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Encyclopedia > Royal Ontario Museum
Royal Ontario Museum
Established April 16, 1912
Location Queen's Park, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Director William Thorsell
Website www.rom.on.ca

The Royal Ontario Museum, commonly known as the ROM (rhyming with Tom), is a major museum for world culture and natural history in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The ROM is the fifth largest museum in North America and contains more than six million items. It has notable collections of dinosaurs, Near Eastern and African art, East Asian art, European history, and Canadian history. Image File history File links ROM_east_entrance_2006. ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Queens Park is an historic green space in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English Flower White Trillium Tree Eastern White Pine Bird Common Loon Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total... The National Gallery in London, a famous museum. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Table of natural history, 1728 Cyclopaedia Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now usually viewed as several distinct scientific disciplines. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English Flower White Trillium Tree Eastern White Pine Bird Common Loon Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ... The Near East is a term commonly used by archaeologists, geographers and historians, less commonly by journalists and commentators, to refer to the region encompassing the Levant (modern Israel, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon), Turkey, Mesopotamia (Iraq and eastern Syria). ... Makonde carving c. ... Arts of the Far East include: Buddhist art Chinese art Japanese art Korean art Tibetan art Thai art Laotian art Eastern art history Asian literature Categories: | ... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony. ... Canada is a country of 32 million inhabitants that occupies the northern portion of the North American continent, and is the worlds second largest country in area. ...


The museum is located at the corner of Bloor Street and Avenue Road, north of Queen's Park and on the east side of Philosopher's Walk in the University of Toronto. Established in 1912 by the provincial government, the Royal Ontario Museum was operated by the University of Toronto until 1955. Now an independent instiution, the museum still maintains close relations with the university, often sharing expertise and resources. Bloor Street is a major east-west commercial thoroughfare in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Avenue Road is a major north-south street in Toronto, Ontario. ... Queens Park is an historic green space in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Building

The mosaic ceiling of the rotunda entrance to the Royal Ontario Museum. The middle of the dome reads, "That all men may know his work."
The mosaic ceiling of the rotunda entrance to the Royal Ontario Museum. The middle of the dome reads, "That all men may know his work."

Opened on March 14, 1914, by HRH The Duke of Connaught, Governor General of Canada, the museum's original building was designed by Toronto architects Frank Darling and John A. Pearson. The architectural style is Italianate Neo-Romanesque, popular throughout North America until the 1870s. The structure is heavily massed and punctuated by rounded and segmented arched windows with heavy surrounds and hood mouldings. Other features include applied decorative eave brackets, quoins and cornices. Download high resolution version (2032x1524, 642 KB)Mosaic ceiling of the rotunda entrance of the Royal Ontario Museum. ... Download high resolution version (2032x1524, 642 KB)Mosaic ceiling of the rotunda entrance of the Royal Ontario Museum. ... Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. ... In Mosta, Malta, the Rotunda of Santa Marija Assunta is covered by a saucer dome. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Prince Arthur as a lieutenant in The Prince Consorts Own Rifle Brigade. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian Monarch. ... Lazienkowski Palace in Warsaw The neoclassical movement that produced Neoclassical architecture began in the mid-18th century, as a reaction against both the surviving Baroque and Rococo styles, and as a desire to return to the perceived purity of the arts of Rome, the more vague perception (ideal) of Ancient... Italianate Quoins Architectural Style Quoins are the corner stones that anchor the edge of the building wall. ... An example of a cornice along the top of a building in Wheeling, West Virginia. ...


When the museum's site was first chosen, it was still at the edge of Toronto's built-up area and far from the city's business district. The location was selected mainly for its proximity to the University of Toronto. The original building was constructed on the western edge of the property along the university's Philosopher's Walk, with its entrance opening on Bloor Street. It was the first phase of a two-part master plan which was to see the museum eventually expanded towards Queen's Park Crescent as an 'H' shaped building.

East-facing facade of the Royal Ontario Museum, built in 1933.
Enlarge
East-facing facade of the Royal Ontario Museum, built in 1933.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1712x2288, 1779 KB) Summary East-facing entrance to the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1712x2288, 1779 KB) Summary East-facing entrance to the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. ...

