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Encyclopedia > Royal New Zealand Navy
Royal New Zealand Navy
Components
Royal New Zealand Navy
No. 6 Squadron RNZAF
History
History of the Royal New Zealand Navy
Military History of New Zealand
Ships
Current Fleet
Future Fleet
Historic Ships
Other
Devonport Naval Base


The Royal New Zealand Navy (RNZN) is the maritime arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. In April 2006 the fleet consists of ten ships, with the combat force consisting of two frigates. Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_New_Zealand. ... A Seasprite of No. ... // Origins Originally the British Royal Navy provided total security for the colony of New Zealand, but in 1846 the settlers bought a gunboat. ... The military history of New Zealand spans several hundred years. ... HMNZS Te Mana This is a list of current Royal New Zealand Navy ships as of 2005. ... // The MoD Long-Term Development Plan (LTDP) is a planning tool to enable decisions on defence acquisitions to be taken in the context of the Government’s defence policy, the priority of projects and affordability. ... A HMNZS Achilles(i) World War II Cruiser HMNZS Arabis(i) Flower Class Corvette HMNZS Arbutus(i) Flower Class Corvette HMNZS Aroha HMNZS Awatere B HMNZS Blackpool (i) Whitby Class Frigate HMNZS Breeze(i) WW II Minesweeper C HMNZS Canterbury (F-421)- (i) Leander Class Frigate (ii) HMNZS Canterbury (L... Devonport Naval Base is the home of the Royal New Zealand Navy, located at Devonport on Aucklands North Shore. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... The New Zealand Defence Force consists of three branches: the New Zealand Army; the Royal New Zealand Navy; and the Royal New Zealand Air Force. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ...

Contents

History

// Origins Originally the British Royal Navy provided total security for the colony of New Zealand, but in 1846 the settlers bought a gunboat. ...

Pre-World War I

The New Zealand Navy did not exist as a separate military force until 1941.[1]


The first maritime combat activities in New Zealand began with the arrival of the Māori in waka around one thousand years ago. One of the first recorded contacts with the Māori was by Dutchman Abel Tasman, when he was attacked by Māori in war waka off the northern tip of the South Island in December 1642. Languages Māori, English Religions Māori religion, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Polynesian peoples, Austronesian peoples The word Māori refers to the indigenous people of New Zealand and their language. ... A waka displayed at the Otago Museum, Dunedin In the Māori language and New Zealand English, waka are Māori watercraft, usually canoes. ... Motto (French) Ik zal handhaven(Dutch) I shall stand fast1 Anthem Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Netherlands() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Amsterdam2 Official languages Dutch3 Recognised regional languages Low Saxon, Limburgish Ethnic groups  80. ... Portrait of Tasman (detail from the family portrait) The only evidence to support this claim is a library catalogue entry Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603 - October 10, 1659), was a Dutch seafarer, explorer and then merchant, born in Lutjegast, a village in the province of Groningen, best known for his voyages... The South Island The South Island is one of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the North Island. ...


The association of the Royal Navy with New Zealand began with the arrival of Lieutenant (later Captain) James Cook in 1769, who completed two subsequent journeys to New Zealand in 1773 and 1777. For the remainder of the 18th century and the early 19th century, the Royal Navy frequently sent warships to New Zealand to maintain law and order amongst British subjects who were resident in the islands, and to prevent violence between the British and the Māori. William Hobson, a crucial player in the drafting of the Treaty of Waitangi, was in New Zealand as a captain in the Royal Navy. The signing of the Treaty of Waitangi made New Zealand a colony in the British Empire, so the defence of the coastline became the responsibility of the Royal Navy. That role was fulfilled until World War I, and the Royal Navy also played a part in the New Zealand Wars: for example, a gunboat shelled fortified Māori pā from the Waikato River in order to defeat the Māori King Movement. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... James Cook, portrait by Nathaniel Dance, c. ... William Hobson (September 26, 1792 - September 10, 1842), was the first Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi. ... One of the few extant copies of the Treaty of Waitangi The Treaty of Waitangi (Māori: Tiriti o Waitangi) was signed on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... This article is becoming very long. ... A room at the Auckland War Memorial Museum commemorates those who died, both European and Māori, in the New Zealand Wars. ... A pa or pā (pronounced pah) is a Māori village or community which is fortified and built for defence. ... Te Arikinui Dame Te Atairangikaahu. ...


