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Encyclopedia > Royal Thai Army
Royal Thai Army
Active 1874
Country Thailand
Size 7 infantry divisions
1 armoured division
1 cavalry division
2 special forces divisions
1 field artillery division
1 air defense artillery division
Part of Royal Thai Armed Forces

The Royal Thai Army is the army of Thailand. It is the oldest and largest branch of the Royal Thai Armed Forces. The army was formed in 1874 , partly as a response to new security threats following the Bowring Treaty with Britain, which opened up the country for international trade. The Royal Thai Armed Forces (กองทัพไทย) is the name of the military of Thailand. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Royal Thai Armed Forces (กองทัพไทย) is the name of the military of Thailand. ... Sir John Bowring Sir John Bowring (Chinese translated name 寶寧 or 包令) (October 17, 1792 - November 23, 1872) was an English political economist, traveller, miscellaneous writer and polyglot, and the 4th Governor of Hong Kong. ...

Contents

Units

Royal Thai army soldier with an M16A2 rifle during maneuvers in 2000
Royal Thai army soldier with an M16A2 rifle during maneuvers in 2000

The Royal Thai Army is divided into 4 Army Regions: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1563x933, 509 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Royal Thai Army Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1563x933, 509 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Royal Thai Army Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... M16 (more formally United States Rifle, Caliber 5. ...

  • First Army Region - headquartered in Bangkok and is responsible for the country's western and central provinces including the capital city.
    • 1st, 2nd, 9th and 11th infantry divisions, and 1st Development division.
  • Second Army Region - headquartered in Nakhon Ratchasima and is responsible fo the northeastern quadrant.
    • 3rd, 6th and 12th infantry divisions, and 2nd development division.
  • Third Army Region - headquartered in Phitsanulok, responsible for the northern and northwestern parts of the kingdom.
    • 4th infantry division, 1st armor division, and 3rd development division.
  • Fourth Army Region - headquartered in Nakhon Si Thammarat, responsible for southern Thailand.
    • 5th infantry division, and the 4th development division.

Altogether the army is organized into 7 infantry divisions (including 5 tank battalions), 1 armoured division, 1 cavalry division (with an armour capability), 8 independent infantry battalions, 2 special forces divisions trained and geared for small unit special and airborne operations, 1 field artillery division, and 1 air defense artillery division. 3 airmobile companies provided the ground force units with battlefield support. Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governer Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Phitsanulok is an important and historic town in north central Thailand and is the capital of Phitsanulok province, which stretches all the way to the Laotian border. ... This article is about the town Nakhon Si Thammarat. ...


The Royal Thai Army also controls at least one television network, the Thai Global Network. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Royal Guards

The Royal Guards were established by King Chulalongkorn the Great of Thailand in 1859, when he was still a prince. Initially, the Royal Guards were servants with duties such as scaring crows, which led to commoners referring to them as the "Mahardlek Laikar," roughly translated as "soldiers whose work is to scare crows." His Majesty King Rama V of Siam, with his son, later King Rama VI (portrait in National History Museum, Bangkok) King Chulalongkorn the Great or Rama V (royal name Phra Chula Chomklao Chaoyuhua) (September 20, 1853 - October 23, 1910) was the fifth king of the Chakri dynasty of Thailand. ...


When he succeeded his father in 1868, King Chulalongkorn took his Royal Guard and formed a 24-strong Royal Bodyguard, referred to as the "Taharn Songlow." In 1870, the Royal Guard regiment were given the name the "King's Guard" and their duties included escorting the king while he travelled around the country.


The Royal Guards still exist in the present and serve as protectors of the Royal Family of Thailand.