First expansion

The first expansion, a new wing added to the original building, opened on October 12, 1933. It became the new main entrance to the museum. To allow the employment of as many men as possible during the Great Depression, the excavation for the basements and foundations were undertaken by hand, with teams of workers alternating weeks. The new wing was designed by Alfred H. Chapman and James Oxley. It required the demolition of Argyle House, a Victorian mansion at 100 Queen's Park. October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Great Depression was a worldwide economic downturn which started in 1929 (although its effects were not fully felt until late 1930) and lasted through most of the 1930s. ...


The linking wing and rear (west) facade of the Queen's Park wing were originally done in the same yellow brick as the 1914 building, with minor Italianate detailing. However, the main facade of the expansion broke from the heavy Italianate style of the original structure. It was done in a more a neo-Byzantine style with rusticated stone, triple windows contained within recessed arches, and different-coloured stone arranged in a variety of patterns. This development from the Roman-inspired Italianate to a Byzantine influenced style reflected the historical development of Byzantine architecture from Roman architecture. Common among neo-Byzantine buildings in North America, the facade also contains elements of Gothic Revival in its relief carvings, gargoyles and statues. The new wing includes the elaborate art deco, Byzantine-inspired, ex-main entrance rotunda that faces east onto Queen's Park Road. The ornate ceiling of this rotunda is covered predominantly in gold back-painted glass mosaic tiles, with coloured mosaic geometric patterns and images of real and mythical animals. The 11th-century monastery of Hosios Lukas in Greece is representative of the Byzantine art during the rule of Macedonian dynasty. ... Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire. ... The Romans adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for their own purposes, which were so different from Greek buildings as to create a new architectural style. ... It has been suggested that Neo-gothic architecture be merged into this article or section. ... Asheville City Hall. ...


Writing in the Journal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada in 1933, A. S. Mathers said of the expansion: "The interior of the building is a surprise and a pleasant one; the somewhat complicated ornament of the facade is forgotten and a plan on the grand manner unfolds itself. It is simple, direct and big in scale. One is convinced that the early Beaux Arts training of the designer has not been in vain. The outstanding feature of the interior is the glass mosaic ceiling of the entrance rotunda. It is executed in colours and gold, and strikes a fine note in the one part of the building which the architect could decorate without conflicting with the exhibits." [1] The Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (RAIC), founded in 1907, is a Canadian association representing over 3,200 architects, and faculty and graduates of Canadian Schools of Architecture. ...


The original building and the 1933 expansion have been listed heritage buildings of Toronto since 1973. [2] 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


Second expansion

The second major addition was the Queen Elizabeth II Terrace Galleries on the north side of the building, and a curatorial centre built on the south, which were started in 1978, completed in 1984, and designed by Toronto architect Gene Kinoshita, with Mathers & Haldenby. 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The new construction meant that a former outdoor "Chinese Garden" to the north of the building facing Bloor, along with an adjoining indoor restaurant, had to be dismantled.


In 1964, the McLaughlin Planetarium was added to the south, and a multi-level atrium was added in 1975, doubling the floor space. The planetarium was closed in 1995, then re-opened temporarily in 1998 as the Children's Own Museum. It is now used primarily as office space and storage. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... A promotional picture of the original configuration for the McLaughlin Planetarium, prior to extensive renovations that removed its northern annex, circa early 1970s The McLaughlin Planetarium is a former working planetarium whose building continues to occupy a space immediately to the south of the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, at... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Childrens Own Museum is a Toronto-based organization that believes in play-based learning experiences for young children. ...


