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Encyclopedia > Rule 5 Draft

The Rule 5 draft is a Major League Baseball player draft that occurs each year in December, at the annual Winter Meeting of general managers. The Rule 5 draft aims to prevent teams from stockpiling too many young players on their minor league affiliate teams when other teams would be willing to have them play in the majors. The Rule 5 Draft is named for its place in the Professional Baseball Collective Bargaining Agreement. The June Rule 4 draft, known as simply "the draft" or the "amateur draft", is a distinctly different process in which teams select high school and college players. Major Leagues redirects here. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... The Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) is the contract between the NHL and the NHLPA that defines the structure of procedural, financial, and disciplinary relationships between the NHL, its teams, and its players. ... The First-Year Player Draft is Major League Baseballs primary mechanism for assigning amateur baseball players, from high schools, colleges, and other amateur baseball clubs, to its teams. ...

Contents

Description

As in the amateur draft, the selection order of the teams is based on each team's win-loss record from the prior regular season, each round starting with the team with the worst record and proceeding in order to the team with the best record. Any player selected under Rule 5 is immediately added to his new team's 40-man roster; thus, teams who do not have an available roster spot may not participate in the Rule 5 draft. Players who are not currently on their team's 40-man roster are eligible to be selected in the Rule 5 draft, but only after a standard exemption period has elapsed. See Exemptions to Selection Eligibility below. Major League Baseball transactions are changes made to the roster of a major league team during or after the season. ... An exemption is a rule or law which excepts certain things from another rule or law. ...


If chosen in the Rule 5 draft, a player must be kept on the selecting team's 25-man major league roster for the entire season after the draft--he may not be optioned or designated to the minors. The selecting team may, at any time, waive the Rule 5 draftee. If a Rule 5 draftee clears waivers by not signing with a new MLB team, he must be offered back to the original team, effectively canceling the Rule 5 draft choice. Once a Rule 5 draftee spends an entire season on his new team's 25-man roster, his status reverts to normal and he may be optioned or designated for assignment. Major League Baseball transactions are changes made to the roster of a major league team during or after the season. ...


To prevent the abuse of the Rule 5 draft, the rule also states that the draftee must be active for at least 90 days. This keeps teams from drafting players, then placing them on the disabled list for the majority of the season. For example, if a Rule 5 draftee was only active for 67 days in his first season with his new club, he must be active for an additional 23 games in his second season to satisfy the Rule 5 requirements.


Any player chosen in the Rule 5 draft may be traded to any team while under the Rule 5 restrictions, but the restrictions transfer to the new team. If the new team does not want to keep the player on its 25-man roster for the season, he must be offered back to the team of which he was a member when chosen in the draft.


Exemptions to Selection Eligibility

Players signed at age 19 or older are exempt from the Rule 5 draft for four years after being drafted (in the amateur draft) or signed by their current organization; players drafted or signed at age 18 or younger are exempt for five years. For example, players drafted in 2005 (or later) at age 19 (or older) will be exempt from the 2007 Rule 5 draft, as will players drafted in 2004 (or later) at age 18 (or younger).


The exemption periods were extended by one year in October 2006 as part of a new Collective Bargaining Agreement. The change took effect immediately, exempting many players from the 2006 Rule 5 draft even though they had been signed in some cases more than four years before the new agreement came into effect. Prior to the rule change, players were exempt for three or four years after the year they were signed (regardless of the year they were drafted), rather than four or five years.


Cost and Example

To prevent excessive turnover in the minor league levels, each draftee costs $50,000. If the draftee does not stay on the selecting team's 25-man (major league) roster all season, the player must be offered back to his original team at half-price. Organizations may also draft players from AA or lower to play for their AAA affiliates (for $12,000) and may draft players from A teams or lower to play for their AA affiliates (for $4,000). For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ...


The Rule 5 draft has opened opportunities for teams to take other team's top prospects who may not be ready for the major leagues. The most prominent recent example is Johan Santana, who was chosen in the 1999 Rule 5 draft by the Florida Marlins when the Houston Astros declined to put him on their 40-man roster. After the Marlins traded Santana to the Minnesota Twins for minor leaguer Jared Camp, the Twins kept him on their roster for the 2000 season, despite the pitcher's subpar performance that season (6.49 earned run average) which was unsurprising given his youth and inexperience. Johan Alexander Santana Araque (born March 13, 1979) is a Major League Baseball left-handed starting pitcher who plays for the Minnesota Twins. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ...


Having kept Santana in the major leagues for all of the 2000 season, the Twins subsequently had the right to option him to their minor league system. By 2002, the more fully developed Santana had returned to the major leagues and established himself as an above-average pitcher. From 2004 to the present, Santana has been considered by many to be the best pitcher in the world, winning two Cy Young awards. Had he not been chosen in the Rule 5 draft, Santana likely would not have made his major league debut until the 2001 or the 2002 season with the Astros. Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Notable Rule 5 draftees

See also: Rule 5 draft results // Rule 5 wrap: ChiSox lefty picked No. ...


