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Encyclopedia > Rukunegara

Rukunegara or sometimes Rukun Negara is a philosophy - de facto Malaysian pledge of allegiance - introduced by the Malaysian government 1970 in reaction to a serious race riot known as the May 13 Incident which occurred in 1969. The incident proved at that time that Malaysian racial balance and stability was fragile at best. Immediately thereafter, the Malaysian government immediate sought ways to foster unity among Malaysians. One of methods used to encourage unity is the Rukun Negara. The Rukun Negara was introduced on the 13th Malaysian national day, which fell on August 31 each year. 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... The May 13 Incident is a term for the Chinese-Malay race riots in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on May 13, 1969 which left at least 184 people dead. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ... Hari Merdeka (Independence Day) is a national day of Malaysia commemorating the independence of the Federation of Malaya from British colonial rule. ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ...

Five principles

The philosophy has five main points. In the Malay language: Maka kami, rakyat Malaysia, berikrar akan menumpukan seluruh tenaga dan usaha kami untuk mencapai cita-cita tersebut berdasarkan atas prinsip-prinsip yang berikut: Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ...

  1. Kepercayaan kepada Tuhan
  2. Kesetiaan kepada Raja Dan Negara
  3. Keluhuran Perlembagaan
  4. Kedaulatan Undang-Undang
  5. Kesopanan Dan Kesusilaan

In English: We, citizens of Malaysia, pledge all our energy and efforts to attain these ends guided by the following principles: The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

  1. Belief in God
  2. Loyalty to King and Country
  3. Supremacy of the Constitution.
  4. The Rule of Law
  5. Mutual respect and good social behaviour.

Michelangelos depiction of God in the painting Creation of the Sun and Moon in the Sistine Chapel This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and derived henotheistic forms. ... Replicas of the thrones of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and his wife, National History Museum, Kuala Lumpur Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Head, Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the head of state of Malaysia. ... Motto: Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu (English: Unity Is Strength) Anthem: Negaraku Capital Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya1 Largest city Kuala Lumpur Official language(s) Malay Government • Paramount Ruler • Prime Minister Federal constitutional monarchy Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Jamalullail Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Independence Formation From the UK (Malaya only) August 31, 1957 With Sabah... Law (from the Old Norse lagu) in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments of/for those who do...


It is a norm for primary and secondary public schools in Malaysia to recite the pledge weekly during a compulsory assembly. Pledge reading follows immediately after the singing of the Malaysian nationa anthem, Negaraku. Of some interest, the Rukun Negara could usually be found behind the cover of every exercise book that is typically used by primary and secondary Malaysian public school students Educational oversight Minister Malaysian Ministry of Education Hishamuddin Hussein National education budget RM1. ... Negaraku or Negara Ku is the national anthem of Malaysia. ...

Recently on December 8, 2005, the Malaysian government has made reading of the pledge as a must at every official function. The announcement was made a few months after the government made singing of the national anthem as compulsory at every official function. (Bernama) December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also



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