World War I and the Inter-War period

In 1909, the New Zealand government decided to fund the purchase of the battlecruiser HMS New Zealand for the Royal Navy, which saw action throughout World War I in Europe. The passing of the Naval Defence Act 1913 created the New Zealand Naval Forces, still as a part of the Royal Navy, and from 1921 to 1941 the force was known as the New Zealand Division of the Royal Navy. The first purchase by the New Zealand government for the New Zealand Naval Forces was the cruiser HMS Philomel, which escorted New Zealand land forces to occupy the German colony of Samoa in 1914. Philomel saw further action under the command of the Royal Navy in the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Persian Gulf. HMS Hood (left) and the battleship HMS Barham (right), in Malta, 1937. ... HMS New Zealand was the battlecruiser flagship of Admiral Sir John Jellicoe at the Battle of Jutland in World War I. She was a gift to Britain from the people of New Zealand. ... This article is becoming very long. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser (really an uprated guided missile destroyer), launched in 1992. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...


Between World War I and World War II, the New Zealand Division consisted of the two cruisers HMS Achilles and HMS Leander, and a minesweeper, HMS Wakakura. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... HMS Achilles (from 1941 HMNZS Achilles) was a Leander class cruiser of 7,200 tons built in Birkenhead, England and launched on 1 September 1932. ... HMNZS Leander was the lead ship of her class of light cruisers. ...


World War II

The Admiral Graf Spee scuttled, following the Battle of the River Plate, in which she was engaged by New Zealand cruiser HMS Achilles.

When Britain went to war against Germany in 1939, New Zealand immediately also declared war. In 1941, the New Zealand Division of the Royal Navy became the Royal New Zealand Navy (RNZN), in recognition of the fact that the naval force was now largely self-sufficient and independent of the Royal Navy. Ships thereafter were prefixed HMNZS (His/Her Majesty's New Zealand Ship). Source: [1]. Copyright situation unclear. ... Source: [1]. Copyright situation unclear. ... Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland class heavy cruiser which served with the Kriegsmarine of Germany during World War II. Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff), she was later reclassified as a heavy cruiser, and was referred to as a pocket battleship by the British. ... Combatants Nazi Germany United Kingdom New Zealand Commanders Hans Langsdorff Henry Harwood Strength 1 pocket battleship (Panzerschiffe) Admiral Graf Spee 1 heavy cruiser 2 light cruisers Casualties 1 pocket battleship scuttled 36 killed 1 heavy cruiser Exeter heavily damaged 72 killed The Battle of the River Plate (December 13, 1939... HMS Achilles (from 1941 HMNZS Achilles) was a Leander class cruiser of 7,200 tons built in Birkenhead, England and launched on 1 September 1932. ...


