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Encyclopedia > Ruggero Leoncavallo
Ruggero Leoncavallo
Ruggero Leoncavallo

Ruggero (Ruggiero) Leoncavallo (April 23, 1857- August 9, 1919) was an Italian opera composer. His opera, Pagliacci, was and remains one of the most popular works in the operatic repertory, currently appearing as number 14 on Opera America's list of the 20 most-performed operas in North America.[1] Description: Ruggiero Leoncavallo Size: 240 &times 307 pixels Source: What We Hear in Music, Anne S. Faulkner, Victor Talking Machine Co. ... Description: Ruggiero Leoncavallo Size: 240 &times 307 pixels Source: What We Hear in Music, Anne S. Faulkner, Victor Talking Machine Co. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Pagliacci (Players, or Clowns) is an opera consisting of a prologue and two acts written and composed by Ruggero Leoncavallo. ... Opera America, officially OPERA America, is a service organization in North America promoting the creation, presentation, and enjoyment of opera. ... North American redirects here. ...

Contents

Biography

The son of a police magistrate, Leoncavallo was educated at the Conservatorio San Pietro a Majella in his native city, Naples (the date 1858, given for his birth in older histories of music, is incorrect). After some years spent teaching and in ineffective attempts to obtain the production of more than one opera, he saw the enormous success of Mascagni's Cavalleria rusticana in 1890, and he wasted no time in producing his own verismo hit, Pagliacci. (According to Leoncavallo, the plot of this work had a real-life origin: he claimed it derived from a murder trial over which his father had presided.) Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... Pietro Mascagni (Livorno December 7, 1863 - Rome August 2, 1945) is one of the most important Italian opera composers of the turn of the 20th century. ... Cavalleria rusticana (Rustic Chivalry) is an opera in one act by Pietro Mascagni to a libretto by Targioni-Tozzetti and Menasci, adapted from a short story by Giovanni Verga. ... Verismo was an Italian literary movement born approximately between 1875 and 1895. ... Pagliacci (Players, or Clowns) is an opera consisting of a prologue and two acts written and composed by Ruggero Leoncavallo. ...


Pagliacci was performed in Milan in 1892 with immediate success; today it is the only work by Leoncavallo in the standard operatic repertory.[2] Its most famous aria Vesti la giubba ("Put on the trappings" or, in the better-known older translation, "On with the motley") was recorded by Enrico Caruso and laid claim to being the world's first record to sell a million copies (although this is probably a total of Caruso's various versions: made in 1902, 1904 and 1907) For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... For the song Caruso by Lucio Dalla, see Caruso (song). ...


The next year his I Medici was also produced in Milan, but neither it nor Chatterton (1896)—both early works—obtained any favour, and it was not until La bohème was performed in 1897 in Venice that his talent obtained public confirmation. (Its two tenor arias are still occasionally performed, especially in Italy, yet it was outshone by Puccini's opera of the same name and on the same subject (albeit a better libretto), which was premiered in 1896.) Subsequent operas by Leoncavallo were Zazà (1900) (the opera of Geraldine Farrar's famous farewell performance at the Met, and Der Roland Von Berlin (1904). He had a brief success with Zingari which premiered in Italian in London in 1912. (Zingari had a long run at the Hippodrome Theatre). Zingari even reached the United States but soon after disappeared from the repertoire.[3] A lyric opera in four acts was written by Ruggiero Leoncavallo. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) was an Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly, are among the most frequently performed in the standard repertoire. ... Geraldine Farrar Farrar as the title character in Manon Geraldine Farrar (February 28, 1882 – March 11, 1967) was an opera singer and film actress whose stage presence earned her a fanatic following of Gerryflappers in the early 20th century. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ...


After a series of operettas (whose titles, below, perhaps suggest much of their depth), Leoncavallo tried for one last 'serious' effort (Edipo Re), but he died before he could finish the orchestration which was completed by Giovanni Pennacchio. From the 1970's the opera has had a surprisingly high number of revivals (eg: http://www.operajaponica.org/archives/milan/milanletterpast02.htm ) and recordings of these modern performances are widely available: http://www.podnova.com/channel/44974/episode/65/ and http://www.opera-club.net/release.asp?rel=75 . In Edipo Re the composer uses exactly the same melody for the final scene Miei poveri fior, per voi non più sole...(with the blinded Edipo) as he had for the Act IV Soprano aria from Der Roland von Berlin. It has been assumed (see Groves)that Leoncavallo left the opera more or less complete (except for the orchestration) but it might be wondered whether Pennacchio had to do more and 'filled in the gaps' using Leoncavallo's earlier music, see: http://www.carmelochillemi.it/pennacchio.html (in Italian).


Little or nothing from Leoncavallo's 'other' operas is heard today, but the baritone arias from Zazà were great concert and recording favourites among baritones and Zazà as a whole is sometimes revived, as is his La Bohème. The tenor arias from La Bohème remain recording favourites.


Leoncavallo also composed songs, most famously Mattinata, which he wrote for the Gramophone Company (which became HMV) with Caruso in mind. In April 1904 Leoncavallo accompanied the tenor at the piano as the tenor sang and recorded the song.