Opened in 1984 by Queen Elizabeth II, as Queen of Canada, a $55 million expansion was built in a simple modernist style of poured concrete, glass, and pre-cast concrete and aggregate panels. It took the form of layered volumes, each rising layer stepping back from Bloor Street, hence creating a layered terrace effect. Though the design of this expansion won a Governor General's Award in Architecture, this last set of galleries was torn down in favour of a new expansion modeled after a design by architect Daniel Libeskind, which began construction in 2004. [3] Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of 16 sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally, though she is more directly involved with the United Kingdom, where the Royal Family resides, and the Monarchy is historically indigenous. ... The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Canada, proclaimed by King George V, November 21, 1921. ... Modern architecture is a broad term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament, that first arose around 1900. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian Monarch. ... This is a list of awards presented by the Governor General of Canada. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... The aluminium clad east face of the Imperial War Museum North in Manchester. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Recent developments

Architect's rendering of the Michael Lee-Chin Crystal, an addition to the Royal Ontario Museum scheduled for completion in June, 2007.
Architect's rendering of the Michael Lee-Chin Crystal, an addition to the Royal Ontario Museum scheduled for completion in June, 2007.

The museum is currently undergoing a major renovation and expansion project, dubbed Renaissance ROM. The centerpiece is the construction of a new building designed by architect Daniel Libeskind and Bregman + Hamann Architects. Existing galleries and buildings are also being restored. The new building will open in June 2007, with exhibitions to be installed in phases over a period of four months. Renovated galleries in the historic buildings will reopen in stages, and all work is scheduled to be completed by 2008.[4] The final cost of the project will be $250 million CAD. Image File history File links ROM_Crystal. ... Image File history File links ROM_Crystal. ... The aluminium clad east face of the Imperial War Museum North in Manchester. ... ISO 4217 Code CAD User(s) Canada Inflation 2. ...


The Libeskind design, selected from among 50 entrants in an international competition, will see the Terrace Galleries torn down and replaced with a Deconstructivist crystalline-form clad in 25 percent glass and 75 percent aluminium. The building is to be named the Michael Lee-Chin Crystal after Michael Lee-Chin, who donated $30 million towards its construction.[5] It will contain the new entrance to the museum, a gift shop, six additional galleries as well as an exhibition hall in the basement. The Crystal's canted walls will not touch the sides of the existing heritage buildings, save for where pedestrian crossing occurs and to close the envelope between the new form and the existing walls. Although designed to conform to existing height restrictions and maintain sight lines along Bloor Street, the Crystal will at certain points cantilever over the setback and into the street allowance. Libeskinds Imperial War Museum North in Manchester comprises three apparently intersecting curved volumes. ... Glass can be made transparent and flat, or into other shapes and colors as shown in this sphere from the Verrerie of Brehat in Brittany. ... General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Atomic mass 26. ... Michael Lee-Chin (born 1951, Port Antonio, Jamaica). ...


The building's design is similar to some of Libeskind's other works, notably the Jewish Museum in Berlin, the London Metropolitan University Graduate Centre, and the Fredric C. Hamilton Building at the Denver Art Museum. The steel framework is being manufactured by Walters Inc. of Hamilton, Ontario. The extruded anodized aluminum cladding is being fabricated by Josef Gartner in Germany, the only company in the world that can produce the material. The company also provided the titanium cladding for Frank Gehry's Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain.[6] Jewish Museum Berlin Shalechet (Fallen Leaves) by Menashe Kadishman The Jewish Museum Berlin (Jüdisches Museum Berlin) is a museum in Berlin covering two millennia of German Jewish history. ... Berlin is the capital city and a state of Germany. ... London Metropolitan Universitys Campus North. ... The Denver Art Museum is an art museum in Denver, Colorado located in Denvers Civic Center. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Nickname: Steel City, Steeltown, The Hammer Area: 1,117. ... Gehrys most famous work, the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain Frank Owen Gehry, CC (born Ephraim Owen Goldberg, February 28, 1929 in Toronto, Canada) is an architect known for his sculptural approach to building design. ... The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, along the Nervión River in downtown Bilbao The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is a modern and contemporary art museum designed by architect Frank Gehry and located in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain. ... Bilbao (Basque: Bilbo) in the North of Spain, is the largest city in the Basque Country and the capital of the province of Biscay (Basque: Bizkaia). ...


