg Dynasty Duke of Saxony. ... Magnus (died 23 August 1106) was duke of Saxony from 1072 to 1106. ... Süpplingenburg is a municipality of 700 inhabitants (2003) in the district of Helmstedt, Lower Saxony, Germany. ...

Welf Dynasty The sole member of the house of Supplinburg to hold the titles, Lothar II (1075-1137) became duke of Saxony in 1106, king of Germany in 1125 and Holy Roman Emperor in 1133. ... The following list of German Kings and Emperors is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... The House of Welf (or House of Guelph) is a European dynasty that has included many German and British monarchs from the 11th century until the 20th century. ...

Ascanian Dynasty Henry II, known as the Proud (1108 - October 20, 1139) was Duke of Saxony (1138-1139) and Duke of Bavaria (1126-1139) as Henry X. He was the son of Henry the Black Duke of Bavaria, and Wulfhild, daughter of Magnus Billung, Duke of Saxony, and thus a member of... The following is a list of rulers of Bavaria: Dukes of Bavaria, 889-1623 Liutpolding Dynasty Liutpold 889-907 Arnulf the Bad 907-937 Eberhard 937 Berthold 938-947 Liudolfing (Ottonian) Dynasty Henry I 947-955 Henry II the Quarrelsome 955-976 Otto I 976-982 Liutpolding Dynasty Henry III... The Ascanian dynasty of the rulers of Brandenburg began with Albert the Bear who inherited the territory from its last Wendish ruler, Pribislav, in 1150. ...

Welf Dynasty Albert I (c. ...

With the final removal of the Welfs in 1180, the Duchies of Brunswick and Lüneburg, which fell to their descendants, passed out of the control of the Duchy of Saxony. The Ascanians, who now took control, had their base further east, near the Elbe. Henry the Lion (face of statue on his tomb in Brunswick Cathedral) Henry the Lion (1129/1131 - August 6, 1195; in German, Heinrich der Löwe) was Duke of Saxony as Henry III since 1142, and Duke of Bavaria as Henry XII since 1156, both until 1180. ... The following is a list of rulers of Bavaria: Dukes of Bavaria, 889-1623 Liutpolding Dynasty Liutpold 889-907 Arnulf the Bad 907-937 Eberhard 937 Berthold 938-947 Liudolfing (Ottonian) Dynasty Henry I 947-955 Henry II the Quarrelsome 955-976 Otto I 976-982 Liutpolding Dynasty Henry III... This article needs cleanup. ... Map of Germany showing Lüneburg Coat of arms Lüneburg is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, about 50km southeast of Hamburg. ... The Ascanian dynasty of the rulers of Brandenburg began with Albert the Bear who inherited the territory from its last Wendish ruler, Pribislav, in 1150. ... The Elbe River (Czech Labe   listen?, Sorbian/Lusatian Łobjo, Polish Łaba, German Elbe, Hungarian Elba) is one of the major waterways of central Europe. ...


Ascanian Dynasty

  • Bernard III 1180-1212
  • Albert II 1212-1260

Dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg

On Albert II's death, his sons split Saxony between them: they became the Dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg and Saxe-Lauenburg. The following ruled as Dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg: Statue of Martin Luther in the main square Wittenberg, officially Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Germany, in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt, at 12° 59 E, 51° 51 N, on the Elbe river. ... Lauenburg (in full Herzogtum Lauenburg, Duchy of Lauenburg) is a district in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ...


Ascanian Dynasty

  • Albert III 1260-1298
  • Rudolf I 1298-1356

Electors of Saxony

The Golden Bull of 1356 raised the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg to the status of Prince-elector. Henceforth he became known by the title of Elector of Saxony. The Golden Bull of 1356 was a decree issued by a Reichstag in Nuremberg headed by Emperor Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (see Diet of Nuremberg) that fixed, for a period of more than four hundred years, an important aspect of the constitutional structure of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ...