HMS Achilles participated in the first major naval battle of World War II, the Battle of the River Plate off the River Plate estuary between Argentina and Uruguay, in December 1939. Achilles and two other cruisers, HMS Ajax and HMS Exeter, were in an operation that forced the crew of the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee to scuttle her rather than face the loss of many more German seamen's lives. This decision apparently infuriated Hitler. The Achilles moved to the Pacific, and was working with the US Navy when damaged by a Japanese bomb off New Georgia. Following repair she served alongside the British Pacific Fleet until the war's end. HMS Achilles (from 1941 HMNZS Achilles) was a Leander class cruiser of 7,200 tons built in Birkenhead, England and launched on 1 September 1932. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Nazi Germany United Kingdom New Zealand Commanders Hans Langsdorff Henry Harwood Strength 1 pocket battleship (Panzerschiffe) Admiral Graf Spee 1 heavy cruiser 2 light cruisers Casualties 1 pocket battleship scuttled 36 killed 1 heavy cruiser Exeter heavily damaged 72 killed The Battle of the River Plate (December 13, 1939... River Plate can refer to: Río de la Plata, known to a large proportion of English speakers as River Plate — a large estuary between Argentina and Uruguay Club Atlético River Plate, an Argentinian football (soccer) team Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti, also known as River Plate Stadium, in... HMS Ajax was a Leander-class light cruiser. ... The fourth and best known of the Exeters, HMS Exeter (68), was a York class heavy cruiser of the Royal Navy that served in World War II. She was laid down on 1 August 1928 at the Devonport Dockyard, Plymouth, Devon. ... Pocket battleship is an English language term for a class of warships built by German Reichsmarine in accordance with restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. ... Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland class heavy cruiser which served with the Kriegsmarine of Germany during World War II. Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff), she was later reclassified as a heavy cruiser, and was referred to as a pocket battleship by the British. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Categories: Oceania geography stubs | Solomon Islands ...

HMNZS Leander and USS St. Louis fire on the Jintsu.

HMS Leander escorted the New Zealand Expeditionary Force to the Middle East in 1940, and was then deployed in the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Indian Ocean, where she was subjected to air and naval attack from Axis forces, conducted bombardments and escorted convoys, and sank the Italian "auxilary cruiser" Ramb I. After serving in the Mediterranean she returned to the Pacific in 1943, assisting in the destruction of the Japanese cruiser Jintsu and being seriously damaged by torpedos during the Battle of Kolombangara. USS St. ... USS St. ... HMNZS Leander was the lead ship of her class of light cruisers. ... The New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was the title of the military force sent from New Zealand to fight for Britain in World War I. Upon the outbreak of war, New Zealand immediately offered to provide two brigades — one of infantry and one of mounted troops — a total of 8... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Built at Ansaldo in 1937 as the first of four sisters of the Regia Azienda Monopolio Banane, for transporting refrigerated bananas from Somaliland and Eritrea, Ramb I was designed to become an auxillary cruiser for commerce raiding in the event of war. ... Japanese Light Cruiser Jintsu started life being both laid down and completed at the Kobe Shipyard, Japan. ... Combatants United States New Zealand Japan Commanders Walden L. Ainsworth Shunji Izaki † Strength 3 light cruisers, 10 destroyers 1 light cruiser, 5 destroyers Casualties 1 destroyer sunk, 3 light cruisers heavily damaged, 89 killed[1] 1 light cruiser sunk, 482 killed[2] The Battle of Kolombangara (Japanese: コロンバンガラ島沖海戦) was a naval...


As the war progressed, the size of the RNZN greatly increased, and by the end of WWII there were over 60 ships in commission. These ships participated as part of the British and Commonwealth effort against the Axis in Europe, and against the Japanese in the Pacific. They also played an important role in the defence of New Zealand, from German raiders, and especially when the threat of invasion from Japan appeared imminent in 1942. Many merchant boats were requisitioned and armed for help in defence. One of these was HMNZS Monowai, which saw action against a Japanese submarine off Fiji in 1942. In 1941-1942, it was decided in an agreement between the New Zealand and United States government that the best role for the RNZN in the Pacific was as part of the United States Navy, so operational control of the RNZN was transferred to the South West Pacific Area command, and its ships joined United States 7th Fleet taskforces. The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as The Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states all of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom, except for Mozambique and the United Kingdom itself. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... Merchant raiders are ships which disguise themselves as noncombatant merchant vessels, whilst actually being armed and intending to atttack enemy vessels. ... Name Monowai is Maori for channel full of water and is a glacial lake in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Alvin in 1978, a year after first exploring hydrothermal vents. ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... South West Pacific Area (SWPA) was the name given to one of the four major Allied commands in the Pacific theatre of World War II, during 1942-45. ... The United States 7th Fleet is a naval military unit based in Yokosuka, Japan, with units positioned near South Korea and Japan. ...