He was the librettist for most of his own operas. Many considered him the greatest Italian librettist of his time after Boito. Among Leoncavallo's libretti for other composers is his contribution to the libretto for Puccini's Manon Lescaut. Libretto can also refer to a sub-notebook PC manufactured by Toshiba. ... Arrigo Boito (February 24, 1842 – June 10, 1918) was an Italian poet, journalist, novelist and composer, best known today for his opera libretti and his own opera, Mefistofele. ... Manon Lescaut is an opera in four acts by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Domenico Oliva and Luigi Illica, based on L’histoire du chevalier des Grieux et de Manon Lescaut by Abbé Prévost. ...


Leoncavallo died in Montecatini, Tuscany, in 1919. Montecatini is the name of several locations in Tuscany, Italy. ... For other uses, see Tuscany (disambiguation). ...


Operas

Pagliacci (Players, or Clowns) is an opera consisting of a prologue and two acts written and composed by Ruggero Leoncavallo. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The interior of the Teatro Dal Verme circa 1875 The Teatro Dal Verme is a theatre in Milan, Italy located on the Via San Giovanni sul Muro, on the site of the former private theatre the Politeama Ciniselli. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... The Teatro Argentina is a opera house and theatre located in the Largo di Torre Argentina, a square in Rome, Italy. ... A lyric opera in four acts was written by Ruggiero Leoncavallo. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Teatro La Fenice (the phoenix) is an opera house in Venice, Italy. ... Zazà is an opera by Ruggero Leoncavallo, with the libretto by the composer. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ğ: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... The stage setting for Rossinis Le Comte Ory as performed at the Teatro alla Canobbiana in 1830 The Teatro Lirico (known until 1894 as the Teatro alla Canobbiana) is a theatre in Milan, Italy. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Teatro dellOpera di Roma (Rome Opera House) is an opera house in Rome, Italy. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Hippodrome is a nightclub on the corner of Charing Cross Road and Leicester Square, in London, UK. The name was in fact used for many different theatres and music halls, of which the London Hippodrome is one of only a few survivors. ... Teatro Massimo The Teatro Massimo Vittorio Emanuele is an opera house and opera company located on the Piazza Verdi in Palermo, Sicily. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Operettas

  • La jeunesse de Figaro (1906, USA)
  • Malbrouck (19 January 1910 Teatro Nazionale, Rome)
  • La reginetta delle rose (24 June 1912 Teatro Costanzi, Rome)
  • Are You There? (1 November 1913 Prince of Wales Theatre, London)
  • La candidata (6 February 1915 Teatro Nazionale, Rome)
  • Prestami tua moglie (2 September 1916 Casino delle Terme, Montecatini) NB: English translation of title = "Lend me your wife"
  • Goffredo Mameli (27 April 1916 Teatro Carlo Felice, Genoa) NB: The Fondazione Leoncavallo class this as an opera rather than an operetta.
  • A chi la giarrettiera? (16 October 1919 Teatro Adriano, Rome) English translation = "Whose Garter Is This?"
  • Il primo bacio (29 April 1923 Salone di cura, Montecatini) produced after the composer's death
  • La maschera nuda (26 June 1925 Teatro Politeama, Naples)produced after the composer's death

is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Prince of Wales Theatre is a theatre located on Coventry Street, London. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Teatro Carlo Felice Interior The Teatro Carlo Felice is the principal opera hall of Genoa, Italy, used for performances of opera, ballet, orchestral music, and recitals. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Media

Image File history File links Vesti_La_Giubba. ... Pagliacci (Players, or Clowns) is an opera consisting of a prologue and two acts written and composed by Ruggero Leoncavallo. ... For the song Caruso by Lucio Dalla, see Caruso (song). ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links No_Pagliaccio_non_son. ... Pagliacci (Players, or Clowns) is an opera consisting of a prologue and two acts written and composed by Ruggero Leoncavallo. ... For the song Caruso by Lucio Dalla, see Caruso (song). ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Opera America's "The Top 20" list of most-performed operas. Accessed 3 December 2007
  2. ^ Stanley Sadie and Christina Bashford (eds.), 1992, p. 1148
  3. ^ See ForumOpera for a review of a modern recording of Zingari and a musical analysis (in French)
  • 'Leoncavallo, Ruggero', in Stanley Sadie and Christina Bashford (eds.) The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, 1992, Macmillan, pp. 1148-1149. ISBN 0935859926
  • 'Leoncavallo, Ruggero' in Rosenthal, H. and Warrack, J., 1979, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Opera, 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press pp. 278-279.

Further Reading

  • Konrad Dryden, 2007, Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Life and Works, Scarecrow Press.

External links

  • Biography and complete list of compositions - Festival Leoncavallo (in Italian)
  • Fondazione Leoncavallo (in German and Italian)
  • List of modern recordings of I Medici Festival Di Francoforte, September 10, 2003 (Bruson, Giacomini, et al., Cond.Viotti)
  • Zingari in Philadelphia, (Chicago Opera Company, 1912)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ruggero Leoncavallo - Search Results - MSN Encarta (165 words)
Leoncavallo, Ruggero (1858-1919), Italian composer, who was an exponent of the verismo, or realistic, style in opera, a reaction against the...
Italian composer Ruggero Leoncavallo wrote the opera Pagliacci (Clowns) in 1892.
Ruggero (Ruggiero) Leoncavallo (April 23, 1857 - August 9, 1919) was an Italian opera composer.
Ruggiero Leoncavallo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (376 words)
Ruggiero Leoncavallo (March 8, 1857 - August 9, 1919) was an Italian opera composer.
He was born in Naples and educated at the Conservatorio San Pietro a Majella of that city.
Leoncavallo was the librettist for all of his own operas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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