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Encyclopedia > Rube Foster

Andrew Rube Foster (September 17, 1879 - December 9, 1930) was an American baseball player, manager, and executive in the Negro Leagues. He is considered by historians to have been perhaps the best African-American pitcher of the 1900s. Foster also founded and managed the Chicago American Giants, one of the most successful black baseball teams of the pre-integration era. Most notably, he organized the Negro National League, the first lasting professional league for African-American ballplayers, which operated from 1920 to 1931. He adopted his longtime nickname "Rube" as his official middle name later in life. September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ... Bud Fowler, the first professional black baseball player with one of his teams, Western of Keokuk, Iowa The Negro Leagues were American professional baseball leagues comprising predominantly African-American teams. ... Chicago American Giants were a Chicago based Negro League baseball team, formed by player-manager Andrew Rube Foster. ... The Negro National League was one of the several Negro Leagues which were established during the period in the United States in which organized baseball was segregated. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Predominantly Christianity and Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...

Contents

Early Years

Born in Calvert, Texas, Foster started his professional career with the Waco Yellow Jackets, an independent black team, in 1897. Over the next few years he gradually built up a reputation among white and black fans alike, until he was signed by Frank Leland's Chicago Union Giants, a team in the top ranks of black baseball, in 1902. After a slump, he was released, and signed with a white semipro team based in Otsego, Michigan - Bardeen's Otsego Independents. Toward the end of the season he joined the Cuban X-Giants of Philadelphia, perhaps the best team in black baseball. The 1903 season saw Foster establish himself as the X-Giants' pitching star. In a post-season series for the eastern black championship, the X-Giants defeated Sol White's Philadelphia Giants five games to two, with Foster himself winning four games. Calvert is a city located in Robertson County, Texas. ... Frank C. Leland was a Negro Leagues outfielder, manager and club owner. ... Part of the History of baseball series. ... George Edward Bardeen, Sr. ... The Otsego Independents was a white minor league baseball team in Otsego, Michigan in the early 1900s. ... The Cuban X-Giants were not Cuban, but were former Cuban Giants in large part. ... King Solomon White (June 12, 1868 - August 26, 1955) was an American professional baseball infielder, manager and executive, and one of the pioneers of the Negro Leagues. ... The Boston Royal Giants was a Negro League baseball team in Boston. ...

Baseball Hall of Fame
Rube Foster
is a member of
the Baseball
Hall of Fame

Now a star, Foster jumped to the Philadelphia Giants in the off-season. Legend has it that John McGraw, manager of the New York Giants, hired Foster to teach the young Christy Mathewson the "fadeaway," or screwball, though historians have cast this story in doubt. During the 1904 season, Foster won 20 games against all competition (including two no-hitters) and lost six. In a rematch with Foster's old team, the Cuban X-Giants, he won two games and batted .400 in leading the Philadelphia Giants to the black championship. In a postseason exhibition game against the Philadelphia Athletics, Foster defeated star lefthander Rube Waddell 5 to 2, thus earning the nickname "Rube." Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 915 KB) Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY, Feb. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... John Joseph McGraw (April 7, 1873–February 25, 1934), nicknamed Little Napoleon and Muggsy, was a Major League Baseball player and manager. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Big Blue Wrecking Crew, Big Blue, G-Men, The Jints, The New York Football Giants Team colors Royal Blue, Red, Gray, and White Head Coach Tom Coughlin Owner John Mara (50%) and Steve Tisch (50%) General manager Jerry Reese League/Conference affiliations National... Christopher Christy Mathewson (August 12, 1880 - October 7, 1925), nicknamed The Big Six, The Christian Gentleman, or Matty, was a right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... There have been three professional baseball teams based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania known as the Philadelphia Athletics: 1. ... George Edward Waddell (October 13, 1876 - April 1, 1914) was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. ...


In 1905, Foster (by his own account several years later) compiled a fantastic record of 51-4, though recent research has confirmed only a 25-3 record. He led the Giants to another championship series victory, this time over the Brooklyn Royal Giants. The Philadelphia Telegraph wrote that "Foster has never been equalled in a pitcher's box." The following season, the Philadelphia Giants helped form the International League of Independent Professional Ball Players, composed of both all-black and all-white teams in the Philadelphia and Wilmington, Delaware, areas. The Giants won the pennant. Brooklyn Royal Giants Leagues Independent (1910-1922, 1928-1942) Eastern Colored League (1923-1927) Significant Players Smokey Joe Williams Cannonball Dick Redding Frank Wickware Charles Chino Smith John Henry Pop Lloyd The Brooklyn Royal Giants were a professional baseball team based in Brooklyn, New York which played in the Negro...