Equipment

Main Combat Weapons:

Royal Thai Army Equipment
Type Amount
Main Battle Tanks ~330
M60A3 178
M48A5 105
Type 69-II ~50
Light Tanks ~460
Stingray 106
FV101 Scorpion CVR(T) 154
M41 200
Armoured Personnel Carriers/Reconnaissance Vehicles ~1130
M901A3 Improved TOW Vehicle 18
V-150 162
LAV-150 138
M113A1/A3 340
Condor 18
Type 85 (YW531H) 450
Rasit ?
Field Artillery ~640
Type 82 130 mm MLRS 60
M109A5 155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 20
GHN-45 155 mm Towed Howitzer 42
Soltam M71 155 mm Towed Howitzer 32
M198 155 mm Towed Howitzer 62
M114 155 mm Towed Howitzer 56
Type 59 130 mm Towed Howitzer 15
GIAT LG1 Mk II 105 mm Towed Howitzer 24
M101 105 mm Towed Howitzer 285
M102 105 mm Towed Howitzer 12
M618A2 105 mm Towed Howitzer 32
Air Defence Artillery ~240
Type 59 57 mm anti-aircraft gun 24
Bofors L40/70 40 mm anti-aircraft gun 48
Type 74 twin-barrel 37 mm anti-aircraft gun 122
M163 VADS rotary 20 mm anti-aircraft gun 24
M167 VADS rotary 20 mm anti-aircraft gun 24

The US M1A1 Abrams tank is a typical modern main battle tank. ... For other uses, see M60. ... The M48 Patton was one of the U.S armys principal main battle tanks of the Cold War, with models in service from the early 1950s to the 1990s. ... The Chinese Type 69 and Type 79 main battle tanks were developments of the Type 59, which in turn was a copy of the Soviet T-54A tank. ... The US M1A1 Abrams tank is a typical modern main battle tank. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The FV101 Scorpion is a British light tank, part of the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) or, CVR(T) family. ... The M41 Walker Bulldog was an American light tank developed to replace the M24 Chaffee. ... The Cadillac Gage Commando is an amphibious APC built by Cadillac Gage. ... The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... The Condor is a 4x4 wheeled armoured personnel carrier originally designed by Thyssen-Henschel of Germany. ... TPz 1 Fuchs with modular armor (MSA) Fuchs with Radar equipment RASIT In British service TPz (Transportpanzer) Fuchs (fox) is an armoured personnel carrier developed by Daimler-Benz and built by Thyssen-Henschel (now Rheinmetall Landsysteme) in 1979. ... Union Army gun squad at drill, c. ... The M109 is an American-made self-propelled 155 mm howitzer, first introduced in the early 1960s. ... The GC-45 (Gun, Canada, 45-calibre) is a 155 mm howitzer designed by Gerald Bulls Space Research Corporation in the 1970s. ... The M198 Howitzer during the Persian Gulf War The M198 howitzer is a medium-sized, towed artillery piece. ... The M114 155 mm howitzer was a towed howitzer used by the United States Army. ... The 105 mm Howitzer M2A1(M101) was the standard medium field howitzer for the U.S. in World War II, seeing action in both European and Pacific theatres. ... The M102 howitzer firing First introduced during the Vietnam War, the M102 was the light-towed 105 mm howitzer used by the United States Army in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... This article is about the anti-aircraft gun. ... The Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS) is a self-propelled automatic anti-aircraft gun used by the United States military. ...

Small Arms

M16 (more formally United States Rifle, Caliber 5. ... This article is about an automatic rifle. ... The M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (M249 SAW) is the United States military designation for a sub-family of the FN Minimi squad automatic weapon (from Mini-mitrailleuse French: mini-machine gun. Both are 5. ... The M4 Carbine is a family of firearms tracing its lineage back to earlier carbine versions of the M16, all based on the original AR-15 made by ArmaLite. ... Manufacturer: McDonnell Douglas Overall Length: 1,154 mm (45. ... The M72 LAW (Light Anti-Tank Weapon, also referred to as the Light Anti-Armor Weapon or LAW) is a portable one-shot 66 mm anti-tank weapon, designed in the United States by Talley Defense Systems, produced by Nammo Raufoss AS in Norway. ... The IMI Negev is a light-weight, 5. ... IMI rifles. ...

