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Encyclopedia > Royal Netherlands Navy
Royal Netherlands Navy Jack
Royal Netherlands Navy Jack

The Koninklijke Marine (Royal Netherlands Navy ) is the navy of the Netherlands. Royal Navy can refer to the following: Belgian Navy of Belgium (Marine Royale) Royal Australian Navy of Australia Royal Bahraini Navy of Bahrain Royal Brunei Navy of Brunei (Tentera Laut Diraja Brunei) Royal Danish Navy of Denmark (Kongelige Danske Marine) Royal Malaysian Navy of Malaysia (Tentera Laut DiRaja Malaysia) Royal... Image File history File links Naval_Jack_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Naval_Jack_of_the_Netherlands. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ...

Contents

History

Origins

Trade and merchants formed the basis of the Dutch economy. In order to protect national interests a navy was indispensable. At first the Dutch navy had a private character, wealthy merchants and regents in the many ports of the republic made their own decisions and took initiative, and incidentally attacked pirates and foreign competitors. Defensive measures to protect the merchant ships could include sailing in a convoy and arming the merchants themselves. Offensive actions could include taking enemy ships by force. This was actively supported by the Dutch authorities in times of war, who send out letters of the marquee which allowed Dutch captains to attack and, preferably, capture enemy ships. Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Merchants function as professionals who deal with trade, dealing in commodities that they do not produce themselves, in order to produce profit. ... Italian Full rigged ship Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large watercraft capable of offshore navigation. ...


The central authorities tried, in vain, to increase supervision on these, in effect, private owned navies. By decree of Maximillian of Austria, on 8 January 1488 the present Dutch Navy was formed. The role of the navy was now arranged by law and the tasks of defending the country at sea was the responsibility of an admiral who now replaced the sovereign. However many provinces surreptitiously created small navies of their own, without the admiral ever knowing. January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


A World Power

The Royal Prince and other vessels at the Four Days Fight, 11–14 June 1666 by Abraham Storck depicts a battle of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. In the foreground the Swiftsure with Berkeley sinks. On the right the grounded Prince Royal with admiral Ayscue surrenders by firing white smoke; de Ruyter on the Zeven Provinciën accepts. In between the Royal Charles can just be seen with a broken mast.

The Dutch revolt (1568-1648) resulted in a better command structure of the Dutch navy. The Dutch government now installed 5 admiralties (de Maze, Amsterdam, Zeeland, the Noorderkwartier, and Friesland) which had offices in Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Middelburg, Hoorn, Enkhuizen, and Dokkum (later Harlingen). The Royal Prince and other vessels at the Four Days Fight, 11–14 June 1666 by Abraham Storck The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the... The Royal Prince and other vessels at the Four Days Fight, 11–14 June 1666 by Abraham Storck The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... Combatants Dutch rebels Spanish Empire The Dutch Revolt, or Eighty Years War (1568[1]–1648), was the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Netherlands against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - City 319 km²  (123. ... Nickname: Motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Determined, Compassionate) Location of Amsterdam Coordinates: , Country Province Government  - Mayor Job Cohen (PvdA)  - Aldermen Lodewijk Asscher Hennah Buyne Carolien Gehrels Tjeerd Herrema Maarten van Poelgeest Marijke Vos  - Secretary Erik Gerritsen Area [1][2]  - City 219 km²  (84. ... This is about the city in the Netherlands. ... For other uses, see Hoorn (disambiguation). ... Enkuizen Enkhuizen ( West Frisian: Inghúze) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Dongeradeel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Harlingen is a municipality and a city in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland at the Wadden Sea. ...


During the 17th century the Dutch republic was involved in countless wars, many of them at sea. The main goal of the Dutch navy was to protect the trade routes and protecting Dutch soil.


Until 1648 Spain was the enemy, a republican fleet destroyed the main part of the entire Spanish navy at Gibraltar in 1607. Other activities included blocking the Flemish coast (to prevent the Spanish troops there from getting supplies) and escorting the Dutch merchants in the Baltic. The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ...


In the course of the 17th century Dutch wealth and maritime expansion was the source of much envy across Europe, but especially in England. When they announced the act of navigation, which damaged Dutch traders in London, tensions became high. During the First Anglo-Dutch War English fleet operations were fixed on blocking the Dutch merchant fleet, an example of this is the battle of Dungeness in December 1652, in which Maarten Tromp was able to keep the channel open for Dutch trade. In the second Anglo-Dutch War 5 major battles took place, nearly all of them on English territory. It was during this period that the battle of Chatham (1667) took place, arguably the worst naval defeat in English history until this very day. The third Anglo-Dutch war was in fact a conspiracy between France, England, Cologne and Munster to attack the Netherlands and destroy the Dutch republic as the world’s superpower. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The naval Battle of Dungeness took place on 10 December 1652 during the First Anglo-Dutch War near the cape of Dungeness in Kent. ... Image:Marten Harpertszoon Tromp. ... Look up Channel on Wiktionary, the free dictionary In general, channel refers to the path between two endpoints. ... The Royal Prince and other vessels at the Four Days Fight, 11–14 June 1666 by Abraham Storck depicts a battle of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. ... Dutch Attack on the Medway, June 1667 by Pieter Cornelisz van Soest, painted c. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... , For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ... The USA and USSR were the two superpowers during the Cold War. ...

Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter, Lieutenant-Admiral of the United Provinces by Ferdinand Bol, painted 1667
Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter, Lieutenant-Admiral of the United Provinces by Ferdinand Bol, painted 1667

Although the Dutch fleet was the largest of the world at the time, the combined fleet of France and England quickly put the Dutch in a defensive position, but due to the tactical brilliance of Michiel de Ruyter, they managed to inflict so much damage to both fleets during the Dutch nation's zero-hour that the offensive capabilities of France and England were reduced to almost nothing. When the Peace of Westminster was signed it marked the end of the trade wars between the rivals. A new era arrived in which the Dutch stadholder William III was proclaimed King of England in the following decades the Dutch and English successfully fought the ambitious French as allies. The war zone shifted from the North Sea and the channel to the French coast and Mediterranean. At the end of the War of the Spanish succession (1713) the series of wars ended. Download high resolution version (700x804, 78 KB)Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter, 1607–1676, Lieutenant-Admiral-General of the United Provinces by Ferdinand Bol, painted 1667 The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with... Download high resolution version (700x804, 78 KB)Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter, 1607–1676, Lieutenant-Admiral-General of the United Provinces by Ferdinand Bol, painted 1667 The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... Ferdinand Bol (born in June 24, 1616 in Dordrecht - died August 24, 1680 in Amsterdam) was a Dutch artist, etcher, and draftsman. ... Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter, Lieutenant-Admiral of the United Provinces by Ferdinand Bol, painted 1667 Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter (24 March 1607 – 29 April 1676) is one of the most famous admirals in Dutch history. ... William III of England (The Hague, 14 November 1650 – Kensington Palace, 8 March 1702; also known as William II of Scotland and William III of Orange) was a Dutch aristocrat and a Protestant Prince of Orange from his birth, Stadtholder of the main provinces of the Dutch Republic from 28... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Combatants Habsburg Empire, England (1701-1706) Great Britain (1707-1714),[1] Dutch Republic, Kingdom of Portugal, Crown of Aragon, Others[2] Kingdom of France, Kingdom of Spain, Electorate of Bavaria, Hungarian Rebels Others[3] Commanders Eugene of Savoy, Margrave of Baden, Count Starhemberg, Duke of Marlborough, Marquis de Ruvigny, Count...


At the start of the 17th century the squadrons of the Dutch fleet were reinforced with merchant ships adapted for battle in earlier conflicts. The introduction of the line-tactic increased the demand for ships with a great deal of maneuverability, speed and crew experience. In 1653 the Dutch government decided to build 60 ships, and a 10 years later they placed another order for 60 more. The flagship of the republic, De Zeven Provinciën, was fitted with 96 guns, for comparison, the British HMS Victory build over a century later had only 8 guns more. A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... British and Danish ships in line of battle at the Battle of Copenhagen (1801). ... Eight ships of the Royal Netherlands Navy have been named HNLMS De Zeven Provinciën or similar, after the original seven provinces of the Netherlands forming the Union of Utrecht:[1] Zeven Provinciën (1643-1659), ship of the line of the Amsterdam Admirality; Verenigde Provinciën (1665-1667), ship... HMS Victory is a 104-gun ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built between 1759 and 1765. ...


With about 4000 sailors at peacetime the Dutch navy was a relatively small employer in the maritime section, except at times of war when thousands of men more were hired. Flag officers and captains were themselves responsible for hiring the ship's crew. Usually a ship's crew were hired for only one campaign, excluding the officers. Since the early 17th century, experienced captains were employed for long periods of time by the Dutch navy; they were responsible for the ships provisions, and when they bought supplies for less money than the government provided they could keep the change, and a smart captain could make a small fortune this way in peacetime. Three types of mariners are seen here in the wheelhouse: a master, an able seaman, and a harbour pilot. ...


The crew itself were mostly natives or foreign inhabitants of the many Dutch harbour towns. In 1665 regiments of soldiers came aboard the ships. These soldiers would later become famous and feared: Dutch marines. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... The Korps Mariniers is the marine corps of the Netherlands, and is part of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ...


