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Encyclopedia > Ruins
Peasants with Cattle by a Ruined Aqueduct
Nicolaes Berchem, c. 1658
Oil on wood
47.1 × 38.7 cm, 18.5 × 15.2 in
National Gallery, London
Ury House, Aberdeenshire ruined by removal of the roof after the second world war to avoid taxation.
Ury House, Aberdeenshire ruined by removal of the roof after the second world war to avoid taxation.
This article is about ruins in architecture; for other meanings, see Ruins (disambiguation).

Ruins is a term used to describe the remains of man-made architecture: structures that were at one time complete but which have either been deliberately destroyed or fallen into a state of disrepair over time due to the action of weathering and lack of maintenance. Download high resolution version (834x1006, 120 KB)Rocky Landscape with Antique Ruins Nicholas Berchem, ca 1657 Alte Pinakothek, Munich This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A Southern Harbour Scene by Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem (1 October 1620 - 18 February 1683) was a popular and prolific Dutch painter. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... Mona Lisa, Oil on wood panel painting by Leonardo da Vinci. ... Londons National Gallery, founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2576 × 1932 pixel, file size: 957 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2576 × 1932 pixel, file size: 957 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Ury House, from a field just off the Slug Road and viewed across the Cowie Water Ury House was a large mansion built in the Elizabethan style in 1885 by Alexander Baird. ... Logo of Aberdeenshire Council Aberdeenshire (Siorrachd Obar Dheathain in Gaelic) is one of the 32 unitary council areas in Scotland. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Ruins or ruin may refer to: Ruins, remains of man-made architecture. ... This article is about building architecture. ... Weathering is the process of breaking down rocks, soils and their mineral through direct contact with the atmosphere. ... Maintenance, Repair and Operations or Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO), is fixing any sort of mechanical or electrical device should it get out of order or broken (repair) as well as performing the routine actions which keep the device in working order (maintenance) or prevent trouble from arising (preventive maintenance). ...

There are famous ruins all over the world, from ancient sites in Judea to ancient Greek and Roman sites in the Mediterranean Sea, and Incan sites in Peru. Ruins can be fortifications, places of worship, or remnants of houses, storehouses, or other buildings, or even entire cities and towns. Ruins are important for the studying of the past, in particular history and archaeology. There are also substantial ruins in modern cities such as Rome and Athens. Map of the southern Levant, c. ... Ancient Greece is a period in Greek history that lasted for around nine hundred years. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Capital Cusco 1197-1533 Vilcabamba 1533-1572 Language(s) Quechua, Aymara, Jaqi family, Mochic and scores of smaller languages. ... Table of Fortification, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... A place of worship is a building or other locations where religious persons may worship their deity, regularly or not. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Athens is the largest and the capital city of Greece, located in the Attica periphery. ...

Ruins often occur as a result of natural disaster, war or other forms of depopulation. Numerous great historic buildings in Europe have fallen into ruin from taxation policies, which required all structures with roofs to pay substantial taxes. This outcome occurred for Fetteresso Castle and Slains Castle in Scotland, although the former is since restored. Ruins can also derive from official decrees of government, such as the case of Beverston Castle, where the English parliament ordered significant destruction of the castle to prevent it being used by the opposition Royalists. European cities were in ruins after World War II, especially Berlin, London, Coventry and Dresden. Fetteresso Castle is a 14th century towerhouse, rebuilt in 1761 as a Scottish gothic style Palladian manor, with clear evidence of prehistoric use of the site. ... Slains Castle is a ruined castle near Cruden Bay in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, overlooking the North Sea. ... This article is about the country. ... Beverston Castle south tower of western range Beverston Castle, also known as Beverstone Castle, was originally constructed as a medieval stone fortress and is situated in the village of Beverston, Gloucestershire, England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. ... Prince Rupert an archetypical cavalier For other uses, see Cavalier (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Coventry (disambiguation). ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ...

Ruins are often romanticized in literature, art and film, and often provide a backdrop for other forms of decline or decay. For example, the ruined Dunnottar Castle in Scotland was used for filming of Hamlet starring Mel Gibson and Glenn Close, while the ruins of Dunstanburgh Castle in England inspired Turner to create several paintings. Dunnottar Castle Dunnottar Castle is a ruined medieval fortress located upon a precipitous rocky headland on the north-east coast of Scotland, about two miles south of Stonehaven. ... Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Mel Gibson DUI incident be merged into this article or section. ... Glenn Close (born March 19, 1947) is a five-time Academy Award-nominated American film and stage actress. ... Dunstanburgh Castle. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Joseph Mallord William Turner (April 23, 1775 (exact date disputed) – December 19, 1851) was an English Romantic landscape painter, watercolourist and printmaker, whose style can be said to have laid the foundation for Impressionism. ...


Relics of steel and wooden towers

As a rule, towers built of steel are dismantled, when not used any more, because their construction can be either rebuilt on a new site or if state of construction does not allow a direct reuse, the metal can be recycled economically. However sometimes tower basements remain, because their removal can sometimes be expensive. One example of such a basement is the basement of the former radio mast of Deutschlandsender Herzberg/Elster. The Deutschlandsender Herzberg/Elster was a 500 kilowatt long-wave transmitter at Herzberg/Elster, which was in service from 1939 to 1945. ...

The basements of large wooden towers such as transmitter Ismaning may also be left behind, because removing them would be difficult. The Transmitter Ismaning is a large radio station inaugaurated in 1932. ...

See also

OZYMANDIAS I met a traveller from an antique land Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone Stand in the desert. ... Broadway Tower, Worcestershire, England The folly at Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire, England, built in the 1700s to resemble Gothic-era ruins In architecture, a folly is an extravagant, frivolous or fanciful building, designed more for artistic expression than for practicality. ... dissolution see Dissolution. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Christopher Woodward, In Ruins (London: Vintage, 2002) [1]
  • Tim Edensor, Industrial Ruins: Space, Aesthetics and Materiality (London: Berg, [2005)[2]]
  • Robert Ginsberg, The Aesthetics of Ruins (New York/Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004) [3]
  • Bibliography: Loss, Decay, Ending of Place [4]

  Results from FactBites:
Ruin - WoWWiki - Your guide to the World of Warcraft (409 words)
Ruin is a warlock talent, considered to be the cornerstone of the Destruction talent tree.
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Ruin is often contrasted with Unstable Affliction as short-term DPS vs. long term.
the worst horse: Songs of reverie and Ruin, "the first Buddhist punk band" (7743 words)
Ruin's music still sounds great today, even a bit timeless for that of a band born in the early days of punk.
Ruin on stage: Damon is visible to the left.
And ruins are what is left when a new society tears down a pre-existing one.
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