Leland Giants

In 1907, Foster's manager Sol White published his Official Baseball Guide: History of Colored Baseball, with Foster contributing an article on "How to Pitch." However, before the season began, he and several other stars (including, most importantly, the outfielder Pete Hill) left the Philadelphia Giants for the Chicago Leland Giants, with Foster named playing manager. Under his leadership, the Lelands won 110 games (including 48 straight) and lost only ten, and took the Chicago City League pennant. The following season the Lelands tied a national championship series with the Philadelphia Giants, each team winning three games. King Solomon White (June 12, 1868 - August 26, 1955) was an American professional baseball infielder, manager and executive, and one of the pioneers of the Negro Leagues. ... J. Preston Hill (1880-1951) was an outfielder, second baseman and manager in the Negro Leagues from 1904 to 1925. ... The Boston Royal Giants was a Negro League baseball team in Boston. ...


Foster suffered a broken leg in July, 1909, but rushed himself back into the lineup in time for an October exhibition series against the Chicago Cubs. Foster, pitching the second game, squandered a 5-2 lead in the ninth inning, then lost the game on a controversial play when a Cubs runner stole home while Foster was arguing with the umpire. The Lelands lost the series, three games to nothing. The Lelands also lost the unofficial western black championship to the St. Paul Colored Gophers. Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1889) (a. ... The St. ...


In 1910, Foster wrested legal control of the team from its founder, Frank Leland. He proceeded to put together the team he later considered his finest. He signed John Henry Lloyd away from the Philadelphia Giants; along with Hill, second baseman Grant Johnson, catcher Bruce Petway, and pitchers Frank Wickware and Pat Dougherty, Lloyd sparked the Lelands to a 123-6 record (with Foster himself contributing a 13-2 record on the mound).they are the best at fucking white girls Frank C. Leland was a Negro Leagues outfielder, manager and club owner. ... John Henry Pop Lloyd (born April 25, 1884 - died March 19, 1965) was a Negro League baseball player. ... J. Preston Hill (1880-1951) was an outfielder, second baseman and manager in the Negro Leagues from 1904 to 1925. ... Grant Home Run Johnson (September 21, 1874 - September 4, 1963) was an American shortstop in baseballs Negro Leagues. ... Bruce Petway (1886 - 1941) was a Negro League catcher in the early 20th century, who came to be known as having one of the best arms on a catcher in the League. ...


Chicago American Giants

The following season Foster established a partnership with John Schorling, the son-in-law of Chicago White Sox owner Charlie Comiskey. The White Sox had just moved into Comiskey Park, and Schorling arranged for Foster's team to use the vacated South Side Park, at 39th and Wentworth. Settling into their new home (now called Schorling's Park), the Lelands became the Chicago American Giants. For the next four seasons, the American Giants claimed the western black baseball championship, though they lost a 1913 series to the Lincoln Giants for the national championship. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2,3,4,9,11,16,19,72,42 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) White Stockings (1900-1903) St. ... Charles Comiskey baseball card, 1887 Charles Albert Comiskey (August 15, 1859 _ October 26, 1931) was a Major League Baseball player, manager and team owner. ... This article is about the original Comiskey Park. ... South Side Park was the name used for three different baseball parks that formerly stood in Chicago, Illinois at different times, and whose sites were all just a few blocks away from each other. ... Chicago American Giants were a Chicago based Negro League baseball team, formed by player-manager Andrew Rube Foster. ... The Lincoln Giants were a Negro League baseball team based in New York City from 1911 through 1930. ...


By 1915 Foster's first serious rival in the midwest had emerged: C. I. Taylor's Indianapolis ABCs, who claimed the western championship after defeating the American Giants four games to none in July. One of the victories was a forfeit called after a brawl between the two teams broke out. After the series, Foster and Taylor engaged in a public dispute about that game and the championship. In 1916, both teams again claimed the western title. The continued wrangling led to calls for a black baseball league to be formed, but Foster, Taylor, and the other major clubs in the midwest were unable to come to any agreement. Charles Isham Taylor (January 20, 1875 - February 23, 1922) was an American second baseman, manager and executive in Negro league baseball. ... The Indianapolis ABCs were a Negro League baseball team that played both as an independent club and as a charter member of the first Negro National League (NNL). ...


By this time, Foster was pitching very little, compiling only a 2-2 record in 1915. His last recorded outing on the mound was in 1917; from this time he became purely a bench manager. As a manager and team owner, Foster was a disciplinarian. He asserted control over every aspect of the game, and set a high standard for personal conduct, appearance, and professionalism among his players. Given Schorling Park's huge dimensions, Foster developed a style of play that emphasized speed, bunting, place hitting, power pitching, and defense. He was also considered a great teacher, and many of his players themselves eventually became managers, including Pete Hill, Bruce Petway, Bingo DeMoss, Dave Malarcher, Sam Crawford, Poindexter Williams, and many others. J. Preston Hill (1880-1951) was an outfielder, second baseman and manager in the Negro Leagues from 1904 to 1925. ... Bruce Petway (1886 - 1941) was a Negro League catcher in the early 20th century, who came to be known as having one of the best arms on a catcher in the League. ... Elwood Bingo DeMoss (1889-1965) was a baseball player and manager in the Negro Leagues from 1905 to 1943. ...