Decline and French domination

In the late 18th century the navy of the Dutch Republic could no longer withstand the navies of Great-Britain and France. An ambitious shipbuilding program in 1780 could not prevent the disastrous 4th Anglo-Dutch War (1780-1784), and at the peace of Paris the Dutch had to allow free passage throughout the East Indies and effectively allowing the British Navy to become the new power of the seas. Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Royal Navy is the navy of the United Kingdom. ... For the three letter acronym, see SEA. For the ancient Jewish unit of volume, see Seah (unit). ...


Several naval reforms concerning education and marine command structure took place after the Batavian Revolution (1795) and made great changes within the Dutch navy. The federative decentralised naval command was now replaced by a central organisation in The Hague. The warships stayed in the drydocks, although a number of ships managed to follow William V to Great-Britain; others, like the ships sailing in East Asia, were later joined with the forces of William V. Look up reform in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The term Batavian revolution refers to the political, social and cultural turmoil that marked the end of the Dutch Republic at the end of the 18th century. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... U.S. Navy submarine USS Greeneville in dry dock following collision with a fishing boat. ... William V Batavus, stadtholder of The Netherlands (March 8, 1748 – April 9, 1806), also known as William V of Orange, was the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. ... See also: Kingdom of Great Britain Satellite Image of Great Britain Great Britain is the largest island of the British Isles. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ...


After the surrender of a naval squadron near the Saldaha bay (1796) and the defeat at the battle of Kamperduin (1797), the surrender of the fleet near the Vlieter in 1799 proved to be the death of the Batavian navy. In the 3 years the Netherlands were a part of Imperial France the navy was unable to operate independently. Balian of Ibelin surrendering the city of Jerusalem to Saladin, from Les Passages faits Outremer par les Français contre les Turcs et autres Sarrasins et Maures outremarins, ca. ... Combatants United Kingdom Dutch Commanders Admiral Adam Duncan Admiral de Winter Strength 24 Ships 25 Ships Casualties 193 killed 622 wounded 520 killed 952 wounded 11 ships captured The naval Battle of Camperdown took place on 11 October 1797 during the French Revolutionary Wars, and was a victory for a... The term French Empire can refer to: The First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte (1804 - 1814 or 1815) The Second French Empire of Napoleon III (1852 - 1870) The Second French Colonial Empire (1830 - 1960) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


Insurrection

The Netherlands regained their independence and on December 7, 1813, the Dutch navy was once again a part of the Dutch military. Finally in June 1815 France was defeated at the battle of Waterloo by a combined Anglo-Dutch army and its Prussian and German allies. In 1813 the present-day Dutch monarchy, coming forth from the noble line of the stadholders, was installed allowing the Dutch navy to get the predicate "royal", yet this did not happen until 1905. Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Combatants First French Empire Seventh Coalition: United Kingdom Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of the United Netherlands Kingdom of Hanover Dutchy of Nassau Duchy of Brunswick Commanders Napoleon Bonaparte, Michel Ney Duke of Wellington, Gebhard von Blücher Strength 73,000 67,000 Coalition 60,000 Prussian (48,000 engaged by... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... The Netherlands have been an independent monarchy since March 16, 1815, and have been governed by members of the House of Orange-Nassau since. ... For the comic series, see Monarchy (comics). ...


The Dutch navy in the 19th century experienced a constant shortage of manpower, forcing the government into hiring crew from its colonies; this increased the total employees from 5000 in 1850 to over 10,000 in 1900. Manpower may refer to: Manpower, the number of personnel available for a task or tasks, also used when referring to such personnel as a resource (e. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A map showing the territory that the Netherlands held at various points in history. ...


In 1917 the first airplanes were added to the navy and the first women were employed in 1944, but were not exposed to combat until 1980. Fixed-wing aircraft is a term used to refer to what are more commonly known as aeroplanes in Commonwealth English (excluding Canada) or airplanes in North American English. ... “Fights” redirects here. ...


After the disappearance of the ship of the line a whole array of ship classes and types were created. The invention of the propeller launched the mass use of steam-propelled ships. Wood was replaced by iron. New developments in the field of artillery increased a gun's range and improved its accuracy. Around 1900 torpedoes and mines created a new dimension in naval warfare. Ships of the line were 1st, 2nd, or 3rd-rated ships in the rating system of the Royal Navy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Between 1783 and 1789 naval squadrons were send to Asia to support the Dutch East India Company. After the bankruptcy of the East India Company Dutch naval tasks shifted greatly towards East Asia, until some 60% of the entire navy was situated there around 1850. Apart from some minor skirmishes with the Southern Netherlands (Belgium) and the bombing of Algiers the Netherlands managed to remain neutral until the second World War. This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


World War II

Hr.Ms. De Ruyter sunk during the Battle of Java Sea.
Hr.Ms. De Ruyter sunk during the Battle of Java Sea.

