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Encyclopedia > Rudaki
Rudaki depicted as a blind poet, here on this Iranian stamp.
Rudaki depicted as a blind poet, here on this Iranian stamp.

Farid ed-Din Mohammed Abdallah Rudaki, also written as Rudagi, (859-c.941) was a Father of Persian poet, and the first great literary genius of modern Persian language, who composed poems in the "New Persian" Perso-Arabic alphabet script. Image File history File links Rudaki_stamp. ... Image File history File links Rudaki_stamp. ... Events Battle of Abelda: Asturias beats the Muslims. ... Events Oda the Severe becomes Archbishop of Canterbury Births Charles dOutremer son of Louis IV of France Deaths Categories: 941 ... Persian (فارسی = Fârsi . ... The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing the Arabic language, which is the language of the Quran, the holy book of Islam. ...


He was born in Rudak, a village in Transoxiana, about 870-900. Most of his biographers assert that he was totally blind, but the accurate knowledge of colors shown in his poems makes this very doubtful. He was the court poet to the Samanid ruler Nasr II (914-943) in Bukhara, but he eventually fell out of favour and ended his life in poverty. Map showing modern Transoxiana. ... See also Blindness (novel) Blindness can be defined physiologically as the condition of lacking visual perception. ... The Sāmānid dynasty (819-999) was a Iranian dynasty in Central Asia, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ... Events Town of Warwick, England founded on the River Avon Vikings conquer much of Ireland Byzantine Empire battles with Bulgaria over city of Adrianople, which changes hands several times Reconstruction of Nanjing after a long dissertation; it marked the beginning of contemporary Nanjing City. ... Events King Constantin II of Scotland retires and becomes a monk, succeeded by his cousin Malcolm I of Scotland Births Deaths Harald I of Norway Categories: 943 ... Bukhara (Buxoro or Бухоро in Uzbek (the Cyrillic alphabet was officially phased out for Uzbek after independence); بُخارا /Bukhârâ/ in Persian, Buhe/Puhe Tang Chinese, Бухара in Russian; also Boxara in Tatar) is one of...

Contents


At the Samanid court

Early in his life, the fame of his accomplishments reached the ear of the Smanid Nasr II bin Ahmad, the ruler of Khorasan and Transoxiana, who invited the poet to his court. Rudaki became his daily companion, rose to the highest honors and amassed great wealth. In spite of various predecessors, he well deserves the title of father of Persian literature, the Adam or Sultan of poets, since he was the first who impressed upon every form of epic, lyric and didactic poetry its peculiar stamp and its individual character. He is also said to have been the founder of the diwan that is, the typical form of the complete collection of a poets lyrical compositions in a more or less alphabetical order which prevails to the present day among all Persian writers. Khorasan (also spelled Khurasan and Khorassan; خراسان in Persian) is an area, located in eastern and northeastern Iran. ... Persian literature is literature written in Persian, or by Persians in other languages. ... Didactic refers to literature or other types of art that are instructional or informative. ... Persian may refer to more than one article: the Western name for Iranian (see Iran/Persia naming controversy) Persian, an Iranian language the Persians, an ethnic group a Persian, a breed of cat Persian, a Pokémon character Etymology English Persian < Old English, < Latin *Persianus, < Latin Persia, < ancient Greek Persis...


Extant publications

Of the 1,300,000 verses attributed to him, there remain only 52 qasidas, ghazals and rubais; of his epic masterpieces we have nothing beyond a few stray lines in native dictionaries. But the most serious loss is that of his translation of Ibn Mokaffa's Arabic version of the old Indian fable book Kalilak and Dimnah (Panchatantra), which he put into Persian verse at the request of his royal patron. Numerous fragments, however, are preserved in the Persian lexicon of Asadi Tusi (ed. P. Horn, Göttingen, 1897). In his qasidas, all devoted to the praise of his sovereign and friend, Rudagi has left us unequalled models of a refined and delicate taste, very different from the often bombastic compositions of later Persian encomiasts. His didactic odes and epigrams express in well-measured lines a sort of Epicurean philosophy of human life and human happiness; more charming still are the purely lyrical pieces in glorification of love and wine. A qasida (also spelled qasidah) in Arabic قصيدة, in Persian قصیده, is a form of poetry from pre-Islamic Arabia. ... In poetry (and as the lyrics in songs), the ghazal (Arabic: غزل; Turkish gazel) is a poetic form consisting of couplets which share a rhyme and a refrain. ... Rubaiyat is a common shorthand name for the collection of Persian verses known more formally as the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. ... Arabic (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The Panchatantra (also spelled Pañcatantra, Sanskrit पञ्चतन्त्र Five Chapters , Kelileh va Demneh or Kalilag and Damnag in Persian) is a collection of Sanskrit fables in prose and verse. ... Persian (فارسی = Fârsi . ... Asadi Tusi (born: Tus, Iranian province of Khorasan - died: 1072 Tabriz, Iran). ... Landmark Gänseliesel fountain at the main market Göttingen ( â–¶) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Ode is a form of stately and elaborate lyrical verse. ... An epigram is a short poem with a clever twist at the end or a concise and witty statement. ... Epicureanism is a system of philosophy based upon the teachings of Epicurus (c340-c270 BC), founded around 307 BC. Epicurus was an atomic materialist, following in the steps of Democritus. ...


There is a complete edition of all the extant poems of Rudaki, in Persian text and metrical German translation, together with a biographical account, based on forty-six Persian manuscripts, in Dr. H. Eth's Rudagi der Smgnidendichter (Göttinger Nachrichten, 1873, pp. 663-742); see also his Neupersische Literatur in Geigers Grundriss der iranischen Philologie (ii.); P. Horn, Geschichte der persischen Literatur (1901), p. 73; E. G. Browne, Literary History of Persia, i. (1902); C. J. Pickering, A Persian Chaucer in National Review (May 1890).


References used

  • E.G. Browne. Literary History of Persia. (Four volumes, 2,256 pages, and twenty-five years in the writing). 1998. ISBN 0-700-70406-X
  • Jan Rypka, History of Iranian Literature. Reidel Publishing Company. ASIN B-000-6BXVT-K
  • This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain.

Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

See also

The list is not comprehensive but is continuously being expanded, and is not geographically of what today is Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Iraq, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and India. ... Persian literature is literature written in Persian, or by Persians in other languages. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rudaki - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (575 words)
In spite of various predecessors, he well deserves the title of father of Persian literature, the Adam or Sultan of poets, since he was the first who impressed upon every form of epic, lyric and didactic poetry its peculiar stamp and its individual character.
There is a complete edition of all the extant poems of Rudaki, in Persian text and metrical German translation, together with a biographical account, based on forty-six Persian manuscripts, in Dr. H.
Rudaki, Abu Abd Allah, a biography by Professor Iraj Bashri, University of Minnesota.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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