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Encyclopedia > Rubbing alcohol
A bottle of isopropyl rubbing alcohol
A bottle of isopropyl rubbing alcohol

Rubbing alcohol, U.S.P. / B.P. (also known as Isopropyl alcohol) is a liquid prepared for topical application prepared from isopropyl alcohol (or denatured alcohol) and containing 68.5-71.5% vol./vol. of absolute (ie. 100%) alcohol (isopropyl or ethyl alcohol). However, individual manufacturers can use their own "formulation standards" in which the alcohol content usually ranges from 70-95% v/v. In the United States the formulation generally is 70% isopropyl alcohol.[1] Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Image File history File links Emblem-contradict. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 273 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1416 × 3112 pixel, file size: 496 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rubbing alcohol Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 273 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1416 × 3112 pixel, file size: 496 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rubbing alcohol Metadata This file contains... The United States Pharmacopoeia is a compendium of drugs published every year[1] by the United States Pharmacopoeial Convention. ... The British Pharmacopoeia is the authoritative collection of standards for UK medicinal substances. ... Isopropyl alcohol (also isopropanol or rubbing alcohol) is a common name for propan-2-ol, a colorless, flammable chemical compound with a strong odor. ... In medicine, a topical medication is applied to body surfaces such as the skin or mucous membranes such as the vagina, nasopharynx, or the eye. ... Isopropyl alcohol (also isopropanol or rubbing alcohol) is a common name for propan-2-ol, a colorless, flammable chemical compound with a strong odor. ... Denatured alcohol is ethanol with added adulterants that make it useless for consumption as an intoxicating beverage by rendering it toxic or extremely distasteful to drink, but still useful for industrial processes or as a household chemical. ...


The British Pharmacopoeia and United States Pharmacopoeia define the product "alcohol" (not "rubbing alcohol") as a mixture of ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol, C2H5OH=46.07) and water of fixed proportions. Alcohol, B.P. is 96% ethanol v/v, and Alcohol, U.S.P. is 95% ethanol v/v. Note, however, that the term alcohol in the context of the U.S.P. and B.P. refers specifically to the product sold under the specific name "Alcohol". The use of the word alcohol in a general context may or may not refer to this product, nor does the inclusion of the word alcohol within the name or another U.S.P. or B.P. product imply that the product contains or is related to the product "alcohol". The word alcohol when used scientifically refers to a class of chemical compounds containing a hydroxyl group. This includes both ethanol and isopropanol. The British Pharmacopoeia is the authoritative collection of standards for UK medicinal substances. ... The United States Pharmacopoeia is a compendium of drugs published every five years by the United States Pharmacopoeial Convention. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... // Hydroxyl group The term hydroxyl group is used to describe the functional group -OH when it is a substituent in an organic compound. ...


In the United States, rubbing alcohol, U.S.P. and all preparations coming under the classification of Rubbing Alcohols must be manufactured in accordance with the requirements of the US Treasury Department, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, using Formula 23-H (8 parts by volume of acetone, 1.5 parts by volume of methyl isobutyl ketone, and 100 parts by volume of ethyl alcohol). It contains 68.5-71.5% by volume of absolute ethyl alcohol, the remainder consisting of water and the denaturants, with or without colour additives, and perfume oils. Rubbing Alcohol contains in each 100 mL not less than 355 mg of sucrose octaacetate or not less than 1.40 mg of denatonium benzoate. The preparation may be coloured with one or more colour additives. A suitable stabilizer may also be added. The United States Pharmacopoeia is a compendium of drugs published every year[1] by the United States Pharmacopoeial Convention. ... The United States Department of the Treasury is a Cabinet department and the treasury of the United States government. ... The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (BATFE or ATFE) is a law enforcement agency within the United States Department of Justice. ... The chemical compound acetone (also known as propanone, dimethyl ketone, 2-propanone, propan-2-one and β-ketopropane) is the simplest representative of the ketones. ... A pollutant that the government wants added to ethanol alcohol to prevent it from being used as a beverage, but only as a vehicle fuel instead. ... Denatonium benzoate, also called Benzenemethanaminium and Benzyl diethyl ((2,6-xylylcarbamoyl)methyl) ammonium benzoate, is the bitterest compound known. ...


Rubbing alcohol also exists on pharmacy store shelves without the U.S.P. standard designation. The concentration of the ethyl alcohol component can vary but it is generally printed under the ingredient list of that particular product. A common concentration is 95%.

Contents

Physical Properties

Transparent, colorless or colored as desired, mobile, volatile liquid, with an extremely bitter taste, and in the absence of added odorous substances, a characteristic odour; flammable; specific gravity of Formula 23-H is between 0.8691 and 0.8771 at 15.56°.