During the Second World War, the Dutch navy, due to the relatively quick conquest of the Netherlands by Nazi-Germany, was based in Allied countries: the Dutch navy had their headquarters in London and smaller counterparts in Sri Lanka and Australia. Image File history File links Hr. ... Image File history File links Hr. ... Battle of the Java Sea Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date February 27, 1942 - March 1, 1942 Place Java Sea Result Decisive Japanese victory The Battle of the Java Sea was a major naval battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II. Allied ships suffered a disastrous defeat... Motto One People, one Reich, one Leader. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Around the world Dutch naval units were responsible for troop transport, for example during Operation Dynamo in Dunkirk and D-Day, they escorted convoys and attacked enemy targets. During the war the navy suffered heavy losses, especially in defending the Dutch East Indies, most notably the Battle of the Java Sea in which the commander, Dutchman Karel Doorman, went down with his ships together with 1000 of his crew. French troops rescued by a British merchant ship at Dunkirk British evacuation on Dunkirk beach Operation Dynamo (or Dunkirk Evacuation, the Miracle of Dunkirk or just Dunkirk) was the name given to the World War II mass evacuation of Allied soldiers from May 26 to June 4, 1940, during the... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Combatants United States Netherlands United Kingdom Australia Japan Commanders Karel Doorman† Takeo Takagi Strength 2 heavy cruisers 3 light cruisers 12 destroyers 2 heavy cruisers 2 light cruisers 14 destroyers 10 transports Casualties 5 cruisers sunk 5 destroyers sunk 2,300 sailors killed 4 loaded troop transports sunk The Battle... Karel Willem Frederik Marie Doorman (April 23, 1889 – February 28, 1942) was a Schout-bij-Nacht (the Dutch equivalent of a Rear Admiral) during World War II. He was originally a naval aviator in the Royal Netherlands Navy but quickly rose through the ranks to become Schout-bij-Nacht in...


After the war, the relations between the Netherlands and its colonies changed dramatically. The establishment of the Republic of Indonesia 2 days after the Japanese surrender blocked the Dutch plans for recreating colonial authority. It took 4 years of war before the Netherlands acknowledged the independence of Indonesia. The Dutch navy was stationed in New Guinea until it was turned over to the Indonesians in 1962, with the Indonesian promise that the native Papuans would be given independence if a referendum indicated that they wanted it, although the referendum never came. Papua is: Another name for New Guinea Papua (Australian territory): A former Australian territory comprising the southeastern quarter of the island of New Guinea, now the southern part of Papua New Guinea Papua (Indonesian province): An Indonesian province comprising the western half of the island of New Guinea Related Words... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


Cold War and NATO cooperation

With the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, the military focus was on the army and air force; it was not until the Korean War (1950-1953) that the navy got more recognition. The government allowed the creation of a balanced fleet consisting of 2 naval squadrons. Apart from the aircraft carrier Hr. Ms. Karel Doorman the Dutch navy consisted of 2 cruisers(De Ruyter class cruisers), 12 destroyers( 8 Friesland, 4 Holland class Destroyer), 8 submarines, 6 frigates(van Spijek class frigates) and a large amount of minesweepers. NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, supercarrier USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and recover aircraft — in effect acting as a sea... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser (really an uprated guided missile destroyer), launched in 1992. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... USS Virginia, a Virginia-class nuclear attack (SSN) submarine Alvin in 1978, a year after first exploring hydrothermal vents. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... USS Pivot (AM 276) World War II United States Admirable Class Minesweeper shown in the Gulf of Mexico on sea trials 12 July 1944 Image:Hameln Class. ...


As a NATO member the Netherlands developed its safety policy in close cooperation with other members. The establishment of the Warsaw pact in 1955 intensified the arms race between West and East. Technical innovations rapidly emerged, the introduction of radar and sonar were followed by nuclear weapon systems and long-range missiles. This clear enemy allowed for a fixed military strategy. From 1965 onwards the Netherlands joined certain permanent NATO squadrons like the Standing Naval Force Atlantic. Unofficial Seal of the Warsaw Pact Distinguish from the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... Standing NATO Response Force Maritime Group 1 (SNMG1) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) standing maritime Immediate Reaction Forces. ...