In 1943, the light cruiser HMS Gambia was transferred to the RNZN as HMNZS Gambia. In November 1944, the British Pacific Fleet, a joint British Commonwealth taskforce, was formed, based in Sydney, Australia. Most RNZN ships were transferred to BPF, including Gambia and Achilles. They took part in the Battle of Okinawa and operations in the Sakishima Islands, near Japan. In August 1945,Gambia was New Zealand's representative at Japan's surrender. A light cruiser is a warship that is not so large and powerful as a regular (or heavy) cruiser, but still larger than ships like destroyers. ... HMS Gambia was a Crown Colony class cruiser of the Royal Navy. ... The British Pacific Fleet (BPF) was a multinational Allied naval force which saw action against Japan during World War II. The fleet was comprised mainly of British Commonwealth naval vessels. ... This is about the city of Sydney in Australia. ... Combatants United States, United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, Australia Empire of Japan Commanders Simon B. Buckner†, Joseph W. Stilwell, Ray Spruance Mitsuru Ushijima† Strength 548,000 regulars, 1300 ships,  ? aircraft 100,000 regulars & militia,  ? ships,  ? aircraft Casualties 12,513 dead or missing, 38,916 wounded, 33,096 non-combat wounded... The Sakishima Islands (先島諸島 Sakishima shotō) are an island chain located at the south end of the Japanese Archipelago. ... The surrender of Japan in August 1945 brought World War II to a close. ...


Post-war

RNZN ships participated in the Korean War, Malayan Emergency, Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation and the Vietnam War. In the past three decades, the RNZN has operated in the Middle East a number of times. RNZN ships played a role in the Iran-Iraq War, aiding the Royal Navy in protecting neutral shipping in the Indian Ocean. Frigates were also sent to participate in the first Gulf War, and more recently Operation Enduring Freedom. The RNZN has played an important part in conflicts in the Pacific as well. Naval forces were utilised in the Bougainville, Solomon Islands and East Timor conflicts of the 1990s. The RNZN often participates in United Nations peacekeeping operations. Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... The Malayan Emergency was an insurrection and guerrilla war of the Malay Races Liberation Army against the British and Malayan administration from 1948-1960 in what is now Malaysia. ... The Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation was an intermittent war over the future of the island of Borneo, between British-backed Malaysia and Indonesia in 1962–1966. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Combatants  Iran Iraq Commanders Ruhollah Khomeini, Abolhassan Banisadr, Ali Shamkhani, Mostafa Chamran† Saddam Hussein, Ali Hassan al-Majid Strength - 305,000 soldiers, - 500,000 Passdaran and Basij militia, - 900 tanks, - 1,000 armored vehicles, - 3,000 artillery pieces, - 60 aircraft, - 750 helicopters[1] - 190,000 soldiers, - 5,000 tanks, - 4... Combatants UN Coalition Republic of Iraq Commanders Norman Schwarzkopf, Michel Roquejeoffre , Peter de la Billière, Khalid bin Sultan, Saleh Al-Muhaya, Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Saddam Hussein Strength 883,863 360,000 Casualties 378 dead, 1,000 wounded see section below The Gulf War or the Persian Gulf War (2... Combatants United States Canada Australia United Kingdom Netherlands Philippines (in the Philippines theatre only) Northern Alliance GUAM Poland Italy Visegrad Group Hungary Ethiopia Somalia Estonia Latvia Lithuania Slovakia Vilnius group Croatia Albania Macedonia Romania Bulgaria Taliban al-Qaeda Abu Sayyaf Jemaah Islamiyah Islamic Courts Union Commanders General Tommy Franks Brig. ... Location of North Solomons (Bougainville) Province in Papua New Guinea The island and province Bougainville is part of Papua New Guinea and is the largest of the Solomon Islands group. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...

RNZN frigates HMNZS Canterbury, Otago, Taranaki, & Waikato, on exercise in Wellington Harbour 1980.
RNZN frigates HMNZS Canterbury, Otago, Taranaki, & Waikato, on exercise in Wellington Harbour 1980.