The overall aim of the Crystal is to provide openness and accessibility. It seeks to blur the lines between the public area of the street and the more private area of the museum. The goal is to act as an open threshold where people as well as artifacts animate the spaces. The main lobby will be a three-story high atrium, named the Hyacinth Gloria Chen Crystal Court. The lobby will be overlooked by balconies and flanked by two staircases named the Stair of Wonders and the Spirit House. The staircases will take visitors to the east and west crystals. The Spirit House will be the interstitial space formed by the intersection of the east and west crystals. Visitors will enter on the ground level. The Spirit House is intended as a space of emotional and physical diversion.[7]


While the Crystal is under construction, existing parts of the museum are being renovated. Galleries will be made larger, windows uncovered, and the original early-20th-century architecture made more prominent. The exteriors of the heritage buildings are to be cleaned and restored. The restoration of the west wing (1914) is currently the largest heritage project underway in Canada. [6]


The first phase of the Renaissance ROM project opened to the public on December 26, 2005, including the newly-restored rotunda with reproductions of the original oak doors, a restored axial view from the rotunda west through to windows onto Philosopher's Walk, and a ten renovated galleries comprising a total of 90,000 square feet. This phase of gallery re-openings includes exhibits featuring the art and history of Japan, China, Korea, and of the Aboriginal peoples in Canada.[8] 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Korea (Korean: 조선 or 한국, see below) is a geographic area, civilization, and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. ... Aboriginal peoples in Canada are Indigenous Peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, sections 25 and 35, respectively, as Indians (First Nations), Métis, and Inuit. ...


Seeking additional funding to cover the costs the second phase of construction, the directors of the museum planned to erect luxury condominiums on the space currently occupied by the McLaughlin Planetarium. The building would have contributed an extra 35,000 square feet of office space and storage, and brought in $20 million to the ROM's new expansion. The plan was dropped after opposition from neighbourhood groups and an angry public meeting on November 7, 2005. There are two meanings of condominium In international law, a condominium is a territory in which two sovereign powers have equal rights. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Galleries

Originally, there were five major galleries at the ROM, one each for the fields of archeology, geology, mineralogy, paleontology, and zoology.[9] In general the museum pieces were labeled and arranged in a static fashion that had changed little since Edwardian times. For example, the insects exhibit that lasted up until the 1970s housed insects from around the world in long rows of glass cases, with insects of the same genus pinned to the inside of the cabinet, with only the species name and location found as a description. Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Mineralogy is an earth science that involves the chemistry, crystal structure, and physical (including optical) properties of minerals. ... Paleontology or palaeontology (see Spelling differences) is the study of the history and development of life on Earth, including that of ancient plants and animals, based on the fossil record (evidence of their prehistoric existence as typically preserved in sedimentary rocks). ... Zoology is the biological discipline which involves the study of animals. ...


By the 1960s more interpretive displays were ushered in, among the first being the original dinosaur gallery, established in the mid-1960s. Dinosaur fossils were now staged in dynamic poses against backdrop paintings and models of contemporaneous landscapes and vegetation. The displays became more descriptive and interpretive, sometimes, as with the extinction of the woolly mammoth, offering several different leading theories on the issue for the visitor to ponder.


This trend continued, and up until the present time the galleries became less staid, and more dynamic or descriptive and interpretive. This trend arguably came to a culmination in the 1980s with the opening of The Bat Cave, where a sound system, strobe lights and gentle puffs of air attempts to re-create the experience of walking through a cave as a flock of bats fly out.


The original galleries were simply named after their subject material, but in more recent years, individual galleries have been named in honour of sponsors who have donated significant funds or collections to the institution. There are now main categories of galleries present in the ROM: the Natural History Galleries and the World Culture Galleries.


Natural history galleries

A dinosaur exhibit at the Royal Ontario Museum, prior to 2006.
A dinosaur exhibit at the Royal Ontario Museum, prior to 2006.

The Natural history galleries are all collected on the second floor of the museum, and contains collections and samples of various animals from around the world. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1280 KB) Description: oh wonderful - more dinosaurs File links The following pages link to this file: Dinosaur Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1280 KB) Description: oh wonderful - more dinosaurs File links The following pages link to this file: Dinosaur Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ...