The Current Navy

After the fall of the Berlin wall in November 1989 the international military situation changed drastically. Globally new conflicts emerged and the borders between friend and foe seemed to gradually fade. NATO's reorientation of the organisations goals created a more prominent role for the United Nations as international peacekeepers. From 1990 onwards navy units were engaged in conflicts in Cambodia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Afghanistan, Lebanon but also the Gulf War and the Yugoslavian conflict. The new goals of the Dutch navy were now changed to an expeditionary peacekeeping and peace enforcing force. East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, November 20, 1961. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Combatants United States Saudi Arabia & US-led Coalition Republic of Iraq Commanders Norman Schwarzkopf Saddam Hussein Strength 883,863 360,000 Casualties 240 killed in action, 776 wounded in action, 30 taken prisoner Est. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Current structure

The constituent parts of the Royal Netherlands Navy are:


Naval squadron

Contains all surface combatants, replenishment ships and amphibious support ships.


Submarine service

Contains the submarines and a support vessel.


Mine Detection and Clearing Service

Contains various minehunters.


Hydrographical Survey

Contains ships which map the oceans.


Naval Air Service

  • 2 helicopter squadrons

The Dutch Naval Aviation Service (Dutch: Marine-Luchtvaartdienst; MLD) is the naval aviation branch of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ...

Netherlands Marine Corps

  • 1 Brigade (MTC: Mariniers Training Commando (formerly known as GOEM: Groep Operationele Eenheden Mariniers) consisting of 6 battalions
    • 3 operational marine battalions (MARNSBAT1,2,3)
    • 1 combat support battalion (GEVSTBAT)
    • 1 logistical battalion (LOGBAT)
    • 1 Amphibious support battalion (AMFOSTBAT)

3 MARNSBAT (consisting of 2 rifle companies) is permanently stationed at the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba The Korps Mariniers is the marine corps of the Netherlands, and is part of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ...


Coast Guard

Although the Coast Guard is not an official part of the Navy, it is under its operational control.


Equipment

The constituent Equipment of the Royal Netherlands Navy are:


Surface combatants

In the period 2007-2009, the (F833 and F834) are going to be transferred to the Portuguese Navy. The De Zeven Provinciën class frigates are highly advanced air-defence frigates in service with the Koninklijke Marine (Dutch Navy). ... HNLMS De Zeven Provinciën (F802) is the first ship of the De Zeven Provinciën class of air defence and command frigates in service with the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... HNLMS Tromp (F803) (Dutch Hr. ... HNLMS De Ruyter (F804) (Dutch Hr. ... HNLMS Evertsen (F805) (Dutch Hr. ... The Karel Doorman class is a class of eight multi-purpose frigates of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... HNLMS Van Speijk (F828) is the eighth and last ship in the Karel Doorman-class of multi-purpose frigates. ... HNLMS Van Amstel (F831) is a ship of the Karel Doorman class of multi-purpose frigates (also known as M-fregat class). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Portuguese naval jack The Portuguese Navy (Portuguese: Marinha Portuguesa, also known as Marinha de Guerra Portuguesa or as Armada Portuguesa) is the naval branch of the Portuguese Armed Forces which, in cooperation with the other branches of the Portuguese military, is charged with the defence of Portugal. ...


Amphibious assault ships

  • 2 landing platform dock (LPD) / Amphibious Transport Ships

Rotterdam The Rotterdam is a Landing Platform Dock or LPD amphibious warfare ship with a large helicopter deck and a dock for large landing craft. ...

Submarines

  • 4 S802 Walrus classDiesel/electric attack submarines. (currently being upgraded for operations well in the 21th century

The Walrus class submarine is the only submarine class currently in operation in the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... HNLMS Walrus (S802) is the first of the four Walrus class diesel-electric submarines. ...

Mine detection and clearing ships

  • 10 Tripartite (Alkmaar class) mine hunters
    • HNLMS Haarlem (M853)
    • HNLMS Hellevoetsluis (M856)
    • HNLMS Maassluis (M857)
    • HNLMS Makkum (M858)
    • HNLMS Middelburg (M859)
    • HNLMS Schiedam (M860)
    • HNLMS Urk (M861)
    • HNLMS Vlaardingen (M862)
    • HNLMS Willemstad (M863)
    • HNLMS Zierikzee (M862)

3 to be converted to control vessels for mine-sweep drones, 14 of which will be acquired)

  • 4 A851 Cerberus class diving support vessels.
    • HNLMS Cerberus (A851)
    • HNLMS Argus (A852)
    • HNLMS Nautilus (A853)
    • HNLMS Hydra (A854)

Support ships

  • 1 Improved Poolster class replenishment Ships
    • HNLMS Zuiderkruis (A832)
  • 1 Amsterdam class replenishment Ships
    • HNLMS Amsterdam (A836)
  • 1 A900 Mercuur class Torpedo recovery ship
    • HNLMS Mercuur (A900)
  • 1 A804 Pelikaan logistic support vessel for the Netherlands Antilles
    • HNLMS Pelikaan (A804)
  • 1 A887 Thetis class logship
    • HNLMS Thetis (A887)
  • 1 A8500 Tax class logship
    • HNLMS Tax (A8500)

HNLMS Zuiderkruis (A832) HNLMS Zuiderkruis (A832) is one of two replenishment ships serving with the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... HNLMS Zuiderkruis (A832) HNLMS Zuiderkruis (A832) is one of two replenishment ships serving with the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... HNLMS Amsterdam (A836) is one of two replenishment ships serving with the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... HNLMS Amsterdam (A836) is one of two replenishment ships serving with the Royal Netherlands Navy. ...