Ascanian Dynasty

  • Rudolf II 1356-1370
  • Wenzel 1370-1388
  • Rudolf III 1388-1419
  • Albert IV 1419-1422

The last Ascanian Elector of Saxony died in 1422. There succeeded Margrave Frederick of Meissen and Thuringia, of the Wettin Dynasty. Margrave is the English and French form of the German title Markgraf (from Mark march and Graf count) and certain equivalent nobiliary (princely) titles in other languages. ... Old town of Meißen. ... The Free State of Thuringia (German Freistaat Thüringen) lies in central Germany and is among the smaller of the countrys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 sq. ... The Wettin dynasty of German counts, dukes, Prince Electors (Kurfürsten) and kings ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding for a time the kingship of Poland. ...


Wettin Dynasty

(On Frederick II's death his sons divided the Wettin territories between them. The elder, Ernest, became elector and inherited Northern Meissen, Southern Thuringia, and Wittenberg, along with the Electoral title. Albert, the younger son, became duke and received Northern Thuringia and Southern Meissen) Frederick I, the Belligerent Frederick IV, the Belligerent (11 April 1370 – 4 January 1428, Altenburg), son of Friedrich III, Landgraf of Thuringia and Katharina von Henneberg. ... Frederick II, the Gentle and Elector of Saxony (1428 — 1464), was an Elector of Saxony. ... Ernest, Elector Of Saxony (1441 at Altenburg-1486) founder of the Ernestine line of Saxon princes, ancestor of Prince Consort. ... Statue of Martin Luther in the main square Wittenberg, officially Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Germany, in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt, at 12° 59 E, 51° 51 N, on the Elbe river. ... Note: Several rulers of Saxony bore the name Albert. ...


Ernestine Electors of Saxony

Albertine Dukes of Saxony Ernest, Elector Of Saxony (1441 at Altenburg-1486) founder of the Ernestine line of Saxon princes, ancestor of Prince Consort. ... Frederick in an engraved portrait by Albrecht Dürer, 1524 Friedrich III (January 17, 1463 – May 5, 1525), also known as Frederick the Wise, was Elector of Saxony (from the House of Wettin) from 1486 to his death. ... John, Elector of Saxony, known as John the Steadfast or John the Constant (born 1468 at Schweinitz Castle - August 16, 1532) was Elector of Saxony from 1525 until 1532 (from the House of Wettin). ... Johann Friedrich I, Elector of Saxony (30 June 1503 - 3 March 1554), called John the Magnanimous, was head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), Champion of the Reformation. He was the son of John the Steadfast of Saxony and born in Torgau, Germany. ...

In 1547, following Emperor Charles V's victory at the Battle of Mühlberg, Wittenberg and the Electoral dignity passed to the Albertine line. The Ernestine line continued to rule in southern Thuringian, but their lands eventually split up into many different tiny duchies, of which Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Saxe-Meiningen, and Saxe-Altenburg lasted until 1918. This article does not list the subsequent Ernestine dukes. Note: Several rulers of Saxony bore the name Albert. ... George the Bearded, Duke of Saxony (27 August 1471 - 17 April 1539), was duke of Saxony from 1500 to 1539. ... Maurice of Saxony, born March 21, 1521, Freiberg, Saxony, died July 9, 1553, Sievershausen, Saxony Moritz von Sachsen Duke (1541–53) and later elector (1547–53) of Saxony, whose clever manipulation of alliances and disputes gained the Albertine branch of the Wettin dynasty extensive lands and the electoral dignity. ... Charles V Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain Charles V (Spanish: Carlos I, Dutch: Karel V, German: Karl V.) (24 February 1500–21 September 1558) is considered (the first) King of Spain though in fact his son was the first to use that title. ... The Battle of Mühlberg was a large battle in which the Holy Roman Empire decisively dismantled the Schmalkaldic League. ... The Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Herzogtum von Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) was created in 1809 by the merger of the Duchies of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach, which had been in personal union since 1741, when the Saxe-Eisenach line had died out. ... Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) was once the name given to the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present states of Bavaria and Thuringia, which were in personal union between 1826 and 1918. ... The Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen was one of the Saxon Duchies held by the Ernestine line of the Wettin Dynasty. ... Saxe-Altenburg (German Sachsen-Altenburg) was one of the Saxon duchies held by the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty. ...