All Stars

George Antonio Bell Mathey (born October 21, 1959, San Pedro de Macorís, Dominican Republic) is a former left fielder in Major League Baseball. ... Roberto Martin Antonio Bobby Bonilla (born February 23, 1963 in the Bronx, New York) is a former player in Major League Baseball who played from 1986 to 2001. ... Roberto Clemente Walker(August 18, 1934 – December 31, 1972) was a Major League Baseball right fielder and right-handed batter. ... Jody Richard Davis (born November 12, 1956 in Gainesville, Georgia) is a former catcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago Cubs and Atlanta Braves. ... Darrell Wayne Evans (born May 26, 1947 in Pasadena, California) is a former third baseman and first baseman in Major League Baseball who played from 1969 to 1989 with the Atlanta Braves (1969-76, 1989), San Francisco Giants (1976-83) and Detroit Tigers (1984-88). ... Kelly Wayne Gruber (born February 26, 1962 in Houston, Texas) was a Major League Baseball third baseman. ... David Michael Hollins was born on May 25, 1966 in Buffalo, New York. ... Hernandez pitching for the Tigers Guillermo Hernandez Villanueva (Willie Hernández) (born November 14, 1954 in Aguada, Puerto Rico) is a former relief pitcher for the Chicago Cubs (1977-1983), Philadelphia Phillies (End of 1983), and the Detroit Tigers (1984-1989). ... John Hudek (born on August 8, 1966 in Tampa, Florida) is a former Major league pitcher. ... Michael Thomas Morgan was an American professional baseball player who competed for twelve different Major League Baseball teams from 1978-2002. ... Scott Eric Podsednik (born March 18, 1976 in West, Texas), (Nickname Scotty Pods) is a Major League Baseball outfielder who currently plays for the Chicago White Sox. ... Leon Joseph Roberts (born October 27, 1963, Berkeley, California} is an American baseball player. ... Johan Alexander Santana Araque (born March 13, 1979) is a Major League Baseball left-handed starting pitcher who plays for the Minnesota Twins. ... Jesús Manuel Marcano Manny Trillo (born December 25, 1950), also nicknamed Indio, is a former Major League Baseball second baseman who played for the Oakland Athletics (1973-74), Chicago Cubs (1975-78, 1986-88), Philadelphia Phillies (1979-82), Cleveland Indians (1983), Montreal Expos (1983), San Francisco Giants (1984-85... Derrick Turnbow (born January 25, 1978 in Union City, Tennessee) is a current right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the Milwaukee Brewers. ... Daniel Cooley Uggla (born March 11, 1980 in Louisville, Kentucky) is a Major League Baseball second baseman for the Florida Marlins. ...

Others

Luis Ayala (born January 12, 1978 in Los Mochis, Sinaloa, Mexico) is a pitcher for the Washington Nationals. ... Kimera Anotchi Bartee (born July 21, 1972) was a Major League Baseball outfielder. ... Miguel Descartes Batista Jerez (born February 19, 1971 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic) is a Major League Baseball pitcher who plays for the Seattle Mariners. ... Marcos Carvajal [car-va-HAL] (born August 19, 1984, in Bolívar, Venezuela) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the New York Mets. ... The Yardbirds were an early English rock band, noted for starting the careers of three of rocks most famous guitarists, Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, and Jimmy Page. ... Douglas Mitchell Corbett (born November 4, 1952 Sarasota, Florida) was a pitcher with an 8 year career from 1980-1987. ... Leonard Edward (Lenny) DiNardo (born September 19, 1979 in Miami, Florida) is a relief pitcher who currently plays for the Oakland Athletics organization. ... Jesús David Flores (born October 26, 1984 in Sucre, Venezuela) is a backup catcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the Washington Nationals. ... Jay Gibbons (born March 2, 1977 in Rochester, Michigan) is a right fielder for the Baltimore Orioles. ... Luis Alberto González (born June 26, 1979 in Maracay, Venezuela) is a Major League Baseball second baseman and right-handed batter who plays for the Colorado Rockies of the National League. ... Jason Michael Grilli (born November 11, 1976 in Royal Oak, Michigan) is a right-handed pitcher who currently plays for the Detroit Tigers. ... For other people with this name, see Josh Hamilton Joshua Holt Hamilton also known as Ham Bone (born May 21, 1981 in Raleigh, North Carolina) is a baseball player for the Cincinnati Reds. ... Tyler Johnson (born June 7, 1981), is an American baseball player born in Columbia, MO. Johnson spent most of the 2006 season with the Cardinals minor league team, the Memphis Redbirds, but appeared in 56 games and pitched 36. ... David Lamb (born June 6, 1975 in West Hills, California) was a Major League Baseball infielder. ... Wilfredo Ledezma (born January 21, 1981 in Guárico State, Venezuela) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the Atlanta Braves. ... Graeme John Lloyd (April 9, 1967 in Victoria, Australia - ) is a pitcher who had a ten year career from 1993 to 2003. ... Héctor Luna (born February 1, 1980 in Monte Cristi, Dominican Republic), is a Major League baseball player with the St. ... Shane Lee Mack (born December 7, 1963 in Los Angeles) is a former Major League Baseball. ... Matthew Bruce Mantei [MAN-tie] (born July 7, 1973 in Tampa, Florida) is a Major League Baseball relief pitcher who most recently played for the Detroit Tigers organization. ... Juan Manuel Mateo (born December 17, 1982 in Bani, Dominican Republic) is a Major League/Minor League baseball player with the Chicago Cubs organization. ... Henry Owens (born April 23, 1979 in Miami, Florida) is a Minor League Baseball pitcher in the New York Mets organization. ... Joshua Lee Phelps (born May 12, 1978, in Anchorage, Alaska) is a first baseman/designated hitter in the New York Yankees organization. ... Damian Michael Rolls (born September 15, 1977 in Manhattan, KS) is a third baseman who played for the Columbus Clippers and Charleston RiverDogs this season. ... Victor Irving Santos (born October 2, 1976, San Pedro de Macoris, Dominican Republic) is a right-handed starting pitcher in Major League Baseball with the Milwaukee Brewers. ... Christopher Bob Shelton (born June 26, 1980 in Salt Lake City, Utah), is a Major League Baseball first baseman who plays for the Toledo Mudhens. ... Andrew Frank Sisco (born January 13, 1983 in Steamboat Springs, Colorado) is a relief pitcher in the Chicago White Sox system. ... Joakim Agustín Soria Ramos (b. ... Adam James Stern (born February 12, 1980, in Lambeth, Ontario) is a Canadian outfielder in Major League Baseball who plays in the Baltimore Orioles organization. ... Jason Szuminski in 2004 Jason Szuminski (born December 11, 1978 in San Diego, California, United States), was a right-handed pitcher who has the distinction of being the first person from Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the only United States Air Force reservist (as a First Lieutenant) to play in... Willie Clay Upshaw (b. ... Lino Urdaneta (born November 20, 1979 in Caracas, Venezuela) is a right-handed relief pitcher who plays with the New York Mets. ... Shane Patrick Victorino (born November 30, 1980 in Wailuku, Hawaii) is an outfielder in Major League Baseball who plays for the Philadelphia Phillies. ...