Hydrographical survey ships

  • 2 A802 Snellius class hydrographical survey ship.
    • HNLMS Snellius (A802)
    • HNLMS Luymes (A803)

Training ships

  • 1 A902 Van Kinsbergen class training ship
    • HNLMS Van Kinsbergen (A902)
  • 1 Y8050 Urania class sailing naval training vessel
    • HNLMS Urania (Y8050)

Landingcraft (Marine Corps)

  • 5 L9525 LCU Mk2 class landing craft utility
    • L9525
    • L9526
    • L9527
    • L9528
    • L9529

All ships of the L9525 LCU class have been upgraded to Mk2. This upgrade meant enlarging the vessels and increasing their payload (being able to transport the Leopard 2 A6 of the Royal Netherlands Army). The Leopard 2 is a German main battle tank built by the German company Krauss-Maffei-Wegmann, developed in the early 1970s and first entering service in 1979, replacing the earlier Leopard 1 as the foremost MBT in the Bundeswehr. ... The Royal Netherlands Army (Koninklijke Landmacht) is the land forces element of the military of the Netherlands. ...

  • 6 L9536 LCVP Mk3 class landing craft vehicle personnel
    • L9536
    • L9537
    • L9538
    • L9539
    • L9540
    • L9541
  • 6 L9530 LCVP Mk2 class landing craft vehicle personnel
    • L9530
    • L9531
    • L9532
    • L9533
    • L9534
    • L9535

The 12 LCVP's will be replaced by 12 LCVP Mk5c in the next years.


Other ships

  • 5 A874 Linge class large tugs.
    • HNLMS Linge (A874)
    • HNLMS Regge (A875)
    • HNLMS Hunze (A876)
    • HNLMS Rotte (A877)
    • HNLMS Gouwe (A878)
  • 2 Y8018 Breezand class harbor tugs
    • HNLMS Breezand (Y8018)
    • HNLMS Bergzand (Y8019
  • 5 Y8055 Schelde class harbor working boats
    • HNLMS Schelde (Y8055)
    • HNLMS Wierbalg (Y8055)
    • HNLMS Malzwin (Y8055)
    • HNLMS Zuidwal (Y8055)
    • HNLMS Westwal (Y8055)
  • 1 Y8536 Patria class inshore tanker
    • HNLMS Patia (Y8536)
  • 1 Y8005 Nieuwediep class touring boat
    • HNLMS Nieuwediep (Y8005)
  • 2 Y8200 harbor vessels
    • Y8200
    • Y8300
  • 1 WM1-9002 Jonge Jan class harbor vessel
    • Jonge Jan (WM1-9002)
  • 1 WM1-9003 Jonge Prins 3 class harbor vessel
    • Jonge Prins 3 (WM1-9003)
  • 3 patrol cutters for the Netherlands Antilles (HNLMS Jaguar P810, HNLMS Panter P811 and HNLMS Poema P812)

Maritime helicopters

  • 21 SH-14D Lynx anti-submarine warfare helicopters (2 helicopter squadrons) (to be replaced by 20NH-90).

The Westland Lynx is a helicopter designed by Westland and built at Westlands factory in Yeovil, first flying on 21 March 1971 as the Westland WG.13. ... The NHI NH90 is a twin-engine, ten-ton multi-role helicopter manufactured by NHIndustries, a company established by Agusta, Eurocopter and Stork Fokker Aerospace. ...

Armored vehicles (Marine Corps)

  • BvS10 armored personnel carriers (74 ordered, delivery started in 2006)
  • 20 XA-188 wheeled armored personnel carriers
  • 2 Leopard 1 BARV beach armored recovery vehicles

US Marines in a Norwegian Bv 206 travelling through snow Diagram of the Bv 206 Bandvagn 206 (Bv 206) is a tracked, all-terrain vehicle developed by Hägglunds (now part of BAE Land Systems) in conjunction with the Swedish Army. ... XA-181 Crotale NG air defence variant XA-202 Command PASI XA-202 Communications PASI with 24m hydraulic mast XA-203 equipped with AMOS mortar system A Sisu XA-180 used by Swedish UNIFIL forces in Lebanon The Sisu XA-180 is a six-wheeled fully amphibious armoured personnel carrier...