Uses

Applied a cooling, soothing application for bedridden patients and athletes. It is also widely used for cleansing the surgeon's hands and instruments and for disinfection of the skin prior to penetration of the skin by a hypodermic needle. As an antiseptic it is good against vegetative bacteria and fair against fungi and viruses. It is ineffective against spores. It is widely believed that 70% ethanol provides the greatest reduction in bacterial count; however, this is incorrect. Other concentrations may be more effective, but their rate of kill is slower. In order to reduce the skin bacterial count to 5% of normal, 70% ethanol must be left on the skin for at least 2 min. Rubbing alcohol is also a feeble anesthetic and a mild counterirritant. It is not drinkable, although people have been known to attempt ingestion. Disinfection is the destruction of pathogenic and other kinds of microorganisms by physical or chemical means. ... An antiseptic solution of Povidone-iodine applied to an abrasion Antiseptics (Greek αντί, against, and σηπτικός, putrefactive) are antimicrobial substances that are applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis, or putrefaction. ...


Rubbing alcohol is recognized as a rubefacient because it evaporates quickly and is used to cool and soothe skin. It is, however, more widely used as an antiseptic for sterilizing surfaces or clean minor cuts or abrasions.


Isopropyl rubbing alcohol can also be supplied in a 99% concentration. This product is used to harden skin such as in the case of the feet of novice hikers. Care should always be taken, and label of the preparation read carefully. It is unsuited as a fuel in alcohol stoves because of the relatively low vapor pressure of isopropyl alcohol. Vapor pressure is the pressure of a vapor in equilibrium with its non-vapor phases. ...


In the UK the equivalent skin preparation is surgical spirit which is always based on an ethyl alcohol-methyl alcohol mixture, and which often has the addition of small quantities of iodoform as a topical bacteriocide. “Grain alcohol” redirects here. ... Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol, carbinol, wood alcohol, wood naptha or wood spirits, is a chemical compound with chemical formula CH3OH. It is the simplest alcohol, and is a light, volatile, colourless, flammable, poisonous liquid with a distinctive odor that is somewhat milder and sweeter than ethanol (ethyl alcohol). ... The compound iodoform is a yellow, crystalline, volatile substance, I3CH, having a penetrating odor (in older chemistry texts, the smell is sometimes referred to as the smell of hospitals) and sweetish taste, and analogous to chloroform. ...


A typical modern composition for Surgical Spirit BP is: ethanol, methanol, water, castor oil, methyl salicylate, diethyl phthalate. It has a strong smell of oil of wintergreen due to the presence of the methyl salicylate. Methyl salicylate (chemical formula C6H4(HO)COOCH3; also known as salicylic acid methyl ester, oil of wintergreen, betula oil, methyl-2-hydroxybenzoate) is a natural product of many species of plants. ...


Abuse

Rubbing alcohol is sometimes consumed by those who cannot afford or cannot legally buy beverage alcohol (ethanol). The minimum age to purchase alcohol does not apply to rubbing alcohol. Rubbing alcohol products that contain methyl alcohol (methanol) can cause blindness or death when consumed. All rubbing alcohols are specifically formulated to prevent abuse by inclusion of chemicals that cause severe sickness when consumed. The legal drinking age is a limit assigned by governments to restrict the access of children and youth to alcoholic beverages. ... Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol or wood alcohol, is a chemical compound with chemical formula CH3OH. It is the simplest alcohol, and is a light, volatile, colourless, flammable, poisonous liquid that is used as an antifreeze, solvent, fuel, and as a denaturant for ethyl alcohol. ... Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol, carbinol, wood alcohol, wood naptha or wood spirits, is a chemical compound with chemical formula CH3OH. It is the simplest alcohol, and is a light, volatile, colourless, flammable, poisonous liquid with a distinctive odor that is somewhat milder and sweeter than ethanol (ethyl alcohol). ...


Rubbing alcohol burns with a bright blue flame, which is almost invisible in the light, but visible in the dark. The higher the alcohol percentage, the richer the color, typically.


Cautions

Rubbing alcohol should be used in a well-ventilated area. Some cautions go so far as to say protective gloves should be worn while using it. Poisoning can occur from ingestion, inhalation, or absorption of rubbing alcohol.


Isopropyl rubbing alcohol is poisonous and can cause permanent disabling illness or death if consumed. The skull and crossbones symbol (Jolly Roger) traditionally used to label a poisonous substance. ...