Drafted, but returned or traded before start of season

}} Randall Colter Bean (born January 16, 1977, in Anniston, Alabama), is a Minor League Baseball relief pitcher in the New York Yankees system. ... Frank J. Brooks (Born September 6, 1978 in Brooklyn, New York) is a Major League Baseball player. ... Cecil Celester Cooper was born on December 20, 1949 in Brenham, Texas. ... Javier Alfonso López (born July 11, 1977 in San Juan, Puerto Rico) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who currently plays for the Boston Red Sox. ... Michael Stanley Myers (born June 26, 1969 in Arlington Heights, Illinois) is a left-handed relief pitcher who most recently played for the New York Yankees. ... James J. Vermilyea (born February 10, 1982, in Tucson, Arizona) is an American Pitcher, for the Boston Red Sox of the MLB. He is 64 tall and 195 lbs in weight. ... Fernando Viña [VEE-nyah] (born April 16, 1969 in Sacramento, California) is a Major League Baseball second baseman who plays with the Detroit Tigers. ... John Karl Wetteland (born August 26, 1966 ) (age 40) in San Mateo, California, USA) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher, who played as a closer for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Montreal Expos, New York Yankees, and Texas Rangers. ...

Drafted, but kept by drafting team without having to stay on the 25 man roster all season by virtue of a trade

Willy Taveras (born December 25, 1981 in Teneras, Dominican Republic) is a center fielder for the Colorado Rockies. ... Mitchell Steven Williams (born November 17, 1964, in Santa Ana, California) was a baseball relief pitcher who appeared for six teams in Major League Baseball from 1986 to 1997. ... Marshall James McDougall (born December 19, 1978 in Jacksonville, Florida) is a Major League Baseball third baseman who plays for the Texas Rangers. ... Jimmy Levale Speigner(born September 24, 1980 in Thomasville, Georgia) is an American right-handed pitcher who currently plays for the Washington Nationals Organization. ...

References

Schwarz, Alan (2002). Ask BA. Baseball America. Retrieved on 2006-04-19. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Baseball America - Ask BA (691 words)
You've seen it written and referred to a zillion ways: the Rule 5 draft, the minor league draft, the rule V drafts, that draft at the Winter Meetings that's a little too complicated so I'll wait to see if it matters later.
The Rule 5 draft has been a staple of the Winter Meetings almost from its beginning and sprung up as a method to prevent teams from stockpiling talent in their minor league systems.
The June draft, for instance, is Rule 4.
ESPN.com: MLB - Transactions Primer (1554 words)
According to the Rules, players on a Disabled List "may be assigned to a Minor League Club for the purpose of injury rehabilitation for a maximum of 20 days in the case of non-pitchers and 30 days in the case of pitchers."
A player drafted onto a Major League roster in the Rule 5 draft must remain in the majors (on the 25-man active roster or the DL) for all of the subsequent season, or the drafting club must attempt to return him to his original club.
However, since a returned Rule 5 player must first be placed on outright waivers, a third club could claim the player off waivers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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