Unarmored vehicles (Marine Corps)

  • 156 BV206 all-terrain vehicles (107 to be modernised, 49 to be replaced by BVS10)
  • Landrover Defender
  • Unimog 1.2 ton truck
  • Various DAF trucks

Unimog (from the German UNIversal-MOtor-Gerät, meaning universal motor device) designates a range of multi purpose four wheel drive medium trucks produced by Mercedes-Benz (a division of DaimlerChrysler AG). ...

Artillery (Marine Corps)

  • RT-120 (Habé Rayé) 120mm mortars
  • L16A2 81mm mortar

Bore diameter: 81 mm Length: 50 in (1. ...

Personal weapons

The C7 is a variation of the M16 rifle that is manufactured by Diemaco, a subsidiary of Colt Firearms, and used by the Canadian Forces, Hærens Jegerkommando (Norway), Military of Denmark (all branches) and the Royal Netherlands Army as its main infantry weapon. ... The Glock 17 was the first pistol designed and manufactured by the Austrian company Glock. ... The C7 is a variation of the M16 rifle that is manufactured by Diemaco, a subsidiary of Colt Firearms, and used by the Canadian Forces, Hærens Jegerkommando (Norway), Military of Denmark (all branches) and the Royal Netherlands Army as its main infantry weapon. ... The FN MAG (or MAG-58) is a machine gun manufactured by Fabrique Nationale (FN), Belgium. ... It has been suggested that K6 HMG be merged into this article or section. ... The Styer SSG is . ... The MP5 is a submachine gun, developed by German weapons designer Heckler und Koch (HK) in the 1960s. ... Caliber: 5. ... Mossberg 500 Field model, with a 28 inch vent rib barrel The Mossberg 500 is a shotgun manufactured by O.F. Mossberg & Sons [1]. Rather than a single model, the 500 is really a series of widely varying hammerless, pump action repeaters, all of which share the same basic receiver... This article is about the unguided anti-tank weapon. ... Carl Gustav is a Swedish armaments firm, now owned by Bofors, and properly named Bofors Carl Gustav. ... Manufacturer: McDonnell Douglas Overall Length: 1,154 mm (45. ... For other uses, see Gill (disambiguation). ... The FIM-92 Stinger is a man portable infra-red homing surface-to-air missile developed in the United States and used by all the US armed services, with whom it entered service in 1981. ...

2012 PLAN

In 2012 the new fleet plan of the Royal Netherlands Navy will be completed, the navy wil concist out of these ships:

With these changes the Royal Netherlands Navy will have 10 large ocean going vessels ranging from medium/low till high combat action ships. The renewed Dutch Navy will be a green water navy, having enough frigates and auxilleries to operate far out at sea, while depending on landbased support (e.g. air cover). With the large amphibious squadron they will have significant brown water navy (river) capabilities. The Future Offshore Patrol Vessels for the Royal netherlands navy are being bought for the ever changing task of navys. ... The De Zeven Provinciën class frigates are highly advanced air-defence frigates in service with the Koninklijke Marine (Dutch Navy). ... The Karel Doorman class is a class of eight multi-purpose frigates of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... The Walrus class submarine is the only submarine class currently in operation in the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... Rotterdam The Rotterdam is a Landing Platform Dock or LPD amphibious warfare ship with a large helicopter deck and a dock for large landing craft. ... The Zuiderkruis is a multifunction ship for amphibious operations. ... HNLMS Amsterdam (A836) is one of two replenishment ships serving with the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... A green-water navy is a naval term that refers to a naval force based around a coastal or littoral capability. ... Air cover is a term used to describe the use of military aircraft to provide protection against enemy attacks on ground or at sea. ... Riverboat of the U.S. brownwater navy deploying napalm during the Vietnam War Brown water navy is a term in American naval jargon referring to actions in near shore and riverine environments. ...


Future changes

  • Purchase of 4 Large Offshore Patrol Vessels Future Dutch Navy OPV's. Due to budget cuts, the Dutch Ministery of Defence announced recently that these vessels will enter service a year later than planned.
  • Upgrading of the 2 remening F827 Karel Doorman class, new SEWACO systems and lay-out of the ships. After these upgrades the ships can last till 2020-2025
  • Purchase of 20 NH-90 helicopters to replace the Lynx helicopters currently in use
  • Purchase New joint support ship to replace the Zuiderkruis Zuiderkruis class JSS. Due to budget cuts, the Dutch Ministery of Defence announced recently that this vessel will enter service several years later than originally planned.
  • Heavy upgrading for Walrus class Submarines including new Sonar and AIP
  • Upgrading two Zeven Provinciën class LCF frigates Theatre Ballistic Missile Defense (after cancelling the Tactoms all 4 are probably fitted out with SM-3 missiles)
  • Increasing the size of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps. Currently, several units of the Marine Corps are being reorganized.