The RNZN has played a much broader role than just conflict-related activities. Since 1946, it has policed New Zealand's territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zone for fisheries protection. It also aids New Zealand's deployment in Antarctica, at Scott Base. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 516 pixelsFull resolution (1001 × 646 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 4 RNZN frigates, HMNZS Canterbury, Otago, Taranaki, & Waikato, on exercise in Wellington Harbour 1980. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 516 pixelsFull resolution (1001 × 646 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 4 RNZN frigates, HMNZS Canterbury, Otago, Taranaki, & Waikato, on exercise in Wellington Harbour 1980. ... History HMNZS Canterbury was one of two broad beam Leander class frigates operated by the RNZN from 1971 to 2005. ... Ships carrying the name HMNZS Otago are named after the Province of Otago in New Zealand, on the South Island and are normally associated with the City of Dunedin. ... HMNZS Taranaki (F-148) was a modified Rothesay class frigate in service with the Royal New Zealand Navy from 1960 to 1982. ... Map of Sealand and the United Kingdom, with territorial water claims of 3nm and 12nm shown. ... Sea areas in international rights Under the law of the sea, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a seazone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. ... Aerial photograph of Scott Base, Ross Island, Antarctica. ...


One of the best-known roles that the RNZN played on the world stage was when the frigates Canterbury and the Otago were sent by the Labour Government of Norman Kirk to Moruroa Atoll in 1973 to protest against French nuclear testing there. The frigates were sent into the potential blast zone of the weapon, which forced France to postpone the tests. History HMNZS Canterbury was one of two broad beam Leander class frigates operated by the RNZN from 1971 to 2005. ... Ships carrying the name HMNZS Otago are named after the Province of Otago in New Zealand, on the South Island and are normally associated with the City of Dunedin. ... The New Zealand Labour Party is a New Zealand political party. ... Norman Eric Kirk served as Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1972 until his sudden death in 1974 and led the New Zealand Labour Party from 1965 to 1972. ... Moruroa Moruroa Moruroa (Mururura, Mururoa) (21°50′S 138°55′W.) is an atoll which forms part of the Tuamoto archipelago in French Polynesia in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ...


The modern RNZN

Current Fleet

The RNZN is currently in a transitional period where its role is being broadened into a navy that is more versatile than in the more recent past. It used to be combat orientated, based on the frigate, but a number of new ships are soon to be incorporated into the fleet that will give the RNZN a much broader platform to work from. These ships will not be operational until 2007, so are not part of the current fleet. HMNZS Te Mana This is a list of current Royal New Zealand Navy ships as of 2005. ...


The categorisations of the ships used here are taken from the RNZN website.[2]


Naval combat force

Soon to be HMNZS Canterbury, the new MRV commissioning as part of Project Protector.
New RNZN OPV 2 will delivered in 2007.
HMNZS Endeavour


The naval combat force currently consists of two Anzac Class frigates: HMNZS Te Kaha and HMNZS Te Mana. Both ships are based at the Devonport Naval Base on Auckland's North Shore. Te Kaha was commissioned on 26 July 1997 and Te Mana on 10 December 1999. ImageMetadata File history File links HMNZS_Te_Mana. ... ImageMetadata File history File links HMNZS_Te_Mana. ... HMNZS Te Mana HMNZS Te Mana (F111) is an Anzac class frigate of the Royal New Zealand Navy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata NZ_MRV_(NZDF). ... Image File history File linksMetadata NZ_MRV_(NZDF). ... Image File history File links Otago. ... Image File history File links Otago. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 650 × 434 pixelsFull resolution (650 × 434 pixel, file size: 84 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) </noinclude> Royal New Zealand Navy Image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 650 × 434 pixelsFull resolution (650 × 434 pixel, file size: 84 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) </noinclude> Royal New Zealand Navy Image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... HMAS Anzac operating in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. ... HMNZS Te Kaha (F77) is an Anzac class frigate of the Royal New Zealand Navy. ... HMNZS Te Mana HMNZS Te Mana (F111) is an Anzac class frigate of the Royal New Zealand Navy. ... Devonport Naval Base is the home of the Royal New Zealand Navy, located at Devonport on Aucklands North Shore. ... Schematic map of Auckland. ... North Shore City (orange). ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