In 1919, Foster helped Tenny Blount finance a new club in Detroit, the Stars. He also transferred several of his veteran players there, including Hill, who was to manage the new team, and Petway. He may have been preparing the way for the formation, the following year, of the Negro National League (NNL). The Detroit Stars were an American baseball team in the Negro Leagues. ... The Negro National League was one of the several Negro Leagues which were established during the period in the United States in which organized baseball was segregated. ...


Negro National League

In 1920, Foster, Taylor, and the owners of six other midwestern clubs met in the spring to form a professional baseball circuit for African-American teams. Foster, as president, controlled league operations, while remaining owner and manager of the American Giants. He was periodically accused of favoring his own team, especially in matters of scheduling (the Giants in the early years tended to have a disproportionate number of home games) and personnel: Foster seemed able to acquire whatever talent he needed from other clubs, such as Jimmie Lyons, the Detroit Stars' best player in 1920, who was transferred to the American Giants for 1921, or Foster's own younger brother, Bill, who joined the American Giants unwillingly when Rube forced the Memphis Red Sox to give him up in 1926. His critics believed he had organized the league primarily for purposes of booking games for the American Giants. With a stable schedule and reasonably solvent opponents, Foster was able to improve receipts at the gate. It is also true that when opposing clubs lost money, he was known to help them meet payroll, sometimes out of his own pocket. Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Bill Foster can refer to different people: Bill Foster, Negro League baseball player. ... The Memphis Red Sox were a professional Negro League baseball team based in Memphis, Tennessee from the 1920s until the end of segregated baseball. ...


His American Giants won the new league's first three pennants, before being overtaken by the Kansas City Monarchs in 1923. In the same year the Hilldale Club and Bacharach Giants, the most important eastern clubs, pulled out of an agreement with the NNL and founded their own league, the Eastern Colored League (ECL). The ECL raided the older circuit for players, Foster's own ace pitcher Dave Brown among them. Eventually the two leagues reached an agreement to respect one another's contracts, and to play a world series. The Kansas City Monarchs were the longest-running franchise in the history of baseballs Negro Leagues. ... The Hilldale Athletic Club (also known as Hilldale Daisies, Darby Daisies) was a Negro League baseball team based in Darby, Pennsylvania, outside Philadelphia. ... Atlantic City Bacharach Giants Leagues Independent (1916-1922, 1930-1933) Eastern Colored League (1923-1928) American Negro League (1929) Negro National League (1934) Significant Players Oliver Ghost Marcelle Smokey Joe Williams John Henry Lloyd Dick Lundy Arthur Rats Henderson The Atlantic City Bacharach Giants were a professional baseball team that... The Eastern Colored League was one of the several Negro Leagues which were created during the time organized baseball was segregated. ... The Negro League World Series is a baseball tournament that took place at various times from the 1920s to the 1940s, matching the champions of various Negro Leagues. ...


After two years of finishing behind the Monarchs, Foster "cleaned house" in spring, 1925, releasing several veterans (including Lyons and pitchers Dick Whitworth and Tom Williams). On May 26, Foster was nearly asphyxiated by a gas leak in Indianapolis. Though he recovered and returned to his team, his behavior grew erratic from then on. Foster had instituted a split-season format, and his American Giants finished third in both halves.


1926 saw him complete his team's reshaping, leaving only a handful of veterans from the championship squads of 1920-22. The club finished third in the season's first half; but midway through the season, Foster's mental illness became too much for him, and he was confined to an asylum in Kankakee, Illinois.


The American Giants and the NNL lived on--in fact, led by Dave Malarcher, the Giants won the pennant and World Series in both 1926 and 1927--but the league clearly suffered in the absence of Foster's leadership. Foster died in 1930, never having recovered his sanity, and a year later the league he had founded fell apart.


Foster is interred in Lincoln Cemetery in Blue Island, Illinois. In 1981, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Incorporated City in 1835. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related...


References

  • The Best Pitcher in Baseball: The Life of Rube Foster, Negro League Giant by Robert Charles Cottrell (1970) Publisher: New York University Press (New York) ISBN 0-8147-1614-8

fucking white girls 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rube Foster (AL pitcher) at AllExperts (483 words)
Foster was a right-handed pitcher with the Boston Red Sox from 1913 to 1917 and won two World Series championships with the team in 1915 and again in 1916.
Foster acted as a starting pitcher and a relief pitcher for the team during the 19 games he pitched in during the season.
Rube Foster's baseball career ended, and he finished his major league career with 58-33 career pitching record, a 2.36 earned run average and 294 strikeouts in 842.3 innings pitched.
Rube Foster - Search View - MSN Encarta (484 words)
Andrew Foster was born in Calvert, Texas, and by the time he was a teenager he had become a successful pitcher in the Negro Leagues.
Foster played for and managed the team until 1915, when he retired as a player but continued to manage.
Foster was chosen as the league's president and secretary.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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