The Future Offshore Patrol Vessels for the Royal netherlands navy are being bought for the ever changing task of navys. ... The Karel Doorman class is a class of eight multi-purpose frigates of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... The NHI NH90 is a twin-engine, ten-ton multi-role helicopter manufactured by NHIndustries, a company established by Agusta, Eurocopter and Stork Fokker Aerospace. ... The Zuiderkruis is a multifunction ship for amphibious operations. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

Tomahawks

On October 14, 2005, the Government of the Netherlands decided to buy 30 Tomahawks from Raytheon. The current minister of Defence said he had no interest in Tomahawks the coming 4 years, but the plan still stands. is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Tomahawk cruise missile The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is a long-range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile with stubby wings. ... Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) is a major United States military contractor based in Waltham, Massachusetts. ...


Theatre Ballistic Missile Defense

Together with the Unites States and several other NATO members, the Dutch Navy is testing and updating its ships for "Theatre Ballistic Missile Defense" capability. Although tests conducted concerning the capability of the APAR radar have been very successful, no decision has been made by the Dutch Government in purchasing SM-3 missiles - mainly because the SM-3 is not operational yet. First only two ships would be fitted out with SM-3 missiles, but because the tactoms are cancelled all 4 ships are being fitted out for Theare ballistic Missile Defense.If purchased (after US export approval) the four LCF's will be fitted out with a small number (eight for each ship) of SM-3 missiles, due the high costs for each missile (> 2,5 - 5 million USD) RIM-66 Standard missile (SM-2 MR) on a Mk. ...


Some ships

Historic ships

  • Submarines:
    • O-20

This authentic 19th century iron-clad ram ship is now one of the main attractions of the Maritime Museum Rotterdam a. ... HNLMS Abraham Crijnssen was a Royal Netherlands Navy minesweeper, famous for its escape from Surabaya, Java in 1942, disguised as a tropical island. ... Seven ships of the Royal Netherlands Navy have been named HNLMS De Ruyter after Admiral Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter (1607–1676), including: De Ruyter, launched in 1880, was an Atjeh-class unprotected cruiser. ... HNLMS Jacob van Heemskerk was a Tromp-class light cruiser of the Royal Netherlands Navy, named after Admiral Jacob van Heemskerk (1567–1607). ... HNLMS Kortenaer was an Admiral-class destroyer, named after 17th century Dutch Admiral Egbert Bartholomeusz Kortenaer. ... HNLMS Java was a Sumatra-class light cruiser of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... Several ships of the Royal Netherlands Navy have been named HNLMS Tromp after Admiral Maarten Tromp, including: Tromp, launched in 1877, was an Atjeh-class unprotected cruiser. ... HNLMS Bonaire was a 4th class screw steamship of the Royal Netherlands Navy, now under restoration as a museum ship. ... HNLMS Schorpioen is a sister ship of HNLMS Buffel. ... The HNLMS Johan Maurits van Nassau was a Dutch sloop that served in the early part of World War II, when it was sunk. ... Ships of the line were 1st, 2nd, or 3rd-rated ships in the rating system of the Royal Navy. ... A flagship is the ship used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships. ... Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter, Lieutenant-Admiral of the United Provinces by Ferdinand Bol, painted 1667 Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter (24 March 1607 – 29 April 1676) is one of the most famous admirals in Dutch history. ... The O-20 was a Dutch O-19 class submarine in the Royal Netherlands Navy that saw service during World War II. O-20 along with her sister ship O-19 were the first boats in the world to be equipped with a getrimd diesel systeem or snort system that...

See also

Dutch Naval Aviation (MLD) started in 1914, but developed slowly in the inter-war years. ... This article contains lists of current and historically notable Ships of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... The Dutch- speaking people have a long history, the Netherlands as a nation-state dates from 1568. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Royal Netherlands Navy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (544 words)
The Koninklijke Marine (Royal Netherlands Navy) is the navy of the Netherlands.
By decree of Maximillian of Austria, on 8th of January 1488, the present Royal Netherlands Navy was formed.
However, it was Royal only at the establishement of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815.
Royal Navy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3831 words)
The first reformation and major expansion of the Navy Royal, as it was then known, occurred in the 16th century during the reign of Henry VIII whose ships, Henri Grâce a Dieu ("Great Harry") and Mary Rose, engaged the French navy in the battle of the Solent in 1545.
During the 19th century the Royal Navy enforced a ban on the slave trade and the suppression of piracy.
The Royal Navy is established under the royal prerogative and the head of the Royal Navy, known as the Lord High Admiral, is Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (who is the overall head of the UK Armed Forces).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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