The specifications and armaments of the two ships are identical.[3][4]


Logistics support

HMNZS Endeavour (A11) is the fleet tanker. She provides fuel and other supplies for the frigates when they are on international operations, and for allied ships should this be required. Endeavour takes her name from the Royal Navy ship that carried James Cook to New Zealand on his first voyage, in 1769. The home port of Endeavour is the city of New Plymouth.[5] Named after Captain Cooks ship, HMNZS Endeavour is the third ship of the RNZN to carry the name. ... New Plymouth is the port and main city in the Taranaki region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ...


Hydrographic force

The hydrographic ship is HMNZS Resolution. Resolution is used to survey and chart the sea around New Zealand and her inshore waters, and was formerly the United States Navy USS Tenacious, used to tow sonar arrays to detect enemy submarines. A small motor boat, Adventure, is operated from Resolution. The home port of Resolution is the city of Gisborne.[6] HMNZS RESOLUTION A14 HMNZS Resolution is the hydrographic ship of the Royal_New_Zealand_Navy. ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... The F70 type frigates (here, La Motte-Picquet) are fitted with VDS (Variable Depth Sonar) type DUBV43 or DUBV43C towed sonars SONAR (SOund Navigation And Ranging) â€” or sonar â€” is a technique that uses sound propagation under water (primarily) to navigate, communicate or to detect other vessels. ... Alvin in 1978, a year after first exploring hydrothermal vents. ...


Diving support

The diving support vessel is HMNZS Manawanui (A09). Manawanui is provided for the use of the Operational Dive Team (ODT), which is trained for deep sea diving, underwater demolition and explosives disposal. Manawanui also has limited carriage capacity.[7]


Inshore patrol craft

The RNZN has three Moa class patrol boats, which are used for a range of activities such as training and resource protection; these vessels were operated by the Royal New Zealand Naval Volunteer Reserve, but more recently have been employed directly by the regular navy. These vessels are: Design & Operational History Based on an Australian design that was modifed in 1978 to construct two inshore survey vessel for the RNZN. A further four vessels were later ordered for the RNZNVR, with the first in the class commissioning in 1983. ...

The name HMNZS Kiwi may refer to: HMNZS Kiwi (T102), a corvette commissioned in 1941. ... Two ships of the Royal New Zealand Navy (RNZN) have been named HMNZS Wakakura: HMNZS Wakakura (T00), transferred to the RNZN in 1941, was a Castle Class Minesweeper. ... HMNZS Kahu has been the name of HMNZS Kahu (ML400) commissioned 1944 HMNZS Kahu (A 04) commissioned ? Category: ...

Aircraft

Main article: No. 6 Squadron RNZAF

The RNZN operates five Kaman SH-2G Seasprite helicopters for use on the two frigates, and for future use on the new multi-role vessel and two offshore patrol craft that will be incorporated into the fleet in 2007 and 2008. These five aircraft are part of No. 6 Squadron of the RNZAF. The squadron is based at Whenuapai Air Base in Auckland, and helicopters are assigned to the ships as they are sent on deployments across the globe. The roles of the helicopters include: A Seasprite of No. ... The Kaman SH-2 Seasprite was a United States Navy ship-based helicopter with anti-submarine, anti-surface threat capability, including over-the-horizon targeting. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Seasprite of No. ... HRH The Prince of Wales in uniform as a RNZAF Air Commodore inspects troops at RNZAF Base Auckland on March 8, 2005. ...

  • surface warfare missions and surveillance operations
  • under water warfare
  • helicopter delivery services/logistics
  • search and rescue
  • medical evacuation
  • training
  • assistance to other Government agencies[9]

Role of the RNZN

Purpose of the New Zealand Defence Force

See also: New Zealand Defence Force

In its Statement of Intent, the NZDF states its primary mission as: The New Zealand Defence Force consists of three branches: the New Zealand Army; the Royal New Zealand Navy; and the Royal New Zealand Air Force. ...

to secure New Zealand from external threat, to protect our sovereign interests, including in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and to be able to take action to meet likely contingencies in our strategic area of interest.[10]

The intermediate outcomes of the NZDF are listed as: Sea areas in international rights Under the law of the sea, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a seazone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. ...