Aviation

The Royal Thai Army is known to operate the following aircraft types

  • British Aerospace Jetstream 41 2 aircraft (serial numbers 41060 and 41094) based with the VIP unit at Don Mueang airport.
  • Beech 200 King Air 2 aircraft (serial numbers 0342 and 1165) based within the Lop Buri Army complex
  • Beech 1900C-1 2 aircraft (serial numbers 0169 and 0170) based with the VIP squadron at Don Mueang airport.
  • Casa 212-300 2 aircraft (serial numbers 446 and 447) based with the VIP squadron at Don Mueang airport.
  • Bell 206 Jet Ranger. Both the Bell 206A and Bell 206B in use, around 25 examples in total.
  • Bell UH-1H probably over 100 examples in the inventory, but considerably less are airworthy.
  • Bell AH-1F Huey Cobra,3 still flying (serial numbers 9996,9997 and 9998), a fourth example serial number 9999 was lost in a crash in 2001.
  • Sikorsky S-70-43 Blackhawk 7 helicopters delivered (serial numbers 6927,6928,6929,7002,7003,7025 and 7026).2 further examples on order.
  • Schweizer S-300C,around 45 of these helicopters delivered for ab initio training and observation.
  • Cessna U-17B,around 15-20 of these Vietnam era FAC aircraft still flying.
  • Cessna T-41B,around 20-30 of these ex US Army fixed-wing trainers still flying.
  • Maule MX-7,around 15 still flying as liaison and trainer aircraft.
  • Bell 212 around 50-60 examples in total, but less than this are airworthy.
  • Bell 412 2 helicopters recently delivered for the use of the Crown Prince.
  • Boeing Vertol 414 Chinook helicopter 6 examples in service.

Known aviation bases

  • Don Muaeang airport(VTBD)
    • Units here include the VIP squadron, flying 2 Jetstream 41 (serial numbers 41060 and 41094), 2 Casa 212-300 (serial numbers 446 and 447) and 2 Beech 1900C-1 (serial numbers 0169 and 0170) and the 1st Infantry Battalion operating 2 Bell 206B (serial numbers 4422 and 4448), 3 Schweizer S-300C (serial numbers 1340,1366 and 1367) and 2 Cessna U-17B FAC aircraft (serial numbers 1616 and 1617).
  • Bang Khen (3 km south of Don Mueang)
    • The Royal Squadron flies 3 Bell 212 and 2 Bell 412 (serial numbers 36332 and 36333) from here. There is also a special transport unit flying around 10-12 Bell 212 and 1 or 2 Bell 206 based here.
  • Camp Surasri
    • The 9th Infantry Battalion operates 2 Bell 206B (the serial number of 1 is 4424), and 2 or 3 Schweizer S-300C. There is also a detachment of UH-1H from an Air Mobility Company here.
  • Camp Jakapong (Prachin Buri)
    • The 2nd Infantry Battalion "The Queen's Guard" was operating 2 Bell 206B (serial numbers 4446 and 4461), 3 Schweizer S-300C (serial numbers 1343, 1344 and 1345) and 2 Maule MX-7 (one serial number known is 099) in 2004, however it is likely the Maule MX-7 may now not be operated by this unit now. A detachment of this unit (with in 1998 1 Bell 206 and 1 Maule MX-7) was operating from Watthana Nakhon (VTBW) near the Cambodian border.
  • Phitsanulok Airport(VTPP)
    • Loc 16 degrees 46'58.58N,100 degrees 16'44.84E elevation 154 feet/47 meters.
    • Runway 14/32 length 9843 feetx148/3000x45 meters
    • Operating from here is the 4th Infantry Battalion with Bell 206B,Schweizer S-300C,Cessna U-17B and Maule MX-7.
  • Camp Suranaree(Khorat)
    • The main flying unit here is the 3rd Infantry Battalion flying 2 Bell 206B (serial numbers 4396 and 4447), 2 Schweizer S-300C (serial numbers 1337 and 1339) and 2 Cessna U-17B (serial numbers 1454 and 1618).
    • This field also hosts a detachment of up to 3 Bell 212 helicopters from one of the Air Mobility Companies.