Mixing rubbing alcohol with pool chlorine can result in a Haloform reaction [1], generating lots of heat and boiling off its products as excess gas. If this chemical reaction is done inside a closed plastic container, the gas can build up until it ruptures violently. This can pose a serious risk of injury as the chemicals (such as bleach) and shrapnel from the container are thrown outward by the explosion. The haloform reaction is a chemical reaction where a haloform (CHX3) is produced by the multiple halogenation of a methyl ketone (a molecule containing the R-CO-CH3 group) in the presence of a base [1] . R may be H, alkyl or aryl. ...


Other applications

  • It will allegedly remove silly putty from textiles and pine resin from most materials.
  • Due to its volatile nature, it can help to evaporate liquids.
  • It helps to separate glue from bonded objects.
  • It will remove Thermal grease from Computer Processor Heatsinks
  • It can be used to clean the optical surface of CDs and DVDs.
  • It can be used to extract soluble chemicals from an insoluble matrix; the appropriate steps are mixing, maceration, filtration, and evaporation.
  • It can be used as a fuel in some engines.
  • It can be used as a do-it-yourself cleaner for guitar/bass guitar strings in order to enhance thier life
  • It removes shoe polish.
  • It is the preferred cleaner for LCD monitors
  • Due to its rapid evaporation, it can be used to clean electronics or other devices that become damaged when wet
  • Video head cleaner also Audio head cleaner for Audio and Video-VTR Record-Players.
  • Can be used as a temporary cure to motion sickness when used in small amounts by inhalation.
  • Can be used to erase permenant ink of most surfaces.

Silly putty dripping through a hole Silly Putty shown as a solid cube Silly Putty (originally called nutty putty, and also known as Potty Putty) is a silicone plastic, marketed today as a toy for children, but originally created as a fortuitous accident during the course of research into potential... This article is about the type of fabric. ... For other uses, see Pine (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Silicone thermal compound Metal (silver) thermal compound Metal thermal grease applied to a chip Surface imperfections Thermal grease (also called thermal compound, thermal paste, or heat sink compound) is a substance that increases thermal conductivity between the surfaces of two or more objects. ... CD may stand for: Compact Disc Canadian Forces Decoration Cash Dispenser (at least used in Japan) CD LPMud Driver Centrum-Demokraterne (Centre Democrats of Denmark) Certificate of Deposit ÄŒeské Dráhy (Czech Railways) Chad (NATO country code) Chalmers Datorförening (computer club of the Chalmers University of Technology) a 1960s... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ... Video head cleaner or Audio 1)Audio and Video-VTR Record-Players required regular maintenance to perform properly. ... Motion sickness or kinetosis is a condition in which a disagreement exists between visually perceived movement and the vestibular systems sense of movement. ...

Isopropyl Rubbing Alcohol

Isopropyl Rubbing Alcohol, U.S.P. / B.P. contains 68-99% of isopropyl alcohol, by volume, the remainder consisting of water, with or without colour additives, suitable stabilizers, and perfume oils. Isopropyl alcohol is oxidized by the liver into acetone. Symptoms of isopropyl alcohol poisoning include flushing, headache, dizziness, CNS depression, nausea, vomiting, anesthesia, and coma. The United States Pharmacopoeia is a compendium of drugs published every year[1] by the United States Pharmacopoeial Convention. ... The British Pharmacopoeia is the authoritative collection of standards for UK medicinal substances. ... Isopropyl alcohol (also isopropanol or rubbing alcohol) is a common name for propan-2-ol, a colorless, flammable chemical compound with a strong odor. ... The chemical compound acetone (also known as propanone, dimethyl ketone, 2-propanone, propan-2-one and β-ketopropane) is the simplest representative of the ketones. ... Clinical depression is a state of sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ... Anesthesia or anaesthesia (see spelling differences) has traditionally meant the condition of having the perception of pain and other sensations blocked. ... In medicine, a coma (from the Greek koma, meaning deep sleep) is a profound state of unconsciousness. ...


Isopropyl rubbing alcohol is poisonous and can cause permanent disabling illness or death if consumed. The skull and crossbones symbol (Jolly Roger) traditionally used to label a poisonous substance. ...


Isopropyl alcohol should be used in a well-ventilated area. Some cautions go so far as to say protective gloves should be worn while using it. Poisoning can occur from ingestion, inhalation, or absorption. –


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rubbing alcohol Summary (0 words)
When rubbing alcohol is ingested either pure or added to beverages, the result is toxic—with symptoms lasting longer than those seen after drinking ethanol (alcoholic beverages), because isopropyl alcohol is slowly metabolized to acetone, another toxic substance.
Rubbing alcohol, U.S.P. is a liquid prepared for topical application to skin prepared from specially denatured alcohol and containing 68.5-71.5% vol./vol.
Rubbing alcohol is sometimes consumed by those who cannot afford or cannot legally buy beverage (potable) alcohol (ethanol).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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