  1. Secure New Zealand, including its people, land, territorial waters, exclusive economic zone, natural resources and critical infrastructure.
  2. Reduced risks to New Zealand from regional and global insecurity.
  3. New Zealand values and interests advanced through participation in regional and international security systems.
  4. New Zealand is able to meet future national security challenges.[11]

The role of the navy is to fulfil the maritime elements of the missions of the NZDF. Map of Sealand and the United Kingdom, with territorial water claims of 3nm and 12nm shown. ...


Participation in international security operations

The RNZN has a role to help prevent any unrest occurring in New Zealand. This can be done by having a presence in overseas waters and assisting redevelopment in troubled countries. For example, any unrest in the Pacific Islands has the potential to spill over into New Zealand because of the large Pacific Island population. If the RNZN can help stabilise the situation in the islands, it will make New Zealand a safer place. The navy has participated in peace-keeping and peace-making in East Timor, Bougainville and the Solomon Islands. The Pacific Ocean contains an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 islands; the exact number has not been precisely determined. ... Location of North Solomons (Bougainville) Province in Papua New Guinea The island and province Bougainville is part of Papua New Guinea and is the largest of the Solomon Islands group. ...


Civilian roles

The 2002 Maritime Forces Review identified a number of roles that other government agencies required the RNZN to undertake. Approximately 1,400 days at sea are required to fulfil these roles annually.


Roles include patrolling the Exclusive Economic Zone, transport to offshore islands, and support for the New Zealand Customs Service. Sea areas in international rights Under the law of the sea, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a seazone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. ... The Customs Service (In Māori, Te Mana Arai o Aotearoa) is a state sector organisation of New Zealand whose role is to provide border control and protect the community from potential risks arising from international trade and travel, as well as collecting duties and taxes on imports to the...


The RNZN produces hydrographic information for Land Information New Zealand under a commercial contract arrangement.


Current deployments

Since 2001, both ANZAC frigates have participated in the United States' Operation Enduring Freedom in the Persian Gulf and have conducted maritime patrol operations in support of American efforts in Afghanistan. Combatants United States Canada Australia United Kingdom Netherlands Philippines (in the Philippines theatre only) Northern Alliance GUAM Poland Italy Visegrad Group Hungary Ethiopia Somalia Estonia Latvia Lithuania Slovakia Vilnius group Croatia Albania Macedonia Romania Bulgaria Taliban al-Qaeda Abu Sayyaf Jemaah Islamiyah Islamic Courts Union Commanders General Tommy Franks Brig. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...


As of 21 June 2006, Te Mana was in South East Asia. Te Kaha was in New Zealand waters, to be deployed to South East Asia in the second half of 2006. June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


Personnel

Reserves

The primary reserve component of the RNZN is the Royal New Zealand Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNZNVR), which is organised into a number of divisions based in Auckland (with a subunit at Tauranga), Wellington, Christchurch, and Dunedin.


HMNZS Ngapona: Naval Reserve, Auckland [1]


HMNZS Olphert: Naval Reserve, Wellington [2]


HMNZS Pegasus: Naval Reserve, Christchurch [3]


HMNZS Toroa: Naval Reserve, Dunedin [4]


At present civilians can join the RNZNVR in one of three branches: Administration, Sea Service (for service on IPVs), and Maritime Trade Organisation (formerly Naval Control of Shipping). In addition ex regular force personnel can now join the RNZNVR in their former branch, and depending on time out of the service, rank. The need to attend compulsory training one night a week has recently been removed.