Lop Buri, the main base complex of the Royal Thai Army Aviation, which includes training, technical school, aircraft maintenance and aircraft storage.

  • The main airfield here is called Sa Pran Nak(VTBH)
    • Loc 14 degrees 56'58.02N,100 degrees 38'34.88E elevation 95 feet/29 meters.
    • Runways 01/19 3300x98 feet/1006x30 meters and 06/24 3890x98 feet/1186/30 meters
    • Operating units here include
      • Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Nung - in English Air Mobility Company 1 - operating Bell UH-1H and Bell 212
      • Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Song - in English Air Mobility Company 2 - operating Bell UH-1H and Bell 212
      • Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Sam - in English Air mobility Company 3 - operating Bell UH-1H,Bell 206B and Bell 212
      • Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Gou (pasom) - in English Air Mobility Company 9 (Mixed) - operating Bell AH-1F Huey Cobrs(3), Bell 212 and Sikorsky S-70-43 Black Hawk(7) with 2 more on order.
      • The Chinook fleet is also based here.
      • The army aviation centre is based here, which conducts conversion training for the army. Types operated are Cessna T-41B (ex US army surplus), Maule MX-7, Schweizar S-300C piston trainer helicopters.
      • The 2 former VIP Beech 200 King Air airplanes, serial numbers 0342 and 1165 are also based here. Their present role is unknown. These airplanes were modified in the USA in the late nineties.

A separate airfield within the Lop Buri complex (only around 3 km south of Sa Pran Nak) houses the 5th aircraft maintenance Company. This unit is responsible for maintenance and storage of army aircraft and helicopters.

  • The 6th Infantry battalion is based near Ubon Ratchatani.
  • Other known army aviation bases include Nakhon Si Thammarat(VTSF)

UAV

  • IAI Searcher - short-range battlefield reconnaissance UAV (4)

Israel Aircraft Industries or IAI is Israels prime aerospace and aviation manufacturer, producing aerial systems for both military and civilian usage. ... The £124 million Taranis UAV built by BAE Systems An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is an aircraft with no onboard pilot. ...

Coup d'etat

Main article: 2006 Thailand coup d'├ętat

On 19 September 2006 the Royal Thai Army staged a coup d'etat over the civilian government and assumed the effective control of Thailand. Wikinews has news related to: Category:2006 Thailand coup The 2006 Thailand coup détat took place on Tuesday 19 September 2006, when the Royal Thai Army staged a coup against the government of caretaker Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ...


Rank and insignia

// The Royal Thai Army (กองทัพบกไทย - RTGS Kong Thap Bok Thai - IPA kɔ:ŋ tháp bòk thaj) is the land based part of the Thai military. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Army of Thailand

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Royal Thai Military (กองทัพไทย) is the name of the military of Thailand. ... Thai Navy ensign Thai Navy jack The Royal Thai Navy (Thai: ) is the navy of Thailand and was established in the late 1800s. ... The Royal Thai Air Force (Thai: กองทัพอากาศไทย, Kong Thab Akat Thai) is the air force of the Kingdom of Thailand. ...

References

  • Royal Thai Army
  • Thai Rapid Deployment Force

  Results from FactBites:
 
Royal Thai Army (1353 words)
Tactically, the army was organized into seven infantry divisions (including five tank battalions), one armored division, one cavalry division (with an armor capability), eight independent infantry battalions, two special forces divisions trained and geared for small unit special and airborne operations, one field artillery division, and one air defense artillery division.
Although the army's primary mission was to defend the country against aggression by foreign ground forces, for many years invasion was considered an unlikely possibility by Thai civilian and military leaders, in part because of the defense umbrella provided by the United States.
Army troop strength was held at about 190,000 by lowering the conscription rate as the force moved toward becoming a totally volunteer army.
Royal Thai Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (496 words)
The Royal Thai Army is the army of Thailand.
Second Army - headquarters is in Nakhon Ratchasima and is responsible fo the northeastern quadrant and its regional.
Third Army with its headquarters in Phitsanulok, responsible for the northern and northwestern parts of the kingdom.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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