Albertine Electors of Saxony

Maurice of Saxony, born March 21, 1521, Freiberg, Saxony, died July 9, 1553, Sievershausen, Saxony Moritz von Sachsen Duke (1541–53) and later elector (1547–53) of Saxony, whose clever manipulation of alliances and disputes gained the Albertine branch of the Wettin dynasty extensive lands and the electoral dignity. ... John George I (5 March 1585 - 8 October 1656), elector of Saxony, second son of the elector Christian I. He succeeded to the electorate in June 1611 on the death of his elder brother, Christian II. The geographical position of electoral Saxony hardly less than her high standing among the... John George II (31 May 1613 - 22 August 1680) was elector of Saxony, succeeding his father John George I in October 1656. ... John George III was born in 1647 to the house of Wettin. ... John George IV (18 October 1668 - 27 April 1694) was elector of Saxony, succeeding his father John George III. At the beginning of his reign his chief adviser was Hans Adam von Schoning (1641-1696), who counselled a union between Saxony and Brandenburg and a more independent attitude towards the... Reign From 1697, until 1706 and from 1709, until February 1, 1733 Elected In 1697 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents John George III Wettin Anne Sophie Consorts  ? Children August III Sas Maurice... Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... Frederick Christian (September 5, 1722 - December 17, 1763) was a member of the house of Wettin. ... Frederick Augustus I (or III) of Saxony (December 23, 1750 - May 5, 1827). ...

Kings of Saxony

In 1806, the Holy Roman Empire came to an end. The Kingdom of Saxony was formed, and Frederick Augustus III became King Frederick Augustus I. The Kingdom of Saxony, lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Germany, finally being absorbed into the Weimar Republic in 1918. ...


House of Wettin

Frederick Augustus I (or III) of Saxony (December 23, 1750 - May 5, 1827). ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4,3 million Existed 1806–1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: KsiÄ™stwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae, French: Duche de Varsovie) was a Polish... Anthony Clement of Saxony Wettin was born in 1755. ... Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, whose full name was His Majesty Friedrich August II Albert Maria Clemens Joseph Vincenz Aloys Nepomuk Johann Baptista Nikolaus Raphael Peter Xaver Franz de Paula Veneantius King of Saxony, (May 18, 1797 - August 9, 1854) became King of Saxony in 1836. ... Johann I of Saxony, Johann Nepomuk Maria Joseph Anton Xaver Vincenz Aloys Franz de Paula Stanislaus Bernhard Paul Felix Damasus, King of Saxony (12 December 1801-29 October 1873) was the son of Maximilian, Duke of Saxony (1759-1838) and his first wife, Caroline of Bourbon-Parma (1770-1804). ... Albert, King of Saxony (Germany) (1828 - 1902, reigned 1873 - 1902), was born April 23, 1828. ... King Georg I of Saxony (Friedrich August Georg Ludwig Maximilian Karl Maria Nepomuk Baptist Xaver Cyriacus Romanus, King of Saxony) (* 8 August 1832 in Dresden; † 15 October 1904 in Pillnitz) succeeded his brother Albrecht as King of Saxony. ... Friedrich August III Johann Ludwig Karl Gustav Gregor Philipp, King of Saxony (25 May 1865 -18 February 1932) was the son of King Georg I of Saxony (1832-1904) and his wife Maria Ana Infanta of Portugal (1843-1884). ...

Heads of the House of Wettin since 1918

Saxony became a republic with the demise of the German Empire in 1918. For later rulers, see List of minister presidents of Saxony. The term German Empire commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... With an area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Saxony (7923 words)
This old Duchy of Saxony, as it is called in distinction from the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, became the centre of the opposition of the German princes to the imperial power during the era of the Franconian or Salian emperors.
Saxony is the most densely peopled state of the empire, and indeed of all Europe; the reason is the very large immigration on account of the development of manufactures.
The Vicariate Apostolic of Saxony, and the Prefecture Apostolic of Saxon Upper Lusatia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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