Finance

Routine funding


The RNZN is funded through a "vote" of the New Zealand Parliament. The New Zealand Defence Force funds personnel, operating and finance costs. Funding is then allocated to specific "Output Classes", which are aligned to policy objectives. The New Zealand Parliament is the legislative body of the New Zealand government. ...


Funding allocation in each Output Class includes consumables, personnel, depreciation and a 'Capital Charge'. The Capital Charge is a budgetary mechanism to reflect the cost of Crown capital and averages approximately 10% of the value of the asset it is charged against.


Large Projects


The Ministry of Defence (New Zealand) is responsible for the acquisition of significant items of military equipment needed to meet New Zealand Defence Force capability requirements. Funding for the Ministry of Defence is appropriated separately. State sector organisations in New Zealand (as at January 2004) are as follows: // Parliamentary Offices Office of the Controller and Auditor-General (Tumuaki o te Mana Arotake) Office of the Ombudsmen (Nga Kaitiaki Mana Tangata) Office of the Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment (Te Kaitiaki Taiao a Te Whare P...


Onshore establishments

The Royal New Zealand Naval Museum

The Museum, adjacent to the HMNZ Naval Base, Devonport, contains important collections of naval artefacts, and extensive records. Supporters may join the Friends of the Royal New Zealand Naval Museum [5]


HMNZS Irirangi

Naval Communication Station at Waiouru Waiouru is a small town in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand. ...


Future fleet

The shape of the future fleet was detailed by a New Zealand Government report, the 2002 Maritime Forces Review.


The review determined that the current fleet structure was inadequate to support ongoing patrol and response requirements within New Zealand's Exclusive Economic Zone. Project Protector was commissioned to address some of these shortcomings.


Future fleet (as at 2007):

  • 2 x ANZAC Frigates
  • 1 x Multi-role vessel
  • 2 x Offshore Patrol vessels
  • 4 x Inshore Patrol vessels
  • 1 x Replenishing ship
  • 1 x Dive Support vessel
  • 1 x Hydrographic Survey vessel

Project Protector

The Ministry of Defence acquisition project to acquire one multi-role vessel, two offshore and four inshore patrol vessels, to be operated by the RNZN to conduct tasks for and with New Zealand Customs, the Department of Conservation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Ministry of Fisheries, Maritime New Zealand & the New Zealand Police.


See Royal New Zealand Navy Future Plans // The MoD Long-Term Development Plan (LTDP) is a planning tool to enable decisions on defence acquisitions to be taken in the context of the Government’s defence policy, the priority of projects and affordability. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Much of this discussion is taken from "RNZN History". RNZN Official Website. Accessed April 15, 2006.
  2. ^ "RNZN - Overview of Ships". RNZN Official website. Accessed April 17, 2006.
  3. ^ "RNZN - Te Kaha". RNZN Official Website. Accessed April 17, 2006.
  4. ^ "RNZN - Te Mana". RNZN Official Website. Accessed 17 April 2006.
  5. ^ "RNZN - Endeavour". RNZN Official Website. Accessed 17 April 2006.
  6. ^ "RNZN - HMNZS Resolution". RNZN Official Website. Accessed 17 April 2006.
  7. ^ "RNZN - Manawanui". RNZN Official Website. Accessed 17 April 2006.
  8. ^ "RNZN - Inshore Patrol Craft". RNZN Official Website. Accessed March 29, 2007. The site also lists two other craft which have since been decommissioned.
  9. ^ "RNZAF - 6 Squadron". RNZAF Official Website. Accessed 17 April 2006.
  10. ^ "NZDF Statement of Intent". NZDF Official Website. Accessed 28 April 2006.
  11. ^ "NZDF Outcomes and Objectives". NZDF Official Website. Accessed 28 April 2006.

April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (89th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

See also

The history of New Zealand dates back at least seven hundred years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians. ... New Zealand military ranks are largely based on those of the United Kingdom. ...

External links

  • Royal New Zealand Navy homepage
  • The New Zealand Defence Force Website
  • The Royal New Zealand Navy in WWII, Official History (online), by S D Waters
  • Google Maps Image of Devonport RNZN Base



 
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