The Gallery of Birds depicts several hundred bird specimens, illustrating the many different habits and ecological niches they inhabit. This gallery is dominated by the large "Birds in flight" display, and includes exhibits of now extinct species, such as the Passenger Pigeon. // Binomial name Ectopistes migratorius (Linnaeus, 1766) The Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) was once probably the most common bird in the world. ...


The Gallery of Insects and Their Relatives focuses on the insect and related species native to the province of Ontario. The gallery includes live enclosed insect displays of some more exotic creatures, including stick insects, cockroaches and tarantulas. Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English Flower White Trillium Tree Eastern White Pine Bird Common Loon Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total... Ctenomorpha Chronus Ctenomorpha Chronus Medauroidea Extradentata Stick insects are members of the one of the two insect families Phasmatidae and Phylliidae. ... Families Blaberidae Blattellidae Blattidae Cryptocercidae Polyphagidae Ref: ITIS 102427 2002-12-11 A cockroach is an insect of the order Blattodea (or Blattaria). ... Diversity 113 genera, 897 species Genera Subfamily Acanthopelminae    Acanthopelma Subfamily Aviculariinae    Avicularia    Ephobopus    Pachistopelma    Tapinauchenius Subfamily Eumenophorinae    Anoploscelus    Batesiella    Citharischius    Encyocrates    Eumenophorus    Hysterocrates    Loxomphalia    Loxoptygus    Monocentropus    Myostola    Phoneyusa    Polyspina Subfamily Harpactirinae    Ceratogyrus    Coelogenium    Eucratoscelus    Harpactira    Pterinochilus Subfamily Ischnocolinae    Chaetopelma    Cratorrhagus    Heterothele    Ischnocolus    Nesiergus    Plesiophrictus/Neoplesiophrictus Subfamily Ornithoctoninae    Citharognathus    Cyriopagopus    Haplopelma...


Various dioramas dominate the Gallery of Mammals, which includes examples of a lion family in the savannah, zebras, primates living in a rainforest, as well as mammals indigenous to North America. It also includes the Bat Cave, a reconstruction of the St. Clair cave in Jamaica, filled with bats and other animals typically found in such caves, including spiders and snakes. Binomial name Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms Felis leo (Linnaeus, 1758) The lion (Panthera leo) is a mammal of the family Felidae and one of four big cats in the genus Panthera. ... Species Equus zebra Equus quagga Equus hartmannae Equus grevyi Zebras (members of the horse family), are native to central and southern Africa. ... For the ecclesiastical use of this term, see primate (religion) Families 13, See classification A primate is any member of the biological order Primates, the group that contains all lemurs, monkeys, and apes, including humans. ... The Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia. ...


The Hands-on Biodiversity Gallery provides visitors with the chance to experience and examine the world of nature close-up. Visit a glassed-in working beehive, examine shed snake skins, and look at drawers filled with insect, bird, amphibian, reptile and mammal specimens. The term Beehive can refer to several different things: Beehive (beekeeping) is a human-provided structure in which bees are induced to live and raise their young. ...


A wide range of snakes, lizards, crocodiles and turtles are represented in the Gallery of Reptiles.


World culture galleries

The A.G. Leventis Foundation Gallery of Ancient Cyprus houses roughly 300 artifacts, ranging in age from 2200-30 BC.


The Chinese Galleries comprise four sections: the Bishop White Gallery of Chinese Temple Art, the Joey and Toby Tanenbaum Gallery of China, the Matthews Family Court of Chinese Sculpture, and the ROM Gallery of Chinese Architecture. The Bishop White Gallery of Chinese Temple Art incorporates three temple wall paintings (recently refurbished) from the Yuan Dynasty (AD 271 - 1386). It also includes a number of wooden sculptures depicting various bodhisattvas. The ROM has one of the largest collection of Chinese architectural artifacts outside of China, which is housed in the ROM Gallery of Chinese Architecture. This gallery includes a Ming-era Tomb complex and the reconstruction of an Imperial Palace building from Beijing's Forbidden City, circa 1600. The Ming Dynasty (Chinese: 明朝; Pinyin: míng cháo) was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644, though claims to the Ming throne (now collectively called the Southern Ming) survived until 1662. ... Beijing [English Pronunciation] (Chinese: 北京 [Chinese Pronunciation]; Pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ), a city in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Overview of the Forbidden City For other uses, see Forbidden City (disambiguation). ...


The Egyptian Gallery focuses on the life (and the afterlife) of Ancient Egyptians. It includes a wide range of artifacts, ranging from agricultural implements, jewelry, cosmetics, funerary furnishings and more. The exhibit includes a number of mummy cases, including the fine gilded and painted coffin of Djedmaatesankh, who was a female musician at the temple of Amun-Re in Thebes, and the mummy of Antjau, who is thought to have been a wealthy landowner. afterlife basically mean that u live agen after u die, ... Amun (also spelt Amon, Amoun, Amen, and rarely Imenand, and spelt in Greek as Ammon, and Hammon) was the name of a deity, in Egyptian mythology, who gradually rose to become one of the most important, before disappearing back into the shadows. ... Thebes For the ancient capital of Boeotia, see Thebes, Greece. ...


The Gallery of the Bronze Age Aegean contains almost 200 objects that include examples from the Cycladic, Minoan, and Mycenaean periods of Ancient Greece, ranging in age from 3000 - 700 BC The Cyclades, from the Greek Κυκλάδες, (circular, modern Greek Kykládes; see also List of traditional Greek place names) form an island group south-east of the mainland of Greece. ... Minoan may refer to the following: The Minoan civilization The (undeciphered) Eteocretan language The (undeciphered) Minoan language The script known as Linear A An old name for the Mycenean language before it was deciphered and discovered to be a form of Greek. ... Mycenaean Greece, the last phase of The Golden Age Greece, is the Late Helladic The Golden Age civilization of ancient Greece. ...


There is a gallery devoted to the aboriginal people of Canada, called the Gallery of Canada: First Peoples, containing many examples of early 19th and 20th century artwork and clothing. It includes artifacts from the indigenous cultures of the Plains, Eastern Woodlands, Northwest Coast, Subarctic and Arctic regions. A rotating display of contemporary Native art is also on display there, a theatre devoted to traditional storytelling, and a collection of painting by the pioneer artist Paul Kane. This article is about the painter. ...


The Gallery of Korea is the country's only permanent gallery devoted to Korean art and culture, ranging from stone-age tools to contemporary artworks.


The Prince Takamado Gallery of Japan contains the largest collection of Japanese artworks in Canada, featuring a rotating display of ukiyo-e prints, and the only tea master's collection in North America. The gallery is named in honour of the late Japanese Prince Takamado, who spent several years at a Canadian University. View of Mount Fuji from Satta Point in the Suruga Bay, ukiyo-e by Hiroshige, published 1859 Ukiyo-e ), pictures of the floating world, is a genre of Japanese woodblock prints produced between the 17th and the 20th century, featuring motifs of landscapes, the theater and pleasure quarters. ... His Imperial Highness Prince Takamado (Norihito) of Japan (jp: Takamado no miya Norihito shinnō), (b. ...


Other world culture galleries include the Gallery of Greece, the Gallery of Islam, Gallery of The Roman World, the Herman Herzog Levy Gallery, the Samuel European Galleries and the Samuel Hall-Currelly Gallery.


Forthcoming galleries

Set to open in 2007, the revamped Gallery of the Age of Dinosaurs will feature many examples of complete dinosaur skeletons, as well as those of early birds, reptiles and mammals ranging from the Jurassic to Cretaceous periods. 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ... The Jurassic Period is a major unit of the geologic timescale that extends from about 200 Ma (million years ago), at the end of the Triassic to 146 Ma, at the beginning of the Cretaceous. ... The Cretaceous Period is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic Period (i. ...


The Patricia Harris Gallery of Costumes and Textiles, set to open in 2007, will feature a range of garments, including examples from the Chinese imperial court, 18th century European fashions, along with samples of Canadian clothing and quilts. 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The expanded Sir Christopher Ondaatje South Asian Gallery, also to open in 2007, will contain objects from over 5,000 years of history, including religious artifacts, paintings, textiles, sculpture, armour, and weaponry. Sir Philip Christopher Ondaatje, KBE , OC (born February 22, 1933) is a businessman and author. ...


Trivia

It has been alleged on more than a few occasions that the Royal Ontario Museum is haunted by the ghost of its first curator, Charles Currelly. The spirit has been reportedly seen in a nightshirt wandering in the Bishop White Gallery of Chinese Temple Art. A manufactured image of a ghostly woman ascending a staircase. ... A curator of a cultural heritage institution (e. ...


External links

Footnotes

Galleries of the Royal Ontario Museum: Ancient Egypt and Nubia. 1994. Roberta L. Shaw and Krzysztof Grzymski. Royal Ontario Museum. ISBN 0-88854-411-1.

  1. ^ The Museum: Past, Present and Future, by Dr. James E. Cruise
  2. ^ Heritage of the ROM, accessed November 10, 2005
  3. ^ Royal Ontario Museum Review
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "ROM condo-tower plan scrapped", Globe & Mail, accessed November 10, 2005
  6. ^ a b Canadian Embassy Beijing: New Rom rising
  7. ^ Royal Ontario Museum: Spirit House
  8. ^ ROM Members' News, Winter 2005-6.
  9. ^ Guide Rating and Review: Large Museum Shops, accessed November 10, 2005
Toronto landmarks MTR Logo
Art Gallery of Ontario | Canada's Walk of Fame | Canadian Broadcasting Centre | Casa Loma | CHUM-City Building | CN Tower | Dundas Square | Exhibition Place | Fort York | Harbourfront Centre | Hockey Hall of Fame | Kensington Market | Nathan Phillips Square | Old City Hall | Ontario Place | Ontario Science Centre | Osgoode Hall | PATH Underground | Queen's Park | R.C. Harris Filtration Plant | Royal Ontario Museum | St. James' Cathedral | St. Lawrence Hall | St. Lawrence Market | St. Michael's Cathedral | Todmorden Mills | Toronto City Hall | Toronto Islands | Toronto Pearson International Airport | Toronto Zoo | Union Station | Waterfront Trail | WindShare Wind Turbine

Sports: Air Canada Centre | BMO Field | Maple Leaf Gardens | Ricoh Coliseum | Rogers Centre | Varsity Arena Originally, a landmark literally meant a geographic feature used by explorers and others to find their way back or through an area. ... Image File history File links Toronto_Flag. ... The main entrance to the AGO The Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) is an art museum on the eastern edge of Torontos downtown Chinatown district, on Dundas Street West between McCaul Street and Beverley Street. ... Canadas Walk of Fame acknowledges the achievements and accomplishments of successful Canadians. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Centre The Canadian Broadcasting Centre is the broadcast headquarters of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporations television and radio services. ... Casa Loma Casa Loma (literally House on the Hill) is a Toronto tourist attraction and the former home of financier Sir Henry Mill Pellatt and is located on Austin Terrace, at the south end of Spadina Road on an escarpment above Davenport Road. ... The CHUM-City Building The CHUM-City Building is the headquarters of CHUM Limited, a Canadian media corporation. ... The CN Tower, at 553. ... Dundas Square L.E.D. pixelboard showing The Heart of the City on Dundas Square logo. ... Looking East from the CNE Ferris Wheel (National Trade Centre at left, Automotive Building at right). ... A blockhouse at Fort York in 2004 Fort York is an historic site of military fortifications and related buildings on the west side of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Harbourfront Centre The Harbourfront Centre is a key cultural facility on Toronto, Ontarios waterfront, situated at 235 Queens Quay West. ... The Hockey Hall of Fame is located at the corner of Front & Yonge in downtown Toronto The Stanley Cup on display at the Hockey Hall of Fame The Hockey Hall of Fame which is located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, celebrates the history of ice hockey with exhibits featuring memorabilia and... Kensington market in downtown Toronto Kensington Market is one of the most famous neighbourhoods in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Skating rink in Nathan Phillips Square. ... Ontario Place is an agency of the Government of Ontario, an entertainment attraction, located approximately 4 km west of downtown Toronto on the shore of Lake Ontario, just south of Exhibition Place. ... Completed Teluscape. ... PATH is a 27-kilometre network of pedestrian tunnels beneath the office towers of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Queens Park is an historic green space in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Southern facade of R.C. Harris Filtration Plant. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... Todmorden Mills was a small settlement located in the Don River valley in Toronto, Ontario. ... Toronto City Hall The City Hall of Toronto, Ontario, Canada is one of the most distinctive landmarks of the city. ... Toronto Islands as seen from CN Tower The Toronto Islands are a chain of small islands providing a shallow natural harbour for the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Toronto Pearson International Airport, or Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport (IATA: YYZ, ICAO: CYYZ), straddling Mississaugas northeastern boundary with neighbouring Toronto, is Canadas busiest airport and part of the National Airports System. ... The Main Entrance to the Toronto Zoo The Toronto Zoo is a zoo located in the north eastern part of Toronto, Ontario. ... Union Station is a major railway, subway, and streetcar station at 65 Front Street West between Bay Street and York Street in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Launched in 1995 the Waterfront trail is a series of trails along the shores of Lake Ontario currently begining in Niagara on the Lake and extending to Brockville. ... Categories: Stub | Cooperatives ... The Air Canada Centre, often referred to simply as The ACC, is a multi-purpose arena located on Bay Street in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... BMO Field is a soccer-specific stadium under-construction located in Exhibition Place in the city of Toronto. ... Maple Leaf Gardens, 2006 Exterior signage as of 2006, with letters missing Maple Leaf Gardens is an indoor arena in Toronto, Ontario, on the northwest corner of Carlton Street and Church Street. ... Ricoh Coliseum is an arena at Exhibition Place in downtown Toronto, Ontario. ... Rogers Centre, formerly known as (and often still unofficially called) SkyDome, [1] is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... Varsity Arena is an arena in Toronto, Ontario. ...


Performing arts: Bathurst Street Theatre | Canon Theatre | Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres | Four Seasons Centre | Hummingbird Centre | Massey Hall | Princess of Wales Theatre | Royal Alexandra Theatre | Roy Thomson Hall Bathurst Street Theatre, 736 Bathurst Street, Toronto. ... The Canon Theatre is one of Torontos live entertainment venues. ... The entrance to the Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres Interior of Winter Garden Theatre The Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres are a pair of stacked theatres in Toronto, Canada. ... Construction and fundraising for the Four Seasons Centre in May 2006. ... The Hummingbird Centre The Hummingbird Centre is a major performing arts venue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Inside Massey Hall in 1945. ... The Princess of Wales Theatre is a 2000-seat theatre located at 300 King Street West in the heart of Torontos Entertainment District. ... The Royal Alexandra theatre The Royal Alexandra Theatre is a theatre in Toronto, Ontario Canada. ... Roy Thomson Hall Roy Thomson Hall is a concert hall in Toronto, Canada. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Royal Ontario Museum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2709 words)
Established in 1912 by the provincial government, the Royal Ontario Museum was operated by the University of Toronto until 1955.
The mosaic ceiling of the rotunda entrance to the Royal Ontario Museum.
Writing in the Journal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada in 1933, A. Mathers said of the expansion: "The interior of the building is a surprise and a pleasant one; the somewhat complicated ornament of the facade is forgotten and a plan on the grand manner unfolds itself.
Royal Ontario Museum (340 words)
Royal Ontario Museum McLaughlin Planetarium, 1984 - 1987
The first commercial Stellarium was installed in the Astrocentre of the Royal Ontario Museums McLaughlin planetarium in Toronto.
Unfortunately the planetarium itself was closed only a few years later when the museum had to cut costs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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